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Topic: Organization of African Unity


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  Organisation of African Unity - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Organisation of African Unity (OAU) or Organisation de l'Unité Africaine (OUA) was established on May 25, 1963.
It was disbanded July 9, 2002 by its last chairman, South African Thabo Mbeki and replaced by the African Union.
Its intended purpose was to promote the unity and solidarity of the African States and act as a collective voice for the continent.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Organization_of_African_Unity   (303 words)

  
 MSN Encarta - African Union
The organization was founded in Addis Ababa on May 25, 1963, as the Organization of African Unity.
The split in the organization continued during a series of wars, including the 1977 and 1978 invasions of the Katanga Province in Zaire (now the Democratic Republic of the Congo) by Angolan-backed forces, Somalia’s invasion of Ethiopia in 1978, and the conflict between Uganda and Tanzania in 1978 and 1979.
The OAU mediated a border dispute between Algeria and Morocco in 1964 and 1965.
encarta.msn.com /encnet/refpages/refarticle.aspx?refid=761566763   (794 words)

  
 Organization of African Unity (OAU) becomes the African Union (AU)
Constitutive Act of the African Union in English, (from the Department of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of South Africa).
African Union Summit includes documents of the 2002 Summit and older documents of the OAU summits.
Charter of the Organization of African Unity (available from the Department of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of South Africa).
www.hrcr.org /hottopics/au.html   (475 words)

  
 Organization of African Unity
The Organization of African Unity was established in 1963 in Addis Abeba.
In the wake of this aggression OAU‘s offer of financial and military aid to Guinea, along with its declared war on mercenaries in Africa and the successful information campaign it waged to alert international opinion were all evidence of the usefulness OAU has in facing outside aggression and the outside world.
Through OAU, African countries have proclaimed their permanent sovereignty over their natural resources, just as they are pressing for a modification of International Law with regard to the continental shelf and territorial waters.
www.itcilo.it /english/actrav/telearn/global/ilo/law/oau.htm   (1900 words)

  
 AllRefer.com - Organization of African Unity (International Organizations) - Encyclopedia
Organization of African Unity (OAU), established 1963 at Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, by 37 independent African nations to promote unity and development; defend the sovereignty and territorial integrity of members; eradicate all forms of colonialism; promote international cooperation; and coordinate members' economic, diplomatic, educational, health, welfare, scientific, and defense policies.
The organization mediated several border and internal disputes and was instrumental in bringing about majority rule and the end of apartheid in South Africa, which in 1994 became the 53d nation to be admitted to the organization.
The OAU continued to function, however, during a yearlong transition period, until the first official summit of the AU was held in July, 2002.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/O/OrgAfU.html   (410 words)

  
 Organization of African Unity: Making human rights a reality for Africans
African leaders of newly independent African states met 35 years ago to create a pan-African organization with the primary objective of promoting unity and solidarity of African states, to defend their sovereignty, territorial integrity and independence and to eradicate all forms of colonialism from Africa.
The OAU gave content to the words "freedom, equality, justice and dignity" in the OAU Charter and defined the "aspirations of the African peoples" which includes living in a society in which their human rights are respected and protected.
The African Commission is a body of 11 human rights experts which monitors the compliance by states of their obligations under the African Charter.(10) The African Commission was established in June 1987, after the African Charter came into effect, when the first Commissioners were elected by the OAU Assembly.
www.amnestyusa.org /refugee/document.do?id=BE49396316D3A81E8025690000692EB8   (12637 words)

  
 Organization of African Unity (OAU) / African Union (AU)
The Organisation of African Unity (OAU) was established on 25 May 1963 in Addis Ababa, on signature of the OAU Charter by representatives of 32 governments.
An Extraordinary Summit of the OAU held in Sirte, Libya on 9 September 1999 called for the establishment of an African Union in conformity with the ultimate objectives of the OAU Charter and the provisions of the Treaty establishing the African Economic Community.
Following this, the Constitutive Act of the African Union was adopted during the Lomé Summit of the OAU on 11 July 2000.
www.dfa.gov.za /foreign/Multilateral/africa/oau.htm   (1799 words)

  
 African Union   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
It is the successor to the Organisation of African Unity (OAU).
The African heads of states and government made this decision during the third summit of the African Union, which took place from 6 to 8 July in the Ethiopian capital city.
The proportions are changed from the old OAU flag, with the stripes having the ratio 3:1:8:1:3 and the emblem proportionately larger.
www.crwflags.com /fotw/flags/int-oau.html   (1324 words)

  
 L. Agreement between the organization of African Unity and the food and agriculture organization of the united nations
OAU and FAO agree to cooperate with each other through their appropriate organs with respect to all matters of common interest that arise in the fields of food and agriculture.
OAU shall invite FAO to be represented at sessions of its Specialized Commissions and at technical conferences or meetings, at which questions of interest to FAO are to be discussed.
OAU and FAO may, in appropriate cases, agree to convene under their auspices, according to arrangements to be made in each particular case, joint meetings concerning matters of interest to both Organizations.
www.fao.org /docrep/x5585E/x5585e0o.htm   (1210 words)

  
 General Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the Organization of African Unity
The archives of the Organization of African Unity and in general all documents belonging to it or held by it shall be inviolable wherever located.
The Organization of African Unity shall be free to transfer its funds, gold or currency from one country to another or within any country and to convert any currency held by it into any other currency.
The Organization of African Unity shall have the right to use codes and to despatch and receive its official correspondence, either by courier or in sealed bags which shall have the same immunities and privileges as diplomatic couriers and bags.
www.dfa.gov.za /foreign/Multilateral/africa/treaties/oaupriv.htm   (2164 words)

  
 Organization of African Unity Homepage   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Resolution of the Sixty-first Session of the OAU Council of Ministers on Implementing the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD)
Resolutions of the OAU Council of Ministers on the Activities of the OAU General Secretariat in the Field of Population and Development Policy in Africa
Rules of Procedure of the African Population Commission
www.un.org /popin/oau/oauhome.htm   (67 words)

  
 SHR Document Database
An African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights, hereinafter called "the Commission", shall be established within the Organization of African Unity to promote human and peoples' rights and ensure their protection in Africa.
The Secretary General of the Organization of African Unity shall convene the first meeting of the Commission at the Headquarters of the Organization within three months of the constitution of the Commission.
The Secretary General of the Organization of African Unity shall inform member states of the Organization of the deposit of each instrument of ratification or adherence.
shr.aaas.org /thesaurus/instrument.php?insid=1   (3531 words)

  
 Organization of African Unity. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
(OAU), former international organization, established 1963 at Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, by 37 independent African nations to promote unity and development; defend the sovereignty and territorial integrity of members; eradicate all forms of colonialism; promote international cooperation; and coordinate members’ economic, diplomatic, educational, health, welfare, scientific, and defense policies.
A more radical expansion and transformation of the OAU was adopted at Lomé, Togo, in 2000, in the form of the Constitutive Act of the African Union, which replaced the OAU in 2002.
The African Union has with greater powers to promote African economic, social, and political integration, and a stronger commmitment to democratic principles.
www.bartleby.com /65/or/OrgAfU.html   (245 words)

  
 Actions taken by the Assembly of Heads of State and Government of the Organization of African Unity
Resolution on the African Commission on Human and Peoples Rights, Twenty-Eighth Ordinary Session of the Assembly of Heads of State and Government of the Organization of African Unity, 29 June - 1 July 1992, Dakar, Senegal.
Resolution on the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights, Twenty-Ninth Ordinary Session of the Assembly of Heads of State and Government of the Organization of African Unity, 28 - 30 June 1993, Cairo, Egypt.
Resolution on the African Commission on Human and Peoples Rights, Thirtieth Ordinary Session of the Assembly of Heads of State and Government of the Organization of African Unity, 13 - 15 June 1994, Tunis, Tunisia.
www.umn.edu /humanrts/africa/oauactions.html   (209 words)

  
 AP Worldstream: Organization of African Unity closes shop, but few will miss it@ HighBeam Research   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Organization of African Unity closes shop, but few will miss it
The 53-nation body is being replaced by the African Union, a new organization modeled on the European Union that hopes to closely bind its members together, promote human rights and good government and enrich the world's poorest continent.
In its 39 years of existence, the OAU accomplished none of that.
www.highbeam.com /library/doc0.asp?DOCID=1P1:54150686&refid=ip_encyclopedia_hf   (206 words)

  
 A/RES/43/12. Co-operation between the United Nations and the Organization of African Unity
Reaffirms that the implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action for African Economic Recovery and Development 1986-1990 is the responsibility of the international community as a whole and commends the efforts undertaken by African countries in spite of the effects of the adverse international economic environment; 5.
Requests the Secretary-General to continue to keep the Organization of African Unity informed periodically of the response of the international community to those special programmes of economic assistance and to continue to co-ordinate efforts with all similar programmes initiated by that organization; 10.
Reiterates the determination of the United Nations, in co-operation with the Organization of African Unity, to intensify its efforts to eliminate colonialism, racial discrimination and apartheid in southern Africa; 12.
www.un.org /documents/ga/res/43/a43r012.htm   (466 words)

  
 Organization For African Unity   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Organization For Afrikan Unity is the spiritual child of the Organization of African Unity (Now the African Union) and the Organization for Afro-American Unity.
Thus we maintain similar aims and basic objectives.  The Organization for Afrikan Unity is comprised of students of African descent with the vested interest in Unity for Afrikan people by any means necessary.
The members of this organization shall consist of anyone interested in furthering the development of Afrikan people on the campus of Ohio University.Full voting membership will only be granted to those individuals who attend three (3) consecutive meetings.
www.ohiou.edu /~ofau/constitution.htm   (1900 words)

  
 Organization of African Unity
Organization of African UnityDraft Model Law on Community Rights and Access to Biological ResourcesWhereas, the State together with the civil society exercises sovereign and inalienable rights over the biological and genetic resources existing in the national territory,
A national inter-sectoral coordination body at the highest level, composed of relevant representatives from the public sector, scientific and professional organizations, NGOs and representatives of local communities, shall be created as a regulatory body to ensure the proper implementation and enforcement of the provisions of this legislation.
A technical secretariat (advisory body) which shall equally be inter-sectoral and composed of representatives of the public sector, research institutes and centres, the academic sector, authorities of community organizations and NGOs shall be created to support the work of the national inter-sectoral coordination body.
www.lclark.edu /org/ielp/oau.html   (2826 words)

  
 Organization of African Unity --  Britannica Concise Encyclopedia - The online encyclopedia you can trust!
It was established in 1963 to promote unity and solidarity of African states and eliminate vestiges of colonialism.
The OAU, whose chief policy unit was the annual assembly of heads of state and government, successfully mediated the Algeria-Morocco dispute of 1964–65 and the Somalia-Ethiopia and Kenya-Somalia border disputes of 1965–67, but it was less successful with the Biafra conflict (1968–70).
Regional associations include the Organization of American States (1948), the African Union (founded as the Organization of African Unity in 1963), the League of Arab States (1945), and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (1967).
www.britannica.com /ebc/article-9374135?tocId=9374135   (953 words)

  
 UNIDO - Summit of the Organization of African Unity (speech of the Director-General)
UNIDO - Summit of the Organization of African Unity (speech of the Director-General)
Summit of the Organization of African Unity (speech of the Director-General)
It is the first time I have the opportunity to address the OAU Council of Ministers, and in particular to thank the OAU for its unequivocal support - its support both for the crucial importance of sustainable industrial development in Africa, and for the significant role for UNIDO in bringing it about.
www.unido.org /doc/3329   (1832 words)

  
 UNHCR - 62nd Ordinary Session of the Council of Ministers of the Organization of African Unity   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Today's meeting of the OAU Council of Ministers comes at a time when the refugee scene in Africa is marked with both promise and peril.
Chairman, by expressing my deep appreciation to you personally, to His Excellency the Secretary-General of the OAU and to the OAU member states for their support which is indispensable to the work of my Office in Africa.
I count on the OAU leadership and the member states to bring hope to the refugees of Africa.
www.unhcr.ch /cgi-bin/texis/vtx/home/opendoc.htm?tbl=ADMIN&id=3ae68fca20&page=admin   (1258 words)

  
 AFRICA   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
African Union to replace the Organization of African Unity.
Transition from the OAU to the African Union.
At the Summit for the Organization of African Unity leaders discussed forming an African union.
www.au.af.mil /au/aul/bibs/africa/afr5a.htm   (319 words)

  
 Organization of African Unity: The African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child
The African Children's Charter is a codification by member states of the OAU of the responsibilities of the state, community and individual in the protection and promotion of the civil, cultural, economic, political and social rights of the child.
Whilst this signifies the willingness of African governments to assume international legal obligations to protect and promote the rights of children, it does not excuse the failure of African governments to ratify the regional instrument.
The OAU is undertaking a number of initiatives to tackle some of the severe problems faced by children all over Africa.
www.amnestyusa.org /children/document.do?id=86719A2BC6BE2702802569A500719F6E   (2105 words)

  
 Objectives and Strategy - Organization of African Unity   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Urges all concerned specialized agencies and bodies of the United Nations system to undertake an examination of their ongoing programmes and projects in the African continent with a view to integrating disability concerns into their work programmes systematically and supporting national implementation of the OAU declaration.
Urges organizations of disabled persons to cooperate with government agencies in strengthening means by which citizens with disabilities may realize their full potential, and to strengthen linkages among disabled persons in developed and developing countries to enhance their self-help capacity;
The Declaration of the Decade calls upon OAU member States to study the situation of persons with disabilities, with a view to formulating measures favouring equalization of opportunities, full participation and their independence in society.
www.logos-net.net /ilo/159_base/instr/oau_obj.htm   (949 words)

  
 Joint Statement of the Chief Executives of the Organization of African Unity
We, the Secretary General of the Organization of African Unity (OAU), the Executive Secretary of the Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), the President of the African Development Bank (ADB), held our Ninth Consultative Meeting in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso on 5 February 1999.
We urge African countries and the international community to maintain and expand their programmes aimed at combatting this deadly disease.
We underscore the importance of the ownership by African countries of their development programmes, and the need for strong partnership between Africa and the international community.
www.uneca.org /adf99/oauadb.htm   (1152 words)

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