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Topic: Orbiter Vehicle Designation

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In the News (Sat 26 May 18)

  Orbiter Vehicle Designation - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Each NASA space shuttle designation is composed of a prefix and suffix separated by a dash.
The prefix for operational shuttles is OV, for Orbiter Vehicle.
The vehicle number is the sequentially assigned within the series, beginning with 1.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/OV-106   (463 words)

 A Brief History of the Shuttle
These flights were designed to exercise and evaluate all systems in the flight environment in preparation for the orbiter release (free) flights.
These flights verified the orbiter's pilot-guided approach and landing capability; demonstrated the orbiter's subsonic terminal area energy management autoland approach capability; and verified the orbiter's subsonic airworthiness, integrated system operation and selected subsystems in preparation for the first manned orbital flight.
The orbiter structure had evolved under such weight-saving pressure that virtually all components of the air frame were required to handle significant structural stress.
www.geocities.com /CapeCanaveral/Launchpad/4515/Shuttle.html   (2918 words)

 Buran [Definition]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Buran was designed to be capable of both manned Human spaceflight is space exploration with a human crew, and possibly passengers (in contrast to unmanned space missions, which are remotely-controlled or robotic space probes).
Visitors could walk around and inside the vehicle (a walkway was built along the cargo bay), and plans were in place for a tour of various cities in Australia and Asia The continent of Asia is defined by subtracting Europe and Africa from the great land mass of Africa-Eurasia.
Designed in the first place to replace the Soyuz, it is a reusable space plane without wings that glides into the atmosphere at an angle that produces much less acceleration on the human occupants than the current Soyuz.
www.wikimirror.com /Buran   (7840 words)

 About Space Shuttle Columbia and it's sister ships   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Discovery, the third orbiter to become operational at Kennedy Space Center, was named after one of two ships that were used by the British explorer James Cook in the 1770s during voyages in the South Pacific that led to the discovery of the Hawaiian Islands.
Another, based on whaling ship design, was used by the British Royal Geographical Society for an expedition to the North Pole in 1875.
America's fleet of Space Shuttle orbiters are named after pioneering sea vessels which established new frontiers in research and exploration.
www.fiddlersgreen.net /aircraft/jets/shuttle/info/info.htm   (1057 words)

 Space Shuttle Challenger - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Shuttle Orbiter Challenger ( NASA Orbiter Vehicle Designation : OV-99) was a Space Shuttle orbiter.
Challenger was the second shuttle orbiter to be placed into service (after Columbia) and was constructed using a body frame (STA-099) that had initially been produced for use as a test article.
Its maiden voyage was on April 4, 1983, and made eight subsequent round trips to low earth orbit before it was destroyed during the launch of its tenth mission, mission 51-L, on January 28, 1986.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Space_Shuttle_Challenger   (289 words)

 Orbiter: Enterprise OV-101
For all of the captive flights and the first three free flights, the orbiter was outfitted with a tail cone covering its aft section to reduce aerodynamic drag and turbulence.
On March 13, 1978, the Enterprise was ferried atop the SCA to NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center, where it was mated with the external tank and solid rocket boosters and subjected to a series of vertical ground vibration tests.
Following in the Enterprise's, the orbiter Columbia was created and it became the first Space Shuttle to fly into Earth orbit in 1981.
www.ik1sld.org /enter_info.htm   (1079 words)

 Space Shuttle history   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
This vehicle was designed to replace the expendable launch vehicles that NASA was using to deliver commercial, scientific, and applications spacecraft into Earth's orbit.
While the primary mission of any spacecraft designed to carry astronauts must be ensuring the safety of its crew rather than the science carried out in orbit or achieving some other technical objective, Shuttle advocates often cited the Shuttle's many scientific investigations as important contributions that justified the high cost of the program.
Discovery, the third orbiter to become operational at Kennedy Space Centre, was named after one of two ships that were used by the British explorer James Cook in the 1770s during voyages in the South Pacific that led to the discovery of the Hawaiian Islands.
www.pilotfriend.com /century-of-flight/Aviation%20history/space/Space%20Shuttle%20history.htm   (4564 words)

 Enterprise (Shuttle Orbiter)
The first flight-capable version of the Space Shuttle Orbiter but one designed for ground and gliding tests only; its official designation is Orbiter OV-101.
However, as several major design changes had been made to the Shuttle while Enterprise was being built and tested, a refit was now considered too expensive.
Soon after its arrival at KSC, Enterprise was transported to the Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB), mated to an External Tank and inert set of Solid Rocket Boosters, and rolled out, in May 1997, to become the first Shuttle on the launch pad.
www.daviddarling.info /encyclopedia/E/Enterprise.html   (772 words)

The orbiter would be equipped with a two-position deployable nozzle, with expansion ratios of 58:1 for the low altitude portion of the ascent, and 120:1 with the extension deployed for the vacuum portion of the flight to orbit.
Class II were 1.5 stage to orbit designs, using an orbiter vehicle and a drop tank.
Payload for the Faget vehicle was to be only 5,700 to 6,800 kg to low earth orbit, and the system was to be operational by the end of 1975, after the last Apollo flight.
www.astronautix.com /lvs/shuttle.htm   (9553 words)

 Space Shuttle Columbia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Shuttle Orbiter Columbia ( NASA Orbiter Vehicle Designation : OV-102) was the first space shuttle in NASA 's orbital fleet, first flying mission STS-1 from April 12 to April 14, 1981.
After construction, the orbiter arrived at John F. Kennedy Space Center on March 25, 1979 to prepare for its first launch.
However, before its first mission, two workers were killed and four injured during a ground test of the orbiter on March 19, 1981.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Space_Shuttle_Columbia   (546 words)

The experience gained during the orbiter assembly process enabled Atlantis to be completed with a 49.5 percent reduction in man hours (compared to Columbia).
Atlantis undocked from Mir at 17:28 GMT on October 3 and conducted a flyaround focused on the damaged Spektr Module to determine the location of the puncture in its hull.
After entry interface at 07:25 GMT, the orbiter glided to a landing on runway 15 at Kennedy Space Center with main gear touchdown at 07:56:48 GMT for a mission duration of 283 hr 11min.
www.astronautix.com /craft/atlantis.htm   (4516 words)

 Orbiter Vehicle Designation - Result for Orbiter Vehicle Designation - Meaning of Orbiter Vehicle Designation - ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Therefore, there can never be a OV-100 as it would read "Orbiter Vehicle Series 1 Vehicle 0" Many proposals to build a second generation of orbiters, externally compatible with the current system but internally new, refer to them as "OV-200" or "OV-2xx" in order to differentiate them from the "current generation", the OV-100s.
She was later rebuilt to resemble them cosmetically, and is currently on display with the Space Shuttle external tank external tank used during the propulsion tests (designated ''' MPTA-ET ''').
There you find a list of all editors and the possibility to edit the original text of the article Orbiter Vehicle Designation.
www.mauspfeil.net /Orbiter_Vehicle_Designation.html   (461 words)

 New York Daily News - World & National Report - Columbia launched new era   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Columbia was the oldest orbiter in the shuttle fleet - pioneering the modern era of space exploration when it first thundered into the skies April 12, 1981.
Designed to fly about 100 missions, Columbia took its name from an 18th century Massachusetts boat that was the first American vessel to circumnavigate the globe.
Over the next decade, the vehicle was outfitted with more than 100 modifications, including upgrades to allow for longer stays in space.
www.nydailynews.com /02-02-2003/news/wn_report/story/56463p-52889c.html   (380 words)

 ShuttleMania   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Columbia (OV-102), the oldest orbiter in the Shuttle fleet, is named after the Boston, Massachusetts based sloop captained by American Robert Gray.
Wires from these sensors are routed inside the wing from the orbiter midbody, in front of the main landing gear towards the leading edge and then back to the sensor locations near the trailing edge of the wing.
EST, while the orbiter was over New Mexico, sensors indicated an increase in drag on the left side and the flight control systems were automatically compensating.
www.geocities.com /iarenas3/columbia.html   (811 words)

 Online dictionary - Space Shuttle Discovery   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Shuttle Orbiter Discovery ( NASA Orbiter Vehicle Designation : OV-103) is a NASA Space Shuttle.
First flown on August 30, 1984, Discovery is the third operational shuttle (excluding test shuttle Enterprise), and the oldest remaining in service.
The orbiter is still operational today, and has performed both research and International Space Station ( ISS) assembly missions.
www.fact-archive.com /encyclopedia/Space_Shuttle_Discovery   (216 words)

 Discovery (Space Shuttle) [Definition]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Shuttle Orbiter Discovery ( NASA Orbiter Vehicle Designation Each NASA space shuttle designation is composed of a prefix and suffix seperated by a dash.
It was the first shuttle used in the return to space after the Challenger Disaster STS-51-L was the 25th launch of a Space Shuttle and the tenth launch of the Challenger.
The vehicle exploded 73 seconds after launch on January 28, 1986 as a result of the failure of an O-ring seal in the right solid rocket booster (SRB): this caused a leak with a flame, that caused another leak in the hydrogen tank.
www.wikimirror.com /Discovery_(Space_Shuttle)   (3102 words)

 John F. Kennedy Space Center - Space Shuttle Enterprise
nterprise, the first Space Shuttle Orbiter, was originally to be named Constitution (in honor of the U.S. Constitution's Bicentennial).
ollowing in the Enterprise's, the orbiter Columbia was created and it became the first Space Shuttle to fly into Earth orbit in 1981.
Four sister ships joined the fleet over the next 10 years: Challenger, arriving in 1982 but destroyed four years later; Discovery, 1983; Atlantis, 1985; and Endeavour, built as a replacement for Challenger, 1991.
www-pao.ksc.nasa.gov /kscpao/shuttle/resources/orbiters/enterprise.html   (1151 words)

 Columbia has proud history - 2/2/03   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
The shuttle Columbia is parked in the Vehicle Assembly Building after its maiden voyage on April 12, 1981, in the Kennedy Space Center.
Columbia, the oldest orbiter in the shuttle fleet, is named after the Boston-based sloop captained by American Robert Gray.
The oldest orbiter in the fleet underwent about 50 modifications, including the addition of carbon brakes, a drag chute, improved nose wheel steering, removal of development flight instrumentation and an enhancement of its thermal protection system.
www.detnews.com /2003/specialreport/0302/02/a04-75163.htm   (528 words)

 Shuttle Orbiter Endeavour (OV-105)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
For the first time, a national competition involving students in elementary and secondary schools produced the name of the new orbiter; it was announced by President George Bush in 1989.
Most of this equipment was later incorporated into the other three orbiters during out-of-service major inspection and modification programs.
A 40-foot diameter drag chute that is expected to reduce the orbiter's rollout distance by 1,000 to 2,000 feet.
www.stsliftoff.com /Orbiters/Endeavour.htm   (570 words)

 Encyclopedia: STS-114   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Download high resolution version (6931x5375, 1348 KB) The STS-114 mission patch design signifies the return of the Space Shuttle to flight and honors the memory of the Columbia crew, lost February 1, 2003.
Shuttle Orbiter Discovery (NASA Orbiter Vehicle Designation: OV-103) is a NASA Space Shuttle.
STS-107 was a space shuttle mission by NASA using the Space Shuttle Columbia, launched January 16, 2003.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/STS_114   (941 words)

 Return to selections:
U.S., launch vehicle motor, used on the Atlas A. 2 Chamber booster, 1 chamber sustainer, 2 vernier engines.
U.S., launch vehicle motor, Rocketdyne, used on Atlas II launch vehicles, 2 booster, 1 sustainer.
  Orbiter and lander to trace the evolution of Mars' climate.
www.spacecraftnames.info /m.html   (4156 words)

 NASA delays Atlantis Shuttle launch to February
NASA spokesman George Diller said Atlantis would be rolled back to the Vehicle Assembly Building at the Kennedy Space Center for further tests.
The $60 billion station is a joint project of the United States, Russia, Europe, Japan and Canada.
Background Atlantis, the fourth orbiter to become operational at Kennedy Space Center, was named after the primary research vessel for the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute in Massachusetts from 1930 to 1966.
www.gisdevelopment.net /news/2001/jan/ndas.htm   (766 words)

Liftoff was further delayed 20 minutes due to anomalous oxygen readings in the orbiter's payload bay.
STS-83 was cut short due to a problem with one of the three fuel cells that provide electricity and water to Columbia (flight rules required that all three must be operating).
The deorbit burn was on July 17, 1997 at 09:44 GMT and Columbia landed on KSC's Runway 33 at 10:46:34 GMT.
www.friends-partners.org /partners/mwade/lvs/shuttle.htm   (8134 words)

 [No title]
Columbia is known as OV-102 to the people at NASA, which stands for Orbiter Vehicle 102.
Approximately 50 modifications were made, including adding carbon brakes and a drag chute, improving the nose wheel steering, removing development flight instrumentation and enhancing the thermal protection system.
Dittemore added that no specific orbiter debris or crew remains have been positively identified at this time, and that there is no leading theory for the cause of the accident.
www.museum4kids.net /SST-Columbia2-1-03.htm   (2486 words)

 wikien.info: Main_Page   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Shuttle Orbiter Endeavour ( NASA Orbiter Vehicle Designation : OV-105) is the fifth and most recent NASA space shuttle to be built.
The orbiter is named after the HM Bark Endeavour, the ship commanded by 18th century explorer James Cook (which explains the British spelling).
Space Shuttle Endeavour has flown 19 flights, spent 206.60-days in space, completed 3,259 orbits, and flown 85,072,077 miles in total, as of February 2003.
www.alanaditescili.net /index.php?title=Space_Shuttle_Endeavour   (210 words)

 OV-102 Columbia
After a 17-month stay in california for modifications and refurbishment, Space Shuttle Columbia returns to Kennedy Space Center aboard the Shuttle Carrier Aircraft.
After STS-109, Columbia's payload bay was outfitted with the new SPACEHAB Research Double Module preparing the orbiter for 16 days of research on mission STS-107.
Communication was lost with Columbia at 9:00am EST while Columbia was at approximately 200,000ft over Central Texas while the vehicle was traveling at 12,500 mph.
www.globalsecurity.org /space/systems/ov-102.htm   (666 words)

The final shuttle-Mir mission, STS-91 recovered NASA astronaut Andy Thomas from the Mir station and took Russian space chief and ex-cosmonaut Valeri Ryumin to Mir for an inspection tour of the ageing station.
This was the first test of the super lightweight Aluminium-Lithium alloy external tank, designed to increase shuttle payload to the Mir / International Space Station orbit by 4,000 kg.
After separation of the external tank ET-101 the Orbiter was in a 56 km x 587 km x 28.5 deg transfer orbit.
www.friends-partners.org /partners/mwade/craft/disovery.htm   (3423 words)

 WSVN-TV - "Columbia" The Orbiter: A History and Timeline
WSVN-TV - "Columbia" The Orbiter: A History and Timeline
STS-107 (1/16/03 - Crew and Vehicle lost during landing 2/1/03)
A timeline of events in the last flight of space shuttle Columbia.
www.wsvn.com /news/articles/extra/A8529   (641 words)

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