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Topic: Nuremburg trials

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In the News (Sat 16 Feb 19)

 Nuremburg Trials
The Nuremburg trials of 1945-46, which indicted and convicted 21 Nazi leaders of war crimes for their roles in both the Holocaust and the World War II.
The transcripts of the Nuremburg trials hold key insights into the rationale and power of the Nazi party in dictating the nature and course of the Holocaust.
As a closing the instructor should reveal that only one of the "defendants" (Goering) was actually on trial at the first round of trials at Nuremburg, and that the other testimonies were from witnesses called upon to testify against the 21 actual defendants.
www.tandl.vt.edu /socialstudies/hicks/broliver1/nuremburg_trials.html   (827 words)

 Nuremburg Germany, Judgment at Nuremburg, Nuremburg Wall, Nuremburg Train Station
During the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, Nuremburg was located at the epicenter of the German Renaissance.
The Palace of Justice, where the judgment at Nuremburg trials were held, is an absolute must-see for anyone that has an interest in the history of that time period.
However, throughout the thirteenth to sixteenth centuries, the Nuremburg wall was continually strengthened and improved and is largely the reason why it was able to weather the attacks during this time.
www.destination360.com /europe/germany/nuremburg.php   (501 words)

 THHP Short Essay: The Trial at Nuremberg   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
At the most famous of these, the Nuremberg Trial, 22 individual Nazi officials, and seven groups that had been organized to carry out the Nazi programs, were placed on trial for their crimes.
The trial was held before a panel of judges selected by the Allies called the Tribunal and presided over by a British judge named Lord Lawrence.
The record of the trial itself is contained in two sets of books known as the "Red Series" and the "Blue Series" due to the color of the bindings.
www.holocaust-history.org /short-essays/nuremberg.shtml   (1505 words)

 JURIST – The Nuremburg Trials
On the opening day of the trial, the twenty-one indicted war trial defendants took their seats in the dock at the rear of the sage-green draped and dark paneled room.
The last stage of the long trial was a defense of the Nazi organizations, followed by final statements by each of the defendants.
The trials also helped expose many of the defendants for the criminals they were, thus denying them a martyrdom in the eyes of the German public that they might otherwise have achieved.
jurist.law.pitt.edu /famoustrials/nuremberg.php   (4297 words)

According to Telford Taylor (The Anatomy of the Nuremberg Trials, 1992:25), Churchill made statements at the Yalta Conference in February, 1945, which indicate that he did not consider Hess to be a "major war criminal" and should be given a "judicial trial." Apparently, Churchill was not fully aware of Hess' involvement in Nazi atrocities.
During his trial, Jodl asserted that it was the Czechs who initiated it by massing troops on the German border, knowing full well that plans for the invasion of Czechoslovakia were in place at least six months prior to the invasion.
In his absence from the trial, the Bormann investigation proceeded on the basis of voluminous documentary evidence linking him to the expulsion of millions of Jews to Poland, the utilization of Ukrainian women as slave labor.
www.mtsu.edu /~baustin/trials3.html   (4437 words)

 Nuremberg Trials
The Nuremberg Trials is the general name for two sets of trials of Nazis involved in crimes committed during the Holocaust of World War II.
Three trials were especially compelling because of the horrific events described by the prosecution witnesses.
The Doctors’ Trial was the first of the 12 trials for war crimes the U.S. authorities held in their occupation zone in Nuremberg after the end of the World War II.
www.u-s-history.com /pages/h1685.html   (1744 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
After the war, some of those responsible for crimes committed during the Holocaust were brought to trial.
Nuremberg, Germany, was chosen as a site for trials that took place in 1945 and 1946.
Trials of Nazis continued to take place both in Germany and many other countries.
www.ushmm.org /outreach/wcrime.htm   (256 words)

 BBC - History - Nuremberg: Nazis On Trial
Now many of the leaders of the party were on trial for their lives, only a short distance from the grand arena where they had been fêted by the German people.
Two prisoners in particular came to represent opposite poles in their reaction to the trials and the accusation of massive crimes.
Hermann Goering, the man Hitler chose as his successor in the 1930s and the most flamboyant and ambitious of the party hierarchy, prepared to defend Hitler and the Reich's war policy rather than admit that what had been done was criminal.
www.bbc.co.uk /history/worldwars/wwtwo/nuremberg_article_01.shtml   (522 words)

 THE NUREMBERG TRIALS   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
The famous trials conducted at Nuremberg between Oct0ber 20, 1945 and October 1, 1946 were not the first or the last trials of Nazi war criminals.
The first trials were held in the Soviet Union in the city of Krasnodar on the northeastern edge of the Black Sea from July 14 to July 17, 1943.
Following the trials at Nuremberg, numerous trials of war criminals were held in the British, French, American and Soviet sectors of Germany, on Austria, at Bergen-Belsen, Auschwitz (1947), in many other places where the crimes took place, in France, Italy and in Israel.
www.mtsu.edu /~baustin/trials.html   (477 words)

 Nuremberg Trial
No trial provides a better basis for understanding the nature and causes of evil than do the Nuremberg trials from 1945 to 1949.
Those who come to the trials expecting to find sadistic monsters are generally disappointed.
Years later, reporting on the trial of Adolf Eichmann, Hannah Arendt wrote of "the banality of evil." Like Eichmann, most Nuremberg defendants never aspired to be villains.
www.law.umkc.edu /faculty/projects/ftrials/nuremberg/nuremberg.htm   (131 words)

 Nuremberg Trials
The Nuremberg Trials were a series of war crimes trials held in Nuremberg, Germany, following World War II.
The first of these trials accused twenty-four individuals with war crimes.
Certain Nazi organizations such as the Gestapo and SS were also put on trial.
library.thinkquest.org /15511/data/encyclopedia/nurembergtrials.htm   (137 words)

 War Crimes Trials: Reconsidering the Nuremberg Trials
War is a political and not a legal act, and if at the termination of a war, should it be considered that certain of the enemy's leaders are politically too dangerous to be left at large, then, as Napoleon was, they should be banished to some island.
"The war crimes trials were a reversion to the ancient practice of the savage extermination of a defeated enemy and particularly of its leaders.
This is especially true when such trials are used to punish the men of the military services who were directing those services in time of war, and thus giving nothing more than an expression of the basic purposes of their whole adult life.
www.codoh.com /trials/trirecon.html   (1554 words)

 JURIST - The Nuremberg Trials
For example, the trial of sixteen German judges and officials of the Reich Ministry (The Justice Trial) considered the criminal responsibility of judges who enforce immoral laws.
The city was 91% destroyed, but in addition to the Palace of Justice, the best hotel in town--the Grand Hotel--was miraculously spared and would serve as an operating base for court officers and the world press.
All judges for the subsequent Nuremberg trials would be drawn from the American judiciary.
jurist.law.pitt.edu /trials12.htm   (4317 words)

 Nuremberg Trials Held by the United States of America UnderControl Council Law No
The trial opened on 20 October 1947 and was concluded on 19 February 1948.
The defendants in this trials had directly been involved in the supervision and implementation of mass murder, unlike those in most of the other trials who, although sharing primary responsibility for the charges in the indictments, did not directly participate in or supervise on a regular daily basis mass murder, war crimes and genocide.
There were three trials in which the crimes that the defendants were alleged to have committed arose out of the participation in and support lent by German industrialists and financiers to the Nazi Party and German war aims.
www.ess.uwe.ac.uk /genocide/cntrl10_trials.htm   (4419 words)

 Nuremberg War Crime Trials - The International Military Tribunal
Since the Soviet Union had wanted the trials to take place in Berlin, the Allies reached a compromise in London on August 8, 1945, which stipulated that Berlin would be the permanent seat of the IMT and that the first trial (several were planned) would take place in Nuremberg.
At the trial he was in a way a substitute for Goebbels, who had committed suicide.
On 218 days of trials, testimony from 360 witnesses was introduced, some verbal, some written, some (236 witnesses) from the court itself, some from judges assigned to take testimony.
www.justiz.bayern.de /olgn/imt/imte.htm   (1735 words)

 The War Crimes Trials at Nuremberg
The trial of the major war criminals by the International Military Tribunal begins at the Palace of Justice in Nuremberg, Germany.
Twelve trials of 199 officials of the Nazi regime are held in Nuremberg before American military tribunals.
Case No. 5, the trial of Friedrich Flick and five other officials, is the first of the industrialist cases.
www.trumanlibrary.org /whistlestop/study_collections/nuremberg   (2538 words)

 The Avalon Project : The International Military Tribunal for Germany
Trial of the Major War Criminals Before the International Military Tribunal.
Reprints of the Trial of the Major War Criminals are available from the Hein Co. at 1-800-828-7571.
Rules of Procedure for the Trial of the German Major War Criminals : October 29, 1945
www.yale.edu /lawweb/avalon/imt/imt.htm   (506 words)

 The Nuremberg Trials and Denazification: German History
Nuremberg, the city where the most elaborate political rallies of the Hitler regime had been staged, was chosen as the location for the trials, which began in November 1945.
On trial were twenty-two men seen as principally responsible for the National Socialist regime, its administration, and the direction of the German armed forces, the Wehrmacht.
The trials of these more prominent figures of the Hitler regime were followed by the trials of thousands of lesser offenders.
www.germanculture.com.ua /library/history/bl_nuremberg_trials_denazi.htm   (674 words)

 Thomas J. Dodd Research Center   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Trial: Unlike the actual trials, the defendants in the mock trial are required to take the stand either in their own defense or in the defense of other witnesses.
It will be necessary for all members of your class to become familiar with all the participants of the trials.
The simulation is intended to encourage students to confront some of the moral dilemmas faced by the actual participants in the trial.
www.lib.uconn.edu /DoddCenter/ASC/Nuremberg/Mock_Trial.htm   (743 words)

 THHP Questions: Nuremberg Trials   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
After the main Nuremberg Trial there were many trials of people accused of war crimes perpetrated in behalf of the Nazis.
In fact, the Nuremberg trials -- especially the subsequent trial held under the aegis of the American authorities at Nuremberg -- form the legal cire of the current trials.
This is quite a bit more analogous to the present trials than the main trial (IMT) where the accused were the leaders who planned and conspired to commit the crimes.
www.holocaust-history.org /questions/nuremberg.shtml   (1426 words)

 Gallery - Nuremberg Trials- Photos
The Nuremberg War Crimes Trials brought 22 Nazi officials to court in 1945-46.
Justice Robert Jackson, Chief Prosecutor for the United States at the Nuremberg Trials, presents an argument to the International Military Tribunal in the courtroom in Nuremberg, Germany.
British Judge Lawrence and American Justice Francis Biddle confer at the opening of the War Crimes Trial in Nuremberg, Germany on November 20, 1945.
fcit.coedu.usf.edu /holocaust/resource/gallery/N1945.htm   (315 words)

 The Nuremberg Judgments
The assumption that the judges and prosecutors h ad an identity of interest was justified in at least one trial by the spectacle of the prosecutors shaking hands with the judges and congratulating them on their verdict.
At the time of the International Military Tribunal trial of major war criminals, nearly all the witnesses were in jail, and could not be interviewed by the defense if the prosecution claimed them as its witnesses.
The highhanded manner in which the American Tribunal treated the defense counsel in several of the trials, and the denial to the defense of the right to examine or cross-examine many witnesses, led to one of the biggest scandals of the Nuremberg trials, and finally discredited American justice in German eyes.
www.fredautley.com /nuremberg.htm   (7501 words)

 Court TV: A Look Back at Nuremberg
An index of the major participants at the trial, including defendants, attorneys, judges and witnesses.
Here is some background on the trial that has become a milestone in international law.
Ohlendorf, considered too minor a figure to be tried at the initial trials, was convicted of war crimes in 1951 and hanged along with three other Einsatzgruppen commanders.
www.courttv.com /casefiles/nuremberg   (1265 words)

 The Nuremberg Trials and Their Legacy
It was in this context that the IMT was created, a trial of judgment for war crimes.
View of the defendants in the dock at the International Military Tribunal trial of war criminals at Nuremberg.
Filmmakers for the Prosecution: Budd Schulberg, Stuart Schulberg, and the Nuremberg Trial.
www.ushmm.org /museum/exhibit/focus/warcrimetrials   (494 words)

 [No title]
The Nuremburg Trials are probably the most heavily debated cases among legal philosophers when discussing and applying the concept of the Rule of Law.
The tribunal met in Nuremburg, Germany during 1945 and 1946, so the trials are collectively referred to as the Nuremberg Trials.
While this declaration of the law by the Charter is final, it may be contended that the prisoners on trial are entitled to have it applied to their conduct only most charitably if at all.
www.ucs.louisiana.edu /~ras2777/judpol/nuremburg.html   (3096 words)

 Nuremberg War Crimes Trial
I say "yes;" and the reason why I say "yes" is because, having lived through the 5 months of this trial, and particularly after having heard the testimony of, the witness Hoess, my conscience does not allow me to throw the responsibility solely on these minor people.
I myself have never installed an extermination camp for Jews, or promoted the existence of such camps; but if Adolf Hitler personally has laid that dreadful responsibility on his people, then it is mine too, for we have fought against Jewry for years; and we have indulged in the most horrible utterances.
A British military court was convinced of this at the trial of the two partners, Bruno Tesch and Karl Weinbacher, who were sentenced to death in 1946 and hanged.
www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk /2WWnuremberg.htm   (3131 words)

Sixty years have passed since the beginning of the Nuremburg war trials that brought many of the Nazi war criminals to justice.
John Hepp, assistant professor of history at Wilkes University in Wilkes-Barre, PA, says the 60th anniversary of the trials has particular relevance to modern day as dictators and warlords around the world are being brought to justice.
Hepp says “one of the great ironies of Nuremburg” is that as the war trials were being set up, so were the United Nations.
www.newswise.com /articles/view/516255   (422 words)

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