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Topic: Oliver Cromwell


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  Oliver Cromwell
Oliver Cromwell was born near Burlington in 1752.
He was well-liked in Burlington, and although he was unable to read or write, local lawyers, judges and politicians came to his aid, and he was granted a pension of $96 a year.
In 1983, the Oliver Cromwell Black History Society was organized to research and preserve Black Heritage, in Burlington and elsewhere.
08016.com /cromwell.html   (233 words)

  
  BBC - History - Oliver Cromwell
Oliver Cromwell played a leading role in bringing Charles I to trial and execution, and was a key figure during the civil war.
Oliver Cromwell rose from the middle ranks of English society to be Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland, the only non-royal ever to hold that position.
Oliver Cromwell was born on 25 April 1599 in Huntingdon.
www.bbc.co.uk /history/british/civil_war_revolution/cromwell_01.shtml   (334 words)

  
  SparkNotes: Oliver Cromwell: Cromwell's Youth
Oliver Cromwell was born in a small English country estate called Huntingdon in East Anglia on April twenty-five, 1599.
Cromwell's mother was Elizabeth Steward, whose family had acquired lands confiscated by Henry VIII from the Roman Catholic Church during the sixteenth century.
Cromwell biographer Christopher Hill writes that Cromwell's marriage "brought him closer to the heart of the powerful group which was to lead the Parliamentary opposition" to King Charles I and the Royalists during the English Civil War.
www.sparknotes.com /biography/cromwell/section1.html   (698 words)

  
  Oliver Cromwell
Cromwell and his associates spend most of the summer attempting to block the advance of the earl of Newcastle's northern army in their attempts to march south as part of Charles I's strategy for 1643.
Although Cromwell had not yet achieved his later prominence, he was well known for the quality of his cavalry, served as governor of the Isle of Ely, and was second-in-command to the earl of Manchester.
Cromwell was sent north to deal with it, and was soon on the trail of the 17,000 strong Scottish army, with somewhere between 6,500 and 9,000 troops of his own.
www.rickard.karoo.net /articles/people_cromwell.html   (1817 words)

  
 Oliver Cromwell - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Cromwell's associations of Catholicism and persecution were deepened with the Irish Rebellion of 1641, which were marked by massacres (wildly exaggerated in Puritan circles in Britain) by Irish Catholics of English and Scottish Protestant settlers.
Cromwell, however, commanded the army that had won this victory and as a result was in a position to dictate the future of England.
Cromwell came under pressure from the radicals among his own officers to execute the King, whom they termed, "Charles Stuart, that man of blood." Many hold Cromwell responsible for the execution of Charles I in January 1649, although there were 59 signatories to the death warrant.
www.murfreesboro.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Oliver_Cromwell   (3510 words)

  
 Cromwell, Oliver - Hutchinson encyclopedia article about Cromwell, Oliver
Oliver Cromwell, in a portrait attributed to Anthony van Dyck.
Cromwell was born at Huntingdon, northwest of Cambridge, son of a small landowner.
Cromwell's Irish campaign (1649–50) used terror to crush Irish resistance to Parliamentary rule; although not especially cruel by the standards of the time, its ferocity left a lasting legacy of hatred for British rule among the Catholic Irish (see Ireland: history 1603 to 1782, Cromwell in Ireland).
encyclopedia.farlex.com /Cromwell,%20Oliver   (662 words)

  
 Cromwell, Oliver. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
Cromwell entered Parliament in 1628, standing firmly with the opposition to Charles I, and was active in the Short and Long Parliaments (1640), although not a conspicuous leader.
Cromwell, now virtual dictator of the Commonwealth, dissolved the Rump Parliament in 1653 after it had failed to effect reforms demanded by the army and had sought to perpetuate its power.
Cromwell’s foreign policy was governed by the need to expand English trade and prevent the restoration of the Stuarts, and by the desire to build up a Protestant league and enhance the prestige of the English republic.
www.bartleby.com /65/cr/CromwellO.html   (892 words)

  
 Oliver Cromwell Information
Oliver Cromwell was descended from Catherine Cromwell (born circa 1482), an older sister of Tudor statesman Thomas Cromwell.
Cromwell's alleged paternal ancestor, Jasper Tudor, was a younger brother of Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond, uncle to his son Henry VII of England, and son of Owen Tudor and Catherine of Valois, daughter of Charles VI of France and Isabeau of Bavaria.
Oliver Cromwell coined the phrase "warts and all." Though he did not actually say "warts and all," the phrase comes from a famous conversation that he made to the artist (Lely) that was painting his portrait after he became Lord Protector.
www.bookrags.com /wiki/Oliver_Cromwell   (4825 words)

  
 Oliver Cromwell at opensource encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Oliver Cromwell (April 25, 1599 - September 3, 1658) was an English politician; who, as Lord Protector following the overthrow of the British Monarchy, ruled England, Scotland and Ireland from December 16, 1653, until his death, which is believed to be due either to malaria or poisoning.
In the wake of victory, the monarchy was abolished, and between 1649 and 1653 the country became a republic, long rare in Europe.
This should have been the end of the story but in 1661 Oliver Cromwell's body was exhumed from Westminster Abbey and was subjected to the ritual of a posthumous execution - on January 30, the same date that Charles I had been executed.
www.wiki.tatet.com /Oliver_Cromwell.html   (1203 words)

  
 Oliver Cromwell
Oliver was the second child of the family, in which were composed of two other sons and seven sisters.
But the death of Oliver's two brothers in their infancy and the death of his father when Oliver was 18 years old, put the responsibilities of support and the management of their small holdings on Oliver's shoulders.
Oliver himself speaks of the fact that from the date of his conversion, his reading was almost exclusively limited to the Bible, and he was known till his death as a man who had a rare knowledge of Scripture far exceeding that of most of England's ministers.
www.prca.org /books/portraits/cromwell.htm   (2492 words)

  
 Oliver Cromwell - The Founding of the Protectorate
However, we should note that Oliver St John vigorously denied any involvement in the establishment of the Protectorate and later claimed that he was dangerously ill throughout the whole period from October 1653 until May 1654.
Oliver Cromwell was named in the constitution as the first Lord Protector.
In practice, Cromwell and his Council made extensive use of their temporary financial and legislative powers during 1654, renewing and imposing taxes and passing over 180 ordinances covering public, private and local issues.
www.olivercromwell.org /protectorate/protectorate_7.htm   (1463 words)

  
 BBC - History - Oliver Cromwell (1599 - 1658)
Oliver Cromwell was born on 25 April 1599 in Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire into a family of minor gentry and studied at Cambridge University.
Cromwell became army commander and lord lieutenant of Ireland, where he crushed resistance with the massacres of the garrisons at Drogheda and Wexford (1649).
Cromwell's son Richard was named as his successor and was lord protector of England from September 1658 to May 1659.
www.bbc.co.uk /history/historic_figures/cromwell_oliver.shtml   (497 words)

  
 Biografía de Oliver Cromwell
Oliver Cromwell fue un Militar y politico inglés, hijo de una familia de modestos terratenientes de fervor puritano.
Cromwell creía, durante las Guerras Civiles, que él mismo era una de esas personas, e interpretaba las victorias como indicaciones de la aprobación de Dios a sus actos, así como las derrotas eran signos de que Dios deseaba dirigirle en otra dirección.
Oliver Cromwell actuó, en general, de acuerdo con el espíritu de aquella Constitución y a pesar de que excluyó a algunos miembros del Parlamento, la observó siempre al pie de la letra; así, tal como dictaba la Constitución, disolvió su primer Parlamento exactamente cinco meses después del día que se había reunido en asamblea.
vidasdefuego.com /biografia-oliver-cromwell.htm   (2042 words)

  
 ::Life in England under Oliver Cromwell::
Cromwell's signature is one of the easiest to make out on the death warrant of Charles - it is third on the list of signatures.
Cromwell believed that women and girls should dress in a proper manner.
Cromwell left a dark stain on the history of Ireland.
www.historylearningsite.co.uk /cromwell_england.htm   (1021 words)

  
 Oliver Cromwell - Gurupedia
Oliver Cromwell descended from Catherine Cromwell (born circa 1483), an older sister of Tudor statesman Thomas Cromwell.
Cromwell's influence as a military commander and politician during the English Civil War dramatically altered the military and the political landscape of the British Isles.
Cromwell felt justified in ordering the massacre because the city's defenders had continued to fight, in violation of what were then the norms of warfare, after the walls had been breached.
www.gurupedia.com /o/ol/oliver_cromwell.htm   (1082 words)

  
 Oliver Cromwell, 1598-1658
Cromwell was not "wedded and glued to forms of government" and he believed that all such forms were "dross and dung in comparison of Christ".
Cromwell and most of the army saw this as an act of sacrilege, an attempt to overturn the judgement of God in the first war and they determined to punish those responsible for the shedding of innocent blood.
Cromwell was a regular visitor to Cambridge in the war years (the committee of the Eastern Association had its headquarters in the Bear inn, next to Sidney Sussex College) but he played little personal part in either of these purges.
www.lib.cam.ac.uk /Exhibitions/Cromwell/cromwell.htm   (3490 words)

  
 Oliver Cromwell 1599-1658
Cromwell's university career was cut short when his father died in June 1617 and he returned home to manage his family estate and to look after his widowed mother and seven unmarried sisters.
Cromwell's improved social status and his connections with local Puritans led to his nomination as a freeman of the borough of Cambridge and election as MP for Cambridge in the two Parliaments of 1640.
Cromwell pursued from the north and decisively defeated the Scots and Royalists at the battle of Worcester on 3 September 1651, the anniversary of Dunbar and the last major battle of the civil wars.
www.british-civil-wars.co.uk /biog/oliver-cromwell.htm   (3496 words)

  
 Who was Oliver Cromwell?
Oliver Cromwell was born into a modestly wealthy family on the 25th April 1599, in Huntingdon, England.
In 1642, Cromwell was 43 years old, and it was during this time that his talents and military abilities came to the fore.
Cromwell debated about what to do with the King, but he was finally instrumental in signing the paper which declared Charles a traitor and led to his execution outside the Banqueting Hall at Whitehall on January 30th, 1649.
njnj.essortment.com /whowasoliver_rjdq.htm   (1584 words)

  
 Oliver Cromwell: biography and encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Cromwell's associations of Catholicism and persecution were deepened with the Irish Rebellion of 1641 Irish Rebellion of 1641 quick summary:
Richard cromwell (october 4, 1626- july 12, 1712) was the third son of oliver cromwell, and was lord protector of england, scotland...
The collegiate church of st peter, westminster (westminster abbey), a mainly gothic church, on the scale of a cathedral, is the traditional place of coronation...
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/o/ol/oliver_cromwell.htm   (7123 words)

  
 Cromwell, Oliver on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Cromwell entered Parliament in 1628, standing firmly with the opposition to Charles I, and was active in the Short and Long Parliaments (1640), although not a conspicuous leader.
Cromwell, now virtual dictator of the Commonwealth, dissolved the Rump Parliament in 1653 after it had failed to effect reforms demanded by the army and had sought to perpetuate its power.
Cromwell's foreign policy was governed by the need to expand English trade and prevent the restoration of the Stuarts, and by the desire to build up a Protestant league and enhance the prestige of the English republic.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/C/CromwellO1.asp   (1322 words)

  
 Oliver Cromwell: Lord Protector of England (1599-1658)
Oliver Cromwell was born into a common family of English country Puritans having none of the advantages of upbringing that would prepare him to be leader of a nation.
Cromwell's tactic was to strike with the cavalry through the advancing army at the center, go straight through the lines and then circle to either the left or the right milling the mass into a mob, creating confusion and utterly destroying them.
Cromwell found that a democratic parliamentary system run by squires and lords oppressed the common people and was almost as corrupt as the rulership of the deposed evil king.
www.forerunner.com /champion/X0004_3._Oliver_Cromwell.html   (1258 words)

  
 Oliver Cromwell
Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658) remains something of an enigma.
Though totally lacking in previous military experience, he created and led a superb force of cavalry, the Ironsides, and rose from the rank of captain to that of lieutenant-general in three years, displaying, at the same time, a paradoxical mixture of religious sincerity and astute political opportunism.
The Commonwealth proper, however, ended with the establishment of Cromwell's Protectorate (1653-58), which was characterized by religious toleration, profitable commercial treaties with several foreign powers, and several sucesful wars.
www.victorianweb.org /history/Cromwell.html   (300 words)

  
 Doyle Clan - Cromwell Devastates Ireland   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Cromwell himself admitted that Wexford was "pleasantly seated and strong." It had a rampart of earth 15 feet thick within the walls to improve its chances of withstanding a siege.
Cromwell was still ill, so he sent Jones and Ireton to the county of Kilkenny to secure the garrisons there, cut the Duke of Ormonde off from Waterford and draw him into an open engagement.
Cromwell was the most powerful man in England when the Commonwealth was dissolved in April 1653 and the Protectorate was formed, with Cromwell as Lord Protector on December 16.
www.doyle.com.au /cromwell.htm   (4474 words)

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