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Topic: Old Icelandic language

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In the News (Tue 23 Jul 19)

  Icelandic language, alphabet and pronunciation
Icelandic is the closest of the Northern Germanic languages to Old Norse and it is possible for Icelandic speakers to read the Old Norse sagas in the original without too much difficulty.
The main language of the settlers was Old Norse or the Dansk tunga (Danish tongue).
In 1944 Iceland gained its independence and Icelandic was revived as an official and literary language.
www.omniglot.com /writing/icelandic.htm   (413 words)

  ICELANDIC LANGUAGE. The Columbia Encyclopedia: Sixth Edition. 2000   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
Spoken chiefly in Iceland, where it is the official language, it stems from Old Norse, the language of the Vikings who settled the island in the 9th cent.
The beginning of the modern period of the Icelandic language may be said to date from the translation of the New Testament in 1540 by Oddur Gottskálksson.
Before that date the language is considered Old Icelandic, which is classified as belonging to the western branch of Old Norse.
www.bartleby.com /aol/65/ic/IcelndiLan.html   (316 words)

 Icelandic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
Icelandic is a member of the North Germanic (Scandinavian) branch of the Germanic languages, a subfamily of the Indo-European languages.
It is derived from Old Norse, the language of the Vikings who came to Iceland from Norway in the 9th century AD.
From 1380 to 1918 Iceland was ruled by Denmark; despite this, Icelandic remained virtually uninfluenced, its purity of form assured by geographic isolation and a strong literary tradition.
www.flw.com /languages/icelandic.htm   (98 words)

 Verbix -- Germanic languages: conjugate Old Norse verbs   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
Old Norse is classical North Germanic language used from roughly 1150 to 1350.
Old Norse is the literary language of the Icelandic sagas, skaldic poems, and Eddas.
Old Norse is the parent language of the three modern languages, Icelandic, Faroese, and Norwegian, and one extinct language called Norn.
www.verbix.com /languages/oldnorse.shtml   (107 words)

 Old English language   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
Unlike modern English Old English was a language rich with morphological diversity and was still pronounced basically as It maintained several distinct cases: the nominative dative accusative genitive and instrumental remnants of which survive only in few pronouns today.
The language was further altered by the away from the runic alphabet (also known futhark) to the Latin alphabet which was also a significant factor the developmental pressures brought to bear on language.
Old English was at first written in but shifted to the Latin alphabet with some additions: the letter yogh adopted from Irish ; and three runes : thorn eth and wynn.
www.freeglossary.com /Old_English   (2934 words)

 The UCL Language Centre - Self Access Centre - Materials Database
This old form of the language is called Old Icelandic, but also commonly equated to Old Norse, an umbrella term also known as "Danish Tongue" used for the common Scandinavian language of the Viking era.
The Icelandic alphabet is notable for its retention of two old letters which no longer exist in the English alphabet: þ (thorn or thott) and ð (eth or edh), representing the voiceless and voiced "th" sounds as in English thin and this respectively.
The preservation of the Icelandic language is taken seriously by the Icelanders — rather than borrow foreign words for new concepts, new Icelandic words are diligently forged for public use.
www.ucl.ac.uk /language-centre/Self-Access-Centre/icelandic   (354 words)

 Linguaphone UK - Language Information
The dominant language in the period of settlement was Old Norse, the language spoken throughout Scandinavia at the time.
Iceland lies to the east of Greenland and to the south of the Arctic Circle and is one of the most volcanically active regions on the planet.
The main island of Iceland and it’s smaller islands are relatively warm due to the influence of the Gulf Stream and the grazing of horses sheep and cattle is common.
www.linguaphone.co.uk /language.cfm?language_id=15   (871 words)

 Icelandic (Islenska)
Its closest relative is Faroese, although the two languages are not mutually intelligible because they have developed in isolation due to their insular location.
Icelandic is the official language of Iceland where it is spoken by some 230,000 people.
Icelandic is considered to be a Category II language in terms of difficulty for speakers of English.
www.nvtc.gov /lotw/months/december/Icelandic.html   (1004 words)

 Icelandic Language - Search Results - MSN Encarta   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
Icelandic Language, language of the people of Iceland.
Icelandic or Íslenska is a member of the West Scandinavian subgroup of the North Germanic...
Language, communication among human beings that is characterized by the use of arbitrary spoken or written symbols with agreed-upon meanings.
uk.encarta.msn.com /Icelandic_Language.html   (186 words)

 [minstrels] The Icelandic Language -- Bill Holm
Old inflections move from case to case, gender to gender, softening consonants, darkening vowels, till they sound like the sea moving icebergs back and forth in its mouth.
Icelanders are very protective of their culture: of their literature and language in particular.
The former depicts the majesty and power (and yes, occasional impracticality) of a language that has refused to be swept along in the current of modernity; the latter captures the joy and energy (and yes, occasional shallow vulgarity) of a language that's constantly changing, mutating, evolving.
www.cs.rice.edu /~ssiyer/minstrels/poems/1349.html   (637 words)

 Icelandic language - HighBeam Encyclopedia
Icelandic language member of the North Germanic, or Scandinavian, group of the Germanic subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages.
The cowherd and the saint: the grateful lion in Icelandic folklore and legend.
Icelandic girls singing praises; The Haukar football club of Iceland didn't qualify for today's championship round of the USA Cup, but it did meet its primary goal of enjoying every minute of its trip to Minnesota.(SPORTS)
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1E1-IcelndiLan.html   (772 words)

 A minimal grammar of Icelandic
Icelandic has a complicated inflectional system since nouns, adjectives, pronouns, numerals and the definite article are inflected for gender, number and case and verbs are inflected for person, number, tense, mood and voice.
Icelandic is an SVO language which means that the normal word order puts the subject in the first position, the verb in the second position and the object comes after the verb.
Icelandic is also an S2-language and that means that the tensed verb is usually in the second position after the first constituent, whether it is a main verb or an auxiliary.
www.hum.uit.no /a/svenonius/lingua/flow/li/minig/enmini_is.html   (1593 words)

 Language Log: Where have all the inflections gone?
Based on Latin shedding so much of its inflections in becoming the Romance languages, and English's being such an inflection-shy sister in the Germanic family compared to, most strikingly, grand old Icelandic, linguists are taught that it is "natural" for languages to "molt" as a matter of course.
The linguist is accustomed to attending talks on these languages encountering bristling paradigms of prefixes and suffixes, indicating the obviative, the inverse and God knows what else, complete with portmanteau morphemes (that is, where one prefix or suffix carries two meanings, such as "me plus him").
The evidence suggests that the post-Neolithic "punctuations" that Bob Dixon describes in human languages' timelines have often sheared away a degree of languages' "mess" as they were imposed on adult speakers and passed down in abbreviated form to succeeding generations.
itre.cis.upenn.edu /~myl/languagelog/archives/000169.html   (826 words)

Icelandic is one of the Nordic languages, which are a subgroup of the Germanic languages.
Iceland was settled in the period A.D. Most of the settlers came from Norway, especially Western Norway, a few of them from Sweden and some from the British Isles, including Ireland.
Like the old Indo-European languages, Icelandic has a complicated grammar: Nouns are inflected in four cases (nominative, accusative, dative and genitive) and in two numbers (singular, plural).
www.nat.is /travelguideeng/icelandic_language.htm   (852 words)

 Old Norse Travel Phrases
Old Norse was used by the inhabitants of Scandinavia and their overseas settlements during the Viking Age (793-1066 CE) and up to 1300 CE or so.
The term "Old Norse" refers to a group of languages/dialects: Old Icelandic, Old Norwegion, Old Swedish, Old Danish, and Old Gotlandic.
It is often used as a synonym for Old Icelandic because most surviving Old Norse literature was written in Iceland.
www.travelphrases.info /languages/oldnorse.htm   (91 words)

 Modern Scandinavian Language Accent Codes
Because Icelandic is one of the few modern languages which uses the Old English characters ð (eth), þ (thorn) and æ (ash) many scholars recommend using Icelandic keyboards to type these characters.
Most of the Scandinavian languages are well supported with accent codes, but the Icelandic eth and thorn requires users to either switch to the Icelandic Keyboard or use Unicode Hex codes.
Language tags are also suggested so that search engines and screen readers parse the language of a page.
tlt.its.psu.edu /suggestions/international/bylanguage/nordic.html   (837 words)

 Verbix -- Germanic. Conjugate verbs in 50+ languages   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
The Germanic languages are related in the sense that they can be shown to be different historical developments of a single earlier parent language.
Although for some language families there are written records of the parent language (e.g., for the Romance languages, which are variant developments of Latin), in the case of Germanic no written records of the parent language exist.
For example, on the basis of Old English cyning, Old Saxon and Old High German kuning 'king,' the Proto-Germanic *kuningaz can be reconstructed; this would seem to be confirmed by Finnish kuningas 'king,' which must have been borrowed from Germanic at a very early date.
www.verbix.com /languages/germanic.asp   (837 words)

 Icelandic language   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
Like all Northern Germanic tongues, it is derived from Old Norse, the language of the Vikings who came to Iceland from Norway in the 9th century AD.
From 1380 to 1918 Iceland was ruled by Denmark; despite this, Icelandic remained virtually uninfluenced, its purity of form assured by geographic isolation and a strong literary tradition.
Modern Icelandic, which is considered to date from 1540, when the New Testament was translated, is still heavily inflected, unlike the other Scandinavian languages.
members.tripod.com /~babaev/tree/icelandic.html   (236 words)

 Icelandic Translation - Translate Icelandic Language Translator
This old form of the language is called Old Icelandic, but also commonly equalled to Old Norse (an umbrella term for the common Scandinavian language of the Viking era).
The preservation of the Icelandic language has been taken seriously by the Icelanders - rather than borrow foreign words for new concepts, new Icelandic words are diligently forged for public use.
Icelandic phonology is somewhat unusual for European languages in having an aspiration contrast in its stops, rather than a voicing contrast (though, in fact, English exhibits some characteristics of such a contrast).
www.translation-services-usa.com /languages/icelandic.shtml   (440 words)

 Learn Icelandic Online - Write or Speak in Icelandic Language Exchange
A language exchange complements other forms of learning such as classroom, cultural immersion and multimedia, because you get to practice all that you have learned with native speakers in a safe and supportive environment.
Language exchange learning is also inexpensive because we provide free tips and conversation lesson plans that allow you to do a language exchange on your own.
I am very interested in learning languages and I have a lot of friends in other countries, including Indonesian and Brazil, and I would very much like to learn the languages of both nations (and more of course) I am 17 years old and I come from Icela.....
www.mylanguageexchange.com /Learn/Icelandic.asp   (1097 words)

 Icelandic language
The modern Icelandic tongue forms in the 16th century, though it is very difficult to draw the exact line.
Icelandic does not have an indefinite article, the only article is definite and is situated after the noun.
The main peculiarity of the Icelandic vocabulary is that it remains extremely rich - Icelanders read quite a lot, plenty of ordinary people in the country are fond of writing verse.
indoeuro.bizland.com /tree/germ/icelandic.html   (346 words)

 Center for Language Studies
To extend the exceptional foreign language capabilities of BYU to a large audience, the Center for Language Studies offers a variety of intensive language courses during the summer term (mid-June to mid-August) and regular courses in less commonly taught languages during the academic year.
Interested students and potential adjunct faculty are requested to register their desires to participate in summer programs as early as possible by completing the survey form on the center's Web page, http://humanities.byu.edu/CLS/home.html, or by signing an interest form in the center's office, 2054 JKHB.
Upon completion of an approved culminating language course that fulfills the foreign language general education requirement, returned missionaries may receive additional graded credit by examination for classes leading to the level of the culminating course.
saas.byu.edu /catalog/archive/2000/departments/Lang_Studies.html   (1160 words)

 A Companion to Old Norse-Icelandic Literature and Culture - Book Information   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
This major survey of Old Norse-Icelandic literature and culture demonstrates the remarkable continuity of Icelandic language and culture from medieval to modern times.
Orality and Literacy in the Sagas of Icelanders: Gisli Sigurosson (University of Iceland).
The Post-Medieval Reception of Old Norse and Old Icelandic Literature: Andrew Wawn (University of Leeds).
www.blackwellpublishing.com /book.asp?ref=9780631235026   (381 words)

 language - Definitions from Dictionary.com
Language, dialect, jargon, vernacular refer to patterns of vocabulary, syntax, and usage characteristic of communities of various sizes and types.
Language is applied to the general pattern of a people or race: the English language.
(language) communication by word of mouth; "his speech was garbled"; "he uttered harsh language"; "he recorded the spoken language of the streets" [syn: speech]
dictionary.reference.com /browse/language   (888 words)

SCAND 501 Old Icelandic Language and Literature (5)
Studies in the poetry and prose tradition of medieval Iceland and Norway.
Theory and practice of communicative language teaching; current developments in foreign-language teaching; evaluation of teaching materials; includes attendance at the departmental and university-wide fall orientation; required for beginning teaching assistants of Scandinavian and the Baltic languages.
www.washington.edu /students/crscat/scand.html   (2018 words)

 languagehat.com: OLD NORSE FOR BEGINNERS.
This course will teach Old Icelandic from the 13th century; when such works as Heimskringla and the Edda were composed.
The spelling of Old Icelandic words is normalised to the accepted standard.
The term 'Old Norse' is sometimes used to mean specifically what we here call 'West Norse' or what we here call 'Old Icelandic'.
www.languagehat.com /archives/000976.php   (519 words)

 Translation Experts - Spanish translation French translation German translation translate translator dictionary
We have been developing natural language translation software, dictionaries and a network of expert translators around the world for a number of years and have a long list of very satisfied customers worldwide.
Supported languages: Albanian, Arabic, Bosnian, Brazilian Portuguese, Bulgarian, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, European Portuguese, Filipino/Philipino/Tagalog, Finnish, Flemish, French, German, Greek, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Latin, Latin American Spanish, Norwegian, Old Church Slavonic, Polish, Rumanian/Romanian, Russian, Serbian (Latin script), Serbian (Cyrillic script), Slovenian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian, Vietnamese and Welsh.
Exact charges vary depending upon the language and length of the document.
www.tranexp.com   (1482 words)

 Icelandic Collection Policy
As one of the three largest repositories of Old Norse and Icelandic materials in the world and the largest in the Americas, the Fiske Icelandic Collection meets the needs of local and international scholarly communities.
Where no language coverage code exists, the language coverage should be assumed to be effectively universal.
In proportion to their minuscule population, Icelanders are very prolific poets and authors of fiction, with the result that the Fiske Collection devotes considerable resources to belles lettres in an attempt to mirror the reality of Icelandic literature.
www.library.cornell.edu /colldev/cdicelandic.html   (1138 words)

 How to Learn Icelandic via Online Language Exchange   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
I am a 24 year old Icelandic male and I am fascinated by the Japanese language and would like to learn it from a native speaker.
Hi i'm ragnheiður and i come from Iceland, I'm enjoy laughing and joking and meeting new people:) I would like to meet people who can speak with me in any of the languages that i speak no matter where you are from.
I could teach you: swedish, icelandic (although my icelandic is just so-so), or english.
www.mylanguageexchange.com /Learn/Type_Ex.asp?L=Icelandic&HU=Icelandic.asp   (694 words)

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