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Topic: Oligosynthetic language


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In the News (Tue 25 Jun 19)

  
  NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Analytic language
An isolating language is a language in which the vast majority of morphemes are free morphemes and are considered to be full-fledged "words".
The opposite of an isolated language is a synthetic language; the opposite of an analytic language is a inflecting language.
Analytic languages tend to rely heavily on context and pragmatic considerations for the interpretation of sentences, since they don't specify as much as synthetic languages in terms of agreement and cross-reference between different parts of the sentence.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Analytic-language   (1741 words)

  
 NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Polysynthetic language
Polysynthetic languages lie at the extreme end of the synthesis continuum with a very high number of morphemes per word (at the other extreme are isolating or analytic languages with only one morpheme per word).
The opposite of a polysynthetic language is an analytic, or isolating language.
Those languages that always identify the word with the radical element would be set off as an “isolating” group against such as either affix modifying elements (affixing languages) or possess the power to change the significance of the radical element by internal changes (reduplication; vocalic and consonantal change; changes in quantity, stress, and pitch).
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Polysynthetic-language   (3329 words)

  
 Oligosynthetic language   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
Oligosynthetic (from the Greek &959;&955;&943;&947;&959;&953;, meaning "few") is a hypothetical designation for a language using an extremely small array of morphemes, perhaps numbering only in the hundreds, which combine synthetically to form statements.
The chief difference between a polysynthetic and an oligosynthetic language is the total number of morphemes, which for the latter would be much smaller.
Such a language would possess, in a manner of speaking, an "oligarchy" of morphemes.
oligosynthetic-language.iqnaut.net   (228 words)

  
  Oligosynthetic language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Oligosynthetic (from the Greek ὀλίγος, meaning "few, little") is a hypothetical designation for a language using an extremely small array of morphemes, perhaps numbering only in the hundreds, which combine synthetically to form statements.
The chief difference between a polysynthetic and an oligosynthetic language is the total number of morphemes, which for the latter would be much smaller.
Such a language would possess, in a manner of speaking, an "oligarchy" of morphemes.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Oligosynthetic_language   (284 words)

  
 synthetic language Information Center - synthetic and formal languages
It is more accurate to conceive of languages as existing on a continuum, with strictly isolating (consistently one morpheme per word) at one end and highly polysynthetic (in which a single word may contain as much information as an entire English sentence) at the other extreme.
Synthetic languages are numerous and well-attested, the most commonly cited being Indo-European languages such as German and Russian, virtually the entire Altaic superfamily (comprising Turkish, Mongolian and the Tungusic languages), the Uralic languages (including Finnish, Estonian, and Hungarian) and Korean, as well as many languages of the Americas, including Navajo, Nahuatl, Mohawk and Quechua.
Oligosynthetic languages are a theoretical notion created by Benjamin Whorf with no known examples existing in natural languages.
www.scipeeps.com /Sci-Linguistic_Topics_R_-_T/synthetic_language.html   (551 words)

  
 Polysynthetic language:   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
Polysynthetic languages lie at the extreme end of the synthesis continuum with a very high number of morphemes per word (at the other extreme are isolating or analytic languages with only one morpheme per word).
He defines polysynthetic languages as languages that conform to the syntactic rule that he calls the "polysynthesis parameter" and which as a result show a special set of morphological and syntactic properties.
The Northwest Caucasian languages are extremely polysynthetic with regard to their verbs; the verb carries agreement for virtually every noun or pronoun argument in the sentence.
advantacell.com /wiki/Polysynthetic_language   (1005 words)

  
 An Haiku Language
Language Construction Kit; the simple answer is that a language consists of small units that denote meaning, and that these can be combined using a grammar to create longer expressions.
The language was set up as an attempt to see whether unnatural language affects the mind or whether the mind will reshape the unnatural language.
Actually, languages like Mohawk take it even further: washakotya'tawitsherahetkvhta'se means "he made the thing that one puts on one's body ugly for her", i.e.
inamidst.com /topic/haikulang   (2182 words)

  
 Object Verb Subject Encyclopedia Article @ Therefrom.net   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
OVS is a class of languages used in the classification of languages according to the dominant sequence of these constituents.
Some languages, such as Swedish, which normally lack any extensive case marking, allow such structures when pronouns (which are marked for case) are involved.
This sequence was chosen for the artificial language Klingon, a language spoken by the extraterrestrial Klingon race in the fictional universe of the Star Trek series, in order to make the language sound deliberately alien and counterintuitive.
www.therefrom.net /encyclopedia/Object_Verb_Subject   (463 words)

  
 The Dispatch - Serving the Lexington, NC - News   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
A synthetic language, in linguistic typology, is a language with a high morpheme-per-word ratio.
It is more accurate to conceive of languages as existing on a continuum, with strictly isolating (consistently one morpheme per word) at one end and highly polysynthetic (in which a single word may contain as much information as an entire English sentence) at the other extreme.
Synthetic languages are numerous and well-attested, the most commonly cited being Indo-European languages such as German, Russian, Polish and Czech, as well as many languages of the Americas, including Navajo, Nahuatl, Mohawk and Quechua.
www.the-dispatch.com /apps/pbcs.dll/section?category=NEWS&template=wiki&text=synthetic_language   (532 words)

  
 Nahuatl language - Facts, Information, and Encyclopedia Reference article
As is the case with most other Mexican indigenous languages, many of the speakers of Nahuatl are bilingual, having a working knowledge of the Spanish language.
Nahuatl is related to the languages spoken by the Hopi, Comanche, Paiute or Ute, Pima, Shoshone, Tarahumara, Yaqui, Tepehuán, Huichol and other peoples of western North America, as they all belong to the Uto-Aztecan linguistic stock or language family.
Pipil, a language closely related to the Nahuatl lects, is spoken as far south as El Salvador.
www.startsurfing.com /encyclopedia/n/a/h/Nahuatl.html   (1624 words)

  
 International auxiliary language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
An international auxiliary language (sometimes abbreviated as IAL or auxlang) or interlanguage is a language used (or to be used in the future) for communication between people from different nations who do not share a common native language.
Languages with naturalistic derivation; for example, Occidental and Interlingua are designed so that not only the root words but their compounds and derivations will often be recognizable at sight by people familiar with the source languages.
For constructed languages particularly, this approach has been seen by various individuals in the IAL movement as holding the most promise of ensuring that promotion of studies in the language would not be met with skepticism at its practicality by its would-be learners.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/International_auxiliary_language   (1592 words)

  
 Synthetic language - Definition, explanation
Synthetic languages are frequently contrasted with isolating languages.
Synthetic languages are numerous and well-attested, the most commonly cited being Indo-European languages such as German and Russian, virtually the entire Altaic superfamily (comprising Turkish, Mongolian and the Tungusic languages), the Uralic languages (including Finnish, Estonian, and Hungarian) and Korean, as well as many languages of the Americas, including Navajo, Nahuatl, Mohawk and Quechua.
Oligosynthetic languages are a theoretical notion created by Benjamin Whorf with no known examples existing in natural languages.
www.calsky.com /lexikon/en/txt/s/sy/synthetic_language.php   (897 words)

  
 Nova Index Page
This language was based on the principle of one morpheme=one phoneme so that what would on the surface appear to be short words, were in fact sentences.
Nova is an oligosynthetic language, which interprets and describes the world as a series of events which are subject to various degrees of control by those involved in them.
Nova is the principal language spoken on the island of Pan and the contiguous nation of Nowapan.
www.geocities.com /nowapan/nova.html   (1076 words)

  
 [ important-information.be | Benjamin Lee Whorf Resources ]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
Although he no custom took up linguistics as a thing (he used to orate that having an independent, non-academic commencement of velvet acceptable him better and more without reserve to poke around their express academic interests), their contributions to the glebe were, nevertheless, profound and influential down to the today day.
He became largely sane avowed for their shoulder grease on the Hopi language, and for a argument he hollered the principle of linguistic relativity.
He protestationed that Nahuatl was an oligosynthetic language (a threads that would be brought up recurrently some twenty childhood succeeding by Morris Swadesh, addition controversial American linguist).
www.important-information.be /Benjamin_Lee_Whorf   (918 words)

  
 Home > Agana, Guam, GU, 96910, Agana Real Estate, Agana Yellow Pages, Agana Classifieds, Agana News, Agana Events, ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
An agglutinative language is a form of synthetic language where each affix typically represents one unit of meaning (such as "diminutive," "past tense," "plural," etc.), and bound morphemes are expressed by affixes (and not by internal changes of the root of the word, or changes in stress or tone).
Agglutinative languages are not entirely grouped by the family (although Finnish, Estonian and Hungarian are related, and it is often posited that Korean and Japanese are related).
It is possible that convergent evolution had many separate languages develop this property, but there seems to exist a preferred evolutionary direction from agglutinative synthetic languages to fusional synthetic languages, and then to non-synthetic languages, which in their turn evolve again into agglutinative synthetic languages.
agana.guamus.com /section/Agglutinative_language   (645 words)

  
 Nahuatl language - Biocrawler   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
Nahuatl is still the most widely spoken Native American language in Mexico; however, most, if not all, of the speakers of Nahuatl are bilingual, having a working knowledge of the Spanish language.
Nahuatl is related to the languages spoken by the Hopi, Comanche, Pima, Shoshone, and other peoples of western North America, as they all belong to the Uto-Aztecan language family.
The Spanish introduced the Roman script, which was then utilized to record a large body of Aztec prose and poetry, a fact which somewhat diminished the devastating loss caused by the burning of thousands of Aztec manuscripts by the Catholic priests.
www.biocrawler.com /encyclopedia/Nahuatl   (1426 words)

  
 nahuatl_language   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
Nahuatl is often referred to as the Aztec language, or (especially in Spanish) as the Mexican language, because it was the language of the Mexica, i.e.
A large dictionary of the classical nahuatl language was compiled by fray the bilingual Alonso de Molina and published in 1555.
Several grammars of the nahuatl language was published during colonial times, the most influential of which were written by Horacio Carochi in 1648 and another earlier one by Fray Andrés de Olmos.
www.dasboots.com /wiki/?title=Nahuatl_language   (2842 words)

  
 engineered_language   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
Some engineered languages have been considered candidate global auxiliary languages, and some languages intended as international auxiliary languages have certain "engineered" aspects (in which they are more regular and systematic than their natural language sources).
The two best-known logical languages are the predicate languages Loglan and its successor Lojban, which aim to eliminate syntactical ambiguity and reduce semantic ambiguity to a minimum.
Vocabularies of oligosynthetic languages are made of compound words, which are coined from a small (theoretically minimal) set of morphemes.
www.jobsharp.com /wiki/?title=Engineered_language   (322 words)

  
 Home > Vacaville, California, CA, 95687, Vacaville Real Estate, Vacaville Yellow Pages, Vacaville Classifieds, ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
An analytic language (or isolating language) is a language in which the vast majority of morphemes are free morphemes and are considered to be full-fledged "words".
By contrast, in a synthetic language, a word is composed of agglutinated or fused morphemes that denote its syntactic meanings.
Analytic languages tend to rely heavily on context and pragmatic considerations for the interpretation of sentences, since they don\'t specify as much as synthetic languages in terms of agreement and cross-reference between different parts of the sentence.
www.vacavillecaus.com /details/Analytic_language   (720 words)

  
 Nahuatl language resources
The modern Nahuatl (Aztec) languages and cultures of Mexico, with characteristics of the language family as a whole, materials in several varieties of Nahuatl, and a list of...
Though Classical Nahuatl--the extinct language used by the Aztec Empire and recorded in mysterious glyphs--is the best-known form of the language to outsiders, modern Nahuatl is still very much a...
Here you can learn the language that was spoken by the Aztecs in the valley of Mexico at the time of the Spanish Conquest and during the subsequent centuries...
www.mongabay.com /indigenous_ethnicities/languages/languages/Nahuatl.html   (1191 words)

  
 Benjamin Whorf   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
Whorf's primary area of interest in linguistics was the study of native American and Mesoamerican languages.
Also sometimes called the Whorfian hypothesis (much to Whorf's disapproval) this theory claims that the language a person speaks (independent of the culture in which he or she resides) affects the way that he or she thinks, meaning that the structure of the language itself affects cognition.
He claimed that Nahuatl was an oligosynthetic language (a claim that would be brought up again Some twenty years later by Morris Swadesh, another controversial American linguist, and, more recently, by Herrera, a Mexican linguist).
benjamin-whorf.iqnaut.net   (1791 words)

  
 Verb Subject Object Encyclopedia Article @ Didst.net   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
Examples of languages with VSO word order include the Gaelic branch of the Celtic language family (namely Irish, Scottish Gaelic and Manx), related Welsh (the only VSO Brythonic language), Ancient Egyptian, Aramaic, Biblical Hebrew, Phoenician, Canaanite, Ge'ez, Classic Maya, Tagalog, Hawaiian, Māori, and Tongan.
There are many languages which switch from SVO (Subject Verb Object) order to VSO order with different constructions, usually for emphasis.
Non-VSO languages that use VSO word order in questions include Dutch and many Germanic languages, French, and Spanish.
www.didst.net /encyclopedia/Verb_Subject_Object   (378 words)

  
 Richard Kennaway's Constructed Languages List   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
DiLingo is the gutteral utteral, the paradigm of rhyme, the pox of vox.
Lifehomese is one of the alien languages of the Commonwealth.
Lrahran is one of the alien languages of the Commonwealth.
www2.cmp.uea.ac.uk /~jrk/conlang.html   (10527 words)

  
 Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Nahuatl language
Nahuatl (['na.watɬ] is a term applied to a group of related languages and dialects of the Aztecan branch of the Uto-Aztecan language family, indigenous to central Mexico.
As these groups became predominant, Nahuatl, and especially Classical Nahuatl after the ascendancy of the Aztec empire, was used as a lingua franca in much of Mesoamerica beginning from the 12th century AD until the 16th century, at which time its prominence and influence were eclipsed by the Spanish conquest of Mexico.
A large dictionary of the classical Nahuatl language was compiled by the bilingual Fray Alonso de Molina and published in 1555.
www.reference.com /browse/wiki/Nahuatl   (2805 words)

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