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Topic: Operation Market Garden


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  1944 - Operation Market Garden
Above -- Parachutes open overhead as waves of paratroops from the 1st Allied Airborne Army land in Holland during Operation Market-Garden.
Operation Market-Garden was an attempt by combined Allied airborne and ground assault troops to capture bridges over Dutch waterways in order to open a rapid northern route for the Allied advance into Germany.
It was the largest Allied airborne operation of the war and the most costly.
www.historyplace.com /worldwar2/timeline/mkt-garden.htm   (119 words)

  
 Operation Market Garden - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The operation was initially successful with the capture of the Waal bridge at Nijmegen on 20 September, but was a failure overall as the final Rhine bridge at Arnhem was never taken, and the British 1st Airborne Division was destroyed in the ensuing combat.
Market would be the largest airborne operation in history, delivering over 34,876 men of the 101st, 82nd, 1st and the Polish Brigade.
Garden consisted primarily of XXX Corps, and initially spearheaded by the Guards Armoured Division, an elite British Armoured Formation, with the 43rd Wessex and 50th Northumbrian Infantry Divisions in reserve.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Operation_Market_Garden   (9778 words)

  
 Operation MARKET-GARDEN
The operation was an airborne attack deep in the enemy's rear areas to be launched in mid-September 1944 in conjunction with a ground attack by the British Second Army.
Also, demands for an airborne operation were great; the troops were at hand and military leaders, on the high echelons of command as well as in the field, wanted to see them used.
From the bridgehead that airborne troops were to establish across the Lower Rhine in Operation MARKET, British ground troops were to push on to the IJsselmeer.
www.army.mil /cmh-pg/books/70-7_19.htm   (5259 words)

  
 Operation Market Garden
Operation Market Garden was to be the first major daylight air assault attempted by a military power since Germany's attack on Crete.
Market Garden called for the First Allied Airborne Army, comprised of the 82nd and 101st U.S. Airborne Divisions and England's First Airborne Division to land behind enemy lines laying out an "airborne carpet".
Operation Market Garden was to become the largest airborne assault in history.
www.sanelson.com /82web/Mkt_Garden.htm   (665 words)

  
 Operation Market Garden - Features on thehistorychannel.co.uk   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Market Garden was one of the boldest plans of World War Two.
With the deadline for cancelling the operation drawing close, General Browning had to consider the importance of the Intelligence reports which may be inaccurate.
Operation Market Garden was undermined by a series of dangerous compromises.
www.thehistorychannel.co.uk /site/features/operation_market_garden.php   (1209 words)

  
 Operation Market Garden - InfoSearchPoint.com   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The operation was successful up to the capture of the Rhine bridge at Nijmegen, but was overall a failure as the final bridge at Arnhem was not held, resulting in the destruction of the British 1st Airborne Division.
The plan of action consisted of two coordinated operations, Market which was the use of the airborne troops, and Garden consisting of the British 2nd Army moving north along highway 69, spearheaded by 30 Corp.
Market would be the largest airborne operation in history, delivering 30,000 men of the 101st, 82nd, 1st and the Polish Airborne brigade in a series of three huge operations known as "lifts".
www.infosearchpoint.com /display/Operation_Market_Garden   (4467 words)

  
 Operation Market Garden
Operation Market Garden was the largest airborne operation of the war, with three divisions parachuting on September 17 near Eindhoven, Arnhem, and Nijmegan.
If Operation Market Garden had succeeded, the Allies would probably have reached Berlin weeks before the Russians, ending the war by Christmas 1944, saved thousands of civilian and military lives, and perhaps changed the fate of postwar Europe.
The failure of Market Garden reflected the general stalemate that persisted in the fall.
www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org /jsource/ww2/Market.html   (411 words)

  
 Arnhem (Operation Market Garden)   (Site not responding. Last check: )
This Anglo-American airborne operation was launched 17 September 1944 with the object of securing the crossings over the great Dutch rivers, Maas, Waal, Lower Rhine, and so opening a way for an armoured advance into the north German plain before the onset of winter.
This operation required the American 101st and 82nd Airborne Divisions to capture the bridges at Eindhoven and Nijmegen respectively and the British 1st Airborne Division to capture those at Arnhem.
Simultaneously, with their parachute and glider landings (Operation Market), a ground advance of 64 miles by the British 30th Corps was to start from the Meause-Escaut Canal along the same axis (Operation Garden).
expage.com /page/west31   (271 words)

  
 Clan USMC "BIA Squad" -- semper fidelis
Operation Market Garden nearly succeeded and is one of the great "what if's" of WWII.
Market, which was the use of the airborne troops to seize the bridges and other key terrain, and
Garden, consisting of the British 2nd Army moving north along highway 69 (later nicknamed "Hell's Highway") spearheaded by XXX Corps under Lieutenant General Brian Horrocks.
www.freewebs.com /clanusmcbiasquad/operationmarketgarden.htm   (8207 words)

  
 Operation Market Garden September 17 - 27 1944
Operation Market Garden, which includes the Battle for Arnhem, in September 1944, was the largest airborne battle in history, being bigger than Operation Mercury, the German airborne invasion of Crete in 1941, which was the only successful strategic airborne operation of World War Two.
Market Garden was the only battle in the campaign for Northwest Europe to be fought with Allied air inferiority, much of it self-inflicted.
Operation 'Berlin' began that evening with a sustained bombardment from 43rd (Wessex) Division and XXX Corps artillery while British and Canadian Engineers crossed the Lower Rhine to start ferrying the survivors of British 1st Airborne back across the river.
www.rickard.karoo.net /articles/battles_arnhem.html   (9115 words)

  
 WW2DB: Operation Market Garden
The Garden portion of the operation consisted of the column of British tanks roaring north along highway 69 (dubbed "Hell's Highway" by American paratroopers), under the command of General Brian Horrocks.
By Day 3 of the operation, Tuesday 19 September, the situation at the destroyed Son bridge had been resolved by calling in a temporary Bailey bridge to be set up.
It is not known that had resources not spent on Market Garden, and directed to the continued fighting in Antwerp instead, whether the November 1944 date of first Allied supplies unloading at the said port would be moved up in the calendar significantly.
www.ww2db.com /battle_spec.php?battle_id=52   (1393 words)

  
 September 10, 1944
Market also calls for drops and landings on more than one day; there will be drops and landings on D-Day, D Plus 1, and D Plus 2.
The Operation Market plan calls for three and one half airborne divisions to be dropped at strategic points along a 60-mile corridor of Holland.
However, overriding all the planning for both Operation Market and Operation Garden is the same refrain from intelligence sources: The Germans are beaten and disorganized.
home.wanadoo.nl /cclinks/abtf/septem~2.html   (2072 words)

  
 Operation Market Garden - Strikehold504th Forums
The difficulty with operation Market Garden is that many things went wrong, or could have been done in a better way.
Apart from that, I think that even if the goals set for Market Garden were achieved, it could not have ended the war before Christmas, as was said before the start of the battle.
Monty had such a strangle hold on the publicity of Operation Market Garden you would swear by reading the Newspapers that the 101st and 82nd was not involved or if so in a very limited way.
www.strikehold504th.com /forums/index.php?showtopic=39   (3077 words)

  
 [No title]
Market the Airborne phase, which was the largest Airborne invasion in history.
With these objectives all taken British XXX Corps (Tanks) the Garden portion was to thunder down the single lane highway and back up the lightly armed paratroopers.
A desperate assault crossing of the river was necessary but "An assault crossing of the river was necessary but it was a seemingly impossible task because it required moving in boats across the 400-yard wide river against German 88's Flak wagons, 20mm cannons, machine guns and riflemen.
www.strikehold504th.com /holland.php   (655 words)

  
 Arnhem 1944 - Operation Market Garden
If Operation Market Garden, planned to take place between Eindhoven and Arnhem, in Holland, had succeeded, the western Allies could have punched their way across one of the last great natural barriers between them and the German fatherland.
He went to General Browning, and said that in his view the operation could not succeed, because of the presence of these two divisions.' However Browning suspected that many of these tanks were unservicable and with several planned airborne operations already cancelled, the pressure was on to go ahead.
The huge risks inherent in Operation Market Garden were now undermined by a series of dangerous compromises.
uk.msnusers.com /Arnhem1944-OperationMarketGarden   (1852 words)

  
 Market Garden   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The initial operation was succesfull, the bridges were taken by the Americans were relieved by ground troops, but these troops could not reach Arnhem quickly enough.
O peration Market Garden was a WWII Allied effort into Nazi-occupied Holland to capture...
The remainder, excluding the homestead and house garden, is left in pasture.
www.plantseeker.com /market-garden.html   (231 words)

  
 ::Arnhem::
An airborne drop at Arnhem (the attack was code-named Operation Market Garden) was a plan to end World War Two early.
On September 11th, 1944, Montgomery told Eisenhower that, despite the support of the War Office, the attack would have to be postponed due to lack of vital supplies.
A number of planned operations had been cancelled at the last minute because they were not needed due to the success of the British armoured columns on the ground.
www.historylearningsite.co.uk /arnhem.htm   (2062 words)

  
 News | Operation Market Garden
Operation Market Garden consisted of laying an airborne 'carpet' of some 30,000 paratroopers from the American 101st and 82nd Airborne, the British 1st Airborne and the Polish Brigade in a series of three huge 'lifts' deep into enemy territory.
Despite the apparent failure, Montgomery hailed the operation as being 90 per cent successful - although it was another four months before the Allies crossed the Rhine again, and a further four months before Germany surrendered.
The courageous efforts of the Allies during Operation Market Garden were immortalised in Cornelius Ryan's book 'A Bridge Too Far' and the Hollywood film of the same name.
www.nationalarchives.gov.uk /news/stories/40.htm   (649 words)

  
 OPERATION MARKET-GARDEN
Operation MARKET was an airborne assault against the Dutch towns of Eindhoven, Nijmegen, and Arnhem.
The MARKET forces -- the U.S. 101st and 82d Airborne Divisions and the 1st British Airborne Division, reinforced by the 1st Polish Parachute Brigade -- were to seize the bridges over the canals and rivers between Eindhoven and Arnhem.
Success of MARKET would open a corridor for exploitation by the Operation GARDEN forces on the ground.
www.olive-drab.com /od_history_ww2_ops_battles_1944marketgarden.php   (1488 words)

  
 Amazon.com: Arnhem 1944: Operation 'Market Garden' (Campaign): Books: Stephen Badsey   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Battle of Arnhem, known by its Allied codename of Operation 'Market-Garden', was the largest airborne battle in history, and the only attempt in the Second World War by the Allies to use airborne troops in a strategic role in Europe.
All in all, Market Garden is a case study of what should not be done.
Those that label Operation Market-Garden as a "failure" fail themselves to realize that what it sought--a collapse of the enemy from the inside---was not possible against a nation on a desperate total war footing, so such negative labeling is unjustified.
www.amazon.com /Arnhem-1944-Operation-Garden-Campaign/dp/1855323028   (1914 words)

  
 Operation Market Garden
Operation Market Garden was duly launched on the 17th September 1944.
The operation was not regarded at Supreme Headquarters as the spearhead of a major Allied movement on the northern flank designed to isolate, and finally to occupy, the Ruhr - the one objective in the West which the Germans could not afford to lose.
It could only have been offset, and the operation made a certainty, by allotting additional resources to the project, so that it became an Allied and not merely a British project.
www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk /2WWmarketgarden.htm   (2077 words)

  
 Massive US offensive in Iraq   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The assault, called Operation New Market, focused on this city of about 90,000 people, where the US military says insurgents have been using increasingly sophisticated tactics.
Earlier this month insurgents launched a multistage attack from a Haditha hospital, killing four US troops in an ambush that included a suicide car bomber, a roadside bomb, and gunfire from fortified positions in the hospital, which was partially destroyed in the attack.
US military officials said the operation is about the same size as a weeklong assault dubbed Operation Matador that began May 7 and targeted insurgent outposts near the Syrian border, where nine Marines and an estimated 125 insurgents were killed.
us.rediff.com /news/2005/may/25iraq.htm   (661 words)

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