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Topic: Operation Overlord

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  ::Operation Overlord::
Operation Overlord was the code-name given to the Allied invasion of France scheduled for June 1944.
Operation Overlord required the type of logistical issues that no army had ever had to cope with before and the plan was for the Allies to have landed a vast amount of both men and equipment by the end of D-Day itself.
Overlord had built into it the movement of a total of 3 million men in 47 divisions, moved by 6000 ships with aerial cover provided by 5000 fighter planes.
www.historylearningsite.co.uk /operation_overlord.htm   (635 words)

 Digest of Operation
The object of Operation “Overlord” is to mount and carry out an operation, with forces and equipment established in the United Kingdom, and with target date the 1st May, 1944, to secure a lodgement on the Continent from which further offensive operations can be developed.
Under cover of these operations a force would be employed in capturing the Brittany ports; the first step being a thrust Southwards to seize Nantes and St. Nazaire, followed by subsidiary operations to capture Brest and the various small ports of the Brittany Peninsula.
In carrying out Operation “Overlord” administrative control would be greatly simplified if the principle were adopted that the United States forces were normally on the right of the line and the British and Canadian forces on the left.
www.internet-esq.com /ussaugusta/overlord/digest.htm   (3084 words)

 Battle of Normandy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Operation Fortitude North would lead the Axis to expect an attack on Norway; the much more vital Operation Fortitude South was designed to lead the Germans to expect the main invasion at the Pas de Calais, and to hold back forces to guard against this threat rather than rushing them to Normandy.
Operation Overlord was the codename for the Allied invasion of northwest Europe.
Operation Cobra, was launched on July 24 by the U.S. First Army, and was extremely successful with the advance guard of VIII Corps entering Coutances at the western end of the Cotentin Peninsula, on July 28, after a penetration through the German lines.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Operation_Overlord   (9903 words)

 Military History Online
Under the TRANSPORTATION PLAN portion of Overlord the 2700 fighters, 1956 heavy bombers, 456 medium bombers and 171 light bombers of the 8th strategic air force and 9th tactical air force were committed to isolating the invasion area.
Typical of operations in the Third Reich part of the work was undertaken by Organization Todt, part by the Army, part by the Air Force and part by the Navy with no coordination of effort.
Operations were constrained by logistic concerns and senior leaders were frequently criticized for tentative strategic movements and failing to respond quickly to fleeting tactical opportunities.
www.militaryhistoryonline.com /wwii/articles/sealionvsoverlord.aspx   (5587 words)

 Saving Private Ryan: Operation Overlord
Operation Overlord was the code name used for the Allied attack on German-occupied Northern France in the summer of 1944.
The seaborne aspects of Operation Overlord were known as Operation Neptune, and involved the embarkation of the troops, their transport across the English Channel, and their landings at Normandy.
Needing full moonlight for the paratrooper operations and a rising tide to assist the landing craft, the Overlord planners were restricted to the days of June 5th through June 7th.
www.sproe.com /o/overlord.html   (1401 words)

 Operation Overloard: The invasion of Fortress Europe
At first two proposals were created and presented, Operations "Roundup" and "Sledgehammer," the former for a stronger, 1943 invasion and the latter for a weaker, 1942 invasion.
COSSAC's first plan for the invasion, known as Operation "Overlord," called for an attack along the Normandy coast by a strength of three divisions and two airborne brigades, followed by the landing of eleven more divisions for the capture of Europe.
The capturing of a beachhead for troop landing was the single most important objective of the operation and the objective of every order in the European Theater of Operations from that day onward.
www.princeton.edu /~ferguson/adw/d-day.shtml   (6564 words)

 Operation Overlord
This is a risky operation because if anything like a wrench or even a fountain pen fell into the gear assembly, the gears could be ruined.
I remembered his name because we later learned that the stress of being in charge of the operation affected him badly and when he was given a similar assignment for the Southern France invasion, he committed suicide.
He had trained for this operation for months and had reached his assigned position of the beach but then he could not fire the rockets.
www.landingship.com /50/hagen4.htm   (3866 words)

 The National Archives | Exhibitions & Learning online | British Battles
Operation Overlord was a complex operation involving the land, sea and air forces of the USA, Britain, Canada and other allies.
Normandy was chosen for the landings because it was in range of fighter aircraft based in England and had open beaches that were not as well defended as those of the Pas de Calais.
The skilful use of intelligence and deception was also a key factor in the operation.
www.nationalarchives.gov.uk /battles/dday   (480 words)

 ::Background to Operation Overlord::
The history behind Operation Overlord started as early as the evacuation of Dunkirk in 1940 when Winston Churchill realised that an invasion of ‘Fortress Europe’ would be needed if Hitler was to be expelled from France and he ordered that planning should start with due speed.
This was primarily because the world’s most formidable military power, America, had campaigns in the Far East to occupy her mind and Britain would need to bring America on board for any discussion about a European invasion — let alone the actual planning for one.
The date for Overlord was pushed back to the end of May to allow for the building of more landing craft.
www.historylearningsite.co.uk /background_to_operation_overlord.htm   (1032 words)

 Operation Overlord
Also, his statement of intent and concept of the operation should define how his operational fires will be used to support the particular maneuver.
Operation COBRA involved a six division penetration by a concentrated Allied force across the St Lo to Periers highway.
Conversely, a force operates on exterior lines when its operations converge on an enemy force such as occurred when the Allies took advantage of the Mortain counter-attack and attempted to close the Falaise pocket.
www.germandaggers.info /battles4.htm   (4087 words)

Operation Overlord, the D-Day landings of June 1944, was the beginning of the end for Hitler and his army in Europe.
In relieving a British commando unit, we were not the first to hit the beach, but that did not dissipate the feeling of apprehension, nor did it affect the sense of confidence earned by our training.
Having the opportunity to see the entire operation of the five invasion beaches from my stretcher in one of these evacuation aircraft was not of my choosing, but the sight was truly breath taking.
www.combinedops.com /Overlord.htm   (4955 words)

 Wannabes | Samizdata.net
It is obscene that the law in Britain allows for a maximum 14 year sentence for such a "crime." The only positive thing that can be said for the "war on drugs" is that it is playing some part in radicalizing part of the population against the overmighty nanny state.
They name it Operation Overlord to pump up the troops, not realizing that the population may not feel so enthusiasic about a police force that considers itself "overlords".
Still, while you may detect a note of pathos in the publid relations surrounding the newest "Operation: Overlord," I can't help noting that it happened: cops swooped in on twenty homes in a week in some part of Scotland nobody's ever heard of for the sake of confiscating some weed and rousting some pot-smokers.
www.samizdata.net /blog/archives/007596.html   (1323 words)

 operation - Search Results - MSN Encarta   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Surgery, branch of medicine concerned with treatment of diseases, deformities, and injuries through manual procedures called operations.
In strategy board games, pieces are placed or moved in order to capture other pieces (as in chess or checkers) or to achieve such goals as gaining...
Operation Iraqi Freedom : Iraq: map of Iraq
encarta.msn.com /encnet/refpages/search.aspx?q=operation   (186 words)

 TheHistoryNet | Airborne Operations | World War II: 101st Airborne Division Participate in Operation Overlord
Major General Maxwell Taylor had no time to reflect on the fact that he was the first United States general ever to parachute into combat, as well as the first American general on enemy soil in Operation Overlord, the Allied invasion of France.
If gliders were to be used, Leigh-Mallory wanted operations to begin at dusk on June 6 rather than in the pre-dawn.
Overlord would be primarily a parachute operation for the 101st, because the one area where Leigh-Mallory carried the day concerned the gliders.
www.historynet.com /air_sea/airborne_operations/3036676.html   (1243 words)

 Royal Engineers Museum - Campaigns - Operation Overlord and the Royal Engineers (1944-5)
Operation FORTITUDE was the codename for the deception operations devised by the Allies to mask the preparation for Operation OVERLORD.
The first significant bridging operations in the British and Canadian sector took place on the extreme left flank and involved a number of Bailey bridges over the River Orne and the Caen Canal.
Accordingly when he took over responsibility for the planning of Operation OVERLORD in 1943 more emphasis was placed on its provision in the overall plan and the Royal Engineers postal planners were given appropriate access to all aspects of the plans.
www.remuseum.org.uk /campaign/rem_campaign_overlord.htm   (9572 words)

 D-Day - Invasion of Normandy - Operation Overlord Documents and Photos
Eisenhower had already delayed Overlord for a month and postponed other military operations to allow the Allies enough time to build and gather together the landing craft they needed.
The D-Day operation of June 6, 1944 brought together the land, air and sea forces of the allied armies in what became known as the largest invasion force in human history.
The operation, given the codename OVERLORD, delivered five naval assault divisions to the beaches of Normandy, France.
www.paperlessarchives.com /d-day_documents.html   (562 words)

 WowEssays.com - Operation Overlord
Operation “Torch” as the landing in North Africa was to be code-named, effectively postponed Roundup again, while subsequent operations in Sicily and the Italian mainland delayed preparations for the cross-Channel invasion through 1943 as well.
His staff’s first plan for Operation “Overlord” was a landing in Normandy between Caen and the Cotentin Peninsula in strength of three divisions, with two brigades to be airdropped.
At the same time, through the top-secret Ultra operation, the Allies were able to decode encrypted German transmissions providing the Overlord forces with a clear picture of where the German counterattack forces were deployed.
www.wowessays.com /dbase/ad1/aym166.shtml   (2488 words)

 Outline of Operation OVERLORD
The object of Operation OVERLORD is to mount and carry out an operation with forces and equipment established in the United Kingdom and with target date as designated, to secure a lodgement area on the Continent from which further offensive operations can be developed.
Provided rail operation begins by D plus 60 rather than the conservative estimate of D plus 90, and provided heavy vehicular project equipment is made available in time for the critical period from D to D plus 90, it is estimated that the transportation system will be effective.
After capture, operation will depend on such facilities as can be provided through rapid repair and improvised structures for the discharge of military cargoes, either from large vessels direct to reconstructed quays, or by use of coasters, lighters, and DUKWs.
www.army.mil /cmh-pg/documents/wwii/g4-ol/g4-ol.htm   (5881 words)

 Free Essay History Term Paper: Operation Overlord, Motives Behind D Day
The motives behind Operation Overlord are more because of political power play between the allied nations rather than opening a decisive military front.
The British finally succumb to the agreeing with operation Overlord because she had exhausted all of the military options and thorough fear of losing the US in the fighting against Germany.
The United States firm commitment to Operation Overlord occurred because of her fear of a new Nazi-Communist Pact if Russia was fighting a one front war.
www.echeat.com /essay.php?t=25727   (2500 words)

 Curriculum Unit - World War II Spy Kit: The Great Nazi Intelligence Coup - Description of Documents
Eisenhower emphasized the importance of conducting a successful operation and urged that the size of the initial assault be expanded to five divisions, specifying locations for expanding the assault.
Montgomery reported on OVERLORD and recommended that the initial assault area is widened and five divisions are sent in on first assault.
Although the plan was revised, it contained basic information on the locations of the landings along with objectives to be attained and indicated a target date of May 1, 1944, or shortly after for the assault.
www.dwightdeisenhower.com /spykit/descriptiondocuments.html   (993 words)

 Operation Overlord - Normandy France - Normandy Beach France - France Monthly - DDay - Strasbourg - Saint Paul De Vence ...
The best possible crossing conditions were necessary to make this landing a success, but waiting for departure was hard to bear for these men crammed into the vessels, most of them seasick and terribly anxious.
Several factors had to coincide perfectly in order for this massive operation to be launched and succeed.
The solutions were respectively: "Overlord", code name for the Allied invasion plan; "Omaha", name of one of the most famous beaches in Normandy; "Mulberry", code name for two artificial harbors that would be set up off the landing beaches; "Neptune", code name for all of the naval landing operations.
www.francemonthly.com /n/0501/index.php   (1862 words)

It was understood, however, that the cross-Channel attack, code-named Operation OVERLORD, would not absorb the entire bomber effort and that the air campaign against Germany would continue.
The landing zones themselves would have to be sheltered from prevailing winds to facilitate around-the-clock resupply operations and would have to possess enough exits to allow the invading force to proceed inland with as little difficulty as possible.
Hesitant at first to cancel the operation because it seemed a necessary diversion for the main effort in the Cotentin, Eisenhower in the end agreed to a postponement.
www.army.mil /cmh-pg/brochures/normandy/nor-pam.htm   (12326 words)

Operation Overlord may have been the code name for the overall invasion and later rightly so dubbed the Great Crusade, however, it was Operation Neptune that covered the amphibious, Naval bombardment and gunfire support aspect of the invasion.
Many now only remember Operation Overlord, but it was Operation Neptune that saw to the safe journey of the troops and supplies to the gateway of Europe.
The seaborne invasion was preceded by a massive air bombardment of every target known and every target of opportunity in the vicinity of a number of possible attack points.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_qa4442/is_200407/ai_n16065351   (827 words)

 Normandy, Neptune, Arcadia, Dieppe, Quebec, Conference, Mulberry, Eisenhower, Tedder, Montgomery, Overlord, Channel   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
In charge of all naval operations under the code name 'Neptune' was Adm Sir Bertram Ramsey.
For the purposes of 'Overlord', RAF Bomber Command and the Eighth US Air Force were placed under the operational direction of the Supreme Commander to add to the aircraft of the Allied Tactical Air Forces.
Although the installations were wrecked and the waters heavily mined, the first supply ships were discharging their cargoes by mid-July.
www.naval-history.net /WW2CampaignsNormandy.htm   (2022 words)

 “Operation Overlord”
General Dwight Eisenhower was put in charge of what became known as Operation Overlord.
The first wave scheduled to hit Omaha and Utah beaches on D day was composed of 60,000 men and 6,800 vehicles for each location.
Another delay would have meant putting the whole operation off until at least the 19th, the next date when the moon and tides would be optimal.
www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org /jsource/ww2/Overlord.html   (637 words)

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