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Topic: Operation Reinhard


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In the News (Sat 20 Apr 19)

  
  “Operation Reinhard”: The Extermination Camps of Belzec, Sobibor and Treblinka
Headquarters of Operation Reinhard was responsible for coordinating the timing of the transports with the absorption capacity of the camps.
During the first months of Operation Reinhard, all extermination camps were under Globocnik's direct control; at the beginning of August 1942 Christian Wirth was appointed Inspector of Belzec, Sobibor, and Treblinka.
Breakdowns and interruptions occurred in the operation of the gas chambers.
www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org /jsource/Holocaust/reinhard.html   (10557 words)

  
 Belzec
Belzec was the first of the Nazi extermination camps created for implementing Operation Reinhard during the Holocaust.
Situated near the town of Belzec in the Lublin district of Poland, it originally began operation in early 1940 as a labor camp for Jews.
The new facility, which could handle 2,000 victims at a time, was imitated by the other two Operation Reinhard extermination camps: Treblinka and Sobibor.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/be/Belzec.html   (662 words)

  
 Operation Reinhard (Einsatz Reinhard)
Operation Reinhard (Einsatz Reinhard) became the code name for the German plan to murder the approximately two million Jews residing in the so-called Generalgouvernement (Government General).
The Operation Reinhard killing centers were managed by small detachments of German SS and Police and guarded by detachments of police auxiliaries trained at the Trawniki training camp.
Once the killing centers were operational, German SS and police forces liquidated the ghettos and deported Jews by rail to those killing centers.
www.ushmm.org /wlc/article.php?lang=en&ModuleId=10005195   (728 words)

  
 “Operation Reinhard”: The Extermination Camps of Belzec, Sobibor and Treblinka
Headquarters of Operation Reinhard was responsible for coordinating the timing of the transports with the absorption capacity of the camps.
Preparations for Operation Reinhard were initiated more than six months before Himmler's order to commence the Aktion and at the latest two months prior to the Wannsee Conference.
During the first months of Operation Reinhard, all extermination camps were under Globocnik's direct control; at the beginning of August 1942 Christian Wirth was appointed Inspector of Belzec, Sobibor, and Treblinka.
www.us-israel.org /jsource/Holocaust/reinhard.html   (10557 words)

  
 Evidence for the Implementation of the Final Solution. Part V. Christopher Browning
Operation Reinhard was directed by Odilo Globocnik, the SS and Police Leader of Lublin, and the SS "special commando" of Operation Reinhard was made up of personnel who staffed the death camps of Belzec, Sobibor, and Treblinka and who had earlier worked in the gassing institutes of the "euthanasia" program in Germany.
The deportation of Jews to and the gassing of Jews in these camps was the central purpose of Operation Reinhard, and every effort was made to erase all physical traces of the three camps.
The notion that Operation Reinhard was a program for collecting and exploiting Jewish property and was named after the state secretary of the Finance Ministry, Fritz Reinhardt, is farfetched and finds no support in the surviving documents.
www.ess.uwe.ac.uk /genocide/browning5.htm   (3860 words)

  
 Xref: info.physics.utoronto.ca alt.answers:4691 alt.revisionism:18105 news.answers:29951 s   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
After the assassination (mid-1942) of Reinhard Heydrich, Hitler's Reich Protector of Bohemia-Moravia, the destruction of the Jews in the Government General (Poland) became formally known as "Operation Reinhard," in a final tribute to the slain Nazi.
[Reinhard] [Page 2] The appearance of a quotation mark within a proper name indicates that the previous letter should be read as an umlaut, although some quoted material appends a trailing 'e' instead.
(Breitman, 198-201) [Reinhard] [Page 4] 1.2.2 Sobibor The second, Sobibor, was established in March of 1942, near the village and rail station of Sobibor, not far from the Chelm-Wlodawa railroad line, in an isolated, wooded and swampy area.
www.skepticfiles.org /faq/reinhrd1.htm   (3426 words)

  
 Holocaust Day (Yom Hashoah) on Virtual Jerusalem
Operation Reinhard German camp workers were not told of the program goals and their precise duties until they reached the centers.
Operation Reinhard issued in a new phase of mass murder.
On November 4, 1943, Globocnik wrote to Himmler from Trieste: "I have on Oct. 19, 1943 completed Action Reinhard and closed all the camps." He asked for special medals for his men in recognition of their "specially difficult task." Himmler responded warmly to "Globos" on November 30, 1943, thanking him for carrying out Operation Reinhard.
www.virtualjerusalem.com /jeisholidays/yomhashoa/camps.htm   (1075 words)

  
 Aktion Reinhard   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
It was not that there had been no other "aktions" or severe, violent persecutions and mass killings of the Jews and others; these had already been occuring systematically all over Europe in the occupied territories through the Einsatzgruppen, or organized genocide squads under Heydrich, aptly named the "Butcher of Prague".
Aktion Reinhard, in short, was the deliberate, planned and systematic attempt to kill as many Jews in Poland and Belarus in as short amount of time as possible, and then covertly cover up the aktion.
The killings began before the war with the mass extermination of mental patients and the developmentally delay under the rubric of "Euthanasia" (it was this that Bishop Galen had decried in the White Rose Pamphlets at first.) Killings progressed to Soviet prisoners and prisoners of Conscience who opposed the war effort.
www.shoaheducation.com /reinhard.html   (1049 words)

  
 Operation Reinhard - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
During the operation, as many as two million people were murdered in Belzec, Sobibor, Treblinka and Majdanek, almost all of them Jews.
After the plans for the Final Solution were laid down at the Wannsee conference, Heydrich was attacked by members of the Czech underground resistance on May 27, 1942.
The structure of all camps was nearly identical.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Operation_Reinhard   (755 words)

  
 The Danish Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies
Operation Reinhard (German: Aktion Reinhard) was Nazis’ code-name for the extermination of the Jews that lived in the so-called General Government in Poland.
The Operation lasted from March 1942 to November 1943 and was thus finished within 1½ years.
The organisational management of the Operation was put in the hands of Odilo ”Globus” Globocnik, SS- and Police Chief in the Lublin District of the General Government.
www.holocaust-education.dk /holocaust/aktionreinhard.asp   (676 words)

  
 THE HOLOCAUST - Expanded Glossary
It operated from December 1941 to March 1943 and resumed operation between April and August 1944 during the liquidation of the Lodz ghetto.
Operation Harvest Festival (in German, Aktion Emtefest): On November 3, 1943, the liquidation of 6,000 Jewish workers transferred from the Warsaw ghetto earlier that year to factories in Trawniki and Poniatowa, and also the killing of 42,000 Jews in labor camps in the Lublin district.
Operation Reinhard: Code name for the operation whose objective was the physical destruction of the Jews in the General Government (occupied central Poland).
www.humanitas-international.org /holocaust/glossary.htm   (8761 words)

  
 biography: Reinhard Heydrich   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Reinhard Heydrich, konw to the world as "The Hangman", is considered by most to be the architect of the Holocaust.
Reinhard Tristan Heydrich was born in Halle an der Salle,, a town in central Germany in 1904.
Reinhard's reaction was to become a lowner, he withdraw from personal relationships and to become very competitive in both academics and athletics.
histclo.com /bio/h/bio-heyd.html   (4718 words)

  
 Treblinka
Treblinka was one of three camps of Operation Reinhard.
Operation Reinhard was created by Adolf Hitler (leader of Nazi Germany) and Heinrich Himmler (high official in Nazi government and commander of the security troops--Shutzstaffel, better known as the SS).
There were barracks for the SS troops, the Ukrainian guards, the camp commander's barrack, a bakery, a storage and barracks for the 1000 prisoners who were used to operate the camp.
www.christophermahan.com /writ/treblinka.html   (2105 words)

  
 trablinka.com » Treblinka camp - Operation Reinhard: The Construction of the Treblinka Extermination   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Treblinka camp - Operation Reinhard: The Construction of the Treblinka Extermination
Operation Reinhard: The Construction of the Treblinka Extermination
Operation Reinhard: The Construction of the Treblinka Extermination Camp Operation Reinhard.
trablinka.com /?p=4999   (181 words)

  
 Treblinka Death Camp - one of the 3 Operation Reinhard Camps
According to Jewish historian Martin Gilbert, the Treblinka camp was one of the three Operation Reinhard camps organized by Odilo Globocnik in 1942, after the assassination of Reinhard von Heydrich in Prague.
Reinhard von Heydrich was the man who led the conference on January 20, 1942 at Wannsee, a suburb of Berlin, where the "Final Solution to the Jewish Question" for Europe's 11 million Jews was planned.
The camp was divided into sections with one area reserved for the living quarters of the administrators of the camp and the Ukrainian guards; another section at the south end of the camp was for the 1,000 Jewish workers who sorted the clothing and removed the bodies from the gas chambers.
www.scrapbookpages.com /Poland/Treblinka/introduction.html   (3111 words)

  
 Operation Reinhard: Command Staff
Construction and operation of the death camps 3.
Globocnik had a team of 450 Germans at his disposal - at their core was a group of 92 men, headed by Christian Wirth, who had been assigned to Globocnik for the euthanasia program.
It was this group from which key staff were selected for Reinhard, including the camp commanders.
www.vex.net /~nizkor/faqs/reinhard/reinhard-faq-15.html   (232 words)

  
 HOLOCAUST FAQ: Operation Reinhard: A Layman's Guide (1/2)
Operation Reinhard: A Layman's Guide to Belzec, Sobibor and Treblinka (Part One of Two) 1.0 Introduction and Editorial Notes.............................
After the assassination (mid-1942) of Reinhard Heydrich, Hitler's Reich Protector of Bohemia-Moravia, the destruction of the Jews in the Government General (Poland) became formally known as "Operation Reinhard," in a final tribute to the slain Nazi.
[Reinhard] [Page 2] The appearance of a quotation mark within a proper name indicates that the previous letter should be read as an umlaut, although some quoted material appends a trailing 'e' instead.
www.faqs.org /faqs/holocaust/reinhard/part01   (3501 words)

  
 Reinhard Heydrich Summary
Known as 'The Hangman" and "The Blond Beast," Reinhard Heydrich (1904-1942) was the chief lieutenant of the German secret police during the Nazi regime.
Reinhard Tristan Eugen Heydrich was born March 7, 1904, into a Catholic family in the German city of Halle.
Reinhard Tristan Eugen Heydrich (March 7, 1904 – June 4, 1942, Prague) was an SS-Obergruppenführer, chief of the Reich Security Main Office (which included the Gestapo, SD and Kripo Nazi police agencies) and Reich governor of Bohemia and Moravia.
www.bookrags.com /Reinhard_Heydrich   (4598 words)

  
 Evidence for the Implementation of the Final Solution. C R Browning, Part III
They differ, for instance, on how long each gassing operation took, on the dimensions and capacity of the gas chambers, on the number of undressing barracks, and on the roles of particular individuals.
So little documentary evidence explicitly dealing with Operation Reinhard survived because it was intentionally and systematically destroyed in 1943 and 1944.
It is a form on which the personnel specially authorized "for the carrying-out of the work of the Jewish resettlement within the framework of 'Operation Reinhard' with the SS and Police Leader in the Lublin district" acknowledged having been oriented to specific rules of secrecy by SS-Hauptsturmführer Höfle on Globocnik's staff.
www.ess.uwe.ac.uk /documents/Browning3.htm   (5186 words)

  
 Holocaust: Operation Reinhard; Sobibor, Belzec, Treblinka
Similarly, if more than two pyres were in use, e.g.
3-4, during the five month period of the exhumation/cremation operation, the number of corpses cremated could have been doubled.
It is therefore possible -- and in agreement with the total stated by Alojzy Berezowski, the Polish station master at Belzec, and others that the final death toll of the Belzec extermination camp is in the region of one million victims."
www.nizkor.org /faqs/reinhard   (249 words)

  
 The Final Solution | 1941-45
While most of the victims of Operation Reinhard were Polish Jews, Jews from Germany and western Europe were sometimes transported to the three death camps.
Although the Operation Reinhard camps were simply death camps, a semi-permanent Jewish work force of as many as 1,000 inmates was employed in the various stages of the killing process.
By the end of November 1943, all the Operation Reinhard camps had been dismantled and the remaining work-Jews shot.
www.leninimports.com /the_final_solution_2.html   (2121 words)

  
 Canadian Jewish News   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
In addition, the Trawniki guards were used as escort on deportation transports, guard detachments at ‘Operation Reinhard’ killing centres, and security details during the confiscation and registration of Jewish property and valuables.
While the role of the Trawniki guards in the actual executions is subject to historical debates, these guards re known to have participated in the ‘clean-up’ operations thereafter,” the documents say.
After the Harvest Festival, which marked the end of Operation Reinhard, Skomatchuk was transferred to the Sachsenhausen concentration camp near Berlin, where he served as an armed guard.
www.cjnews.com /viewarticle.asp?id=2794   (535 words)

  
 [No title]
This operation was assigned to special groups of two or three men each, comprised of prisoners of war and long-time prisoners.
The operation in Camp 1 was run by Pechorsky, while Feldhendler commanded the operation in Camp 2.
In an operation the Germans called 'Erntefest' ("harvest holiday"), at the beginning of November 1943, 42,000 Jews in the Majdanek, Trawniki and Poniatowa camps were killed.
www.mtsu.edu /~baustin/yvscamps.html   (15353 words)

  
 HOLOCAUST FAQ: Operation Reinhard: A Layman's Guide (1/2)
This FAQ may be cited as: McVay, Kenneth N. (1998) "HOLOCAUST FAQ: Operation Reinhard: Layman's Guide to Belzec, Sobibor and Treblinka" Usenet news.answers.
Operation Reinhard: A Layman's Guide to Belzec, Sobibor and Treblinka (Part One of Two) 1.0 Introduction and Editorial Notes.............................
See http://www.nizkor.org/ftp.cgi/orgs/israeli/yad-vashem/yvs16.03 for construction details.) Breitman: "Belzec was the first pure extermination camp to begin operations in the region.
www.cs.uu.nl /wais/html/na-dir/holocaust/reinhard/part01.html   (3584 words)

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