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Topic: Open standard

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In the News (Tue 23 Jul 19)

  Open standard - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Open standards which can be implemented by anyone, without royalties or other restrictions, are sometimes referred to as open formats.
The standard is adopted and will be maintained by a not-for-profit organisation, and its ongoing development occurs on the basis of an open decision-making procedure available to all interested parties (consensus or majority decision etc.).
The standard is adopted on the basis of an open decision-making procedure.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Open_standard   (833 words)

 Open source - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Open source politics — is a term used to describe a political process that uses Internet technologies such as blogs and email to provide for a rapid feedback mechanism between political organizations and their supporters.
Open source journalism — referred to the standard journalistic techniques of news gathering and fact checking, and reflected a similar term that was in use from 1992 in military intelligence circles, open source intelligence.
Open Source Yoga Unity — A nonprofit California corporation, was formed to provide a common voice, and the pooling of resources, to resist the enforcement of the copyright protection of any Yoga style thereby ensuring its continued natural unfettered practice for all to enjoy and develop.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Open_source   (2230 words)

 Open Standards: Principles and Practice
Open Standards and the organizations that administer them do not favor one implementor over another for any reason other than the technical standards compliance of a vendor's implementation.
Open Standards may employ license terms that protect against subversion of the standard by embrace-and-extend tactics.
The licenses attached to the standard may require the publication of reference information for extensions, and a license for all others to create, distribute, and sell software that is compatible with the extensions.
perens.com /OpenStandards/Definition.html   (929 words)

 Standards: Do We Really Need Them? - Robin Good' Sharewood Tidings
The trouble is it takes standards bodies so long to agree on a mutually acceptable standard that by the time it reaches ratification it's either out of date, or the original drafts have been so compromised to satisfy the demands of competing suppliers that what's left is all but useless.
Open standards are standards that are sufficiently documented to be implemented by and/or verified by a third-party.
Open standards can also be identified by the fact that they can be implemented freely, without the payment of any royalty for using the standard.
www.masternewmedia.org /2003/12/26/standards_do_we_really_need.htm   (5375 words)

 Is OpenDocument an Open Standard? Yes!
Europe’s “Valoris report” defines an open standard this way: “The minimum requirements for an open standard are that the document format is completely described in publicly accessible documents, that this description may be distributed freely and that the document format may be implemented in programs without restrictions, royalty-free, and with no legal bindings.”
In an earlier paper I noted that, “When you think ‘open’, think ‘open competition’ or ‘open market.’ An open standard should allow competition based on merit, instead of limiting customers’ suppliers to one particular supplier or a subset of suppliers based on their business model, development model, licensing model, and so on.
Perens requires that open standards have “no discrimination”, that is, that “Open Standards and the organizations that administer them do not favor one implementor over another for any reason other than the technical standards compliance of a vendor’s implementation.
www.dwheeler.com /essays/opendocument-open.html   (5999 words)

 Olympus and Kodak confirm 'Four Thirds System': Digital Photography Review
The Four Thirds System is not based on existing standards for 35 mm film SLR camera system lenses, but instead establishes a new common standard for the interchange of lenses developed exclusively to meet the optical design requirements of digital SLR cameras.
By establishing an open standard for camera body lens mounts, the new system will make it possible to standardise lens mounting systems, something that has been impossible to achieve with digital SLR cameras that are based on existing 35 mm film SLR lens systems.
At the same time, the new system standard will set a rule for both the image circle size (the diameter of the area in which the subject is resolved) and the back focus distance (the distance from the lens mount to the image sensor).
www.dpreview.com /news/0209/02092410olydak43inch.asp   (747 words)

 Building a School Web Site - Open Standards
An open standard is a published standard that is possessed by no one and used by all.
HTML is an open standard; it is managed by the World Wide Web Consortium and they see to its dissemination and evolution.
To create a standard, you would need to create a way to communicate that hasn't been done or done well, figure out a standard way to create the signal and receive the signal, distribute the standard, and see if it flies.
www.wigglebits.com /standards.html   (1124 words)

 » Why an open standard for DRM won't prevent the DRM trainwreck | Between the Lines | ZDNet.com
The great thing about open standards is that they make it possible for anybody including open source developers to implement them in their software.
For example, if there was a single standard (not an open one, but a single one that was overseen by a single DRM authority that everyone agreed to support), then the licensing of that standard could be conditional on what the licencees do with it.
All the DRM systems that have relied on standards (such as DVDs, CableCard etc.) have had a certification body that would not let your hardware or software have the keys unless it went through a certification process (usually very expensive) to test if it met their rules and was robust enough.
blogs.zdnet.com /BTL?p=2267   (1712 words)

 USATODAY.com - EDS, Opsware propose open standard for utility computing   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The open standard, called Data Center Markup Language or DCML, is designed to boost so-called utility computing and will be ready early next year, officials said.
The standard would allow companies to automate more of the functions of running computer systems that use incompatible equipment and software from different vendors.
Nora Denzel, a senior vice president for Hewlett-Packard, said HP is not necessarily opposed to the standard proposed Tuesday but plans to wait to see whether it wins the approval of industry-wide organizations.
www.usatoday.com /tech/news/2003-10-14-utility-computing_x.htm   (583 words)

 Open-standard bearers close ranks - ZDNet UK Comment   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
At the Open Standards Alliance conference, Open Source, Open Standards: Maximizing Utility While Managing Exposure, in Arizona last week, Rosen presented five principles of open-source software alongside five compatible principles for open standards -- a handy, if somewhat portentous, 10 commandments for the open source/open standards movement.
For open standards, the principles are analogous, but with a sting in the tail.
Any company or organisation that claims that it alone understands how IP and standards work can now be asked to demonstrate how its ideas correspond to the basic rules of the game: anyone who flies under the open flag can be made to demonstrate they know what the colours mean.
comment.zdnet.co.uk /rupertgoodwins/0,39020691,39167602,00.htm   (848 words)

 Standards and specs: Open Firmware -- the bridge between power-up and OS
Open Firmware, written in Forth, is an open standard rather than a proprietary one, still in use even though it has been officially withdrawn by IEEE, the standards body that first published it.
Open Firmware (OF) has been around a fairly long time, and it is just what the name suggests -- it's open and it's firmware.
In 1994, IEEE 1275, the first official standard, came out and then was withdrawn in 1999 when the Working Group decided that the procedural effort of a formal reaffirmation was too high for the benefit of having formal organizational blessings.
www-128.ibm.com /developerworks/library/pa-spec2.html   (3198 words)

 OpenRAW | Digital Image Preservation Through Open Documentation
This site was created to give photographers and everybody interested in an open documentation of proprietary RAW formats a place to voice their opinion and to encourage camera makers to openly document their proprietary RAW formats.
On January 31, 2006, the Open RAW initiative launched an international survey on this Web site to collect information about the experiences, requirements, preferences, and concerns of digital photographers and other interested parties regarding RAW imaging technology and now we published the results in 5 chapters.
The most telling statistic is the 90% of respondents who agreed: 'Once a digital image is written to a file by a camera, data in all parts of the image file should belong to the photographer who captured the image.
www.openraw.org   (974 words)

 PlexNex: Open-Standard Deja Vu at Harvard's Berkman Center
So the nation standardized on a single vendor's electrical delivery system, and it was a proprietary one.
One choice is more open, has all of the functionality, has a future that isn't going to be prescribed by just one vendor, shall we say.
He mentioned that prior to the standardization on 35 millimeter film led by Argus, all films for cameras were different sizes, and when each year's new camera came out, the manufacturers stopped making the film for the old camera.
samhiser.blogspot.com /2005/11/open-standard-deja-vu-at-harvards.html   (1895 words)

 Why OpenDocument Won (and Microsoft Office Open XML Didn’t)
Microsoft itself acknowledges the need for an open format, saying that “Moving to document formats that are open, documented, and royalty-free is actually really valuable....
Massachusetts’ Kriss emphasized that Massachusetts is not moving to open standards for economic reasons, but to protect the right of the public to open and free access to public documents, permanently.
Many standards have failed in the past because they didn’t have any implementations, their implementations were poor, or because the implementations were far more expensive than their competitors.
www.dwheeler.com /essays/why-opendocument-won.html   (7100 words)

 Open Theme Standard   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Open Theme Standard for LiteStep is a specification for LiteStep themes.
LiteStep's customizability and openness stem from many things such as its internal architecture, its reliance on plugins to implement features rather than a bloated core, and the fact that when it comes to themes, it doesn't really dictate how things should be done.
LiteStep themes are still as aesthetically and functionally distinct as they ever were, but certain aspects of their behaviour have been reigned in, in order to provide users with some consistency in their user interface (mainly hotkeys and popup menu) and simplify the process of LiteStep theme installation.
o-t-s.sourceforge.net   (521 words)

 Open-standard bearers close ranks | Tech News on ZDNet
At the Open Standards Alliance conference, Open Source, Open Standards: Maximizing Utility While Managing Exposure, in Arizona last week, Rosen presented five principles of open-source software alongside five compatible principles for open standards--a handy, if somewhat portentous, 10 commandments for the open source/open standards movement.
The standard shall be free to distribute under an open-source license.
Any company or organization that claims that it alone understands how IP and standards work can now be asked to demonstrate how its ideas correspond to the basic rules of the game: anyone who flies under the open flag can be made to demonstrate they know what the colors mean.
news.zdnet.com /2100-3513_22-5379107.html   (1004 words)

 Cover Pages: SMBXML: An Open Standard for Small to Medium Sized Businesses
By offering SMBXML as an open standard, we hope to encourage custom software development, interoperability between applications, and choice of component applications in a total business solution." SMBXML "is defined using two separate DTDs.
Because the SMBXML standard is open, NetLedger anticipates that it will significantly advance and strengthen the small-business ASP market as a whole by delivering more complete e-commerce solutions through strategic technology and business partnerships.
The SMBXML Import feature opens the doors for further integration projects with a wide-range of business applications, both on and offline, in which data can be exchanged freely between those applications.
xml.coverpages.org /smbxml.html   (775 words)

 OpenGL - The Industry Standard for High Performance Graphics
It uses standard solid and surface modeling workflows and UI that are instantly familiar to all CAD engineers.
G3D is a free, Open Source C++ library that provides a set of routines and structures that are needed to jumpstart your own engine or graphics project.
End-users may soon be enjoying navigation mapping systems that include 3D renderings of landmarks and prominent buildings as reference points, or changeable “skins” for stereo interfaces to satisfy their different tastes.
www.opengl.org   (1666 words)

 Linux Dies Under Microsoft's Open Document standard   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
In general standards for public use must be available to any party that it is wisihing to prvide any service based on standards.
So for the Open Document Format Standard it would be necessary to make sure in advance that the standard provides the openneess needed to implement it by anyboy who wishes to spent the time and monety to do so.
Would it be possible to check compliance to real open standards by scanning all incoming e-mails by independent software that checks for compliance and rejects e-mail with attachments that do not comply.
www.onlamp.com /pub/wlg/8832   (1111 words)

 Not All Welcome Open XML Standard
"As far as how 'open' the standard is, I personally think Microsoft probably means for it to be open—recognizing that if they reneg on the implied agreement downstream they'll get crucified in the court of public opinion, if not actual courts," said Stephen O'Grady, principal analyst with RedMonk.
Will Rodger, director of public policy for OSAIA (Open Source and Industry Alliance), is more than a little concerned about Microsoft's control of this "open" standard.
In a later research note, 'Microsoft's Open XML Moves May Stall OpenDocument Format,' the Gartner analysts wrote, "This move will help to alter the perception that the Microsoft specification is not as open as the OpenDocument Format for Office Applications, which was approved by OASIS in May 2005 and submitted to the ISO in September.
www.eweek.com /article2/0,1759,1900768,00.asp?kc=EWRSS03129TX1K0000616   (1441 words)

 Novell Announces UnixWare Compliance With X/Open Standard
XPG4 is the latest standard within the X/Open XPG specifications, an evolving portfolio of application programming interface (API) standards and protocols that are supported with an extensive set of conformance tests.
Companies that comply with the specifications set forth by X/Open are awarded the Certificate of X/Open Branding for their products, assuring customers who see the X/Open brand name logo that the products are compatible with each other.
In 1994, as a step in its efforts to unify the UNIX market, Novell turned over responsibility for licensing the UNIX brand name to X/Open, a not-for-profit international consortium dedicated to the advancement of open systems.X/Open defines the specifications that system vendors must meet in order for their products to be branded as UNIX.
www.novell.com /news/press/archive/1995/03/pr00014.html   (490 words)

 Trusted Email Open Standard
The results are summed up in a white paper, released on 4.30.03, that describes something we call the Trusted Email Open Standard, or TEOS for short (we pronounce it tee-oss, because when you have lived with something this long, you get to say it how it is said).
These assertions enable ISPs and recipient to make even better decisions about which message to accept and, because the sender's identity has been verified, there is a good chance the assertions are true (it is a lot riskier to lie about messages when people know who you are).
Oversight of the standard, and programs that promote responsible email (of which we think there will be quite a few, each with its own unique appeal) will be handled by an oversight board.
www.cobb.com /spam/teos.html   (1005 words)

 Forbes.com: Microsoft open up video standard for review   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The world's largest software maker, which launched its latest video and audio standard, Windows Media 9 series, in January, said it submitted the standard to the society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers Monday for review.
Acceptance by the international standards body would allow Microsoft's Windows Media 9 to be more easily adopted by other companies since the specifications would be open for all to see.
With open standards, other software companies could create applications that use Microsoft's video-encoding technology, although they would have to pay a license fee, which Usher said would be "low-cost and straightforward."
www.forbes.com /technology/newswire/2003/09/08/rtr1076292.html   (333 words)

 OpenPGP.org - The OpenPGP Alliance Home Page
OpenPGP is the most widely used email encryption standard in the world.
It is defined by the OpenPGP Working Group of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) Proposed Standard RFC 2440.
The OpenPGP standard was originally derived from PGP (Pretty Good Privacy), first created by Phil Zimmermann in 1991.
www.openpgp.org   (82 words)

 An Open Standard for Chemical Structure Representation - The IUPAC Chemical Identifier
IUPAC has long been involved in the development of systematic and standard procedures for naming chemical substances on the basis of their structure.
It is expected to replace the current standard HTML over the next few years.
In August 2000 a meeting was held in Cambridge UK to discuss a number of technical issues before actual work on the project began.
www.hellers.com /steve/resume/p157.html   (1977 words)

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