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Topic: Occitan language


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  Occitan Language
The name Occitan is derived from the geographical name Occitania, which is itself patterned after Aquitania and the characteristic word oc and includes the regions of Limousin, Languedoc, the old Aquitaine, and the southern part of the French Alps, all of the populations of which are Occitan-speaking.
Occitan is closely related to Catalan, and, although strongly influenced in the recent past by French, its phonology and grammar are more closely related to Spanish than to French.
Occitan was no longer a literary language, but it was used to write the deeds, the accounts, the chronicles and the resolutions of local communities.
www.orbilat.com /Languages/Occitan/Occitan.html   (1505 words)

  
 Occitan
Occitan is a Romance language spoken in the southern third of France, used by about one-fourth of the French population.
Occitan developed an eminent literature in the 11th to 15th centuries, including the poems of the troubadours.
Occitan is very similar to Catalan and in fact, many scientists think Occitan and Catalan should be regarded as different dialects of the same Catalo-Occitan language.
www.flw.com /languages/occitan.htm   (88 words)

  
  Occitan Language - Search Results - MSN Encarta
Occitan Language, also Languedoc, Romance language spoken in the southern third of France, used by about one-fourth of the French population....
Occitan (AmE: /ˈɑksəˌtæn/), known also as Lenga d'òc (Occitan: occitan [utsi'ta], lenga d'òc [ˈleŋgɔˈðɔ(k)]) is a Romance language spoken in Occitania, that is...
Occitan is a Romance language spoken mainly in southern France and also in Italy and Spain.
encarta.msn.com /Occitan_Language.html   (213 words)

  
  Kids.Net.Au - Encyclopedia > Occitan language
Occitan, or langue d'oc is a Romance language spoken across the southern third of France (to the south of the Loire), as well as in some of the Alpine valleys in Italy and in the Val d'Aran in Spain.
Occitan was the vehicle for the first vernacular poetry of medieval Europe, that of the troubadors.
Though it was still the everyday language of most of the rural population of the South well into the 20th century, it had been replaced in more formal uses by French.
www.kids.net.au /encyclopedia-wiki/oc/Occitan_language   (376 words)

  
 Occitan in France
Regional or minority languages are languages which differ from the official language of that State and which are traditionally used within a given territory of that State by nationals of that State forming a group numerically smaller than the rest of the State's population.
From the eleventh until the fourteenth centuries the Occitan language was a language of culture used by troubadours (minstrels).
French, the language of the Republic, is the only official language in France; the other languages in France are designated ‘regional languages', and the majority of their teaching is founded on the goodwill and dedication of parents and teachers.
www1.fa.knaw.nl /mercator/regionale_dossiers/regional_dossier_occitan_in_france.htm   (5794 words)

  
 Occitan
Occitan was the family of languages from Occitanie, the region that stretched from Bordeaux and the PyrenÈes in the southwest to the Alps and northern Italy in the southeast.
All Occitan speakers use French as their official and cultural language, but Occitan dialects are used for everyday purposes and show no signs of extinction.
The name Occitan is derived from the geographical name Occitania, which is itself patterned after Aquitania and the characteristic word oc and includes the regions of Limousin, Languedoc, the old Aquitaine, and the southern part of the French Alps, all of the populations of which are Occitan-speaking.
www.the-world-in-focus.com /Europe/France/Languedoc-Roussillon/occitan.html   (1563 words)

  
 EUROPA - Education and Training - Europa - Regional and minority languages - Euromosaïc study
The area in which Occitan, also known as Provençal or langue d'oc, is spoken covers about one-third of the area of France, the principality of Monaco - with the exception of its Ligurian quarters - the alpine valleys in the Italian provinces of Torino and Cuneo and the Aran valley in Spain.
Occitan is only used in the teaching of Occitan courses in the first two years and in the final years of degree courses in particular universities with arts faculties; the figures vary between universities but are reliable.
Occitan is generally recognized as a language in its own right and as a common heritage, which represents considerable progress by comparison with past decades.
ec.europa.eu /education/policies/lang/languages/langmin/euromosaic/fr7_en.html   (2665 words)

  
 Mercator Media
Occitan (or langue d'oc as it is also called) is spoken in Occitania (an area of 190 000 km2, which accounts for nearly a third of the area of the French state - 32 département), one valley in the Spanish Pyrenees (The Aran Valley), and twelve valleys in the Italian Alps.
Occitan is a Romance Language from the same Indo-European branch as Italian, Catalan and Rumanian.
According to estimates, about 1.5 million people speak Occitan in their daily lives, and between five and six million are able to speak the language.
www.aber.ac.uk /cgi-bin/user/merwww/index.pl?rm=lang_detail;id=148;lang=1   (469 words)

  
 EUROPA - Education and Training - Europa - Regional and minority languages - Euromosaïc study
Occitan is spoken in Italy, mainly in fifteen alpine valleys in the Piedmontese provinces of Torino and Cuneo but also in the regions of Liguria and Calabria (Guardia Piemontese, in the province of Cosenza).
As regards the history of the language, the 14th and 15th centuries saw the so-called langue vaudoise - which was, in fact, an artificial language, since it did not correspond to any specific local variant of Occitan - become the language of the most important documents of the age in eastern Occitania.
Occitan is never used by central and regional administrative bodies, although in some municipal councils certain members speak in Occitan (the session minutes, however, are always recorded in Italian).
ec.europa.eu /education/policies/lang/languages/langmin/euromosaic/it10_en.html   (1714 words)

  
 Spartanburg SC | GoUpstate.com | Spartanburg Herald-Journal   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Occitan (AmE:), known also as Lenga d'òc or Langue d'oc (Occitan: occitan, lenga d'òc) is a Romance language spoken in Occitania, that is, Southern France, Monaco, and some valleys of Italy and Spain.
Occitan was the vehicle for the influential poetry of the medieval troubadours.
Many Occitan linguists and writers, particularly those involved with the pan-Occitan movement centred on the Institut d'Estudis Occitans, disagree with the view that Occitan is a family of languages and think that Limousin, Auvergnat, Languedocien, Gascon, Provençal and Alpine Provençal are dialects of a single language.
www.goupstate.com /apps/pbcs.dll/section?category=NEWS&template=wiki&text=Occitan   (3611 words)

  
 Occitan language, alphabet and pronunciation
Occitan is a Romance language spoken mainly in southern France and also in Italy and Spain.
There are perhaps 1.5 million people who speak Occitan in their daily lives, while 5 or 6 million people are able to speak the language.
Occitan first began to appear in writing during the 10th century and was used particularly to write the poetry of the troubdours.
www.omniglot.com /writing/occitan.htm   (541 words)

  
 Bambooweb: Occitan language
Occitan, or langue d'oc is a Romance language spoken across the southern third of France (to the south of the Loire), as well as in some of the Alpine valleys in Italy and in the Val d'Aran in Spain.
In France Occitan is used for all the dialects spoken, while Provençal is used for the dialects spoken in the South-East, the Rhône River (Rose in Occitan) being more or less the border with the notable exception of Nimes.
Occitan was the vehicle for the first vernacular poetry of medieval Europe, that of the troubadors.
www.bambooweb.com /articles/o/c/Occitan_language.html   (738 words)

  
 U.S.ENGLISH Foundation Official Language Research - France: Language in everyday life
Corsu is the native language of the island of Corsica.
Occitan is spoken in the south of France, in an area comprising 31 “Départements”.
The Catalan language, despite of the fact that it is a trans-border language, is affected by a lack of institutional recognition of linguistic heritage in France.
www.us-english.org /foundation/research/olp/viewResearch.asp?CID=59&TID=6   (10087 words)

  
 Occitan
Occitan is sometimes represented as a dialect of French, or even as a corrupt form of French - a patois.
Occitan was the first literary language of modern Europe, the language of the Troubadours.
To appreciate the beauty of the language and the surprisingly modern tone of their poetry, you might like to read a short Troubadour song, written by a Troubairitz (a woman troubadour) over eight hundred years ago.
www.languedoc-france.info /1903_occitan.htm   (442 words)

  
 Synthesis Pattern   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The first «Calandreta» (in the Occitan language it means a young lark, who is about to fly) it was founded in 1979 in Pau (in Béarn) and was soon followed by that of Béziers.
These schools have had a deep impact on the image of the language, which only twenty years ago was considered as being the language of old people and peasants: thanks to these two teaching trends Occitan has become an urbane language of the young, the future makers and shakers of Europe.
In order for Occitan to assure its future, the language must be re-taught from the school: the Calandretas, have outlined the path to be followed.
www.viaoccitanacatalana.org /sintesi/sintesi_dettaglio_ing.asp?offset=32   (224 words)

  
 AllRefer.com - Occitan (Language And Linguistics) - Encyclopedia
The language label ProvenCal is often restricted in its reference to the dialects of Provence, a region of SE France, but it can be extended to include other related dialects of S France.
In its latter, broader sense, Occitan is spoken today, usually along with French, by as many as 5 million people in France; however, it has no official status in that country.
After the Albigensian Crusade (see under Albigenses) weakened S France, ProvenCal culture declined and in time the ProvenCal language was wholly replaced by French as the standard language of France.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/O/Occitan.html   (318 words)

  
 Occitan Children's Songs - Occitania - Mama Lisa's World: Children's Songs, Nursery Rhymes and Traditional Music from ...
Occitania is a region of southern France, and parts of Spain and Italy, where the Occitan language used to be the primary tongue.
Occitan, also called "Langue d’oc" (literally "Language of Yes") still survives as a language and it also refers to the culture of the area.
(The Occitan language is a romance language that’s mainly spoken in southern France.) The verb in Occitan is marcejar.
www.mamalisa.com /world/occitan.html   (864 words)

  
 Occitan Translation - Translate Occitan Language Translator
Occitan, or lenga d'òc, or languedoc, is a Romance language (or group of languages), spoken mainly in the Languedoc or Occitania region in southern France.
In France, Occitan is the customary name given to dialects of Occitan spoken in the South-West while the dialects spoken in the South-East are called Provençal.
The name Occitan comes from òc, the Occitan word for yes, as opposed to oïl as used in the Oïl languages spoken in the territory now covered by northern France, parts of Belgium and the Channel Islands which was the ancestor of oui as used in French.
www.translation-services-usa.com /languages/occitan.shtml   (768 words)

  
 OHCHR: Occitan Languedocien () - Universal Declaration of Human Rights   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Occitan Languedocien is considered to be the standard.
The Occitan language is a Romance language, as it derived from spoken Latin after the fall of the Roman Empire, like French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Catalan, Romanian and Rhaeto-Romance.
Hence, Occitan is an intermediary step between Iberian tongues on the one hand (like Castillan or Portuguese) and French on the other hand, which underwent deep changes after the Germanic invasions in the 4th-6th century.
www.unhchr.ch /udhr/lang/prv1.htm   (1689 words)

  
 Presentation in English   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Radio Occitania's broadcasts in Occitan and Catalan languages, that are sister languages, almost alike, are produced with the cultural aim to set off the European regions heritage, up to 10 to 15 hours a day.
In the surroundings of Toulouse, the Occitan is spoken by 14% of the people and understood by 41%, when in the rural environment, it is spoken by 28% of the people and understood by 48%.
Among the respondents, 75% consider that the Occitan language is part of the culture of the Midi-Pyrénées region, 80% are favourable to an Occitan education, and 77% wish that the French government pass a law recognizing and protecting the regional languages.
www.radio-occitania.com /presentation-eng.htm   (291 words)

  
 Occitan and Franco-Provençal Accent Codes
Occitan's specific dialects include Langue D'oc, Provençal, Gascon, Limousin, and Auvergnat, all of which are reported to be mutually inteligible.
Franco-Provençal is a third set of dialects "in between" standard French and Occitan spoken in the southeast, Western Switerland and northern Italy.
Language tags are also suggested so that search engines and screen readers parse the language of a page.
tlt.its.psu.edu /suggestions/international/bylanguage/occitan.html   (705 words)

  
 Occitan, Language, patois, or dialect
Those local variations of a language are put together according to the regions, according to their displaying areas, or to the administrative or economical needs.
Those regional variations of a language are often called “dialects”, for instance in Occitan it refers to the traditional dialects (Lengadocian, Gavòt, Provençau o Gascon), or in French to the Berrichon, or the language of the region of la Loire.
Then knowing this neutral language, we are able to learn other registers, if we have enough time to do so, and then to choose freely, just as in our mother tongue, the appropriate register according to the different circles, or the message you need to communicate.
www.dobl-oc.com /Engles/Occitan/D222Occitan_en.htm   (975 words)

  
 Synthesis Pattern   (Site not responding. Last check: )
But it was the Troubadours to bring glory and fame to this first modern European language, between the XI and XII centuries: Occitan is a multi-dialect language (as all the others) as can be divided into four major families: North-Occitan, Gascon, Languedocian, and Provençal.
The term «Occitan», in use since the Middle Ages, is the only one able to define the language as a whole, and in full respect of all the various dialect forms.
It also being true that during the centuries Occitan has been called different names: Limousin, Gascon, Languedocian, Provençal, or the detrimental «patois» which has often confused a dialect with the language as a whole.
www.viaoccitanacatalana.org /sintesi/sintesi_dettaglio_ing.asp?IDrecord=219   (109 words)

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