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Topic: Old English


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  Old English / Anglo-Saxon
Old English was the West Germanic language spoken in the area now known as England between the 5th and 11th centuries.
Old English began to appear in writing during the early 8th century.
Old English / Anglo-Saxon was sometimes written with a version of the Runic alphabet, brought to Britain by the Anglo-Saxons until about the 11th century.
www.omniglot.com /writing/oldenglish.htm   (588 words)

  
 Old English Sheepdog Information and Pictures, Bobtail, Old English Sheepdogs, Bobtails
The Old English Sheepdog is a large, squarely proportioned, agile dog with a profuse shaggy coat.
The Old English Sheepdog is very good at herding and taking instructions, but tend to anticipate commands or do it their own way if they think their way is better.
The Old English Sheepdog was developed in England's West Country by farmers who needed an agile cattle driver and sheep herder to take their animals to market.
www.dogbreedinfo.com /oldenglishsheepdog.htm   (849 words)

  
  Old English at the University of Calgary
Attention students enrolled in English 401 for the Fall term 2004: please e-mail the instructor, Dr. McGillivray, at mmcgilli@ucalgary.ca with your name and the e-mail address you will use for this course if you will not be using the address that you have on file with the University of Calgary.
This is the home of English 401 and English 403, University of Calgary courses in the Old English language and Old English literature constructed by Murray McGillivray.
Old English is the name given to the germanic language spoken in the southern part of the island of Britain before the Norman Conquest in 1066 c.e.
www.ucalgary.ca /UofC/eduweb/engl401   (384 words)

  
  Old English language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Old English (also called Anglo-Saxon) is an early form of the English language that was spoken in parts of what is now England and southern Scotland between the mid-fifth century and the mid-twelfth century.
Old English was not static, and its usage covered a period of some 700 years – from the Anglo-Saxon migrations into England of the fifth century to some time after the Norman invasion of 1066, when the language underwent a major and dramatic transition.
Old English was at first written in runes (futhorc), but shifted to the Latin alphabet with some additions: the letter yogh, adopted from Irish; the letter eth and the runic letters thorn and wynn.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Old_English   (3053 words)

  
 Old English language - Encyclopedia.WorldSearch   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Old English (also called Anglo-Saxon) is an early form of the English language that was spoken in England between the years 500 and 1200.
Old English was not static, its usage covered a period of some 700 years or so – from the Anglo-Saxon migrations into England around the mid-fifth century to some time after the Norman invasion of 1066, when the language underwent a major and dramatic transition.
Old English nouns were declined – that is, the ending of the noun changed to reflect its function in the sentence.
encyclopedia.worldsearch.com /old_english.htm   (3641 words)

  
 Learn more about Old English in the online encyclopedia.   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Old English is a term used to describe a wave of early medieval English and Welsh settlers who went to Ireland to claim territory and lands.
Though English governments expected the Old English to promote English rule in Ireland, many soon abandoned their English identity, adopted the native Irish language and religious customs and marrying the mere Irish (contemporary term meaning pure Irish, mere meaning pure in contemporary english), and came to be called more Irish than the Irish themselves.
In contrast, the New English, the wave of invaders who came to Ireland during the Elizabethan era, kept their English identity, religious, social and cultural traditions and unlike the Normans and the Old English, remained distinct and separate from the rest of Ireland.
www.onlineencyclopedia.org /o/ol/old_english.html   (286 words)

  
 Verbix -- Germanic languages: conjugate Old-English verbs
Old English is an extinct language which was spoken in England around year 900 (see: English periods).
Old English verbs were grouped in two major groups: weak verbs and strong verbs.
Old English may be defined as the period of full endings, Middle English as the period with levelled endings and Modern English as the period of lost endings.
www.verbix.com /languages/oldenglish.shtml   (257 words)

  
 Old English Inns | Home
We look forward to welcoming you to an Old English Inn soon.
Whatever the time of year, there is always an Old English Inn to escape to For details of this season's offers click here...
Traditional and full of character, many of our inns and hotels also have the advantage of a backdrop of beautiful English countryside....
www.oldenglishinns.co.uk   (240 words)

  
 Old English at UVA   (Site not responding. Last check: )
An introduction to Old English and a course on Beowulf are offered annually at U.Va.; these are open to both graduates and undergraduates.
Old English Aerobics is an anthology of Old English texts and a collection of on-line exercises, all keyed to Peter S. Baker, Introduction to Old English (Oxford: Blackwell, 2003).
Introduction to Old English is a new textbook published by Blackwell Publishers.
www.engl.virginia.edu /OE   (520 words)

  
 English
English is descended from the language spoken in the English Isles by the Germanic tribes, the Angles, Saxons, and Jutes, who came to the British Isles around 450 AD and drove the original Celtic-speaking inhabitants to areas that are
English is now the most widely studied second language in the world because a working knowledge of English is required in many fields and occupations as well as for international communication.
English spread from Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries to North America, the Caribbean, and northern Ireland; and in the 18th and 19th centuries to South Asia and Africa.
www.nvtc.gov /lotw/months/december/English.html   (1303 words)

  
 Old English language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The inventory of Old English surface phones, as usually reconstructed, is as follows.
The front mid rounded vowels /ø(ː)/ occur in some dialects of Old English, but not in the best attested Late West Saxon dialect.
Otherwise a knowledge of the historical linguistics of the word in question is needed to predict which pronunciation is needed.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Old_English_language   (2537 words)

  
 Old English Language Grammar by Cyril Babaev
However, Old English is sometimes moving further in developing the phonetics, and that is why some of its models are a bit hard to trace back to the Common Germanic period.
Old English, as well as practically all Germanic tongues, is not conservative at all: it witnessed quite an extensive use of analytic forms in place of older inflections and lost many others.
But then, oddly, Old English must have "recalled" this archaic instrumental, even though it was to exist for not too long a time and disappeared as early as the 10th century, even before the Norman conquest and subsequent transformation of the English language into its Middle stage.
indoeuro.bizland.com /project/grammar/grammar41.html   (4232 words)

  
 old english
It was an English that had far more plurals of the "man-men" type, where a stem vowel changes, and more possessives with a suffix -an rather than the hiss that's now tacked on to the end of words in both cases.
Old English brun and hwit both meant "bright, shining," though now both are used to mean hues (although we still speak of "burnished" wood or metal).
One of the knottiest linguistic problems in Old English is blaec, which is the common ancestor of the seemingly irreconcilable modern words fl and bleach.
www.etymonline.com /columns/oldenglish.htm   (2877 words)

  
 Old English
Without a strong central cultural authority, Old English itself drifted into different dialects: Northumbrian in the north, Mercian in the center, East Anglian in the east, West Saxon in the west, Kentish in the far southeast.
Old English poetry is based on principles quite unlike that of modern English poetry.
Old English poets did not use rhyme; they did not count the number of syllables in a line.
www.uta.edu /english/tim/courses/4301w00/oehist.html   (1627 words)

  
 old english
It is the West Saxon dialect that is most often referred to as Old English and that was the most prominent dialect at the time of the Norman conquest in 1066.
Partly because of the political supremacy of Wessex and partly due to the highly literate court of Alfred, the West Saxon dialect was the strongest English dialect at the opening of the tenth century.
The re-establishment of English was gradual, but as England moved into the fourteenth century, English was used as the native tongue by the majority of the population in a number of dialects.
colfa.utsa.edu /drinka/pie/lang_oe.htm   (969 words)

  
 Old English Language Grammar by Cyril Babaev
English through history was very progressive and active - the whole revolution happened with it in the 15th and the 16th centuries, not only taking into consideration the Great Vowel Shift, but also the major grammar changes.
This distinction goes back to the Old English system of strong and weak verbs: the ones which used the ancient Germanic type of conjugation (the Ablaut), and the ones which just added endings to their past and participle forms.
Old English verbs are conjugated having two tenses - the Present tense and the Past tense, and three moods - indicative, subjunctive, and imperative.
members.tripod.com /babaev/archive/grammar43.html   (2561 words)

  
 A History of the English Language   (Site not responding. Last check: )
English is a member of the Indo-European family of languages.
English is in the Germanic group of languages.
Four major dialects of Old English emerged, Northumbrian in the north of England, Mercian in the Midlands, West Saxon in the south and west, and Kentish in the Southeast.
www.wordorigins.org /histeng.htm   (2456 words)

  
 Old English Kinterms   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Prior to the adoption of French terms after the Norman conquest, Old English terms assumed a pattern which conformed to the Sudanese terminology.
Old English actually merged the nephew categorization in a manner that is equivalent to the modern Eskimo system.
The following table demonstrates the contrast between the merging apparent in Modern English and the finer distinctions formed in Old English, where each kin type receives a distinctive term.
www.umanitoba.ca /anthropology/tutor/kinterms/oldenglish.html   (307 words)

  
 AllRefer.com - old English sheepdog, Dog (Dogs) - Encyclopedia
old English sheepdog, breed of large, wiry working dog developed in England in the early 19th cent.
The tail is bobbed to approximately 1 1/2 in.
The old English sheepdog was originally raised in W England as a drover of sheep and cattle.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/O/oldEngli.html   (215 words)

  
 Application for membership in the Old English Sheepdog Club of America requires the following:
Further, no Old English Sheepdog should be bred without the owner having studied the Standard for the breed as set forth by the Old English Sheepdog Club of America, and approved and published by the American Kennel Club.
All Old English Sheepdogs should be sold in good condition, physically sound and of good temperament, and should be free of parasites and disease.
Old English Sheepdogs that have hip dysplasia, eye defects, auto-immune disease, deafness, or any other significant hereditary problem must not be bred.
www.oldenglishsheepdogclubofamerica.org /NEWFRONTPAGE/membershipapplication.htm   (2302 words)

  
 OLD ENGLISH
OLD ENGLISH® Oils provide maximum water repellency for open grain oil finished surfaces (such as Scandinavian furniture), conserve oils in fine antique furniture and prevent cracking in older, lacquer finished surfaces.
OLD ENGLISH® Oil may be used daily since this product does not contain ingredients which will cause a build-up on your furniture.
OLD ENGLISH® Scratch Cover is formulated to cover the scratches and nicks on your furniture.
www.oldenglishpolish.com /faq.shtml   (1035 words)

  
 Old English literature and culture resources   (Site not responding. Last check: )
This section is an excellent introduction to the period of English history dating from the mid-fifth century to the mid-eleventh century, including primary sources, bibliographies and resources for teaching.
The Dictionary of Old English is an historical dictionary in the tradition of the Oxford English Dictionary.
Three poems are presented in both Old English and with a Modern English translation: Deor, The Funeral of Scyld Scefing and The Battle of Brunanburh.
www.library.adelaide.edu.au /guide/hum/english/E_Old.html   (4784 words)

  
 Old English
Old English nouns had grammatical gender (masculine, feminine, neuter), singular and plural number, and were also classified as "strong" or "weak" according to the distinctness of their inflectional endings (some other classifications involve the stems that the nouns carried in Germanic and whether the noun was affected by front mutation).
Old English had several dialects spoken in the various regions of the land: Northumbrian, Mercian, West Saxon, Kentish; northern dialects lost inflectional endings earlier than those of the south; heavier use of diphthongs and extensive palatalization of velar consonants in West Saxon areas
Old English verse characterized by four-stress alliterative line with mid-line pause (caesura); formulaic style; interlacing of motifs; recurring images (eagle, wolf, ice, snow); use of apposition (parallel variations on a phrase or motif); use of kennings or poetic compounds, e.g.
mockingbird.creighton.edu /english/fajardo/teaching/eng520/oldeng.htm   (1863 words)

  
 Old English Aloud
Old English poetry was meant to be declaimed aloud before an audience, the poet, or Scop, being both a creative and a performing artist.
Old English poetry was very formulaic, with the same patterns being re-used with variations time and again.
Another striking feature of Old English poetry was the use of many metaphors or kennings for common subjects: The sea could be referred to as the 'whale's way', 'gannet's bath', 'swan's riding' and so on.
www.kami.demon.co.uk /gesithas/readings/readings.html   (713 words)

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