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Topic: Certainty

Certainty is a lack of doubt about some state of affairs.
So it may be said that epistemic certainty is reducible to psychological certainty.
First, it is impossible to exclude absolute certainty in all cases.
www.frame-poythress.org /frame_articles/2005Certainty.htm   (2442 words)

 Certainty - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Certainty is the state of being without doubt.
Meditations on First Philosophy is a famous pursuit of certainty by Descartes.
Epistemology is the study of knowledge, certainty and truth.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Certainty   (145 words)

 CertaintyTech Internet Service   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Certainty Tech retains the right, but not the obligation, to restrict or terminate your account at any time, if Certainty Tech in its sole discretion, determines that you are in violation of this Agreement.
Certainty Tech is not responsible for the contents of your mailbox, any personal storage, or other materials in your account at the termination of your subscription regardless of the cause of that termination.
Certainty Tech has the right, but not the obligation, to delete all programs, data, or other files on our computer servers that are associated with your account at the time of your account's termination.
www.certainty.net /policies.php   (4638 words)

 The Bitter Fruit of Certainty
In general, certainty refers to the idea that negotiated settlements provide for the definite and final resolution of all claims by a First Nation.
Most importantly, the demand for certainty can be understood as a veiled attempt to pressure First Nations to agree to extinguish their rights to aboriginal title in return for a treaty.
The demand for certainty or extinguishment is especially problematic when viewed in the larger context of what the government is offering in exchange.
members.tripod.com /arcbc/certainty.htm   (376 words)

 A paper I wrote on certainty - Message Board - ezboard.com
It is my persuasion that certainty, when used properly by men in speaking of their own confidence regarding that which they know, is nothing more than a euphemism for a level of probability that is sufficient to accomplish two things, both of which are eminently practical in nature.
Therefore, attaining human certainty is a matter of using criteria and methodologies which are uniquely accommodated to our creatureliness, for the purpose of arriving at convictions regarding truth-claims, which convictions in some manner mimic that unique certainty which God alone possesses, by which He knows all things immediately and exhaustively.
It is the preached law-word that dismantles a untrue certainty.
p092.ezboard.com /fabettercountryfrm33.showMessage?topicID=24.topic   (3811 words)

 The Importance of Certainty
In discussing certainty and children we are talking about certainty as a high level of constancy, stability, durability, assurance, and truth in behavior.
Areas of certainty are helpful toward focusing children in their development and in providing sounding-boards from which a child can gain perspective.
Certainty is an important element in fostering a self-motivated child.
www.appliedmotivation.com /article4.htm   (1401 words)

 Through a Glass Darkly: Certainty, Certitude, Epistemology and Apologetics   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
As I use the term "certainty," if a proposition is "certain," it is not even theoretically possible to raise any reasonable question about that proposition.
Because we cannot exclude the possibility of such counter-propositions, "certainty," in the sense of indubitability, is not possible, at least insofar as the extent of human experience to date allows.
Postconservatives claim that their view allows for epistemic humility because they do not have to prove (with certainty) that the faith is true in an objective sense.
www.davidopderbeck.com /archives/2006/05/certainty_certi_1.html   (1881 words)

 Certainty Factors   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
A certainty factor of -100 would represent a complete lack of belief in something while a factor of 100 would represent an absolute belief in a rule or value.
In the equations from this link, CF (previous) is defined as the certainty factor associated with the parameter's value before the action of the THEN portion of a rule is performed.
CF is the certainty factor of the new evidence added by a rule.
abe.www.ecn.purdue.edu /~engelb/abe565/cf.htm   (160 words)

 Certainty and Uncertainty; an NLP article by Steve Andreas.
Another aspect of a person's certainty is that others may suffer from it as much or more than the person who is certain.
If someone is somewhere in the mid-range of certainty, they are at least somewhat open to considering other possible understandings (on level 2) of a situation X (on level 1).
This presupposition states that great certainty includes within it the ability to be unsure, taking two experiences that have been experienced as polar opposites, and nesting one within the other.
www.inspiritive.com.au /article_Andreas_certainty.htm   (2667 words)

 Amazon.frĀ : Opening the Door to Certainty: Livres en anglais: Bokar Rinpoche,Christiane Buchet   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Certainty is thus linked with absolute truth and wisdom, whereas the pedagogic meaning is associated with relative truth and skillful means.
Certainty is furthermore an equivalent term for Mahamudra, a Sanskrit word signifying great seal or great symbol.
In fact, Opening the Door to Certainty is not intended to develop and clarify the meditation and approach to Mahamudra, rather it serves as a reminder for those who are already engaged on the path.
www.amazon.fr /Opening-Door-Certainty-Bokar-Rinpoche/dp/096303717X   (696 words)

Certainty is felt as a comfortable feeling, can be sensed as smugness or even arrogance.
Removing certainty often leads to confusion, which is a fundamental technique that underpins many other approaches to persuasion.
The opposite of certainty is confusion, which can be created by unexpected actions and words, complexity, etc. Keep them on their toes and stay one step ahead by being difficult to predict.
changingminds.org /explanations/needs/certainty.htm   (315 words)

Virtual certainty =df a state of conviction concerning the truth value of a proposition that is so thoroughly established by substantial support that a denial would be absurd.
Metaphysical certainty is the term some philosophers apply to the highest degree of certainty possible for humans to attain.
Moral certainty is firm conviction concerning the ethical justification of actions reached after thoughtful study that has been tested through and against experience.
www.plusroot.com /dbook/22Certain.html   (2552 words)

 Amazon.com: On Certainty: Books: Ludwig Wittgenstein   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
That is, he suggests that "certainty" the word has different meanings, depending on the application, and that we can become too readily confused if we try to apply one meaning (or use) in a place where another is required.
Certainty is more personal than that (a la Michael Polanyi?), and in some deep axiomatic way, has to be taken on faith.
ON CERTAINTY seems to be driven by the kind of attempt to produce intellectual slaves that was most recently attacked by the decision of the United States Supreme Court striking down the affirmative action program, which granted 20 points out of 150 possible points scored for undergraduate admission to the University of Michigan.
www.amazon.com /Certainty-Ludwig-Wittgenstein/dp/0061316865   (2832 words)

 Hour.ca - Books - Certainty   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Certainty is a novel about multiple levels of grief and loss that takes the reader on a voyage down the River Styx.
A novel not for the faint of heart, Certainty is an exploration of private tragedies that will reward readers brave enough to vicariously experience the full trauma of loss and the slow process of healing that follows.
Certainty sounds compelling and interesting, even though it may be a touch depressing.
www.hour.ca /books/books.aspx?iIDArticle=9162   (1193 words)

 Certainty and Irrevisability
In this case, though, it becomes fairly clear that we must distinguish epistemic certainty from firmly believing something, firmly believing what happens to be true (though one has no or little warrant for the belief), and having a firm, highly warranted true belief.
Not only is knowledge distinct from epistemic certainty, but epistemic certainty (as either maximal warrant or indubitability) is distinct from irrevisability.
Granted, not all Calvinists who emphasize the necessity of certainty speak with sufficient philosophical clarity about the nature of "certainty." But there is at least an alarming resemblance to Cartesianism in the emphasis placed on the *need* to hhave theological beliefs that satisfy very stringent, howbeit inchoate, epistemic requirements.
www.homestead.com /philofreligion/files/CertaintyandIrrevisability.htm   (1882 words)

 VirusWiki - certainty
In contrast to faith certainty generally means confidence in one's operating assumptions, proportional to their verifiability and openness to rational criticism.
We can describe certainty as the result of reason where faith carries no such or even opposite causal assumptions.
I'm not sure that the word carries any connotations of whether faith or reason was used to assign the truth value.
www.churchofvirus.org /wiki/certainty   (92 words)

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www.monsanto.com /ito/layout/turf/certainty.asp   (377 words)

 In Defense of Certainty
The campaign against certainty is merely the philosophical veneer for an attempt to politically marginalize and intellectually disenfranchise believers.
It is because we are almost four years from 9/11 and four years of moral certainty, and firm belief is about all that secular liberalism can tolerate.
The overwhelmingly secular intellectuals are embarrassed that they once nodded in assent to Morrow-like certainty, an affront to their self-flattering pose as skeptics.
catholiceducation.org /articles/politics/pg0138.html   (803 words)

 Amazon.ca: Certainty as a Social Metaphor: The Social and Historical Production of Certainty in China and the West: ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
The author shows how the highly abstract idea of certainty in philosophical discourse is connected to the concrete social process from which the meaning of certainty is derived.
However, the pursuit of certainty transcends culture as a fundamental aspect of philosophical thought.
This in-depth study shows how the social genesis and function in philosophy of the specific meaning of certainty has been delineated through a process of complex idealogical negotiation by dominant social groups--the bourgeoisie in modern Western Europe, the nobility and state bureaucrats in 18th- and 19th-century Germany, and the landed gentry in traditional China.
www.amazon.ca /Certainty-Social-Metaphor-Historical-Production/dp/0313314179   (438 words)

 THE CERTAINTY OF CERTAINTIES   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Its object is to place us on the same footing of certainty, absolute certainty; enabling us to say not merely I think, or I judge, but I know; enabling us to say without faltering, yet without boasting, I possess the true, the real, the certain, the authentic.
Our certainty from such a source is as sure as demonstration, because it rests on the authority of the God only wise.
It is the most certain of all certainties; an event beyond the shadow of a doubt; the surest of all sure facts in earthly history.
ourworld.cs.com /E4unity/Certainty.html   (2585 words)

 CERTAINTY FINANCIAL : Researched, tailored and managed solutions   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Privacy is important to Certainty Financial Pty Ltd. We are committed to respecting an individual's right to privacy and ensuring that personal information is protected.
Certainty Financial is bound by the National Privacy Principles set out in the Privacy Act 1988 (Commonwealth).
In the event that the individual ceases to be a client of Certainty Financial, any personal information that we hold will be held for a period of 7 years in order to comply with legislative and professional requirements.
www.certainty.com.au /privacy.asp   (1227 words)

 Newsvine - Tyranny of certainty
Voltaire said all that time ago that "doubt is not a pleasant condition, but certainty is absurd".
Is it what is factual, or what is moral or what has been decreed by God or man? How can you even be certain about your own certainty.
Certainty is never as tyrannical as when reality contradicts you.
200milesup.newsvine.com /_news/2006/10/22/408935-tyranny-of-certainty   (864 words)

 On Certainty   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
This positive account of certainty and knowledge appears dogmatic in the face of skepticism of a type which Descartes tried on for size in developing his view, since it appeals to real-world notions like the ordinary meaning of certain expressions.
If certainty is so unattainable, the skeptic cannot know that the views s/he espouses about certainty and knowledge mean what s/he takes them to mean, or anything at all.
h) Certainty is a form of life: that we regard a claim as certain is not in all cases subject to justification: neither by giving reasons nor by appealing to consequences.
www.mala.bc.ca /~black/wittgen.htm   (1801 words)

 Certainty Solutions Press Release   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
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Founded in 1996, Certainty Solutions is a management service provider that designs, implements and manages companies' IP infrastructures.
www.certaintysolutions.com /press-releases/firewall-pr.html   (402 words)

 Corporate insurance buyers have their say on contract certainty
The survey provides evidence which could influence the contract certainty projects of insurers and brokers and has been released with just a few weeks to go until the market provides its latest progress report to the FSA.
More contract certainty is generally thought desirable in improving the reputation and robustness of the UK Insurance Market, and the FSA have encouraged the London Market to self regulate in this respect.
Improved contract certainty is generally thought desirable to improve the reputation and robustness of the UK insurance market.
ey.com /global/Content.nsf/UK/Media_-_05_11_10_DC_-_Contract_certainty   (491 words)

 Aetiology: The sometimes-ugly face of certainty
On the other hand, certainty is conviction absent humility.
Certainty isn't always a bad thing, of course; I'm certain my kids are mine, as the memory of their birth still remains pretty strong in my mind and they were never sent to a nursery to potentially be "switched" or something.
The only certainty expressed in conversations discussing HIV are by those who are "certain" that HIV causes AIDS, but can't cite literature supporting this, and cannot conceptualize what would falsify their belief.
scienceblogs.com /aetiology/2006/03/certainty.php   (3955 words)

 The Question of Certainty by John Dewey   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
In this chapter we are especially concerned with the effect of the ideal of certainty as something superior to belief upon the conception of the nature and function of philosophy.
They are not interested in the notion that philosophic thought is a special means of attaining this object and the certainty it affords, but they are far from holding, either explicitly or implicitly, that the arts of intelligently directed action are the means by which security of values are to be attained.
The attention which has gone to achieving a purely theoretical certainty with respect to them would have been devoted to perfecting the arts by which they are to be judged and striven for.
www.marxists.org /reference/subject/philosophy/works/us/dewey.htm   (5887 words)

 Protestantism and the Quest for Certainty
But they too are caught in the dilemma of reconciling their nostalgia for certainty with a social reality in which such certainty is very hard to come by.
Basing certainty on the institution of the church is also possible in other communities—among high-church Anglicans, among their Lutheran cousins (especially in Scandinavia), and of course in the Eastern churches.
All three forms of alleged certainty have been considerably weakened by the modern human sciences—the certainty of the institution by historical scholarship and the social sciences, the certainty of the text by the findings of biblical criticism, and the certainty of inner experience by psychology and the sociology of knowledge.
www.religion-online.org /showarticle.asp?title=239   (4672 words)

 The TEI Guidelines: 17 Certainty and Responsibility
The selection and combination of modules to form a TEI schema is described in 3.2 Defining a TEI schema.
indicates the degree of certainty or uncertainty associated with some aspect of the text markup.
element described in section 17.1 Levels of Certainty: the target attribute points at a particular element (or set of elements), and locus indicates the particular aspect of the encoding of those elements for which responsibility is to be assigned.
www.tei-c.org /release/doc/tei-p5-doc/html/CE.html   (1888 words)

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