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Topic: Offa of Mercia

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 Offa (Hero) - LoveToKnow 1911
Offa (Uffo) is said to have been dumb or silent during his early years, and to have only recovered his speech when his aged father Wermund was threatened by the Saxons, who insolently demanded the cession of his kingdom.
It is very probable that the Offa whose marriage with a lady of murderous disposition is mentioned in Beowulf is the same person; and this story also appears in the Vitae duorum Offarum, though it is erroneously told of a later Offa, the famous king of Mercia.
Offa of Mercia, however, was a descendant in the 12th generation of Offa, king of Angel.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /Offa_(Hero)   (313 words)

 Offa of Mercia
Offa became King of Mercia in AD 757, and, as a result of subsequent military successes, effectively ruled the whole of England south of the River Humber over a period.
Following the murder of his cousin, King Æthelbald in 757, Offa defeated and exiled Beornrad[?], Æthelbald's successor, thus seizing the throne of Mercia.
Sir Frank M. Stenton[?] in his authoritative history, Anglo-Saxon England, believed that Offa was perhaps the greatest king of the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms, the proof of his ability obscured by the lack of a historian to describe his achievements.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/of/Offa_of_Mercia.html   (364 words)

 Mercia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Mercia, sometimes spelled Mierce, was one of the kingdoms of the Anglo-Saxon heptarchy, in what is now England, in the region of the Midlands, with its heart in the valley of the River Trent and its tributary streams.
Offa was forced to build the hegemony over the southern English of his predecessor anew, but he not only did so successfully, he became the greatest king Mercia ever knew.
The Danes drove Burgred, the last king of Mercia from his kingdom in 874 and in 886, the eastern part of the kingdom became part of the Danelaw, while the western portion was occupied by Wessex.
home.comcast.net /~desilva22/Mercia.htm   (931 words)

 Offa   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Offa took over a kingdom that had enjoyed supremacy over southern England during Æthelbald's reign, but this supremacy had been seriously weakened by Æthelbald's death and the subsequent internal conflict.
Offa came into conflict with Jaenbert, the Archbishop of Canterbury, and he tried to reduce the power of Canterbury through the establishment of a rival archdiocese at Lichfield, obtaining the approval of Pope Adrian I. A council at Chelsea agreed to its creation in 787, although only after some dispute.
In Anglo-Saxon England, Stenton argued that Offa was perhaps the greatest king of the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms, but that the proof of his abilities was obscured by the lack of a historian (such as Bede a half-century earlier, or Asser a century later) to describe his achievements.
home.comcast.net /~desilva22/offa.htm   (1103 words)

 King Offa
Offa also made a significant contribution to the English coinage when he introduced his silver penny these coins were probably minted in Cantebury and influenced the design of English coins for many centuries.
During Offa's time in Tamworth his palace is thought to have been in the vicinity of Market Street near to where the Town Hall stands today, it is also thought that he built a small scale version of his famous dyke around the town as protection from attack.
Offa has a street named after him in Tamworth quite near to where his ditch is said to have run.
members.tripod.com /kiffg/king-offa.htm   (153 words)

 History of England, The Anglo Saxon Period
It was Offa who inaugurated what later became known as Peter's Pence (those financial contributions that became a bane to later rulers who wished to have more control over their finances and sources of revenue).
Offa was the first English ruler to draw a definite frontier with Wales (much of the earthen rampart and ditch created in the middle of the eighth century, still exists).
The dominance of Mercia was finally broken, the other kingdoms defeated in battle or voluntary submitted to his overlordship, and Egbert was recognized as Bretwalda, Lord of Britain, the first to give reality to the dream of a single government from the borders of Scotland to the English Channel.
www.britannia.com /history/narsaxhist.html   (3805 words)

Offa was now supreme south of the Humber, with the result that England was divided into three political divisions, Northumbria, Mercia, and Wessex.
His next step was to complete the independence of Mercia by inducing the pope to erect a Mercian archbishopric, so as to free Mercia from the jurisdiction of the Archbishop of Canterbury.
This was effected at the Synod of Celchyth (787), at which Offa granted the pope a yearly sum equal to one mancus a day for the relief of the poor and for lights to be kept burning before St. Peter's tomb.
www.catholicity.com /encyclopedia/o/offa.html   (495 words)

 History of the Monarchy > The Anglo-Saxon kings > Offa
Offa, King of Mercia seized the throne after a civil war, and established supremacy over many lesser kings.
Offa had dealings with the emperor Charlemagne (a proposed dynastic marriage between their children came to nothing), and he visited Rome in 792 to strengthen his links with the papacy.
In the first recorded coronation in England, Offa's son Ecgfrith was consecrated in 787 in Offa's lifetime in an attempt to secure the succession.
www.royal.gov.uk /output/Page265.asp   (208 words)

 Offa's Dyke   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Constructed by King Offa of Mercia (757-96), late in the eighth century, it is a tribute to the authority he commanded from the Humber to the Channel.
Offa had led many expeditions into Wales, but in his later years he decided upon a policy of stabilizing or at least permanently marking the frontier.
Offa's intention was to provide Mercia with a well-defined boundary from Prestatyn to Chepstow, a distance of 240 kilometers.
www.castlewales.com /offa.html   (511 words)

It is customary to ascribe to Offa a policy of limited scope, namely the establishment of Mercia in a position equal to that of Wessex and of Northumbria.
Offa, like, most of his predecessors, probably held a kind of supremacy over all kingdoms south of the Humber.
To Offa is ascribed by Asser, in his life of Alfred, the great fortification against the Welsh which is still known as "Offa's dike." It stretched from sea to sea and consisted of a wall and a rampart.
www.nndb.com /people/040/000102731   (452 words)

 Hereford.uk.com - Herefordshire History
Offa gained a victory over Glywysing in a battle near the site of modern Hereford in 760, and a temporary truce was established.
Offa seems to have built a causeway and paved ford at Oxford on his southern border with Wessex and similar attention was paid to his border with the East Angles.
The evidence suggests that this happened in the second half of the 8th century, that is in the reign of Offa.
www.hereford.uk.com /history/kingoffa.asp   (627 words)

 Mercia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Mercia's influence probably reached its zenith during the reign of Offa in the latter half of the 8th century.
Penda was the son of Pybba, Pybba of Creoda, Creoda of Cynewald, Cynewald of Cnebba, Cnebba of Icel, Icel of Eomer, Eomer of Angelthew, Angelthew of Offa, Offa of Wearmund, Wearmund of Whitley, Whitley of Woden."
In 903, the East Anglian Danes ransacked Mercia and northern Wessex, incited by the rebel Æthelwold, cousin of Edward (Alfred's son and successor).
www.stephen.j.murray.btinternet.co.uk /mercia.htm   (12269 words)

 The Age of Chivalry - Offa, King of Mercia 757-796   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Offa did make raids of his own into Wales and must have had plans to conquer so the dyke must have served to thwart any Welsh counter-attack.
As a result Offa placed an embargo on Continental merchandise but this did not last long and the friendship once again flowered and in 794 an agreement was signed to encourage trade between England and Europe.
Offa minted his own coins, the first reliable currency in Britain since Roman times and their importance can be put down to the fact that they have been found in large and small quantities, suggesting that they were used for small-scale transactions.
www.taoc.co.uk /content/view/102/43   (606 words)

 Did King Offa Become a Muslim?
Offa was a zealous builder and benefactor of monasteries, including that of St. Albans.
When Offa took part in the ceremony to raise his son to the rank of kingship, he would have been in a great Mercian church with bishops and priests, pomp and ceremony.
Offa traced his line back to the original Offa, his impeccable lineage was one of the attributes he brought to the throne.
www.answering-islam.org /Hoaxes/offa.html   (3493 words)

 Timeline of Anglo Saxon England 688 AD-801 AD
The throne is seized by one Eadwulf, of unknown descent.
Archbishop Jaenberht of Canterbury is alienated from Mercia.
Her father, King Offa of Mercia, already unhappy with Aethelberht's rejection of his overlordship, has him executed, supposedly after the wicked Queen Cynethryth of Mercia accuses Aethelberht of making advances towards her.
www.britannia.com /history/saxontime2.html   (3509 words)

 Saxon Bath: Offa's Abbey   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Offa argued that the see was wrongly holding the inheritance of his kinsman King Æthelbald of Mercia (died 756), including ninety hides in Bath.
It purports to be a charter of 808 by Cynewulf, King of the Saxons, granting North Stoke to the brethren of the monastery of St Peter in Bath, witnessed by Offa and Archbishop Cuthbert (d.758).(2) Clearly the date should be 757 or 758.
Offa even gained papal dispensation for his ownership of several monasteries of St Peter, which he had acquired or erected.(9) Probably priests administered the estates as part of the royal demesne.
www.building-history.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk /Bath/Saxon/OffasAbbey.htm   (783 words)

 Monarchy - Offa, king of Mercia
Offa was the first English ruler to mint the silver penny – the basis of early medieval English coinage – and the first to stamp his name on his coins.
Several kinsmen were also despatched to guarantee the succession of Offa's son Ecgfrith, who in 787 was the first Anglo-Saxon prince to be 'consecrated' – anointed with holy oils as the future king.
However, Offa's name is best known today for Offa's Dyke, a massive earthwork, built to keep out the Welsh, which runs from the River Dee in the north to the Severn in the south.
www.channel4.com /history/microsites/M/monarchy/biogs/offa.html   (391 words)

 The world's top offa of mercia websites
Offa (died July 26, 796) was a King of Mercia (757 - 796).
Offa reestablished his authority over Kent with a subsequent and successful invasion around the year 785, however, and ruled it directly for the remainder of his life.
In his authoritative history, Anglo-Saxon England, Sir Frank Stenton argued that Offa was perhaps the greatest king of the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms, but that the proof of his abilities was obscured by the lack of a historian (such as Bede a half-century earlier, or Asser a century later) to describe his achievements.
www.websbiggest.com /wiki-article-tab.cfm/offa_of_mercia   (1080 words)

 King Offa
King Offa’s fame was widespread, he earned the respect of many European kings, and influenced political affairs all over Europe.
His most notable achievements were his establishment of a new form of coinage that influenced the design of English currency for many centuries and the earthworks, known as Offa's Dyke, that were built to mark the border between England and Wales.
Offa's silver penny was the forerunner of modern coins, it had the king's name and the name of the person responsible for the quality of the coins stamped on it, he also produced some coins with a portrait of his wife, Cynethryth, as queen of Mercia.
www.st-stephens-bexhill.org.uk /king_offa.htm   (249 words)

 Offa. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
He introduced a new coinage in the form of the silver penny, which for centuries was to be the basis of the English currency.
Offa’s laws, now lost, were used by King Alfred in his codification.
The Offa referred to in Beowulf and other Anglo-Saxon heroic poetry was not the king of Mercia, but a king of the Angles on the Continent, probably at the end of the 4th cent.
www.bartleby.com /65/of/Offa.html   (296 words)

 "King Offa"
King Offa was a brilliant soldier, suppressing any resistance from the smaller kingdoms around Mercia.
It is an indication of King Offa's power that he was able to raise sufficient manpower to complete these enormous earthworks, which stretch for 70 miles and are still, in places, two and a half metres high and up to twenty metres wide.
Offa's coins were probably minted at Canterbury, in Kent.
www.kingoffa.e-sussex.sch.uk /king_offa.htm   (296 words)

 Offa Rex, Anglo-Saxon King
Offa’s daughters married the rulers of Wessex and Saxon which facilitated strong relations between these areas.
He suggests that Offa may have gone to Spain to study the religion or the culture of Muslims and may have become impressed by the Muslim civilization and its grandeur (Quotations on Moorish Civilization).
About twenty years before King Offa established his kingdom, Gothic Princess Sara married 'Isa ibn Muzahim, one of the Muslims at caliph Hisham's court in Damascus and returned to Seville with her husband.
www.cyberistan.org /islamic/offa.html   (546 words)

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