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Topic: Objectification

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In the News (Mon 24 Jun 19)

  Sexual objectification - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Sexual objectification is the act of treating and judging a person with values generally appreciated in animals or objects (eg.
In some circumstances, sexual objectification is also the fetishistic act of regarding a person as an object for erotic purposes.
Objectification for fetishistic purposes may for example provide erotic humiliation for the person so regarded, whether male or female.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Sexual_objectification   (331 words)

 Sex Roles: A Journal of Research: A test of Objectification Theory in adolescent girls - Brief Report
Objectification Theory, recently proposed by Fredrickson and Roberts (1997), attempts to understand the consequences of being female in a society that sexually objectifies the female body.
Sexual objectification occurs when a woman's body is treated as an object (especially as an object that exists for the pleasure and use of others), and is illustrated interpersonally through gaze or "checking out," and in the representation of women in the media.
Of central importance to Objectification Theory, however, is the proposal that the pervasiveness of sexual objectification in our society influences girls and women to internalise the views present in society and to begin viewing themselves in the same way.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_m2294/is_2002_May/ai_94407544   (1307 words)

 edr: research journal articles   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The objectification of women within Western culture teaches women that the mature female body is a thing that belongs to and is evaluated by others.
Objectification of women is prominent in our society, occurring in a variety of contexts, thus it is assumed that most women encounter objectification and are affected by it to some degree.
The refinement of measures of the self-objectification construct to incorporate aspects of objectification beyond bodily focus on appearance is one area for further study.
www.eatingdisorderresources.com /research/powq02winter.htm   (5185 words)

 Objectification - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Objectification refers to the way in which one person treats another person as an object and not as a human being.
This is commonly used to refer to the way the mass media, in particular advertising, is perceived by some as portraying women as sex objects (although this treatment now increasingly also extends to men).
Self-objectification is a person's objectification of themselves, often in response to other people's attitudes to that person.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Objectification   (109 words)

 Whitehead’s Theory of Causal Objectification
The term ‘objectification’ refers to the particular mode in which the potentiality of one actual entity is realized in another actual entity.
When he expands upon the meaning of objectification in the twenty-fourth Category of Explanation, he states: "The functioning of one actual entity in the self-creation of another actual entity is the ‘objectification’ of the former for the latter actual entity" (PR 25/38).
In the process of objectification, there is literally a "flow of feeling" (PR 237/ 363) from actual entity B (‘the cause) to actual entity A (the effect).
www.religion-online.org /showarticle.asp?title=2515   (5744 words)

 PSU'S Media Lab Objectification Study
The present investigation examines the relationship between exposure to sexually suggestive mainstream magazine advertisements and the objectification of the gender of the model.
Study 2 was conducted to determine whether male objectification was similar to female objectification.
The dependent variable of objectification was divided into three factors labeled 'Sexual Objectification,' 'Mediated Objectification,' and 'Promiscuity.' Even though the same questinnaire was employed, it was seen that only 'Mediated Objectification' comprised the same measures as in Study 1.
www.psu.edu /dept/medialab/research/objectification.html   (828 words)

 reform mormonism - objectification
God is neither of these objectifications, since he is actually far beyond them - but there's little point, and in fact a good deal of damage to be wreaked - in my insistence that your particular objectification is no good because it isn't mine.
Use your objectification of God to further your progression, to understand an aspect of God that helps you further understand yourself - but understand what you are doing when you do this, and never permanently lock God down into the objectification you have constructed.
God is beyond any objectification you care to make, or has ever been made, including the orthodox Mormon construction, or any postulation we can make within the freedom of the exploration of the subject offered us by Reform Mormonism.
www.reformmormonism.org /objectification.htm   (1016 words)

 The Objectification Of Religion: Universal Themes I   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Objectification of religion is one of the most interesting tendencies demonstrated by religious people.
The purpose of this study is to survey some of the current and past explanations put forward for objectification of religion, and to evaluate the credibility of these views in the estimation of this author.
Since the subject of objectification of religion is too broad to treat completely in a paper such as this, we will be majoring on the aspect of objectification known as sacred space.8 We hope the notion of sacred space will shed light on the process of objectification as a whole.
www.xenos.org /essays/objct1.htm   (677 words)

 [No title]
Objectification, while less essential, is perhaps even more valuable on account of its scarcity.
Zukofsky suggests that the "rested totality" of objectification is primarily a function of the reader.
He continues, “[D]istinct from print which records action and existence and incites the mind to further suggestion, there exists, tho it may not be harbored as solidity in the crook of an elbow, writing (audibility in two-dimensional print) which is an object or affects the mind as such” (194).
www.writing.upenn.edu /epc/authors/zukofsky/100/papers/Zukofsky_Centennial_Presentation.doc   (2653 words)

 Philosopher of Freedom
To Berdyaev objectification is a process of dehumanization and depersonalization, which reduces man, the subject, to an object, a thing.
"Objectification is a symbolical description of the fallen state of a world in which man finds himself subservient to necessity and disunion.19 To Berdyaev the spiritual world within us, the world of freedom, is much higher, much more perfect than the material world outside, the world in which we are bound by necessity.
Objectification is the process that confines man to this imperfect, restrictive, "fallen" world.
vis-www.cs.umass.edu /~dima/mytexts/suff.html   (8030 words)

 Martha Nussbaum: “Objectification”
In each of the cases that follow, the relevant letter represents whose attitude is being exemplified in the relevant example.
Objectification is part of sex because of the way we have been socialized by our society that is “suffused with hierarchy and domination”
Important point: Molly’s social powerlessness make her objectification “retaliatory” and “that makes it seem right and just in a way that it might not be if it were Boylan thinking about Molly” (context again).
spruce.flint.umich.edu /~simoncu/167/nussbaum.htm   (1577 words)

 Subjectivity, Recognition and Objectification. by Andy Blunden
Objectification concerns the life-process of a subject; a subject develops by giving objective, material form to its own powers.
It is only by the evidence of a subject’s objectification that a subject knows that it exists, but a subject is not equal to its objectification.
But an objectification is fundamentally distinct from the subjects which constitute its existence, and the subjects whose labour produced it; you can’t negotiate with an object.
home.mira.net /~andy/seminars/andy-2005.htm   (4743 words)

 Objectification and Contrasting Case
Objectification is nothing more than recording the student so that they can hear their performances as a quasi-pure listener.
Usually, the task is to play, listen, generate the ideas, tune, control rhythmic pulse, and listen with some objectivity to their performance.
The techniques of objectification and contrasting cases are not startling or new.
www.vanderbilt.edu /trombonestudio/Text_Documents/On_Playing_Trombone/Objectification_and_Contrasting_Cases.htm   (1492 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
And images like this one are ubiquitous; their message is strong.  People ask if a tree fell in the woods, would anyone hear it fall.  The message we get from media images of women is that if a woman isn’t beheld, and especially by a man, then she isn’t there.
So objectification is the conference onto people of one or more of these properties of objects, inertness, the ability to be used, to be broken apart, and the lack of autonomy, both from the environment and from people.  Questions?
He did something with Microsoft software.  The people are thrilled at his forethought and acuity, and he is being presented.  But he seems not to notice these people.  He looks away arrogantly, disinterested in their accolades.  In fact, he is not even holding up his own arm.
www.uic.edu /depts/owa/Objectification_in_Advertising.doc   (1508 words)

 Bad Subjects: [Un]Authorised Voices - Who Speaks for the Slave?   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
What I shall endeavour to show here is that systems of enslavement institutionalise this objectification so effectively that even those sympathetic to the plight of the enslaved all too frequently share the master's view of his victim as "voiceless," and may even be implicated in the process of objectification.
Slavery depends upon the denial of the humanity, or at least of the equal humanity, of the victim, which is to say that it is only by conceptualising the slave as inferior that masters may justify their enslavement.
Objectification thus provides the master with the sanction of inequality and we can see this reflected in the testimony of slavery's victims.
bad.eserver.org /issues/2004/69/schiller.html/view   (2583 words)

 Pro & Anti-Porn Positions   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The objectification of women is the primary mechanism of oppression.
Objectification fosters an expectation of women's subordination and sexual availability to men.
Women's objectification is exemplified by, but not confined to, pornography.
www.sou.edu /English/IDTC/Controv/Porn/pornpos.htm   (345 words)

 The Battle for Britain (Topic 4)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Another myth wherein the objectification of women is made clear is that of the aforementioned Norse myth "The Necklace of the Brisings," in which Freyja exchanges sex for a golden necklace.
The necklace is described as "a necklace, a choker of gold incised with wondrous patterns, a marvel of fluid metal twisting and weaving and writhing." (Crossley-Holland 65) This description parallels that of Freyja, who is often associated with gold; she is described, "she shimmered in the warm light of the forge.
This objectification perhaps contributes to the "endless catalogue of rape in Greek myth" and is frequency in the mythologies and literatures of many cultures.
www.gettysburg.edu /academics/english/britain/student_4/topic4.html   (736 words)

 The Objectification Of Religion: Universal Themes V   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The Old Testament is rife with classic structures of objectification, ranging from strictly delineated sacred space in the temple, to a detailed cultus surrounding that space.
Certainly, the overall effect of objectification has been to create and sustain an intermediary role for the clergy that precludes lay initiative in the vital areas of spiritual life.
For these reasons, I think the "corruption of religion" theory is a worthwhile contribution to our understanding of objectification, especially if we remember that these urges are very subtle in the minds of the various clergies, and that the changes that benefited them were very slow in developing.
www.xenos.org /essays/objct5.htm   (1551 words)

 Sexual Objectification in Xena: Warrior Princess or Where Are the Three Naked, Dancing Autolyci?
Objectification of individuals can have both a light side and a dark side, so to speak.
Objectification of an individual means that we are no longer dealing with a human being, hence the rules and mores of humanity have only limited application to the object.
This objectification of a character can easily translate into objectification of the actor playing that character.
www.whoosh.org /issue44/gordon4.html   (2620 words)

 The Johns Hopkins News-Letter   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
While it may involve an objectification on both ends, there is no intrinsic "hatred" in the act itself.
Within the context of political equality, objectification is one of the worst sorts of Bad Things.
Though the objectification of women is consistently referred to as a misogynistic act in the literature, this seems to be another case of misapplied labels.
www.jhu.edu /~newslett/10-28-99/Opinions/5.html   (874 words)

 The Weblog: Single Post View
Some have suggested that by looking at images of such females and encouraging others to do the same, he is participating in the "objectification" of women.
But the only way I can think of to make "objectification" into a rigorous concept is to equate it with either rape or torture, then perhaps shade down to related behaviors (sexual assault, etc.).
I would say that most sexual fantasies are tied up with a desire for reciprocal respect and esteem -- I really like this person, so much so that I want to fuck her, and I hope she likes me just as much.
www.adamkotsko.com /weblog/2004/08/objectification.html   (722 words)

BJECTIFICATION OF he objectification of the Female Body, feminists often inform us, is harmful to women and denotes sexism because women should be appreciated for their minds, not their bodies.
This view has also been stated by various advocates of "political correctness." This essay focuses, first, on the various ways in which Men apparently view women based on a generalization of how the author views women combined with his understanding derived from various works of philosophy.
It is only through the viewpoints of the aesthetic and personality that the sense of closeness, true intimacy, and affection arises and provides the basis for companionship and what we generally call love.
www.geocities.com /philosophe3/Objectify.html   (713 words)

 The Objectification Of Religion: Universal Themes II   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Some scholars suggested that objectification is universal because most people are unable to respond to abstract truths without a way to relate those truths to their senses.
Sometimes objectification has even been against the teachings of the founder of a religion, but nevertheless present in later practice.
Turner agrees that objectification through sacred space gives man control of sacred experience, and adds that the same is true of sacred times: "Similarly periodic rituals re-enact and so renew the actions of the gods."19
www.xenos.org /essays/objct2.htm   (1018 words)

 Firedocs Remote Viewing : The CRV Manual: Structure
Preferably, the monitor will ask the viewer if he has any personal inclemencies even before the first iteration of the coordinate so as to purge the system as much as possible before beginning the session proper.
First, it allows the information derived from the signal line to be recorded and expelled from the system, freeing the viewer to receive further information and become better in tune with the signal line.
Finally, objectification allows non-signal line derived material (inclemencies, AOLs, etc.) that might otherwise clutter the system and mask valid signal line data to be expelled.
www.firedocs.com /remoteviewing/answers/crvmanual/crvmanual-04.html   (1916 words)

 On the Cutting Edge of Protest Against Sexual Objectification
Second-wave radical feminists’ concern with the issue of sexual objectification dates from the earliest days of the movement.
In their revisionist notion of “revolutionary sex,” the sexual objectification of women by men stood in antithesis to sexual freedom.
The movement protested against sexual objectification in a variety of creative ways, depending on local conditions.
www.cwluherstory.com /CWLUAbout/abdoc5.html   (1053 words)

 Amazon.ca: Books: The Centerfold Syndrome: How Men Can Overcome Objectification and Achieve Intimacy with Women   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The elements of this syndrome include (1) voyeurism (omnipresent images of naked and near-naked women), (2) objectification (women become objects to be observed), (3) need for validation through sexual conquest, (4) trophyism (women's bodies as trophies to be "collected"), and (5) fear of intimacy (insensitivity to emotional needs and issues).
Brooks presents discussion in one of his men's groups as an example of the syndrome, goes on to debunk conventional wisdom, then provides some dozen modi operandi for overcoming it (to create harmony in one's sensual, sexual, social, spiritual, and emotional self).
The latter half of the book describes his group therapy for the "Centerfold Syndrome." I think myself that the answer lies in women changing their sources of self-esteem rather than in men changing their tastes, but this is important work and an important book.
www.amazon.ca /exec/obidos/ASIN/0787901040   (1443 words)

 Modeling Issues
Objectification is related to the linguistic activity of nominalization, of which two flavors may be distinguished: circumstantial; and propositional.
In practice, objectification needs to be used judiciously, as its misuse can lead to implementation anomalies, and those modeling approaches that permit objectification often provide incomplete or flawed support for it.
This paper provides an in-depth analysis of objectification, shedding new light on its fundamental nature, and providing practical guidelines on using objectification to model information systems.
www.orm.net /issues.html   (1444 words)

 Schopenhauer's Objectification of the Will   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Therefore the establishment of the individual action through the motive, and the necessary sequence of the action from the motive, do not conflict with the fact that action, in general and by its nature, is only phenomenon or appearance of a will that is in itself groundless.
Just as little does the physiological explanation of the functions of the body detract from the philosophical truth that the whole existence of this body and the sum-total of its functions are only the objectification of that will which appears in this body's outward actions in accordance with motives.
If, however, physiology tries to refer even these outward actions, the immediate voluntary movements, to causes in the organism, for example, to explain the movement of a muscle from an affluxion of humours ("like the contraction of a cord that is wet," as Reil says in the Archiv für Physiologie, Vol.
www.marxists.org /reference/subject/philosophy/works/ge/schopenh.htm   (5208 words)

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