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Topic: Optimism

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  Optimism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Optimism, the opposite of pessimism, exemplifies a lifeview where one looks upon the world as a positive place.
Philosophers often link the concept of optimism with the name of Gottfried Leibniz, who held that we live in the "best of all possible worlds," a theodicy which Voltaire famously mocked in his satirical novel Candide.
Antonio Gramsci famously called for "pessimism of the intellect, optimism of the will": the one the spur to action, the other the resilience to believe that such action will result in meaningful change even in the face of adversity.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Optimism   (533 words)

Optimism was judged to be a general and stable dispositional resource that influences whether an individual will stay focused on reducing discrepancies between present behavior and a goal or standard selected for pursuit.
Optimism significantly predicted rate of recovery, such that optimists were faster to achieving behavioral milestones, such as sitting up in bed and walking, than were pessimists, and were rated by staff members as showing a better physical recovery.
The chief disadvantages of situational optimism measures are two: they change from study to study, depending on the stressor, and to the extent that a stressor is differentially interpreted or experienced as stressful by virtue of social class, the meaning of situationally optimistic expectancies may be unclear.
www.macses.ucsf.edu /Research/Psychosocial/notebook/optimism.html   (2260 words)

The term optimism as thus extended would also include "meliorism", a word first used in print by Sully to designate the theory of those who hold that things are, indeed, bad, but that they can be better, and that it is in our power to increase the happiness and welfare of mankind.
As optimists are to be reckoned: Plato, Aristotle, the Stoics, St. Augustine, St. Thomas and the Scholastics, Leibniz, Kant, Fichte, Hegel (sought to unite optimism and pessimism), Lotze, Wundt.
Optimism as a philosophical term means that the universe as a whole is good and that man's ultimate destiny is one of happiness.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/11263a.htm   (1605 words)

 The Diary of Anne Frank Study Guide / The Diary of Anne Frank Summary
Optimism 7: Despite the fact that she is in effect trapped in the Annexe, not allowed outside for fresh air and restricted in their movements and food intake, Anne realizes frequently how lucky they really are to be in hiding, compared with all of the other Jews who are being killed in concentration camps.
Optimism 8: Though she has just witnessed an act of wartime violence, and heard news of more of the same, they are still able to break the tension, and laugh at each other and themselves.
Optimism 20: Anne's optimism comes in part from the goals which she hopes to achieve once they are out of hiding, such as being a journalist.
www.bookrags.com /notes/daf/TOP3.htm   (1302 words)

 Dr. Sanity: The Glass is Always Half Full
It turns out that there is data that supports optimism and hope as having a positive impact on individual health, mortality, and coping; as well as predicting positive outcomes in a variety of situations.
The test that measures optimism is strongly correlated with reported use of particular coping strategies such as emotional regulation strategies (sublimation, humor, and anticipation) and strongly negatively correlated with avoidant coping strategies (such as fantasy, acting-out, repression, projection, hypochondriasis and passive-aggression).
Optimism was also found in some studies to improve health and lead to substantially better illness outcomes and longevity; while pessimism was found to predispose to illness and to increase mortality.
drsanity.blogspot.com /2005/11/glass-is-always-half-full.html   (1412 words)

 Optimism (1903) - American Foundation for the Blind   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Optimism that does not count the cost is like a house builded (sic) on sand.
My optimism, then, does not rest on the absence of evil, but on a glad belief in the preponderance of good and a willing effort always to cooperate with the good, that it may prevail.
It be true that optimism compels the world forward, and pessimism retards it, them it is dangerous to propagate a pessimistic philosophy.
www.afb.org /info_document_view.asp?documentid=1208   (7680 words)

 Parsing Optimism: Martin E. P. Seligman and Positive Psychology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
To cohere to the logic of optimism, we can never be optimistic about things that are certain, for if we had perfect knowledge of all things past and future, optimism could never be.
We may be optimistic of success in all of our endeavors, or optimism may represent the likelihood of a positive outcome of a specific performance, or even aspects of a performance.
However it may be argued that optimism and its various metaphorical offshoots such as 'flow', 'intrinsic motivation' and the like are all aspects of the same thing, and may derive naturally from contemporary definitions of reinforcement or reward that are rooted in our very biology.
www.homestead.com /flowstate/optimism.html   (1172 words)

 Dynamic Optimism
A major objective of this essay is to clarify the nature of a type of optimism appropriate to a rational extropian philosophy, and to distinguish it from the very superficially similar attitude of faith common to religions.
Optimism and pessimism involve not detached estimates of the objective probability of good and bad events in the future, but personal commitments to certain modes of thinking and behaving.
Optimism benefits health in four ways: First, by replacing a sense of helplessness with a feeling of control, optimism boosts the immune system.
www.maxmore.com /optimism.htm   (10829 words)

 Incipient(thoughts): Optimism management   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
It is a key component of entrepreneurship, and entrepreneurship is at the heart of the sort of management which projects require.
Thus, I often argue that optimism is the occupational disease of managers in project contexts, from startups' CEOs to project managers in larger enterprises.
At the same time, optimism may well be a leading contributor of project failure, as a factor of blindness to project risks.
bossavit.com /thoughts/archives/000718.html   (307 words)

Optimism, as defined by Webster's Dictionary is "the tendency to take the most hopeful or cheerful view of matters." It is a belief that things work out for the best.
The opposite of optimism is pessimism: the view that things work out for the worst, and that events are to be seen in their most negative and critical light.
Optimism and pessimism about the future are the ultimate extension of such "self-fulfilling prophecies." A person who makes the pessimistic prophecy that "today is going to be a lousy day" will probably act so negatively, defensively, and suspiciously that it will tend to create the "lousy day" he or she predicted.
www.gethappy.net /v210.htm   (10365 words)

 Happiness, Hope, Optimism
Additionally, if optimism IS biological (and we currently have no proof that it is) then it would be very difficult to LEARN to have something that is inherent.
Optimism is an overall explanatory style (global condition) that positive things will occur independent of one's ability (external condition).
A description of Dynamic Optimism, which is a combination of philosophical understanding and psychological knowledge, as theorized by Max More, Ph.D. The construct of "dynamic optimism" focuses on overcoming limits to achievement and happiness.
www.csun.edu /~vcpsy00h/students/happy.htm   (3031 words)

 Optimism Enthusiasm empathy
Optimism can be defined as the inclination to anticipate the best possible outcome for actions or events.
Optimism has been demonstrated to be important for success of executives (Bunker and Wakefield, 2004) who in many ways operate in a manner similar to classroom teachers.
Therefore, optimism is an important factor in modifying information before and after it is cognitively processed.
chiron.valdosta.edu /whuitt/col/affsys/optenth.html   (1276 words)

 Optimism: How To Avoid Negative Thinking by Kali Munro
Extreme optimism can be off-putting and invalidating because it seems phony and can be a denial of reality and pain.
A healthy dose of optimism can be uplifting and hopeful, while a healthy dose of pessimism can be realistic and wise.
The first step to optimism is to identify the thoughts and beliefs running through your mind after something unpleasant happens.
www.kalimunro.com /article_optimism.html   (888 words)

 The Trouble With Optimism (washingtonpost.com)
Optimism may well be part of the American character, but it is pretty insufficient as either a campaign promise or a governing principle.
If optimism is hard-wired into the American character, it should be especially important to have someone sober at the wheel of the car.
And if forced to choose between a leader whose vision is clouded by optimism and one whose vision is clouded by pessimism, there is a good case that pessimism is the more prudent choice.
www.washingtonpost.com /wp-dyn/articles/A59149-2004Jun21.html   (914 words)

 Optimism and Pessimism - APA Books   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
This volume provides a forum in which leading scholars, researchers, and practitioners involved with the study of optimism and pessimism are given the opportunity to examine these beliefs.
The result is a critical survey that enables readers to recognize the importance of "balance" in understanding the relative powers of both optimism and pessimism.
Particularly valuable is an examination of cultural, biological, and psychological factors on optimism and pessimism.
www.apa.org /books/431754A.html   (183 words)

 EQ Today - Focus on Optimism -- The Emotional Intelligence Journal
EQ and Optimism, Competencies and Constructs -- Josh Freedman.
The way most people start to build optimism is to find out the costs of being a pessimist.
Optimism means believing that positive results are likely.
www.eqtoday.com /optimism   (453 words)

 USATODAY.com - Study: Optimism does not improve cancer   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Optimism made no difference in the fate of most of the 179 cancer patients that Australian researchers followed over five years.
The study found that optimism dimmed when patients experienced the toxic effects of cancer treatment and when they learned more about the realities of the disease.
"We should question whether it is valuable to encourage optimism if it results in the patient concealing his or her distress in the misguided belief that this will afford survival benefits," the study's lead author Penelope Schofield wrote.
www.usatoday.com /news/health/2004-02-09-cancer_x.htm   (486 words)

 Learned Optimism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Optimism psychology is in the field of cognitive science.
But, still, enough optimism to act was required, and in the developed world today, the justification for pessimism is more infrequent.
Regardless, the specifics he has spent his life researching concerning optimism, pessimism, their consequences, and our ability to affect our explanatory style seem extraordinarily important to anyone interested in teachers, students, learning and schools.
www.shearonforschools.com /learned_optimism.htm   (3182 words)

 Optimism, by Adam Khan and Klassy Evans
Using these definitions, researchers find that optimism contributes to good health and pessimism contributes to illness.
Because optimism and pessimism both tend to be self-fulfilling prophecies.
Optimism is simply a way of thinking about good and bad; it's a cognitive skill anyone can learn.
www.selfgrowth.com /articles/khan7.html   (482 words)

 JOLLYBLOGGER: Learning Optimism and Faith
The book is about optimism and pessimism, and it presents a very nuanced, sophisticated view of the whole subject, and it's not what you might initially think.
Optimism is the talentless hack who realizes that even though they will never be the Nashville Star or American Idol, they still can have a successful, significant, happy, etc., life anyway.
Optimism is needed to even begin the journey and pessimism is needed to know when to take a different route.
jollyblogger.typepad.com /jollyblogger/2005/05/learning_optimi.html   (6078 words)

 The Power of Positive Thinking
Dell invariably separated himself from bad events, like rejections, but he instantly internalizes good events as proof of his skills and diligence and how well his life is going.
Optimism does indeed have an impact on everything from business to war.
For Richard Calogero, a management consultant at Met Life, the greatest benefit of optimism is its infectiousness.
www.ihhp.com /positive_think.htm   (1872 words)

 Martin Seligman on Optimism and Positive Psychology -- EQ TODAY
What I’ve become is what I call a "flexible optimist." I can recognize the situations which call for optimism, and the situations which don’t call for optimism need a mercilessly realistic view of what’s going to happen.
When I make that separation, if it’s one of the many situations in which the optimism skills are going to pay off, then I throw in my whole complement of optimism skills.
On the other hand, the cost of failure can be very large, such as getting into an affair which will lead to divorce if your spouse finds out, or, as a pilot, having another drink at a party before a flight.
www.eqtoday.com /optimism/seligman.html   (1549 words)

 Optimism May Help You Live Longer
The study also showed that optimism's protective effect was stronger in men than in women for reducing the risk of death due to any cause except heart-related death.
Optimism is associated with more physical activity, moderate alcohol use in women, and less smoking.
Optimism is associated with better health in general.
www.webmd.com /content/article/96/103659.htm?lastselectedguid={5FE84E90-BC77-4056-A91C-9531713CA348}   (328 words)

 The Infinite Mind: Optimism
Optimism can be measured in several ways, including a questionnaire or by listening to patterns of speech.
Next up are two experts in what might be called "applied optimism," studying how optimism fits in with all kinds of life events and activities.
Peterson, who has extensively studied the relationship between optimism and overall health, says that pessimistic young people are less likely to grow into healthy adults, and more likely to die prematurely.
www.lcmedia.com /mind298.htm   (1219 words)

 Hughes for America: Optimism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
That hope, that optimism, is what I think draws people to the Democratic Party.
Perhaps the most common misinterpretation Republicans make is that we Democrats are nothing more than a frothing, angry bunch with little more guiding us than a seething hatred for their party and their president.
Optimism helped form the system of government we still use today.
hughesforamerica.typepad.com /hughes_for_america/2006/03/optimism.html   (1100 words)

 TAP: Web Feature: Guarded Pessimism. by Matthew Yglesias. January 28, 2004.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Conventional wisdom has it that Edwards' optimism has been key to the very successes that seem to justify it.
Many voters are drawn to his upbeat message, and others, desperately seeking the most electable Democrat in the field, are drawn to the fact that others are drawn by the power of positive thinking.
All politicians have a tendency to overpromise, but the situation becomes problematic when a candidate centers his campaign on a theme of optimism.
www.prospect.org /webfeatures/2004/01/yglesias-m-01-28.html   (1101 words)

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