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Topic: Old Style calendar

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In the News (Tue 23 Apr 19)

  Gregorian calendar - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Gregorian Calendar was devised both because the mean year in the Julian Calendar was slightly too long, causing the vernal equinox to slowly drift backwards in the calendar year, and because the lunar calendar used to compute the date of Easter had grown conspicuously in error as well.
The Gregorian solar calendar is an arithmetical calendar.
These Old Calendarists continue to celebrate the Nativity on 25 December in the Julian calendar, which is 7 January in the Gregorian calendar until 2100.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Gregorian_Calendar   (4868 words)

 Julian calendar - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The notation "Old Style" (OS) is sometimes used to indicate a date in the Julian calendar, as opposed to "New Style" (NS), which indicates a date in the Gregorian Calendar.
The Julian calendar was in general use in Europe from the times of the Roman Empire until 1582, when Pope Gregory XIII promulgated the Gregorian Calendar, which was soon adopted by most Catholic countries.
A revised Julian calendar was proposed during a synod in Constantinople in May of 1923, consisting of a solar part which was and will be identical to the Gregorian calendar until the year 2800, and a lunar part which calculated Easter astronomically at Jerusalem.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Julian_calendar   (2656 words)

 Calendar - MSN Encarta
Calendar divisions are based on the movements of the earth and the regular appearances of the sun and the moon.
The variations among the many calendars in use from ancient to modern times have been caused by the inaccuracy of the earliest determinations of the duration of the year, together with the fact that a year cannot be divided evenly by any of the other time units: days, weeks, or months.
The Roman calendar became hopelessly confused when officials to whom the addition of days and months was entrusted abused their authority to prolong their terms of office or to hasten or delay elections.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761560321/Calendar.html   (1217 words)

The Gregorian Calendar was devised because the mean year in the Julian Calendar was slightly too long, causing the vernal equinox to slowly drift backwards in the calendar year.
The 19 year cycle used for the lunar calendar was also to be corrected by one day every 300 or 400 years (8 times in 2500 years) along with corrections for the years (1700, 1800, 1900, 2100 etc.) that are no longer leap years.
The last day of the Julian calendar was 4 October 1582 and this was followed by the first day of the Gregorian calendar 15 October 1582.
www.brainyencyclopedia.com /encyclopedia/g/gr/gregorian_calendar.html   (3973 words)

 Calendars as seen in Roman or Old and New Style dates
Caesar’s calendar, known as the Julian calendar, went into effect in 45 B.C. In the 16th century, a major overhaul of the Julian calendar was considered by both clergy and Christian governments who had strong incentives to provide a calendar by which Easter would be reckoned accurately.
To correct the Julian Calendar so it was in sequence with Easter and to avoid having to change all the missals and breviaries of the Roman Catholic Church; Pope Gregory XIII decreed that ten days be omitted from the calendar in 1582.
Thenceforth the Julian calendar became known as the Old Style calendar (abbreviated O.S.) and the Gregorian as the New Style (N.S.).
www.logofiles.com /calendar-hist.html   (1282 words)

 Calendopaedia - The Julian Calender
The old Roman calendar was very complicated and required a group of men, known as the pontiffs, to decide when days should be added or removed to keep the calendar in track with the seasons.
In the modern calendar the intercalary day is still added to February, not, however, between the 24th and 25th, but as the 29th.
As many calendars were in use around the world this created the problem of which one to use.
www.geocities.com /calendopaedia/julian.htm   (1229 words)

 Old Style Dating   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
The Julian Calendar which was introduced in Rome in 46 B.C. established the 12 month year of 365 days with each fourth year having 366 days and each month had 30 or 31 days except February which had 28 or, every leap year, 29 days.
The Gregorian Calendar was introduced in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII to correct a slight error in the Julian calendar, but the new calendar was not adopted by Great Britain or the American colonies until approximately 1752.
After the adoption of the new style, or Gregorian calendar, January 1 was taken as the beginning of the year and double dates are often used to indicate the time between Jan.
www.bio.umass.edu /biology/conn.river/calendar.html   (286 words)

The source of the confusion is in the calendars, and the effects correspond in some respects to confusions that result today from the simultaneous use of English and metric measuring systems.
To correct for the eleven minutes, the Gregorian Calendar does not have leap years for any of the century years (i.e., 1700, 1800, 1900 are not leap years) except for century years divisible by 400 (i.e., 1600, 2000, 2400 are leap years).
It is never necessary or correct to indicate old style or new style for dates from 25 March through 31 December.
www.lva.lib.va.us /whatwehave/gene/va10_dates.htm   (719 words)

 A300 Calendars - Subject Catalogue Entry
A new calendar was established in most Roman Catholic countries in 1582 under the authority of Pope Gregory XIII (hence the term Gregorian) ; in that year, the date October 4 was followed by October 15 - a correction of 10 days.
The official Manx adoption of the new style calendar was in 1753 thus prior to this date all church records started the year from March 25.
In the Julian Calendar there was a solar cycle of 28 years (when the days of the week and the days of the month coincide again) and a Metonic cycle of 19 years (because 19 solar years are roughly equal to 235 lunar months).
www.isle-of-man.com /manxnotebook/catalog/a300_cal.htm   (518 words)

 July in Roman Old Style calendar.
When the Roman calendar was revised by adding January and February to the beginning of the year, Quintilis became the seventh month; however, this was still the name of the month even though it was no longer in numerical order.
While setting aside the lunar basis of the calendar, Caesar apparently insisted that Sosigenes annex to the new calendar a separate system for calculating the moon’s cycles to guide the dating of festivals that were dependent on the moon’s changes.
Caesar’s calendar, known as the Iulian (Julian) calendar, went into effect in 45 B.C. It ordained that three successive “common years” of 365 days should be followed by a fourth year with an extra day that was intercalated in the month of February to make a total of 366 days.
www.wordquests.info /july-history.html   (701 words)

 Help with English Calendar
When the Pope Gregory revised the calendar in 1582, a certain number of days were omitted from the calendar at a particular time, resulting in two separate styles of dating.
The Old Style also often dated the beginning of the year from March 25 rather than January 1, and this area of the site takes this difference into account.
The area called "Convert New Style to Old Style" converts the new style date to an old style date and enters it in the "Old style" fields.
www.albion.edu /english/calendar/help.htm   (574 words)

 Chuck's OLD CHRISTMAS   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
It was proclaimed in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII as a reform of the Julian calendar.
Old Christmas came about In Britain and the British dominions in 1752, the change was made when the difference between the New and Old Style calendars amounted to 11 days.
The Alaskan territory retained the Old Style calendar until 1867, when it was transferred from Russia to the United States.
www.pjtss.net /library/chuck/chuck14.htm   (1056 words)

 Perpetual Calendar   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
These calendars also apply to years well into the future until such a time, if ever, that changes are made in the modern calendar again.
So, if you are looking for the calendar for some particular day before the mid 1700's you should be sure of whether or not it pertains to the Julian Calendar (old style) or the Gregorian Calendar (new style).
George was officially born on Feb. 11, 1731, Old Style (O.S.); this is Feb. 22, 1732, Gregorian, or New Style (N.S.).
members.aol.com /andyinmd/calendar/index.html   (395 words)

 Gregorian Calendar   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
In France, Italy, Luxembourg, Portugal, and Spain, the New Style calendar was adopted in 1582, and it was in use by most of the German Roman Catholic states as well as by Belgium and part of the Netherlands by 1584.
Britain adopted the New Style in 1752 and Sweden in 1844..
Japan adopted the New Style in 1873; Egypt adopted it in 1875; and between 1912 and 1917 it was accepted by Albania, Bulgaria, China, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, and Turkey.
www.math.sfu.ca /histmath/calendars/gregorian.html   (883 words)

 Old Style / New Style   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
The Julian calendar (established by Julius Caesar) was slightly out of sync with the actual cycle of the physical world.
In that year, Pope Gregory XIII promulgated a new calendar to bring the manmade calendar back into sync with the actual physical progression of time.
The result of these calendar systems is a dual system of dating, known as "Old Style/New Style." Hence, you may occasionally see a date, such as the date of the Pilgrims landing, referred to as "December 11/21."
www.pilgrimhall.org /OldNew.htm   (320 words)

 The calendar
In the course of history many different calendars have been invented but today for most practical purposes the Gregorian is the most commonly used with others such as the Jewish, Moslem and Chinese calenders being used for religous purposes.
The Julian calendar was introduced by Julius Caesar in 46 B.C. As it was the official calendar of the Roman Empire it became the de facto calendar of the western world.
The difference between the calendar year and the solar year was accounted for by the use of leap years, an extra day being added to February every fourth year.
www3.telus.net /lawson/parish/calendar/calendar.html   (693 words)

The natural units of our calendar are the day (one rotation) of the earth on its axis) and the year (one revolution of the earth around the sun).
The English (Julian) Calendar was corrected and this Old Style (OS) calendar ceased to be used in England.
The principles of the Revolutionary calendar are in fact so complicated that one finds it absolutely necessary to consult a chart to calculate marriage dates, birth dates, and other vital records.
www.obcgs.com /calendar.htm   (809 words)

 The Calendar Change - Old Style vs. New Style   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
At that time the old Julian calendar was modified to conform more closely to the actual length of the year and seasonal changes.
The new calendar, known as the Gregorian, started the year on January 1, where it begins today, instead of March 25 where it began in the Julian calendar.
Consequently the date in those days would be written February 22 1731-2 (1731 by the old style of reckoning and 1732 by the new).
www.longislandgenealogy.com /CalanderChange.html   (302 words)

 About the Calendar Calculator and the Gregorian Calendar
Although the Gregorian Calendar was adopted in 1582 in Italy, the new calendar was not adopted in England until September 1752.
In particular, the dates of adoption of the Gregorian Calendar in different locales are based upon the information that the author was able to obtain from the available References.
The fact that the authority in a particular locale decreed that the Gregorian calendar was to be adopted on a particular date is no guarantee that was aware of or complied with this decree.
www.calwiz.com /calendar.cgi?Function=0   (992 words)

 The Calendar Question
Then we come to something called the "Old Style Julian Calendar." Here it is necessary to quote in full: "The 'Old Style' Julian Calendar dates from A.D. By the fourth century the spring equinox was arriving on March 21st according to the 'Original' Julian Calendar.
One claim often made in favor of "calendar reform" is that it would be more convenient to have the festivals, such as Christmas, at the same time as they are celebrated by everyone else.
In this calendar the day designated as "Sunday" could actually be any day of the week, and the seven day cycle of worship would be disrupted every year, and twice every Leap Year.
www.orthodoxinfo.com /ecumenism/calendar_bond.aspx   (1787 words)

 Calendar a History - Timekeepers   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
January was the 11th month of the year in the ancient Roman calendar, however in the 2nd century BC it became the first month of the year.
The Gregorian calendar established January 1 as the beginning of the year and has been referred to as the "new style calendar" and the Julian referred to as the "old style calendar".
The Julian Calendar became known as "Old Style" and the Gregorian Calendar became known as the "New Style".
users.commspeed.net /k6xf/calendar.htm   (4064 words)

 Old Style and New Style Dates
In his time it was realised that the calendar had got out of step with the seasons because the actual length of time taken for the earth to orbit the sun was nearer to 365.25 days.
In Britain the Gregorian calendar was not adopted until 1752, and the start of year date was changed to 1st January by the same Act of Parliament.
China started to use the Gregorian calendar for official and business purposes in 1912, but the traditional Chinese lunar calendar continues to be used for most personal matters, such as the celebration of birthdays and festivals, for agricultural purposes in many rural areas, and for deciding when to celebrate the Chinese New Year.
www.genfair.com /dates.htm   (2521 words)

 HTC: The "Revised" Julian Calendar
There is only one JULIAN CALENDAR in the western world the original Julian Calendar was adopted by the Church without correction of its technical errors Then it was refined twice: once by the Church in the West and once by the Church in the East.
This version of the "New Style" Julian Calendar is popularly called the Gregorian Calendar and is used by the Church in the West for both fixed and moveable feasts.
In the same centuries, the "Old Style" Julian Calendar date of December 25th corresponded with the "New Style" Julian Calendar date of January 4th in the 17th century; with January 5th in the 18th century; with January 6th in the 19th century, and with January 7th in the 20th century - 13 days later.
www.holy-trinity.org /modern/calen3.html   (1300 words)

 *Ø*  Wilson's Almanac free daily ezine |  History of Western Gregorian calendar | Calendars Sisogenes ...
They use the old calendar even now for their year of festivals, but they use the Gregorian one when they do business.
Dissatisfied with the mess the calendar got into, Julius Caesar, in 46 BCE, obtained the advice of the astronomer Sisogenes, who drew up a beautiful new calendar named the Julian calendar, possibly because it is more euphonious than ‘the Sisogenesian calendar’, or possibly because the emperor decreed it so.
Pope Gregory’s calendar is far from ideal, but works well enough for it to have survived not only more than 240 years of usage, but also an attempt in the United Nations in 1952 to reform it.
www.wilsonsalmanac.com /greg.html   (3498 words)

 October in Roman or Old Style calendar
October is the tenth month of the current Gregorian (New Style) calendar and has 31 days.
It was the eighth month in the old Roman calendar which started in March.
Although the Roman calendar was changed several times, especially under Julius Caesar in 45 B.C., October kept its outmoded name even after it had become the tenth month.
www.wordquests.info /oct-history.html   (241 words)

 date conversions.htm   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
The Gregorian Calendar was not fully adopted in Great Britain until 1752, although it had been practically universal on the Continent for over a century.
The leap year day was omitted in 1700, but inserted (in the hybrid Julian Calendar, not in the Transition calendar) in 1704 and 1708, while in 1712 there were 30 days in February to bring the calendar back into harmony with the old Julian Calendar.
In England and her colonies though the Gregorian Calendar was not legally adopted till 1752, its use had for years been common, at any rate in the American Colonies, so that great caution must be exercised in determining whether a particular date is O.S. or N.S. Mr.
www.dome-igm.com /convers.htm   (1506 words)

 Old style / new style dates
Before that date (and this includes the American colonies) the old style Julian calendar was used and the beginning of the year was on 26
It was in 1750 (old style) but would have been in 1751 if the year had started on 1
The new-style (Gregorian) calendar was introduced in different countries at different times.
homepage.ntlworld.com /i.c.pidgeon/Genealogy/Dates.htm   (174 words)

 MAKSIM Introductions News | Russian brides and Russian Women stories from our marriage agency
There are many different kinds of calendars in the world that have different numbers of days in months, different numbers of months in a year, and are based on different things, usually natural events.
There are calendars based on phases of the Moon (lunar calendar), the Sun (solar calendar), stars and constellations (sidereal calendar), and many others.
The Julian calendar was not very correct--its year was a little bit too long, so in the 16th century it was corrected by Pope Gregory XIII and was called the Gregorian calendar.
www.yoshkar-ola.com /e/docs.shtml?newyear2004old   (396 words)

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