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Topic: Old Persian

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 The Probert Encyclopaedia - Other Mythology
In Japanese mythology, Ama Terasu is the Sun-Goddess.
In Finnish mythology, Akka was the consort of Ukko.
In Finnish mythology, Tuonetar was the consort of Tuoni.
www.fas.org /news/reference/probert/D.HTM   (7881 words)

 Persian Art
Here you can enjoy samples of Iranian Ancient and Modern Art
www.geocities.com /persianclubs/amain.html   (7881 words)

 Persian Gulf - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Countries with a coastline on the Persian Gulf are (clockwise, from the north): Iran, United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Qatar on a peninsula off the Saudi coast, Bahrain on an island, Kuwait and Iraq in the northwest.
Since the 1960s, Persian Gulf Arabs and their states have sometimes referred to the water body as the Arabian Gulf by mistake (which is in fact the ancient name of the Red Sea) but this is not commonly used in English and is not acknowledged by organizations such as the United Nations.
The oil-rich Arab countries (excluding Iraq) that have a coastline on the Persian Gulf are referred to as the Gulf States.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Persian_Gulf   (771 words)

 European dragon - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Dragons of Slavic mythology hold mixed temperaments towards humans.
The later Babylonian dragon worshiped by the court of the Persian Cyrus the Great, in the Hebrew narrative in Bel and the Dragon probably dates to the late 2nd century BCE.
The female dragon represents harsh weather and is the destroyer of crops, the hater of mankind, and is locked in a never ending battle with her brother.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/European_dragon   (771 words)

 Persian language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Over this period, the morphology of the language was simplified from the complex conjugation and declension system of Old Persian to the almost completely regularized morphology and rigid syntax of Modern Persian, in a manner often described as paralleling the development of English.
Prior to British colonization, Persian was also widely used as a second language in the Indian subcontinent; it took prominence as the language of culture and education in several Muslim courts in the subcontinent throughout the Middle Ages and became the official court language under the Mughal emperors.
Persian is a member of the Indo-European family of languages, and within that family it belongs to the Indo-Iranian (Aryan) branch.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Persian_language   (1560 words)

 Persian tobacco - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Persian tobacco or Tanbaku (also called flowering tobacco, ornamental tobacco, winged tobacco, Nicotiana alata), is a type of tobacco originating in Iran which is used only in narghilas.
Cultivated in Persia, it is the source of Persian Tobacco.
Persian tobacco is not chopped like tobacco, but is broken up by hand.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Persian_tobacco   (118 words)

 Persian language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Old Persian, the main language of the Achaemenid inscriptions, should not be confused with the non-Indo-European Elamite language (see Behistun inscription).
Persian is a member of the Indo-European family of languages, and within that family it belongs to the Indo-Iranian (Aryan) branch.
Despite their shared alphabet, however, Persian and Arabic are entirely different languages, from different linguistic families and with different phonology and grammar.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Persian_language   (118 words)

 Persian Christians - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Christians are allowed to have their own subjects at schools and in the university exams.
If a Christian kills a Moslem in any way, even unintentionally, he is condemned as guilty; he is liable to maximum punishment and monetary penalty, which is paid to the survivors of the deceased; it is much more than what is paid to the Christian survivors if a Moslem kills a Christian.
And in many cases Christians are afraid to defend and explain their beliefs because of being forbidden to proselytize Moslems.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Persian_Christians   (2698 words)

 Persian language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Prior to British colonization, Persian was also widely used as a second language in the Indian subcontinent; it took prominence as the language of culture and education in several Muslim courts in the subcontinent throughout the Middle Ages and became the official court language under the Mughal emperors.
Persian is a member of the Indo-European family of languages, and within that family it belongs to the Indo-Iranian branch.
Persian and its dialects have official-language status in the countries of Iran, Afghanistan, and Tajikistan.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Persian_language   (1714 words)

 Persian Art Periods,
Although the wide diversity of outside influences make it difficult to pin down distinct characteristics, Persian art is generally characterized by its firm lines, extensive detail, and bold use of colour.
Persian art is particularly noted for its architecture and production of exquisite miniatures, although perhaps best known today for ornate carpets.
Quality custom editions of Persian art on canvas, from traditional art to contemporary Iranian artists, Original Paintings, will be available for purchase through our representatives or galleries worldwide
www.persianpaintings.com /history.html   (1714 words)

 Persian (cat) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Persian cat is one of the oldest breeds of cat.
Persian cats with point are refered to as Colourpoint Persian in Europe and Himalayan (cat) in United States.
The Persian cat is reputed to originate from Iran (Persia), but interbreeding of Angoras with native British domestic longhairs in the 19th Century makes the true origin of the breed unclear.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Persian_cat   (426 words)

 Persian Empire - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Cyrus rallied the Persians together, and in 550 BC defeated the forces of Astyages, who was then captured by his own nobles and turned over to the triumphant Cyrus, now Shah of a unified Persian kingdom.
The caliph Al-Ma'mun, whose mother was Persian, moved his capital away from Arab lands into Merv in eastern Iran.
The German Empire retaliated on behalf of its ally by spreading a rumour that Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany had converted to Islam, and sent agents through Iran to attack the oil fields and raise a Jihad against British rule in India.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Persian_Empire   (4646 words)

 Iranian calendar - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In Afghan Persian (also known as Dari), the Arabic language names of the zodiac signs for the months are used instead of the names adopted in Iran.
Persians have been keen on the idea and importance of having a calendar system throughout their recorded history.
Their names for the months and days are Parthian equivalencies of the Avestan ones used before and they differed slightly from the Middle Persian names used by the Sassanian.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Iranian_calendar   (2146 words)

 Persian music - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Moosiqi Asil or Persian music is the traditional and indigenous music of Persia and Persian-speaking countries: musiqi, the science and art of music, and moosiqi, the sound and performance of music (Sakata 1983).
Parsi (Persian) is a language that was spoken at court along with Pahlavi, the official language of the Sassanid Empire (224-642A.D.) and consists of most of the same words and the same grammar as Pahlavi.
Instruments used in Persian classical music include the bowed spike-fiddle kamancheh, the goblet drum tombak, the end-blown flute ney, the frame drum daf, the long-necked lutes tar, setar, tambur, dotar, and the dulcimer santur.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Persian_music   (1375 words)

Motifs were categorised according to the number of notes in the motif in question (two-, three-, four-, or five-note motif) and the size of the intervals between the notes, the latter being indicated using numbers.
Each of the individual motifs in the transcriptions was entered into a database file, including information on the performer, instrument, the number of notes in the motif, the size of intervals between the notes, and the position of the motif in the context of the phrase (beginning, middle, end).
Thus, for example, the high proportion of two-note motifs (generally moving by step), and of motifs beginning with the interval -1, as well as the limit to the number of successive intervals in the same direction, found in the music as a whole were reflected in similar figures for tar and setar.
www.music.ed.ac.uk /colloquia/conferences/esem/lau.html   (1375 words)

 Architectural Columns By Melton Classics
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The comprehensive selection of architectural columns from Melton Classics provides the construction professional with a wide array of column choices to aid in the selection of the ideal product for any architectural design, application or budget.
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 Columns and Carvings decorative columns and architectural accents
Columns and Carvings is proud to offer a complete line of architectural columns, balustrade systems, carvings, and architectural specialties for both residential and commercial buildings.
Columns and Carvings decorative columns and architectural accents
Columns and Carvings offers a broad array of architectural products, with the most extensive warranties in the industry.
www.columnsandcarvings.com   (1375 words)

Persian (Dari) is spoken in the northern and western parts of Afghanistan including the capital Kabul in the east.
Dari is the name used for the Persian language in official papers of Afghanistan.
Persian serves as the means of communication between speakers of different languages in Afghanistan.
encyclopedia.codeboy.net /wikipedia/d/da/dari.html   (1375 words)

 UCLA Language Materials Persian Language Profile
Old Persian, by contrast, and its immediate descendant Middle Persian, originated in a province in southwest Iran that was once the center of the Persian Empire -- Parsa or Fars, hence the contemporary Persian name of the language: Farsi.
Old Persian is attested from the cuneiform inscriptions left by the Achaemenid dynasty (559 to 331 BC.) that ruled the lands known as the Realm of the Aryans (from which comes the name of the modern country Iran) up until the conquest of Alexander the Great.
Dari Persian, mainly spoken in Afghanistan, until recently, deferred to the Tehran standard as its model, and although there are clear phonological and morphological contrasts, due partly to the influence of neighboring Turkic languages, Farsi and Dar Persian remain quite similar.
www.lmp.ucla.edu /profiles/profp01.htm   (1375 words)

 Iransaga - A History of Persian Art Through The Centuries
Persian architecture has a very long and complex history, and is often regarded as the field in which Persia made its greatest contribution to the world's culture.
Although Persian styles differ sharply from any other Islamic architecture, they have strongly influenced buildings throughout much of the Islamic world, especially in Central Asia, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India.
century pottery found near Tehran indicates an early, unique Persian style of art.
www.art-arena.com /hpart.html   (1375 words)

 Greco-Persian Wars - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Persians never really renounced their ambitions, and continued to meddle in Greek affairs in a sort of "cold war"; seducing cities with diplomacy and/or buying them off with gold, and employing Greek mercenaries (most famously Xenophon), until Alexander put an end to the Persian empire.
Persian Empire in 500 BC At the end of the 6th century BC, Darius the Great ruled over an immense realm, from western China to eastern Europe.
For the Greeks, the Persian Wars engendered a consciousness of Greek unity, but the reality was short-lived, and a mere twenty years later the Greek world was torn apart by the Peloponnesian War.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Persian_Wars   (1375 words)

 Persian language
The Persian language was crucial in the formation of a common language of the Central, North and Northwest regions of the Indian subcontinent.
Persian is a member of the Indo-European family of languages, and within that family, it belongs to the Indo-Iranian (Aryan) branch.
Soon, the Persian script and nastaliq form of cursive was adopted, with additional figures added to accommodate the Indian phonic system, and a new language based on Indian grammar and a predominantly Persian (and indirectly some Arabic) base of words came into being.
pedia.newsfilter.co.uk /wikipedia/p/pe/persian_language.html   (1378 words)

 Persian Carpet House (PCH) - Oriental Carpets, Rugs, and Antiques
Persian Carpet House (PCH) is a wholesale and retail carpets and handicrafts chain with showrooms in the emirates of Abu Dhabi, Dubai, and Sharjah of the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
Persian Carpet House (PCH) - Oriental Carpets, Rugs, and Antiques
PCH sells the finest handmade persian and oriental carpets designed in Iran, India (jaipur), Pakistan (pakistani), and Afghanistan (afghani) as well as a wide range of handmade souvenir items.
www.persiancarpethouse.com   (1378 words)

 Persian Jews - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Persian Jews have lived in the territories of today's Iran for over 2,700 years, since the first Jewish diaspora when Shalmaneser V conquered the (Northern) Kingdom of Israel (722 BCE) and sent the Israelites into captivity at Khorasan.
Persian Jews (sometimes also called Iranian Jews) are Persian-speaking Jewish communities living throughout the former greatest extents of the Persian Empire.
Some of the communities have been isolated from other Jewish communities, to the extent that their classification as "Persian Jews" is a matter of linguistic or geographical convenience rather than actual historical relationship with one another.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Persian_Jews   (1519 words)

 Persians - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The ancient Persians from the province of Pars (Fars) became the rulers of a large empire under the Achaemenid dynasty (The Persian pronunciation is Ha-Khuh-Manesh-ee-yun) in the sixth century BC.
The Persians of Iran are mainly descended from the Iranian branch of the Aryans, an Indo-European people that migrated to the region between 2000-1000 BCE as well as indigenous populations such as the Elamites.
The Persian Jews are a good example of a population that moved to Iran and assimilated and mixed with the Persians so that today they speak Farsi and are virtually identical to other Persians except for religion.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Persians   (769 words)

 Persian Gardens -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article
The Persian style often attempts to integrate that which is "indoors" with the "outdoors" - this is often achieved through the connection of a surrounding garden, with an inner (A yard wholly or partly surrounded by walls or buildings) courtyard.
The origin of the Persian gardens have been estimated to go back to 4000 B.C. On the decorated pottery of that time are found the typical cross plan of the Persian gardens.
Traditionally, such gardens would be used in work-related functions for the rich (such as communicating with (A diplomat of the highest rank; accredited as representative from one country to another) ambassadors).
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/p/pe/persian_gardens.htm   (1283 words)

 Persian Immortals - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Immortals participated in the battles of Marathon and Thermopylae and were in the Persian occupation troops in Greece in 479 BC under Mardonius.
Immortals are the Persian special unit in Civilization III, Civilization IV and Rise of Nations.
The Persian Immortals were a Persian elite Royal Guard regiment during the Persian Wars.
www.wikipedia.org /wiki/Persian_Immortals   (291 words)

 Persian language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Dari is the local name for the eastern dialect of Persian, one of the two official languages of Afghanistan, including
Academy of Persian Language and Literature is a center that evaluates the new words in order to initiate and advise its Persian equivalent.
Persian adds four letters to the Arabic alphabet for its use, due to the fact that four sounds that exist in Persian do not exist in Arabic.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Persian_language   (291 words)

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