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Topic: Oblique case

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  Oblique case - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
An oblique case (Latin: casus generalis) in linguistics is a noun case of analytic languages that is used generally when a noun is the predicate of a sentence or a preposition.
In ergative-absolutive languages, the absolutive case is used for a direct object (the subject will then be in the ergative case); but the absolutive case is also used for the subject of an intransitive verb, where the subject is being passively described, rather than performing an action.
Nevertheless, there are ergative-absolutive languages that demonstrate oblique cases; in the Northwest Caucasian languages Adyghe, Kabardian and Ubykh, the oblique case marker serves to mark the ergative case, the dative case, and the object of a verbal applicative.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Oblique_case   (414 words)

 You - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The genitive case is your, and the possessive predicate pronoun is yours.
It is descended from Old English ge or ʒe, (both pronounced roughly like Modern English yea) which was the old nominative case form of the pronoun, and eow, which was the old accusative case form of the pronoun.
In Middle English the nominative case became ye, and the oblique case (formed by the merger of the accusative case and the former dative case) was you.
www.encyclopedia-online.info /You   (512 words)

 Television Point | Dictionary | Meaning of case
Case is properly a falling off from the nominative or first state of word; the name for which, however, is now, by extension of its signification, applied also to the nominative.
Case endings are terminations by which certain cases are distinguished.
{Case} {stated or agreed on} (Law), a statement in writing of facts agreed on and submitted to the court for a decision of the legal points arising on them.
www.televisionpoint.com /dictionary/?define=case   (471 words)

 Linguistics 150, Chapter 6
For all practical purposes, the case that a particular verb governs is not predictable and must be learned by rote, since even verbs with similar meanings may govern different cases, as (7) and (8) illustrate.
In English, oblique case is a feature associated with V and P, and oblique case is therefore assigned to sisters of V and P. Specifier-head agreement
Given the association of oblique case with V, it might be supposed that nominative case is a feature associated with V as well.
www.ling.upenn.edu /~beatrice/150-s00/ch6.html   (2490 words)

 Chapter Objectively <i>to</i> Oblivion of O by Webster's Dictionary (1913 Edition)
a circle whose plane is oblique to the axis of the primitive plane.
the celestial or terrestrial sphere when its axis is oblique to the horizon of the place; or as it appears to an observer at any point on the earth except the poles and the equator.
To march in a direction oblique to the line of the column or platoon; — formerly accomplished by oblique steps, now by direct steps, the men half- facing either to the right or left.
www.bibliomania.com /2/3/257/1206/23485/5.html   (440 words)

 oblique | English | Dictionary & Translation by Babylon
Found in thesaurus: grammatical case, case, abdominal, ab, abdominal muscle
slanting or inclined in direction or course or position--neither parallel nor perpendicular nor right-angular; "the oblique rays of the winter sun"; "acute and obtuse angles are oblique angles"; "the axis of an oblique cone is not perpendicular to its base"
oblique to French oblique to Italian oblique to Spanish oblique to Dutch oblique to Portuguese oblique to German oblique to Russian oblique to Japanese oblique to Chinese (T) oblique to Chinese (S) oblique to Korean oblique to Turkish oblique to Hebrew oblique to Additional oblique to Croatian oblique to Serbian oblique to Swedish
www.babylon.com /definition/oblique/?uil=English   (310 words)

 Linguistics 550, Syntax I, Chapter 6
Old English (700–1150) also had the same four cases as German, but the distinction between the dative and the accusative was lost during the Middle English period (1150–1500), leaving the modern language with only a single oblique case.
In traditional grammar, the external relation between a noun phrase and a governor that assigns case to it is distinguished from the noun phrase–internal relation between a determiner and a noun.
We have been saying that case features are transmitted from a head to a noun phrase, and the simplest way to interpret this statement is that the case feature is transmitted to a DP node.
www.ling.upenn.edu /courses/Fall_1999/ling550/ch6.html   (2565 words)

 Stālāg (Terbian) | Case and semantic roles
This morphological case is marked in the case-number complex that is suffixed to the noun.
The core case is used for the main arguments of the verb (subject and direct object).
The oblique case is used on its own, marking a subordinate noun, as a very general genitive or associative case, or a compounding operator.
www.angelfire.com /scifi2/nyh/terb/lng/case.html   (414 words)

 Kabardian Grammar
As far as the directional case is concerned, the meaning associated with it is of an indication of direction of an action without precise specification of the end destination, ex.:, de qwazhemch'e dok'we we are going in the direction of the village.
This case indicates the choice of some part from a whole, ex.:, kombaynim gwedzu geyktar schesch' 'wiyxasch the combine harvested thirty hectares of wheat;, foshighwu zi kiylogram qesschexwasch I bought one kilogram of sugar.
The order of appearance of case endings and indices in the combination of ordinal numbers and substantives is the same as in the combination of adjectives and substantives.
www.geocities.com /Eureka/Enterprises/2493/kabgram.html   (2134 words)

 Arabic, part one, lesson two, Declension of nouns
The nominative ãóÑÝæÚ case is the case of the subject and of the nominal predicate.
The oblique case ãóÌúÑæÑ is mainly the case of the genitive construction; moreover most prepositions require the noun they refer to, to be declensed in this case.
Oblique case ãóÌúÑæÑ: if the noun is determinated, or definite, the noun takes at its end the kasr0: suffix Üö i.e: "The house" = ÃáÈóíúÊö instead if the noun is undefinite it takes the kasr0: suffix plus the tanwin Üò i.e.
www.mesiti.it /arabic/grammar/lessons/lesson2/declension.html   (748 words)

 Institute for Micromanufacturing
When orthogonal cutting and oblique cutting are compared, oblique cutting has more advantages than orthogonal cutting because for the same feed and depth of cut, the force which cuts or shears the metal acts on a larger area of the tool in the case of oblique cutting.
Whereas in almost all practical cases, tools have a nose radius that affects the cutting forces and the chip formation and this is especially true in micromachining where all of the cutting takes place on the tool nose radius.
In the case of conventional machining, the chip area is considered as a rectangular cross-section where cutting takes place along a straight side cutting edge whereas when cutting takes place at the nose radius the chip geometry will be entirely different.
www.latech.edu /tech/engr/ifm/concepts.html   (1280 words)

 Iranica.com - EˆTEHAÚRDÈ
The oblique case of all independent personal pronouns is derived from possessives in *ha±a- "from, with," for example, ±emen "me, my." The near/far demonstrative as indicated by forms in n-, as opposed to em- in the other Southern Tati dialects, links Eæteha@rd^ to the Central Dialects and the dialects east of Tehran.
Case and Copula: Masculine oblique -e > i before copula -a, e.g., arba@´b-i-a "it is for the landlord;" feminine direct -a is assimilated to the feminine copula, e.g.
with transitive verbs the subject/agent of the verb is expressed by the direct case in the present tenses, but by the oblique in the past tenses, whereas the direct object/patient in the present tenses is expressed by the oblique, but by the direct in the past.
www.iranica.com /articles/v8f6/v8f696.html   (1263 words)

 Abstract: Nelleke Goudswaard
Although the case marking of post-verbal UV patients suggests otherwise, tests such as relativization and control show that the patient of UV verbs is the subject.
Patient-subjects appearing in VP need not be definite but may be specific, in which case they receive oblique case marking.
I argue that nominative case marking depends on grammatical relations (UV or AV), the position in the sentence (VP or specIP) as well as on pragmatic factors such as the topic / focus status of an argument, and whether it is foregrounded
www.ling.hawaii.edu /afla/AbGoudswaard.htm   (611 words)

 [No title]
amin(a) tamin(a) # Case A: # null-amin(a) 'nonperfective.aspect-amin(a)''INSTRUMENT-Oblique with'; # this configuration implies that this PP is an argument of the verb # and that it is constituent-selected by the accompanying verb.
# Case B: # null-amin(a) 'nonpast.tense-amin(a)''TIME-Oblique on (+ date)'; # this configuration implies that this PP is an adjunct to the verb # and that it is not constituent-selected by the accompanying verb.
# Case C: # t-amin(a) 'perfective.aspect-amin(a)''INSTRUMENT-Oblique with'; # this configuration implies that this PP is an argument of the verb # and that it is constituent-selected by the accompanying verb.
users.ox.ac.uk /~cpgl0015/pargram/data/prep-testfile.txt   (9197 words)

 Brushless motor having transfer device - Patent 6420805
The rotor case 6 at a gear portion of the pinion 8 has a slightly concave portion 6b which is formed during the pressing process.
In this case, a neodymium-based magnet 777 has a disk shape and is fixedly installed at the inner surface of a rotor case 666.
In the present invention, when the pinion is installed at the shaft, since the pinion is integral with the rotor case, the existing problem of the maintenance of strength of the pinion does not occur and a low profile is possible.
www.freepatentsonline.com /6420805.html   (1995 words)

 Oblique - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Superior oblique muscle, inferior oblique muscle, obliquus externus abdominis muscle, or the internal oblique, in human physiology
Oblique (album): an album by jazz vibraphonist Bobby Hutcherson recorded in 1967 and first released on LP in 1980
This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Oblique   (115 words)

 Event Construal and Case Role Assignment
A fundamental problem which has prevented the development of a widely-accepted generative case grammar is the lack of a principled basis for determining the semantic content of case roles, and thus for identifying the roles played particular arguments of clauses.
Event-based characterization of case roles The standard approach to describing a case role is, in the manner of Fillmore 1968, by prose definition.
The function of oblique case roles is to allow reference within a clause to actors from the scenario that do not have one of the core roles in the event schema which underlies the clause.
www.uoregon.edu /~delancey/papers/bls91.html   (5225 words)

 oblique - Wiktionary
It has a direction oblique to that of the former motion.
This mode of oblique research, when a more direct one is denied, we find to be the only one in our power.
His natural affection in a direct line was strong, in an oblique but weak.
en.wiktionary.org /wiki/oblique   (197 words)

 London - Abstract   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Thus, it is assumed that in Icelandic clauses of the type in (1a) the preverbal oblique NP (‘me’) is the subject and the nominative (‘the shark’) is the object, whereas in German the grammatical relations are the other way around.
To the extent that morphological case is found at all in these languages (with pronouns), the subject is always in nominative case and the object in oblique case.
The notion of oblique subject and its status in the history of Icelandic.
www.ling.lu.se /conference/Grammatik_i_fokus/Eythorsson_Barddal.html   (640 words)

 Thyllymas II   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Grammatical cases are marks of the function that a noun, pronoun or noun phrase takes in a sentence.
These cases can be shown using suffixes or prefixes, or through word order, or using totally different words for each function (for example, in English we mark the subject by placing it before the verb instead of after; and we use I, we for the pronouns in subject position, but me, us when they're objects).
There are many theories about the implicancies of such an array of cases, having to do with the semantics of the two main types of transitive verbs (action verbs and perception verbs) and the relative importance of their subjects and objects.
pueblacity.com /ego-pdf/ng/lng/thyllymas_c02_en.html   (1391 words)

 Glot International, Journal Section
Given the thesis in (3), the case of accusative experiencers is oblique, hence cannot be absorbed by the reflexive clitic.
In Romance causatives, the case assigned to the embedded subject crucially depends on the one assigned to the embedded object – a situation which is naturally explained if both cases come from the same source, namely, the matrix causative verb.
Subsequent merger of the causative verb leads to case marking of the embedded subject and – depending on the objective case – overwriting of the latter.
www.linguistlistplus.com /glot/html/Gi6902/GI6902_SQB4.htm   (3789 words)

 Case Theory (322)
Case is assigned under terms of government, or at least the nominative and the accusative Cases are assigned this way.
Case is formally assigned to the head of the gaoverning chain.
It is assigned by verbs and adjectives, whereas the nominative Case is assigned by C (Mood).
www.sfu.ca /~dearmond/322/322.case.theory.htm   (937 words)

 The Lexical Semantics of a Machine Translation Interlingua   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
For the verb "break", the case role of the subject is agent, and indicates the entity responsible for the event.
The case role of the object is patient, and indicates the entity which experiences the state or change of state described by the verb.
In these cases, the lack of a conjunction or subordinator often implies a certain 'immediacy'; i.e., that the event is a single entity, rather than a combination of unrelated or sequential events.
www.eskimo.com /~ram/lexical_semantics.html   (17322 words)

 [No title]
Consider one of her examples: (11) Tal‡lkoz-‡s egy fiatal-ember-rel meet-NOM a young-man-with 'Encounter with a young man' She distinguishes two cases in which a constituent occurs after the NP head which is not part of a title.
In this case, by contrast, the participle with its PRED feature cannot serve as an argument of the nominal predicate (because the latter takes a theme and a directional argument), and the relationship in the opposite direction is semantically anomalous, also cf.
In the second type, which is limited to designated oblique arguments of nominals derived from a small subset of verbal predicates, the oblique argument preceding the head is not adjectivalized.
csli-publications.stanford.edu /LFG/5/lfg00laczko.doc   (4852 words)

If the grammatical property involved is case, then S and A are typically described as being in the "nominative (Nom.)" case, and O is in the "accusative (Acc.)" case.
Table 4, this principle had a passive orientation in the case of transitive verbs, with the agent expressed either by a genitive noun phrase (4.i), or a genitive clitic pronoun (4.ii).
Co-existence of absolute and oblique subjects is also possible, in which case it has been claimed that the choice of case may involve semantic and discourse-related functions (e.g., in the upper dialect of Wakò^; see Bashir).
www.iranica.com /articles/v8f5/v8f566.html   (1332 words)

 Gender in Kurdish(1), BSOAS Vol XVI (pp. 528-541), 1954.
By D.N. MacKenzie
It should be noted further that this confusion between the nominative and the oblique cases affects nouns in the construct state.
Although unambigiguoous examples of the oblique case ending are not abundant in Mann's texts it is possible to find a number of examples with cognates in the Kurmânjî dialects.
In the formation of Mukrî oblique endings -î, -ê are then inherited, the Izafe, which constantly appeares as î, must be a new formation, in all probability a borrowing from a Persian dialect.
www.cogsci.ed.ac.uk /~siamakr/Kurdish/KURDICA/2002/3/kurdishgender.html   (2907 words)

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