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Topic: Organ system

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In the News (Mon 22 Apr 19)

  Organ (anatomy) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Animal organs inside the thorax or abdomen are often referred to as internal organs (this term is not used for organs inside the head).
The vegetative organs are essential for maintaining the life of a plant (they do the vegetative, vital functions, like photosynthesis), while the reproductive are essential in the reproduction.
The same is true for the musculoskeletal system, which involves the relationship between the muscular and skeletal systems.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Organ_system   (349 words)

Organ Cave is also the home of three endangered species of bats, the Indiana Bat, the Gray Bat, and the Virginia Big Eared.
Organ Cave's role in the American Revolutionary War, War of 1812 and the Civil War as a saltpetre mining facility was significant.
Paleontological: The Organ Cave System is, without a doubt, one of the richest Pleistocene and Recent-Age paleontological treasure troves in West Virginia and the United States.
www.organcave.com /Geology.htm   (1269 words)

 Howstuffworks "How Organ Transplants Work"
Donated organs are a rare and precious commodity, so doctors don't want to proceed unless they are confident that a patient is physically and mentally prepared for the procedure, as well as life after the procedure.
This is because of the immune system's reaction to the new organ.
Organ donor cards or organ donor indications on a driver's license are important legal documents, but the consent of family members takes precedence.
www.howstuffworks.com /organ-transplant.htm/printable   (3595 words)

 eMedicine - Multisystem Organ Failure of Sepsis : Article Excerpt by: Sat Sharma, MD, FRCPC, FACP, FCCP, DABSM
Several terms were cloned thereafter, such as multiple organ failure, multiple system organ failure, and multiple organ system failure, to describe this evolving clinical syndrome of otherwise unexplained progressive physiological failure of several interdependent organ systems.
Sepsis is a clinical syndrome that complicates severe infection and is characterized by systemic inflammation and widespread tissue injury.
Multiple organ dysfunction is a continuum, with incremental degrees of physiological derangements in individual organs; it is a process rather than an event.
www.emedicine.com /med/byname/multisystem-organ-failure-of-sepsis.htm   (679 words)

 Organ Systems: Human Body: Merck Manual Home Edition
The organ system is the organizational unit by which medicine is studied, diseases are generally categorized, and treatments are planned.
An example of an organ system is the cardiovascular system, which includes the heart (cardio) and blood vessels (vascular).
The digestive (or gastrointestinal) system, extending from the mouth to the anus, is responsible for receiving and digesting food and excreting waste.
www.merck.com /mmhe/sec01/ch001/ch001d.html   (790 words)

 1999.10.18: (Fact Sheet) Improving the Nation's Organ Transplantation System   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Since the 1970s, when organ transplantation became an established medical procedure, the number of organ transplants performed each year in the United States has grown from 12,618 in 1988 to 20,961 in 1998; and the number of centers performing this surgery has grown from 235 in 1988 to 278 today.
Organs available for transplantation should not be restricted by arbitrary "local first" allocation policies that no longer have a medical basis.
NOTA was intended to create a system in which consistent medical criteria would be developed and used by transplant professionals, with oversight by the Secretary of Health and Human Services to help ensure that the national system created by the Act would operate in the public interest.
www.hhs.gov /news/press/1999pres/991018a.html   (3236 words)

 Organ Systems of the Body
An organ system is a group of organs arranged in such a way that together they perform a more complex function than can any one organ alone.
The 11 major organ systems of the body are (1) integumentary, (2) skeletal, (3) muscular, (4) nervous, (5) endocrine, (6) circulatory, (7) lymphatic, (8) respiratory, (9) digestive, (10) urinary, and (11) reproductive systems.
The major functions of the lymphatic system are the movement of fluid and its critical role in the defense mechanism of the body against disease.
www.catscradle.ws /organ_systems.htm   (671 words)

 OrganTransplants.com | Home | St. Vincent Medical Center   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
CIRRHOSIS is a disease causing irreversible scarring of the liver.
IMMUNE SYSTEM is the system that protects the body against the invasion of bacteria, viruses and even cancer cells.
ORGAN REJECTION means that the body’s immune system is attempting to reject or destroy the transplanted organ.
organtransplants.com /Glossary.shtml   (2577 words)

Organ systems are composed of organs, and perform a major function for the organism.
The endocrine system is the second type of extrinsic control, and involves a chemical component to the reflex.
Organ Systems of the Body A health-related view of the body organ systems.
www.emc.maricopa.edu /faculty/farabee/BIOBK/BioBookANIMORGSYS.html   (1537 words)

 Harvard Gazette: HMS examines ethics of Internet organ donation
The problem, he said, is not the current system of distributing organs, but rather that there aren't enough donated organs to go around.
If the organ would have been donated anyway - and there's no evidence yet which situation is the case - then people on the waiting list are hurt because the person receiving the privately donated organ presumably would have jumped their space in the line.
Organs can be donated locally if donors want someone in their home region to benefit, he said, and savvy people can ensure they get put on each regional list to improve their chances of getting an organ.
www.news.harvard.edu /gazette/2005/05.19/09-organ.html   (1097 words)

 Organ Care Systems: TransMedics, Inc.
This new breakthrough, investigational technology, called an Organ Care System, is designed to maintain organs in a warm, functioning state outside of the body to optimize their health and allow continuous clinical evaluation.
In addition, the system may enable the utilization of organs that are currently wasted due to the limitation of the existing preservation method, by allowing the transplant surgeon the time to potentially resuscitate the organ ex vivo to build up its energy stores, optimize its function and perform full viability assessment prior to transplantation.
The Organ Care System is designed to both improve the outcomes of current transplant procedures and to increase the number of organs available for transplantation.
www.transmedics.com /wt/page/organ_care   (321 words)

 A Hotlist on human organ system
The Effect of Organ Donation and Transplantation - This article explains the role of the legal system as it relates to the law of human organ donation and transplantation.
In regards to organ transplantation she 'hit the nail on the head.' Although many argue that increasing the number of African-American donors will remedy the current situation, Noah points out that this measure alone is not adequate due to the disproportionately large number of African-Americans with ESRD.
Biology 112-003 Assignment 4 - In this part of the course we are studying the anatomy and function of various organ systems, using human systems as the primary examples.
www.kn.sbc.com /wired/fil/pages/listhumanorjo.html   (5974 words)

 Organ Donation > FY2001 Grantee List   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The purpose of this project is to increase the consent and donation rate for organ and tissue transplantation by altering the approach to donor families during the consent discussion.
The purpose of this model intervention is to increase the number of minority organ and tissue donors by increasing intent to donate coupled with family notification of intent to donate among Blacks, Haitians, and Hispanics living in Miami-Dade County, Florida.
This intervention also seeks to enhance the level of communication between the legal community and health care providers with the organ procurement organization to increase the likelihood that an individual's wish to donate is fulfilled.
www.organdonor.gov /fy2001granteelist.html   (1198 words)

 United Network for Organ Sharing: Organ Donation and Transplantation
The Organ Center is divided into two 12-hour shifts, and is typically staffed with three organ placement specialists per shift with one specialist on call.
Organ Center operations are safeguarded against power and communications interruption through a complete contingency and disaster recovery plan.
Once the organ is accepted for a patient, transportation arrangements are made and the transplant surgery is scheduled.
www.unos.org /whatWeDo/organCenter.asp   (618 words)

 Organ: Lymphatic system - CureResearch.com
Introduction: The lymphatic system is the second circulatory system in the body, with the blood as the better known system.
The lymphatic system is part of the immune system and circulates lymph around the body through lymphatic vessels and lymph nodes.
An important purpose of the lymphatic system is to remove parts of microbes or dead body cells that are broken down as part of other immune system attacks.
www.cureresearch.com /organ/lymphatic_system.htm   (464 words)

 A Hotlist on Human organ system
Lesson 3: Cells, Tissues, Organs, and Organ Systems - Students have a general understanding of various organ systems but are not aware of the histological components of these systems.
A review of the cellular components of various organ systems and the functions of the numerous differentiated cells is important in understanding the genetic differentiation of cells in the human body.
ORGAN SYSTEMS AND HOMEOSTASIS - is the maintenance of a stable internal environment.
www.kn.sbc.com /wired/fil/pages/listhumanorri1.html   (2411 words)

 eMedicine - Multisystem Organ Failure of Sepsis : Article by Sat Sharma, MD, FRCPC, FACP, FCCP, DABSM
Organ dysfunction or organ failure may be the first clinical sign of sepsis, and no organ system is immune from the consequences of the inflammatory excesses of sepsis.
The organ systems affected are hepatic, hematological, cardiovascular, and renal.
Prevention of sepsis and multiorgan failure with topical or systemic antibiotics in patients who are at high risk: The use of nonabsorbable antibiotics in the stomach to prevent translocation of bacteria and occurrence of bacteremia has been a controversial issue.
www.emedicine.com /med/topic3372.htm   (9352 words)

 Johannus Pipe Organ Interface
Pipe organ digitally sampled sounds can be accessed via the pipe organ keyboard contact system and operate a self contained digital system including amplifiers and speakers.
Pipe organs tend to go off pitch with temperature changes and to compensate for this Johannus has an automated tuning system to compensate for the de-tuning of the pipes.
These organs will be built with the HSSW system and customers will be able to design a custom specification to suit their own needs and tastes.
www.nelsen-organworks.com /pages/interface.html   (618 words)

 CNN - Judge blocks start of controversial organ donor system - October 1, 1998
When an organ becomes available in a region, the patient in that region with the greatest need gets the first opportunity to receive the organ.
Although HHS estimates a national system will increase organ donation by 20 percent, critics argue that fewer people will donate organs if they won't necessarily be used by people in their community.
Some doctors, such as Hodge's, believe the new system will provide organs for many who are too sick to handle the procedure and deprive those who are a little less sick, but who are strong enough to handle the surgery.
www.cnn.com /HEALTH/9810/01/organs.transplant/index.html   (630 words)

 Latest Breaking Health News & Information: Applesforhealth.com
A government mandated study of the nation's organ procurement system says donor organs should be made available in heavily populated areas to help ensure patients with the greatest medical need get transplants first.
It presented evidence organ donation waiting times varied widely across the United States and in some areas where organs were more plentiful, patients who were not in dire need of a transplant got one while sicker patients in other states did not.
The IOM committee acknowledged, however, the size of an organ procurement organization and donation volume play a part in transplant rates, noting patients who were not in critical need of transplants got them depending on their procurement organization affiliation.
www.applesforhealth.com /organdon1.html   (749 words)

 Diseases by Organ/Body System - VeterinaryPartner.com - a VIN company!
Often it is common to know what organ system is involved in a disease and want to know some of the possibilities.
The term "allergy" refers to a destructive reaction in the immune system whereby a harmless substance enters the body and the body's reaction is inappropriate.
The cardiovascular system concerns the circulation of oxygen from lung to tissue and the transport of waste gases (carbon dioxide) from the body's tissues back to the lung.
www.veterinarypartner.com /Content.plx?P=C&C=85&S=1   (838 words)

 ATSDR - CSEM - Taking An Exposure History: Organ Systems Affected
All organ systems can be targets of toxic exposures: different toxins affect various and differing organ systems.
The respiratory system is both a target organ and a portal of entry for toxicants.
The cardiovascular and hematologic systems are frequent targets of toxicants.
www.atsdr.cdc.gov /HEC/CSEM/exphistory/organ_systems.html   (331 words)

Located in beautiful southeastern West Virginia (WV), Organ Cave is the second largest commercial cave in the eastern United States, and one of the oldest commercial caves in the country.
Everyday the longest cave list will change and the position of a cave will change, but Organ Cave has remained in the top 30 since the list was created.
Organ Cave is more than a collection of stalactites and stalagmites; it’s a living museum.
www.organcave.com   (342 words)

 Conditions By Organ: Circulatory system - WrongDiagnosis.com
Circulatory system: The system for circulating blood from the heart, through the lungs, and around the body
Introduction: As most of the cells in the human body are not in direct contact with the external environment, the circulatory system acts as a transport system for these cells.
Organ subtypes: heart (55), blood vessels (58), blood (60), artery (22), vein (7) Organs: all organs
www.wrongdiagnosis.com /organ/circulatory_system.htm   (279 words)

 Online NewsHour: Changes to Organ Donation Allocation-- March 27, 1998
The UNOS system is based on 11 geographic regions, with 63 local areas within those regions.
When an organ becomes available, it is given to the sickest patient in that local area--or in that region, if not needed locally--even if there are needier patients elsewhere.
Or sometimes these organ procurement agencies are a single hospital, and the patient can be literally across the street dying and in need of an organ transplant, and these rules prevent that from occurring.
www.pbs.org /newshour/bb/health/jan-june98/organ_3-27.html   (2023 words)

 Artisan Instruments, SYSTEM OVERVIEW   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The system is constructed of 3 basic modules of hardware; an Input Module, a Console Module, and a Chamber Module.
This is a serial communication from the console computer module to the organ chamber(s), but is essentially parallel between the computer modules located in the organ chambers.
The Personal Computer may occasionally be re-connected to the organ control system for purposes of updating changes to the system, transferring files such as combination action registrations, or for record/playback.
www.artisan-instruments.com /system.htm   (522 words)

 Organ: Digestive system - CureResearch.com
Introduction: The digestive system is a series of hollow organs joined in a long, twisting tube from the mouth to the anus.
There are also two solid digestive organs, the liver and the pancreas, which produce juices that reach the intestine through small tubes.
Organ subtypes: digestive tract (0), stomach (36), intestine (43), small intestine (7), large intestine (19), colon (16), rectum (21), anus (16), gallbladder (7), bile duct (9), appendix (3)
www.cureresearch.com /organ/digestive_system.htm   (347 words)

 PIPE/ELECTRONIC HYBRID ORGAN SYSTEM   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Most pipe organ builders have become aware of the advantages of utilizing solid-state circuitry to process all of the information from the console, and send it to the pipe chambers on small data cables, eliminating the bulky cables and labor requirements.
The Reuter two-manual console was ruined during the flood of 1990, and a new one was quoted at more than the Rodgers organ with ten main speakers and two subwoofers.
The green boards demultiplex the serial data from the organ console and send it as discrete parallel data to the pipes and control relays via the pinstrip connections.
www.organtek.com /hybridz.htm   (504 words)

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