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Topic: Operation Shingle

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In the News (Sat 20 Jul 19)

  Operation Shingle - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Operation Shingle (January 22, 1944), during the Italian Campaign of World War II, was an Allied amphibious landing against Axis forces in the area of Anzio and Nettuno, Italy.
The operation was commanded by Major General John P. Lucas and was intended to outflank German forces of the Winter Line and enable an attack on Rome.
The operation was officially cancelled on December 18, 1943.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Operation_Shingle   (1420 words)

 Wendell Fountain in WW2
Operation HUSKY was the largest landing prior to the Nomandy Invasion.
However, the defense of the invasion at Salerno was so intense at one point that the general in charge, General Mark Clark, had to arm as infantry two artillery battalions, the regimental band, all the HQ orderlies, and the cooks in order to avoid getting surrounded by the Germans at the Battle of Ponte Bruciato.
Originally, this operation was called ANVIL but the name was changed because it was believed the German’s had discovered the significance of the code word.
www.kormanworld.net /family/wendell_military.html   (2191 words)

 Sample Contracts - Management Agreement - Shingle Springs Band of Miwok Indians and Kean Argovitz Resorts-Shingle ...
SHINGLE SPRINGS may also elect to advance funds or borrow funds from a third party to reconstruct the Facility and such funds shall constitute a loan to the Enterprise repayable as an operating expense upon such terms as may be agreed upon by SHINGLE SPRINGS and KAR.
SHINGLE SPRINGS acknowledges that the Operating Budget and Annual Plan is intended only to be a reasonable estimate of the Enterprise's revenues and expenses for the ensuing Fiscal Year.
SHINGLE SPRINGS agrees that KAR or their respective representative may, at any time thereafter, enter the Facility and may remove all signs, furnishings, printed material, emblems, slogans or other distinguishing characteristics which are not or hereafter may be connected or identified with KAR or which carry any KAR Mark.
contracts.onecle.com /lakes/miwok.manage.1999.06.11.shtml   (8610 words)

 General Lucas at Anzio
As part of a drive on Rome, an amphibious operation south of Rome was to be directed on the Alban Hills; combined with a frontal assault on the main enemy line, the landing threatening the enemy rear was to dispossess the Germans of the last defensive position on the southern approaches to Rome.
SHINGLE gained a new lease on life on 10 December when General Clark suggested, despite little prospect of reaching in the near future positions from which to support a landing at Anzio, that the amphibious landing be mounted nevertheless.
General Lucas first learned of SHINGLE in late December 1943, when General Clark informed him that the VI Corps would be relieved of responsibility for its front so that the corps staff and the units assigned could plan and train for the operation.
www.army.mil /cmh-pg/books/70-7_13.htm   (11841 words)

 Military History Online - Italy in WWII
But the story that has been overlooked is the naval aspect of the operation, which was a resounding success.
On the 50th anniversary of the Anzio landings, the office of the Chief of Naval Operations released a statement reading, in part: "A half-century ago American, British, Dutch and Greek naval forces landed soldiers of the American and British armies on the Italian coast.
HUSKY (1) was an operation born in controversy.
www.militaryhistoryonline.com /wwii/italy   (446 words)

Despite the opinion of the theater G-2 who opposed the operation on the basis that the Germans were too strong-the "seamier side of the question," as Mr.
To implement the strategic intent of the operation, the force scheduled to land far behind the enemy front had to be of sufficient strength not only to provoke a desired reaction but also to sustain itself independently until the main Allied forces followed up the expected German withdrawal and made contact with the enveloping force.
From a subsidiary operation on the left flank of a nearby Fifth Army, the Anzio landing had developed into a major operation deep in the enemy rear.
darbysrangers.tripod.com /id109.htm   (9984 words)

 SSG - Korsun Pocket
The invasion of Sicily, codenamed Operation Husky, the landings at Salerno, codenamed Operation Avalanche and the landings at Anzio, codenamed Operation Shingle.
In Operation Husky, the invasion of Sicily, the Axis player must plan carefully in order to extract the best possible performance from some less than committed Italian troops, while the Allied player must somehow find a way around or through the many natural defensive obstacles in their way.
Operation Shingle, the Anzio landing, was a bold Allied move to break the stalemate caused by the strength of German defensive lines.
www.ssg.com.au /italy.htm   (862 words)

 West Virginia Veterans Memorial - Aubrey Festus Hughes
The 540th Combat Engineers were part of Operation Torch, which was launched in November 1942 to establish footholds for air, ground, and sea operations in North Africa on the Mediterranean and in French Morocco on the Atlantic coast.
Operation Husky was the largest amphibious operation of World War II in terms of troops landed on the beaches.
During these operations on August 18, 1944, Aubrey Hughes was killed while working with other members of Company F on street clearance in St. Raphael.
www.wvculture.org /history/wvmemory/vets/hughes/hughes.html   (806 words)

 Shingles Pain -- Recommendations and Resources   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
If so then this method of shingle prevention is copyrighted by me --Supercoop 16:01, 2004 Oct 13 (UTC) and released to the community under GFDL.
Shingles are laid in overlapping rows, with half the shingle visible and half covered by the one above or by the roof ridge.
Shingle is a coarse gravel formed by wave erosion of sedimentary rock formations.
www.becomingapediatrician.com /health/132/shingles-pain.html   (429 words)

 Shoreham harbour and Sussex Coast environmental protection and shingle recycling
There is a natural process of shingle movement along the Sussex coast from west to east, which results in the build up of approximately 15,000 cubic metres of shingle annually at the east end of Shoreham Beach, where its progress is blocked by the west breakwater.
The shingle bypassing operation is supported by the South Downs Shoreline Management Plan and by the two coastal defence strategies that define the needs for sea defence improvements between the River Arun and Brighton Marina.
In order to counter the erosion effect and to avoid shingle being lost over the terminal groyne, Shoreham Port undertakes shingle recycling operations as and when required, but typically, every four or five years, whereby shingle is excavated from the terminal groyne area and transported back to the western end, filling in areas of erosion.
www.portshoreham.co.uk /uk_port/environment.asp   (928 words)

 The Mills
THE SAW AND SHINGLE operation were housed in a second building that would have been located in the vicinity of the R.A. parking lot.
On the eastern half of the lower level was the SHINGLE operations, consisting of a small circular saw that was used to cut the cedar belts or small logs into shingles.
The shingles were then packed into small bundles made by holding the shingles together with strips of wood and secured by a metal band.
www.morewood.net /mill.html   (1311 words)

 [No title]
Operations on the Anzio front, like those elsewhere in Italy, can be properly understood only in terms of broad Allied strategy for the war as a whole.
It was soon filled to capacity, with three operating tables in constant use and a backlog of 20 to 30 cases.
Operating tents were given the additional protection of a 2-inch plank roof covered with sandbags.
history.amedd.army.mil /booksdocs/wwii/MedSvcsinMedtrnMnrThrtrs/chapter7.htm   (8660 words)

 A Different War: Marines in Europe and North Africa (Operation Torch)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Operation Husky would employ an assault force consisting of four American divisions, four British, and one Canadian, against a defense force comprised of two German and six Italian divisions.
The command structure for Operation Avalanche was much the same as in previous operations in North Africa, with Vice Admiral Hewitt as the Western Naval Task Force Commander.
This was the Anzio operation, called Shingle, which would turn out to be one of the costliest operations of the war with more than 5,000 members of the landing force killed.
www.nps.gov /wapa/indepth/extContent/usmc/pcn-190-003125-00/sec5b.htm   (2588 words)

In the ETO, Operation Overlord, the cross-channel invasion planned for the spring of 1944, demanded men, equipment, and supplies unequaled in the history of warfare.
Operation Shingle was designed as a knock-out blow to the German forces defending the Gustav Line by landing troops on the beaches of Anzio, a little town thirty- three miles south of Rome on the Tyrrhenian Sea and sixty miles behind the German line of defense.
The success of Operation Shingle would de- pend initially on its shock effect, but overall only a fast buildup of men and supplies, faster than Kesselring would reinforce his own troops and supplies, would guarantee the operation.
www.armed-guard.com /ag89d.html   (2911 words)

The Germans were caught, completely unprepared, and so the first phase of Operation Shingle was an unqualified success.
During the landing and in the successive operations, twenty ships were lost.
Every amphibious, military operation must be preceded by, and associated with, a mine clearing operation.
www.gue.com /Exploration/Wreck/q3_4f.htm   (1889 words)

 What were the Roles and Capabilities of Allied Airpower during the Italian Campaign
Despite this debate, many of the assumptions used in planning modern joint and combined military operations have their foundations in the Italian campaign, especially the roles and contributions of airpower to joint warfighting.
Subsequent operations on the Italian mainland would further prove the ability of a determined army on the defensive to continue fighting regardless of air interdiction, much like the Viet Cong would during Operation ROLLING THUNDER.
Operational Analysis of fighter-bomber support for British V Corps operations in Italy between October and December 1944 showed 100 fighter-bomber attacks (equal to about 500 sorties) equated to 60-90 fewer troops killed and 200-300 fewer wounded by German artillery shellfire.
www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil /airchronicles/cc/renner.html   (4529 words)

 MilitaryHistoryOnline.com - Anzio -- The Allies' Greatest Blunder of World War II   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
OPERATION OVERLORD, the upcoming Normandy invasion, was the top priority at this time and naval resources were rapidly being shifted away from the Mediterranean to the British Isles.
Generals and admirals not directly involved in an invasion would often appear on the scene uninvited, when there was no longer much physical danger, just to pick up another campaign ribbon or battle star—and to view the action as a spectator from a safe distance.
Toward the end of SHINGLE the atmosphere became so relaxed that the CHAMPLIN's popular Recreation Officer, Ensign Norman Glass, was able to organize a swimming party for the crew off the ship's fantail during an extended period of "White Anzio".
www.militaryhistoryonline.com /wwii/articles/anzio.aspx   (3604 words)

 H-Net Review: Paul G. Halpern on With Utmost Spirit: Allied Naval Operations in the Mediterranean, 1942-1945
Tomblin's objective is to restore these Mediterranean operations to their proper place as important stepping stones along the Allied road to victory and equally important lessons in conducting amphibious operations.
The bulk of the book focuses on five major amphibious operations: Operation "Torch" (the landings in North Africa); Operation "Husky" (the landings in Sicily); Operation "Avalanche" (the landings at Salerno in southern Italy); Operation "Shingle" (the landings at Anzio); and Operation "Dragoon" (the landings in Provence).
She includes citations from many British reports of proceedings that are housed in the American archives, but her reliance on these raises the question of what information the Americans did not receive, and omits the revealing personal letters or comments on Admiralty dockets that are sometimes included with the originals.
www.h-net.org /reviews/showrev.cgi?path=221791140457659   (1456 words)

 BBC - WW2 People's War - Operation Shingle: Chapter 6
We had come to feel that we should be condemned to living on the Beachhead for the rest of the war but the sight of such activity and obvious preparations for a breakout raised our hopes and boosted morale.
One cannot forget ever the drama, heroism and suffering, or the 8868 officers and men of my 1st Infantry Division who were killed, wounded and missing in the crucible that was Anzio.
War strategists have argued at length over the general-ship of Operation Shingle, the decisions taken, the subsequent battles and the perceived consequences of options, but nobody can be certain of anything in war; nobody can know.
www.bbc.co.uk /ww2peopleswar/stories/96/a2429796.shtml   (1321 words)

Consequently the history of the invasion of France and the subsequent beach operations which permitted Allied troops to burst from their bridgehead and advance east is long and complicated.
What follows is a record of the training of American troops in Great Britain for the landing operation, the preliminary assault landings in the Mediterranean, the mounting of American troops for the Normandy landings, the beach assault, and the establishing and operating of the two American beaches in France—OMAHA and UTAH.
It should be taken as an indication of the effect that the Mediterranean operations had upon planning and training for the Normandy operation.
www.army.mil /cmh-pg/documents/wwii/beaches/bchs-fm.htm   (1334 words)

 WWII Allied Amphibious Operation Code Words and Code Names in European Theater (LoneSentry.com)
Operation Baytown: Allied invasion of Italy in region of Calabria by British and Canadian troop crossing the Straits of Messina on September 3, 1943.
Operation Corkscrew: Allied invasion of the Italian island of Pantelleria in June 1943 as part of the preparation for Operation Husky.
Operation Infatuate: Allied landings on the island of Walcheren on November 1, 1944 as part of the Battle of the Scheldt.
www.lonesentry.com /panzer/allied-codewords-operations.html   (259 words)

 [No title]
This was to be an amphibious operation with the objective of driving on the Alban hills, cutting enemy communications south of Rome allowing the Fifth Army to breach the Gustav Line and drive on the Liri Valley.
The 16 men remaining in the company carried out this mission successfully and a semblance of order was restored to this sector the backbone of the German attack had been broken.
It was for this outstanding performance in the period 8-12 February; the 3rd Battalion was given one of the first Presidential Citations in the European Theater of Operations.
www.strikehold504th.com /anzio.php   (1951 words)

 history   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The battalion was responsible for conducting terminal operations at the Port of Al Jubayl in support of Coalition Forces until 7 August 1991 when the battalion moved to the Port of Ad Dammam.
Here the battalion was responsible for operating the seaports at Port Au Prince and Camp Haitian in support of Joint Task Force 190.
The battalion was responsible for conducting transportation terminal operations in the storm-ravaged countries of Honduras, Guatemala, El Salvador and Nicaragua in support of Joint Task Forces Bravo and Eagle.
www.eustis.army.mil /7grp/10bn/web/history.html   (422 words)

 Samuel Eliot Morison / History of United States Naval Operations in World War II, Vol. 9
Packed with vivid firsthand observations, this multivolume account of naval activities during World War II applies a seaman's eye to the techniques of a professional historian.
Morison's history is generously illustrated with maps, charts, and many candid photographs that intensify the reader's sense of being in the middle of the action.
Volume 9: Sicily-Salerno-Anzio, January 1943-June 1944 covers the period of the opening of the second front in the Mediterranean, focusing on three major amphibious operations: the march from North Africa to Sicily (Operation Husky), the campaigns at Salerno and Naples (Operation Avalanche), and the action at Anzio (Operation Shingle).
www.press.uillinois.edu /s02/morison9.html   (310 words)

 3rd Infantry Division history Chapter 6 part 1
This operation had already been under consideration for several weeks and had been postponed or discarded on previous occasions because the troops and shipping believed necessary to success had not been available'.
It is interesting to note the short time allowed for the planning, training, and mounting of Operation "Shingle" an amphibious landing, the most complex of all military operations.
Later beachhead operations showed that these defenses could be penetrated only by overwhelming them from the front in a series of violent, carefully coordinated attacks against forward positions.
www.ranger95.com /3rd_id_history/chapter6_Anzio.htm   (8778 words)

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