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Topic: Nuremberg Trials


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  THE NUREMBERG TRIALS
According to Telford Taylor (The Anatomy of the Nuremberg Trials, 1992:25), Churchill made statements at the Yalta Conference in February, 1945, which indicate that he did not consider Hess to be a "major war criminal" and should be given a "judicial trial." Apparently, Churchill was not fully aware of Hess' involvement in Nazi atrocities.
During his trial, Jodl asserted that it was the Czechs who initiated it by massing troops on the German border, knowing full well that plans for the invasion of Czechoslovakia were in place at least six months prior to the invasion.
In his absence from the trial, the Bormann investigation proceeded on the basis of voluminous documentary evidence linking him to the expulsion of millions of Jews to Poland, the utilization of Ukrainian women as slave labor.
www.mtsu.edu /~baustin/trials3.html   (4437 words)

  
  Gallery - Nuremberg Trials- Photos
The Nuremberg War Crimes Trials brought 22 Nazi officials to court in 1945-46.
Justice Robert Jackson, Chief Prosecutor for the United States at the Nuremberg Trials, presents an argument to the International Military Tribunal in the courtroom in Nuremberg, Germany.
Defendant Julius Streicher, Editor-in-Chief of the venomous antisemitic paper, Der Stürmer, on the stand during the Nuremberg Trials.
fcit.coedu.usf.edu /holocaust/resource/gallery/N1945.htm   (315 words)

  
 THHP Short Essay: The Trial at Nuremberg
At the most famous of these, the Nuremberg Trial, 22 individual Nazi officials, and seven groups that had been organized to carry out the Nazi programs, were placed on trial for their crimes.
The trial was held before a panel of judges selected by the Allies called the Tribunal and presided over by a British judge named Lord Lawrence.
The record of the Nuremberg Trial, like that of any trial, is long and disorganized because the information consists only of the evidence and is often presented in a piecemeal fashion.
www.holocaust-history.org /short-essays/nuremberg.shtml   (1505 words)

  
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Despite their flaws and shortcomings, the Nuremberg trials were crucial in establishing the precedent that individual leaders and administrators, not only states, could be held accountable by the international community for actions that violated widely accepted, even universal, standards of conduct.
Finally, the trials are, in retrospect, a memorial to those who died on the streets, in the ghettos, and in the camps of the nations which had been their home for centuries.
The major significance of the Nuremberg Trials was the fact that the prosecution took the time and effort to hold them and to follow the formalities of a legitimate trial: lawyers for the accusation and lawyers for the accused.
www.adl.org /education/dimensions_19/section3/reflections.asp   (1169 words)

  
  Nuremberg Trials - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The trials were held in the city of Nuremberg, Germany, from 1945 to 1949, at the Nuremberg Palace of Justice.
The legal basis for the trial was established by the London Charter, issued on August 8, 1945, which restricted the trial to "punishment of the major war criminals of the European Axis countries".
Subsequent Nuremberg Trials for the trials conducted by the NMT.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Nuremberg_Trials   (3026 words)

  
 Nuremberg Trials
The Nuremberg Trials is the name for two sets of trials of Nazis involved in World War II and the Holocaust.
The trials were held in the German city of Nuremberg from 1945 to 1949 at the Nuremberg Palace of Justice.
It was used exclusively against the Axis, no trials decided upon the question whether it also applied to incidents like the Bombing of Dresden or the Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki or mass rape conducted by the Red Army in the east.
www.brainyencyclopedia.com /encyclopedia/n/nu/nuremberg_trials.html   (2307 words)

  
 Benjamin B. Ferencz: Web Site
The leading architect for the Nuremberg trial, Justice Robert M, Jackson, on temporary leave from the US Supreme Court to serve as Chief Prosecutor for the United States, noted that quadripartite trials in four languages were both costly and time-consuming.
The trial offered new insights into the mentality of fanatics who are so convinced of the righteousness of their cause that they remain willing to kill or be killed for their own perverted ideals.
Chief Prosecutor in the Einsatzgruppen trial at Nuremberg.
www.benferencz.org /arts/72.html   (5146 words)

  
 The Nuremberg Trials and Denazification: German History
Nuremberg, the city where the most elaborate political rallies of the Hitler regime had been staged, was chosen as the location for the trials, which began in November 1945.
On trial were twenty-two men seen as principally responsible for the National Socialist regime, its administration, and the direction of the German armed forces, the Wehrmacht.
The trials of these more prominent figures of the Hitler regime were followed by the trials of thousands of lesser offenders.
www.germanculture.com.ua /library/history/bl_nuremberg_trials_denazi.htm   (674 words)

  
 Nuremberg Trials - Documentation Centre Nazi Party Rally Grounds - Memorium Nuremberg Trials
Since 2000, Nuremberg Municipal Museums has provided the opportunity of visiting the historical venue of the Nuremberg Trials in the Palace of Justice during weekends, thus complementing the topics presented in the Documentation Centre Party Rally Grounds.
Until 1949, they were followed by several other trials, the so-called Nuremberg follow-up trials, against important groups, such as for example medical doctors, legal practitioners, the SS and the police, industrialists and high-ranking government officials.
Nuremberg is considered to be the birthplace of a new international law: For the first time in history, an international tribunal passed a verdict on crimes against international criminal law.
www.museen.nuernberg.de /english/english/reichsparteitag_e/pages/prozesse_e.html   (527 words)

  
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The recognition of genocide in the Nuremberg trials was a considerable achievement.
However since the trials handled cases of war guilt only and genocide in times of peace was not punishable under those terms, Dr Lemkin resolved to carry on his campaign for the establishment of genocide as a crime under international law.
The Nuremberg Trials are arguably the gravest miscarriage of justice since the witch trials of pre-Enlightenment Europe and colonial America.
www.lycos.com /info/nuremberg-trials.html   (433 words)

  
 JURIST - The Nuremberg Trials
For example, the trial of sixteen German judges and officials of the Reich Ministry (The Justice Trial) considered the criminal responsibility of judges who enforce immoral laws.
On the opening day of the trial, the twenty-one indicted war trial defendants took their seats in the dock at the rear of the sage-green draped and dark paneled room.
The trials also helped expose many of the defendants for the criminals they were, thus denying them a martyrdom in the eyes of the German public that they might otherwise have achieved.
jurist.law.pitt.edu /trials12.htm   (4317 words)

  
 Nuremberg Trials Held by the United States of America UnderControl Council Law No
The trial opened on 20 October 1947 and was concluded on 19 February 1948.
The defendants in this trials had directly been involved in the supervision and implementation of mass murder, unlike those in most of the other trials who, although sharing primary responsibility for the charges in the indictments, did not directly participate in or supervise on a regular daily basis mass murder, war crimes and genocide.
There were three trials in which the crimes that the defendants were alleged to have committed arose out of the participation in and support lent by German industrialists and financiers to the Nazi Party and German war aims.
www.ess.uwe.ac.uk /genocide/cntrl10_trials.htm   (4411 words)

  
 Nuremberg Trials
The Nuremberg Trials were a series of war crimes trials held in Nuremberg, Germany, following World War II.
Certain Nazi organizations such as the Gestapo and SS were also put on trial.
There would be twelve more trials held, indicting about 210 individuals.
library.thinkquest.org /15511/data/encyclopedia/nurembergtrials.htm   (137 words)

  
 The Nuremberg Trials The Indictments
The individual defendants were charged not only with the systematic murder of millions of people, but also with planning and carrying out the war in Europe.
At the conclusion of the trial against the 21 individuals, the International Military Tribunal spent a month hearing testimony about the organizations.
The concept of conspiracy was not a part of continental law, and remained controversial throughout the trial.
www.thirdworldtraveler.com /International_War_Crimes/Nuremberg_Indictments.html   (1160 words)

  
 Nuremberg Trials
The Nuremberg Trials is the general name for two sets of trials of Nazis involved in crimes committed during the Holocaust of World War II.
The Doctors’ Trial was the first of the 12 trials for war crimes the U.S. authorities held in their occupation zone in Nuremberg after the end of the World War II.
Trial: Final Chapter for the Thousand-Year Reich Unprecedented in history, the Nuremberg Trial brought high-ranking Nazis to justice.
www.u-s-history.com /pages/h1685.html   (1744 words)

  
 The Nuremberg Trials (part 1)
The Nuremberg farce represents a revenge policy at its worst." (note 14) Another Congressman, John Rankin of Mississippi, stated: "As a representative of the American people I desire to say that what is taking place in Nuremberg, Germany, is a disgrace to the United States...
In violation of the first Nuremberg count of "planning, preparation, initiating or waging a war of aggression," the Soviet Union attacked Finland in December 1939 (and was expelled from the League of Nations as a result).
US Nuremberg prosecutor Sidney Alderman called it "one of the most striking and revealing of all the captured documents," and told the Tribunal that it removed any remaining doubts about the guilt of the Germans leaders for their crimes against peace.
www.ihr.org /jhr/v12/v12p167_Webera.html   (5792 words)

  
 The Avalon Project : The International Military Tribunal for Germany
Trial of the Major War Criminals Before the International Military Tribunal.
Reprints of the Trial of the Major War Criminals are available from the Hein Co. at 1-800-828-7571.
The editing and markup of Volumes 2,12-14 was completed with the generous assistance of two SCOPA Grants from the Yale University's Sterling Memorial Library.
www.yale.edu /lawweb/avalon/imt/imt.htm   (489 words)

  
 Nuremberg Trial
No trial provides a better basis for understanding the nature and causes of evil than do the Nuremberg trials from 1945 to 1949.
What is shocking about Nuremberg is the ordinariness of the defendants: men who may be good fathers, kind to animals, even unassuming--yet committed unspeakable crimes.
Years later, reporting on the trial of Adolf Eichmann, Hannah Arendt wrote of "the banality of evil." Like Eichmann, most Nuremberg defendants never aspired to be villains.
www.law.umkc.edu /faculty/projects/ftrials/nuremberg/nuremberg.htm   (131 words)

  
 Term Papers 2000, Term papers, 070805
This paper examines the Nuremberg Trials by questioning several legal aspects of the proceedings.
The paper concludes that the Trials also did not serve a deterrent purpose, rather they demonstrated the difficulty of using law to deal with unpredictable and unexpected behavior.
They were the culmination of efforts by the victorious allies to address actions taken by the Nazis during World War II that most of the Allies believed went well beyond the boundaries of acceptable practice of warfare.
www.termpapers2000.com /lib/essay/102.html   (3434 words)

  
 The Nuremberg Trials and Their Legacy
In October 1945, the IMT formally indicted the Nuremberg defendants on four counts: crimes against peace, war crimes, crimes against humanity, and conspiracy to commit these crimes.
Nuremberg, Germany, between November 20, 1945, and October 1, 1946.
Filmmakers for the Prosecution: Budd Schulberg, Stuart Schulberg, and the Nuremberg Trial.
www.ushmm.org /museum/exhibit/focus/warcrimetrials   (494 words)

  
 Nuremberg Trials Summary
The Nuremberg Trials were the trials of officials involved in World War II and the Holocaust during the Nazi regime.
The trials were held in the city of Nuremberg, Germany, from 1945 to 1949, at the Nuremberg Palace of Justice.
Necessity for trials of the Nazis in Nuremberg, Germany.
www.bookrags.com /Nuremberg_Trials   (171 words)

  
 War Crimes Trials: Reconsidering the Nuremberg Trials
At Nuremberg, mankind and our present civilization were on trial, with men whose own hands were bloody sitting on the judges' seats.
"The war crimes trials were a reversion to the ancient practice of the savage extermination of a defeated enemy and particularly of its leaders.
This is especially true when such trials are used to punish the men of the military services who were directing those services in time of war, and thus giving nothing more than an expression of the basic purposes of their whole adult life.
www.codoh.com /trials/trirecon.html   (1554 words)

  
 BBC - History - Nuremberg: Nazis On Trial
Now many of the leaders of the party were on trial for their lives, only a short distance from the grand arena where they had been fêted by the German people.
Two prisoners in particular came to represent opposite poles in their reaction to the trials and the accusation of massive crimes.
Hermann Goering, the man Hitler chose as his successor in the 1930s and the most flamboyant and ambitious of the party hierarchy, prepared to defend Hitler and the Reich's war policy rather than admit that what had been done was criminal.
www.bbc.co.uk /history/worldwars/wwtwo/nuremberg_article_01.shtml   (522 words)

  
 Nuremberg Trials
When asked to name the "trial of the century," the post-literate, B-list-celebrity-obsessed, TV-anchor-as-Oracular-voice Generation X-Minus-One will almost invariably come up with the acquittal of O.J. Simpson as the scholarly height of bootylicious jurisprudence.
What they ended up doing, of course, was the Nuremberg tribunal, an indictment of 24 of the most egregious offenders they had managed to catch, and six organizations that supported the Holocaust in various ways.
Martin Bormann sentenced to death at Nuremberg, in absentia.
www.rotten.com /library/history/nazi/nuremberg   (1100 words)

  
 THHP Questions: Nuremberg Trials
After the main Nuremberg Trial there were many trials of people accused of war crimes perpetrated in behalf of the Nazis.
In fact, the Nuremberg trials -- especially the subsequent trial held under the aegis of the American authorities at Nuremberg -- form the legal cire of the current trials.
This is quite a bit more analogous to the present trials than the main trial (IMT) where the accused were the leaders who planned and conspired to commit the crimes.
www.holocaust-history.org /questions/nuremberg.shtml   (1426 words)

  
 Prisoners without Trials - Opponents of secrecy cite the Nuremberg trials   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Civilian trials must be open to the public, while military tribunals can be held in secret.
In the case of the German saboteurs, the secrecy of the trial enabled the FBI and Justice Department to hide the fact that the convictions rested on the evidence of an informer among the infiltrators.
Six of the eight Germans were electrocuted on the day of their conviction, while the prosecution reneged on a deal to pardon the informant—who was sentenced to 30 years in prison.
prisonerswithouttrials.net /analyses/Document.2004-04-19.5339215241   (1119 words)

  
 The Nuremberg Judgments
The highhanded manner in which the American Tribunal treated the defense counsel in several of the trials, and the denial to the defense of the right to examine or cross-examine many witnesses, led to one of the biggest scandals of the Nuremberg trials, and finally discredited American justice in German eyes.
In spite of the 115 convictions at Nuremberg, including 18 death sentences, which he had not only failed to secure the conviction of any German capitalists on the aggressive war count, but he was also unsuccessful in trying to persuade the British to stage any trials similar to the political trials conducted by America.
It might satisfy the American prosecutors and judges at Nuremberg to say that a crime was only a crime when committed during a war, and that in peacetime crimes against humanity could be committed with impunity.
www.fredautley.com /nuremberg.htm   (7501 words)

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