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Topic: Object-oriented programming


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 Object-oriented programming - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Object-oriented programming developed as the dominant programming methodology during the mid-1980s, largely due to the influence of C++, an extension of the C programming language.
In computer science, object-oriented programming, OOP for short, is a computer programming paradigm.
OOP is often called a paradigm rather than a style or type of programming to emphasize the point that OOP can change the way software is developed, by changing the way that programmers and software engineers think about software.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Object-oriented_programming   (3828 words)

  
 Object-oriented programming language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
An object-oriented programming language (also called an OO language) is one that allows or encourages, to some degree, object-oriented programming methods.
Smalltalk (1972 to 1980) is arguably the canonical example, and the one with which much of the theory of object-oriented programming was developed.
It was created for making simulation programs, in which what came to be called objects were the most important information representation.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Object-oriented_programming_language   (390 words)

  
 Lesson 8: Object-Oriented Programming
Object-oriented programming is a method of programming based on a hierarchy of classes, and well-defined and cooperating objects.
Classes, and their fields and methods have access levels to specify how they can be used by other objects during execution, While cooperation among objects is desirable, there are times when you will want to explicitly control access, and specifying access levels is the way to gain that control.
Consider which objects really need access to the data, and use packages and access levels to protect your application data from all other objects executing in the system.
java.sun.com /developer/onlineTraining/Programming/BasicJava2/oo.html#what   (2318 words)

  
 Object Oriented Programming
Go on to an introduction to Objective-C, an extension of C which was designed for object oriented programming.
Programs must be thought of as a collection of cooperating pieces of data (objects) rather than a thread of control.
The word object is often used to refer to an instance of a class (e.g., a Button object is an instance of the Button class).
www.cs.indiana.edu /classes/c304/oop.html   (685 words)

  
 OOP Criticism
OOP is best used for situations where an OOP program or language should knowingly and exclusively have nearly complete control over the birth, processing, and death of data items (objects).
The inheritance and aggregation model of OOP tends to assume the world can be cleanly modeled as hierarchical classification and/or nested structures, or at least into mutually-exclusive divisions (a flat tree), when in fact this is often not the case.
OOP is more of a program organizational philosophy rather than a set of new external solutions or operations.
www.geocities.com /tablizer/oopbad.htm   (10259 words)

  
 object-oriented programming on Encyclopedia.com
OBJECT-ORIENTED PROGRAMMING [object-oriented programming] a modular approach to computer program (software) design.
Object-oriented perspective on software system testing in a distributed environment.(includes related articles on the Object Management Group's Distributed Object Model and object-oriented programming
Each module, or object, combines data and procedures (sequences of instructions) that act on the data; in traditional, or procedural, programming the data are separated from the instructions.
encyclopedia.infonautics.com /html/o1/objecto.asp   (386 words)

  
 Object-Oriented Programming
with Ada 9X
An object of the conceptual type can be assigned to objects of both its parent types in a similar fashion, by selecting the sibling of the conceptual object that matches the type of the desired parent using a view conversion, and assigning this sibling to the target of the assignment.
Objects of the conceptual type C are created by generating together a set of objects of the types C_A and C_B.
The result of a value conversion is an object the component values of which are selected from the converted object, and the tag of which is the tag of the target type.
www.adahome.com /9X/OOP-Ada9X.html   (11473 words)

  
 Object (computer science) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In Object-Oriented Programming (OOP), an instance of a program (i.e.
Objects exist only within contexts that are aware of them; a piece of computer memory only holds an object if a program treats it as such (for example by reserving it for exclusive use by specific procedures and/or associating a data type with it).
There, objects are still conceptual entities, but generally correspond directly to a contiguous block of computer memory of a specific size at a specific location.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Object_(object-oriented_programming)   (874 words)

  
 Object-oriented programming - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Object-oriented programming developed as the dominant programming methodology during the mid-1980s, largely due to the influence of C++, an extension of the C programming language.
In computer science, object-oriented programming, OOP for short, is a computer programming paradigm.
Objects - packaging data and functionality together into units within a running computer program; objects are the basis of modularity and structure in an object-oriented computer program.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Object-oriented_programming   (3548 words)

  
 Object-oriented programming - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Object-oriented programming developed as the dominant programming methodology during the mid-1980s, largely due to the influence of C++, an extension of the C programming language.
In computer science, object-oriented programming, OOP for short, is a computer programming paradigm.
Objects - Packaging data and functionality together into units within a running computer program ; objects are the basis of modularity and structure in an object-oriented computer program.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Object-oriented_programming   (3548 words)

  
 Identity - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In object-oriented programming, object identity is a mechanism for distinguishing different objects from each other.
Arbitrary objects a and b can be said to be qualitatively identical if a and b are duplicates, that is, if a and b are exactly similar in all respects, that is, if a and b have all qualitative properties in common.
Cultural identity is the (feeling of) identity of a group or culture, or of an individual as far as she/he is influenced by her/his belonging to a group or culture.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Identity   (3548 words)

  
 Object (object-oriented programming)
Object Oriented Programming in C Paul Field's fine, clear paper, published in C Vu 4:1 (November 1991), on how to use an object-like discipline with a procedural language.
Object Technology Links to object oriented technology related to modeling methodologies, programming languages, distributed computing, patterns, frameworks, business object, operating systems, database and other advanced topics.
Object identity is sometimes realized in programming languages by the location of the object in the computer's memory, and the operations with which references to this location are manipulated.
www.serebella.com /encyclopedia/article-Object_(object-oriented_programming).html   (3548 words)

  
 Object-oriented programming - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Object-oriented programming developed as the dominant programming methodology during the mid-1980s, largely due to the influence of C++, an extension of the C programming language.
In computer science, object-oriented programming, OOP for short, is a (digital) computer programming paradigm.
In recent years, object-based programming has become especially popular in scripting programming languages, with abstraction, encapsulation, reusability, and ease of use being the most commonly cited reasons, (the value of inheritance in these languages is often questioned).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Object_oriented   (3704 words)

  
 Object-oriented programming - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Object-oriented programming developed as the dominant programming methodology during the mid-1980s, largely due to the influence of C++, an extension of the C programming language.
In computer science, object-oriented programming, OOP for short, is a computer programming paradigm.
Objects - Packaging data and functionality together into units within a running computer program; objects are the basis of modularity and structure in an object-oriented computer program.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Object-oriented_programming   (3704 words)

  
 The Object-Oriented Page
Classification in the Object Oriented Paradigm from a Cognitive Psychological Perspective: A Research Proposal is a not-short paper that examines the psychological aspects of the key concepts of Object Technology.
Ken Lunn's Course Notes on Object Oriented Analysis and Design are aimed to provide you with "A simple, clear, analysis and design notation, a good basic understanding of the concepts of object oriented systems, a method for construction of analyses and designs and some discussion of the implementation of design".
A Comparison of Object Oriented Development Methodologies is a 1993 report by Edward V. Berard at The Object Agency Inc. establishing an own criteria for evaluating several OO methods and methodologies (OMT, Wirfs-Brock, OMT, Booch, Berard, etc.).
www.well.com /user/ritchie/oo.html   (6723 words)

  
 Object-Oriented Programming
The idea of objects as actors fits nicely with the principal metaphor of object-oriented programming--the idea that objects communicate through ``messages.'' Instead of calling a method as you would a function, you send a message to an object requesting it to perform one of its methods.
The insight of object-oriented programming is to combine state and behavior--data and operations on data--in a high-level unit, an object, and to give it language support.
Object-oriented programs are designed by laying out the network of objects with their behaviors and patterns of interaction, and by arranging the hierarchy of classes.
www.toodarkpark.org /computers/objc/oop.html#529   (11005 words)

  
 Object-oriented programming - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Object-oriented programming developed as the dominant programming methodology during the mid-1980s, largely due to the influence of C++, an extension of the C programming language.
In computer science, object-oriented programming, OOP for short, is a computer programming paradigm.
Objects - packaging data and functionality together into units within a running computer program; objects are the basis of modularity and structure in an object-oriented computer program.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Object-oriented_programming   (3548 words)

  
 Inheritance (computer science) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In object-oriented programming, inheritance is a way to form new classes (instances of which will be objects) using pre-defined objects or classes where new ones take over old ones' implementations and characteristics.
Many object-oriented programming languages permit a class or object to replace the implementation of an aspect—typically a behavior—that it has inherited.
The difference between roles and classes is especially difficult to understand if referential transparency is assumed, because roles are types of references and classes are types of the referred-to objects.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Inheritance_(object-oriented_programming)   (3548 words)

  
 Object persistence in object-oriented applications
Object-oriented modeling, design, and programming [1-5] have rapidly become the model of choice for programming new computer applications.
Objects that are encapsulated for the application need to be constructed from the data in the database using a translation mechanism that uses the schema mapping as well as application-specific generated code libraries.
Object identity is one of the most important issues that needs to be handled for object persistence.
www.research.ibm.com /journal/sj/361/srinivasan.html   (3548 words)

  
 Class (computer science) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In object-oriented programming, a class consists of a collection of types of encapsulated instance variables and types of methods, possibly with implementation of those types together with a constructor function that can be used to create objects of the class.
Most object oriented programming languages allow the programmer to specify which classes are considered abstract and will not allow these to be instantiated (in Java, for example, the keyword abstract is used).
The object-oriented programming methodology is designed in such way that the operations of any interface of a class are usually chosen to be independent of each other.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Abstract_class   (3548 words)

  
 Programming
SML programming language The SML programming language is a modern descendant of the operational semantics in The definit...
J Sharp programming language The J# (pronounced Jay Sharp) programming language is a transitional language for programme...
Bc programming language bc is "an arbitrary precision calculator language" with syntax similar to the C programming lang...
www.brainyencyclopedia.com /topics/programming.html   (3548 words)

  
 cars - Association (object-oriented programming)
In Object-oriented programming, Association defines a relationship between classes of objects which allows one object instance to cause another to perform an action on its behalf.
The objects that are related via the association are considered to act in a role with respect to the association, if object's current state in the active situation allows the other associated objects to use the object in the manner specified by the role.
Concrete implementation usually requires the requesting object to invoke a method or member function using a reference or pointer to the memory location of the controlled object.
www.carluvers.com /cars/Association_%28object-oriented_programming%29   (3548 words)

  
 Java programming language article - Java programming language object-oriented programming language James Gosling Microsystems - What-Means.com
Objects are created and placed at an address on the heap.
The program or other objects can reference an object by holding a reference to its address on the heap.
Java's heavy use of heap-allocated objects causes programs to consume more memory than similar programs written in lower-level languages, where data storage can be optimized at a fine granularity.
www.what-means.com /encyclopedia/Java_programming_language   (4115 words)

  
 Object-Oriented Programming
The idea of objects as actors fits nicely with the principal metaphor of object-oriented programming--the idea that objects communicate through ``messages.'' Instead of calling a method as you would a function, you send a message to an object requesting it to perform one of its methods.
Object-oriented programs are designed by laying out the network of objects with their behaviors and patterns of interaction, and by arranging the hierarchy of classes.
Objects are not passive containers for state and behavior, but are said to be the agents of the program's activity.
www.toodarkpark.org /computers/objc/oop.html   (11005 words)

  
 Object-oriented programming - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Object-oriented programming developed as the dominant programming methodology during the mid-1980s, largely due to the influence of C++, an extension of the C programming language.
In computer science, object-oriented programming, OOP for short, is a computer programming paradigm.
Objects - packaging data and functionality together into units within a running computer program; objects are the basis of modularity and structure in an object-oriented computer program.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Object-oriented   (3588 words)

  
 Object-oriented programming - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Object-oriented programming developed as the dominant programming methodology during the mid-1980s, largely due to the influence of C++, an extension of the C programming language.
In computer science, object-oriented programming, OOP for short, is a computer programming paradigm.
Objects - Packaging data and functionality together into units within a running computer program; objects are the basis of modularity and structure in an object-oriented computer program.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Object-oriented_programming   (3588 words)

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