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Topic: Organ biology


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In the News (Tue 23 Apr 19)

  
  Highbeam Encyclopedia - Search Results for Organs
surgical procedure by which a tissue or organ is removed and replaced by a corresponding part, either from another part of the body or from another individual.
group of organs that transport blood and the substances it carries to and from all parts of the body.
The portion that covers the internal organs, or viscera, is known as the visceral peritoneum and forms...
www.encyclopedia.com /SearchResults.aspx?Q=Organs&StartAt=11   (412 words)

  
 H-SC Academic Catalogue - BIOLOGY PROGRAM   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
Prerequisites: Biology 110 and 151, or consent of the instructor.
Prerequisites: Biology 110, 151, and 201; and Chemistry 110, 120, 210, 251, and 211; or consent of instructor.
Prerequisites: Biology 110, 151, and 201 or 202.
www.hsc.edu /academics/catalogue/course/biology.html   (1541 words)

  
 Organ (anatomy) Summary
An example of an organ system in a higher plant is a flower, which (depending on the species) may be composed of stamens (which are composed of anthers and a filament), pistils (containing stigma, style, and ovary), petals, bracts, and receptacle.
Animal organs inside the thorax or abdomen are often referred to as internal organs (this term is not used for organs inside the head or other parts of the body).
The vegetative organs are essential for maintaining the life of a plant (they do the vegetative, vital functions, like photosynthesis), while the reproductive are essential in the reproduction.
www.bookrags.com /Organ_(anatomy)   (1282 words)

  
 Department of Biology - Courses
From the combined course groups of biology honors, independent study in biology and biology research, a maximum of four credits may be counted toward the 32 biology credits required in the major.
Organ systems including: nerve, muscle, cardiovascular, respiratory and renal are examined from the standpoint of their regulation and role in maintenance of homeostasis.
The thesis must be completed in order for any biology honors credits to be included in the 32 biology credits required in the major.
artsci.shu.edu /biology/courses/index.html   (1656 words)

  
 Organ - definition from Biology-Online.org
(Science: biology) A natural part or structure in an animal or a plant, capable of performing some special action (termed its function), which is essential to the life or well-being of the whole; as, the heart, lungs, etc, are organs of animals; the root, stem, foliage, etc, are organs of plants.
In animals the organs are generally made up of several tissues, one of which usually predominates, and determines the principal function of the organ.
A medium of communication between one person or body and another; as, the secretary of state is the organ of communication between the government and a foreign power; a newspaper is the organ of its editor, or of a party, sect, etc.
biology-online.org /dictionary/Organ   (390 words)

  
 Organ (anatomy) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Common animal (including human) organs include the heart, lungs, brain, eye, stomach, spleen, bones, pancreas, kidneys, liver, intestines, skin, uterus, and bladder.
The internal organs collectively are often called viscera, the plural of the rarely-used viscus.
Work is underway to allow some organs to be transplanted from other animals to humans (xenotransplantation).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Organ_(anatomy)   (375 words)

  
 Department of Cancer Biology - M. D. Anderson Cancer Center
Endothelial cells in the vasculature of different organs express different cell-surface receptors and growth factors that influence the phenotype of metastases that develop there.
The growth at different sites within one organ involved interactions between the metastatic cells and the organ microenvironment, in terms of specific binding to endothelial cells and response to local growth factors.
The survival and growth of all cells in the body are dependent on the adequate supply of oxygen and, hence, on the vasculature.
www.mdanderson.org /departments/cancerbiology/index.cfm   (1057 words)

  
 Regenerative Biology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
Regenerative biology attempts to address organ failure in innovative ways through research into replacing or supplementing the function of damaged organs.
Organ failure is an increasingly common root of illness—and there is a drastic shortage of donor organs.
The overarching goal of Mayo Clinic regenerative biology research is discovery of foundational concepts that underlie the very workings of human organ and immune function.
discoverysedge.mayo.edu /regenerative_biology/index.cfm   (1855 words)

  
 Display Page
The long-term goal of our research is to understand in molecular detail how cells choose to form a particular organ and how they carry out this decision.
Such studies should be relevant to diseases of the vasculatory and excretory organs in humans.
I am currently co-organizing the Santa Cruz Developmental Biology Conference with Cecilia Moens and Andrew Chisholm, to be held August 3-7, 2006 on the UCSC campus.
www.hopkinsmedicine.org /cellbio/profiles/profdisplay.cfm?senduserID=8&sendpage=directory   (784 words)

  
 About UMass Cell Biology - UMass Medical School   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
The Cell Biology Department at the University of Massachusetts Medical School represents an exciting, highly interactive multidisciplinary program that is consistently rated among the top 15 in the nation.
The Cell Biology faculty are conducting research into some of the most complex, medically relevant problems that face our society today, and are dedicated to preparing our students to face these challenges in an environment of rapid technological change.
Contemporary researchers in Cell Biology are translate their studies at the single molecule level to the study of disease in the whole animal.
www.umassmed.edu /cellbio/about.cfm   (466 words)

  
 Organ - definition from Biology-Online.org
(Science: biology) A natural part or structure in an animal or a plant, capable of performing some special action (termed its function), which is essential to the life or well-being of the whole; as, the heart, lungs, etc, are organs of animals; the root, stem, foliage, etc, are organs of plants.
In animals the organs are generally made up of several tissues, one of which usually predominates, and determines the principal function of the organ.
A medium of communication between one person or body and another; as, the secretary of state is the organ of communication between the government and a foreign power; a newspaper is the organ of its editor, or of a party, sect, etc.
www.biology-online.org /dictionary/Organ   (390 words)

  
 Biology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
Introduces principles of biology, specifically in the topics of cell structure and function, genetics, and physiology.
Introduces the latest advances in the fields of molecular biology and biotechnology, as well as the career possibilities and professional responsibilities in these fields.
Emphasizes three major themes: 1) that organ functions are dependent upon the underlying molecular and cellular processes, 2) that all organ systems utilize biological control systems to maintain organ homeostasis, and 3) that each organ function is closely controlled and dependent upon the interaction/integration with functions from other organ systems.
www.iup.edu /registrar/catalog/course/biol.shtm   (2247 words)

  
 ASPET - Public Affairs -
Integrative whole organ biology is the study of responses in organs and organisms, including intact animals.
Because of the great advances in cellular and molecular biology the past two decades, research in whole organ biology has declined to the point where academic infrastructure in this area has eroded and there remain few faculty and institutions that can provide the appropriate scientific training in this important area of research.
Until the lack of support for training and research in whole organ systems and integrative biology is addressed, the training of a new generation of integrative scientists and the advancement clinical research will continue to regress.
www.aspet.org /public/public_affairs/pa_nih_fy2005_support.html   (1666 words)

  
 Changes in cholinergic synaptic vesicle populations and the ultrastructure of the nerve terminal membranes of Narcine ...
Changes in cholinergic synaptic vesicle populations and the ultrastructure of the nerve terminal membranes of Narcine brasiliensis electron organ stimulated to fatigue in vivo -- Boyne et al.
Changes in cholinergic synaptic vesicle populations and the ultrastructure of the nerve terminal membranes of Narcine brasiliensis electron organ stimulated to fatigue in vivo
Narcine brasiliensis electric organ was stimulated to fatigue in vivo.
www.jcb.org /cgi/content/abstract/67/3/814   (271 words)

  
 BIOLOGY
This course is for the non biology major dealing with general biological principles and brief surveys of the plant and animal world including some laboratory exercises and demonstrations.
Conservation biology is the science of preserving biodiversity and sustaining the earth.
This is a course in field biology designed to acquaint the student with the taxonomy and ecology of indigenous animals.
www.gannon.edu /catalog/2003_2004/html/BIOLOGY.html   (3074 words)

  
 NYU | Department of Biology | Undergraduate Program | Courses
Subjects include the basics of chemistry pertinent to biology, biochemistry and cell biology, genetics and molecular biology, anatomy and physiology, neurobiology, ecology, population genetics, and history and classification of life forms and evolution.
V23.0980, 0981 Prerequisites: V23.0021-0022 and at least two additional upper-level courses in biology with a minimum GPA of 3.0 overall and in all science and mathematics courses required for the major, and permission of a sponsor and the director of undergraduate studies.
Independent study course for exceptional biology students who have completed at least one semester of laboratory research (V23.0997, 0998, 0980, 0981) and are able to expand this work into a thesis.
www.nyu.edu /fas/biology/undergrad/courses.html   (3576 words)

  
 C&EN: COVERSTORY - SYSTEMS BIOLOGY
Despite different approaches to systems biology, people generally agree that its aim is the understanding of the function of a biological system–tissue, organ, or organism–as a whole.
The assays mimic the biology of human disease by incorporating multiple cell types and multiple pathways that are turned on in combination, according to Berg.
Another application of systems biology is in the evaluation of so-called combination products, in which drugs are administered together to achieve a synergistic effect, according to Pieter Muntendam, president and chief operating officer of BG Medicine, Waltham, Mass.
pubs.acs.org /cen/coverstory/83/8307biology.html   (3420 words)

  
 Developmental Biology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center
Organ development and disease: This research aims to identify the processes that direct the formation of organs during normal embryonic development, as well as elucidating disorders that arise from abnormal development.
Scientists in the Division of Developmental Biology study the basic cellular and molecular mechanisms of development with the aim of uncovering the bases of human birth defects so that they can be prevented or corrected.
The division of Developmental Biology is a center for basic research at the Children's Hospital and utilizes different model systems including the mouse, fruit fly, frog, chicken and zebrafish to investigate basic questions in molecular, cellular and developmental biology.
www.cincinnatichildrens.org /research/div/dev-biology   (403 words)

  
 Revised default.html
Biology is the study of life in all its forms.
Such study may emphasize particular life forms, such as insects in entomology, or bacteria in bacteriology; particular levels of organization, such as macromolecules in molecular biology, organs and organ ecosystems in ecology; or techniques, such as DNA sequencing and statistics.
The Department of Biology offers undergraduates two broadly based bachelor's degree programs within which there are opportunities for selecting a special concentration.
www.sonoma.edu /biology   (118 words)

  
 Biology
Over the last several decades, technologies have been developed that have made possible the growth of many of the over 200 different types of cells found in the human body in laboratory containers filled with nutrient media.
While the specific components and configuration of stroma may differ from organ to organ, the basic principle of three-dimensional stromal support applies to most organs in the body.
The support stroma is made by first seeding organ-specific stromal cells (cell biology) onto a mesh framework (polymer science) in an environment that simulates the body.
www.rpi.edu /dept/chem-eng/Biotech-Environ/Projects00/tissue/biology.htm   (556 words)

  
 Organ Transplantation   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
The transplanted organ is destroyed when the recipient's body mounts an immune response to foreign antigens displayed on the organ.
The process of transplantation generates several danger signals that derive from tissue damage during the surgery and ischemic cell death.
Ischemia is observed because the organ is deprived of oxygen, which causes harmful oxygen radicals to be formed.
www.molbio.princeton.edu /courses/mb427/2001/projects/01/biology.htm   (336 words)

  
 Degree and Requirements, page 2
At the close of a student's second year, the comments noted on evaluation forms during Years I and II are synthesized into a summary letter by the Associate Dean for Student Affairs.
The basic science component of this course orients the student to the biochemical, functional and morphological concepts relating to the cells and major tissues of the mammalian organism.
The basic science component of the courses includes instruction in anatomy and cell biology, biochemistry, physiology, introductory psychiatry, and nutrition.
www.usc.edu /dept/publications/cat95/medicine/06_DegReq-Doctor_of_Med_Yr_I.html   (1149 words)

  
 NIH-CSR Biology of Development and Aging IRG [BDA]
Fundamental biology of stem cells, including: their application to development and disease; their role and use in tissue regeneration and repair; stem cell senescence and death.
In general, applications focused on early development or on aging of tissues, organs, or organisms may be assigned to BDA when the emphasis is on general topics in development or aging.
Studies in aging humans or animals which transcend single organ systems or disciplines and which involve integrated experimental, genetic or observational approaches (such as in geriatric co-morbidities) could be assigned to the BDA IRG.
cms.csr.nih.gov /PeerReviewMeetings/CSRIRGDescription/BDAIRG/BDAIRGAll.htm   (4562 words)

  
 Natural Selection | World of Biology
This is as true now in the age of molecular biology as it was a century ago.
A histological (tissue) section of a mouse liver is difficult to distinguish from that of a human and both share similarities with frog liver.
The similarities of cell biology, anatomy, organ systems and physiology are of course well known to both lay people and scientists.
www.bookrags.com /research/natural-selection-wob   (622 words)

  
 Division of Natural Sciences And Mathematics
The Department of Biology offers a variety of courses that spans from the molecular to the ecological aspect of life.
A study of the microanatomy of vertebrate tissues and organs, including laboratory study of vertebrate tissues using prepared slides.
A study of the functions and functional interrelationships of the organs, organ systems, and tissues of vertebrates and man. Designed to present the principles and methods of physiology both to students of biology and to others who are interested in human physiology.
www.talladega.edu /acadamic/acd_divi_NSM_bio.htm   (1050 words)

  
 Biology 204: Histology
The content of this course is aimed at students who have recently taken an Introductory Biology course, which covered some of the basics of cell and organ system biology.
The act of examining prepared slides of tissues and organs drives home the points more thoroughly than is possible in the more passive experience of sitting in class and listening to a description of the same features.
The final is "somewhat" cumulative, which means that, in addition to the new material, cumulative questions will focus on comparisons between different tissues or organ systems that could not be asked until all the organ systems have been covered.
www.brynmawr.edu /biology/204_05/coursedescription.html   (785 words)

  
 A Hotlist on human organ systems
Lesson 3: Cells, Tissues, Organs, and Organ Systems - review of the cellular components of various organ systems and the functions of the numerous differentiated cells is important in understanding the genetic differentiation of cells in the human body.
Cells and Human Biology: PEER Teaching Assignment - Main purpose/function of the organ system for the body (why is it important?) Main parts of the assigned organ system and what each does.
Human Organ Systems Course - The main function of the cornea and lens is to focus images on the retina.
www.kn.sbc.com /wired/fil/pages/listhumanorch.html   (2013 words)

  
 Biology
This non-lab biology course, with no prerequisite, is geared toward the general student, though biology majors may also take it.
Designed for biology majors and pre-professional students interested in allied health careers, this course covers in detail the function of the human body on the molecular, cellular and organismal levels.
In addition, the student may be expected to help prepare and grade quizzes, offer supplemental instruction to students during the lab session, and be available outside of the lab period for tutoring as needed.
www.peace.edu /biology/biology_course.htm   (1815 words)

  
 August Wilson   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
Biology is the science of life or living matters in all its forms and phenomena, especially with reference to origin, growth, reproduction, structure and behavior.
These subject heading may be used when searching for books and other materials related to organ systems, organ transplantation, cloning, medical and ethical implications and genetics.
This volume set explores topics of death and dying, fertility, genetics, population control, organ transplant among others to provide readers with an understanding of the ethical implications involved.
www.ahs.albany.k12.ny.us /ahs/depts/library/august_wilson.htm   (1227 words)

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