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Topic: Organization of American States


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  Organization of American States - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Organization of American States (OAS; OEA in the other three official languages) is an international organization, headquartered in Washington, D.C. Its members are the 35 independent nations of the Americas.
At the Fourth International Conference of American States (Buenos Aires, 1910), the name of the organization was changed to the "Union of American Republics" and the Bureau became the "Pan American Union".
This was the event that saw the birth of the OAS as it stands today, with the signature by 21 American countries of the Charter of the Organization of American States on 30 April 1948 (in effect since December 1951).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Organization_of_American_States   (1685 words)

  
 University of Minnesota Human Rights Library
The death penalty shall not be reestablished in states that have abolished it.
Any State Party availing itself of the right of suspension shall immediately inform the other States Parties, through the Secretary General of the Organization of American States, of the provisions the application of which it has suspended, the reasons that gave rise to the suspension, and the date set for the termination of such suspension.
A vote of a two-thirds majority of the member states of the Organization shall be required for a decision in the case of members of the Commission and, in the case of judges of the Court, a two-thirds majority vote of the States Parties to the Convention shall also be required.
www1.umn.edu /humanrts/oasinstr/zoas3con.htm   (7394 words)

  
 Organization of American States
The Organization of American States (OAS) is the world's oldest regional organization, dating back to the First International Conference of American States, held in Washington, D.C., from October 1889 to April, 1890.
The American states molded such principles as non-intervention, the juridical equality of states, and the peaceful settlement of disputes which were later incorporated into the Charter and which continue to guide the activities of the Organization.
The Protocol of Washington, which was adopted in 1992, established that a member state of the Organization whose democratically-constituted government has been overthrown by force, may have its right to participate in the councils of the Organization suspended.
www.itcilo.it /english/actrav/telearn/global/ilo/law/oasint.htm   (1472 words)

  
 The Avalon Project : Bogota Conference of American States, Charter of the Organization of American States; March 30-May ...
The American States bind themselves in their international relations not to have recourse to the use of force, except in the case of self defense in accordance with existing treaties or in fulfillment thereof.
The Pan American Union is the central and permanent organ of the Organization of American States and the General Secretariat of the Organization.
The Organization of American States shall enjoy in the territory of each Member such legal capacity, privileges and immunities as are necessary for the exercise of its functions and the accomplishment of its purposes.
www.yale.edu /lawweb/avalon/decade/decad062.htm   (5541 words)

  
 Organization of American States --¬† Britannica Student Encyclopedia
OAS (Organization of American States) Twenty-one nations of the Western Hemisphere established the Organization of American States (OAS) in Bogotá;, Colombia, on April 30, 1948.
The aims of the states, as set forth in the charter, are “to achieve an order of peace and justice, to promote their solidarity, to strengthen their collaboration, and to defend their sovereignty, their territorial integrity, and...
On December 25 the Soviet Union was succeeded by the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), a loose confederation of 12 of the former...
www.britannica.com /ebi/article-9276212   (934 words)

  
 Charter of the Organization of American States   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The American States bind themselves in their international relations not to have recourse to the use of force, except in the case of self­defense in accordance with existing treaties or in fulfillment thereof.
The Member States recognize that integration of the developing countries of the Hemisphere is one of the objectives of the inter-American system and, therefore, shall orient their efforts and take the necessary measures to accelerate the integration process, with a view to establishing a Latin American common market in the shortest possible time.
In determining the location of the Specialized Organizations consideration shall be given to the interest of all of the Member States and to the desirability of selecting the seats of these organizations on the basis of a geographic representation as equitable as possible.
mwcs.neric.org /clubs/modeloas/charter.htm   (8117 words)

  
 Organization of American States
Became the Pan American Union in 1910, then the Organization of American States in 1948 with the adoption of the OAS Charter in Bogota, Colombia.
The Organization of American States, the oldest regional international organization in the world, traces its origins to the Congress of Panama, convoked by Simon Bolivar in 1826 and attended by representatives from Central and South America.
While a member state is free to decide the level of its commitment, once a pledge is made to this fund, the country is legally obligated to pay the amount pledged, and a country is not allowed to request projects unless it has pledged by the deadline established.
www.state.gov /p/wha/rls/fs/37856.htm   (6945 words)

  
 Organization of American States.
Thanks to the interests of the heads of state of the Rio Group, a draft convention was prepared and submitted to the OAS with a view to negotiating a hemispheric agreement.
It's a matter of pride because this convention is based on a framework of respect for the principles of legal equality of the states, respect for the sovereignty and the territorial jurisdiction of each nation, and the cooperation for international peace and security.
The step that all the representatives of the American states have taken here today shows that the hemisphere of the Americas is shouldering its share of the responsibility in building a future of peace and security for our children and a better future for all.
clinton4.nara.gov /WH/New/html/19971114-3126.html   (1701 words)

  
 OAS - Organization of American States
The flag of the Organization of American States was first used during the term of office of Secretary General Jose' Antonio Mora.
At events organized by the country hosting the General Assembly session, conference, or meeting, but not sponsored by the Organization of American States, the General Assembly, or the body holding the meeting, the flag protocol established by the host country may be observed.
If a member state wishes to show support for the Organization of American States, it may raise the OAS flag on special occasions such as holidays, or an official event if it is held in honor of the Organization.
www.crwflags.com /fotw/flags/int-oas.html   (1240 words)

  
 General Assembly of the Organization of American States... - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
General Assembly of the Organization of American States...
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en.wikipedia.org /wiki/General_Assembly_of_the_Organization_of_American_States...   (182 words)

  
 Organization of American States on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES [Organization of American States] (OAS), international organization, created Apr. 30, 1948, at Bogotá;, Colombia, by agreement of Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, the United States, Uruguay, and Venezuela.
Organization of AmericanStates (OAS) representatives meet 12 October, 2005, at the OAS headquarters in Washington, DC.
FORT LAUDERDALE, FL-- U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice applauds as JoseMiguel Insulza, Secretary General of the Organization of AmericanStates, heads to the podium at the OAS meetings in Fort Lauderdale,Florida, on Sunday, June 5, 2005.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/O/OrgA1mS1t.asp   (1041 words)

  
 ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES, Landmine Monitor Report 1999
The Assistance Program for Demining in Central America was created by the Organization of American States in 1991, in response to requests by Central American countries affected by antipersonnel landmines (Costa Rica, Honduras, Guatemala, and Nicaragua).
This coordination, both at headquarters and in the affected states, seeks to ensure that all essential components of each national demining project are operating properly (evacuation and medical emergency system, equipment, transportation, food, stipends, insurance coverage for both supervisors and sappers, etc.).
The OAS continues to urge member states that have not yet signed or ratified the Ottawa Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Antipersonnel Mines and on Their Destruction to consider doing so as soon as possible to ensure its earliest possible entry into force.
www.icbl.org /lm/1999/appendices/oas.html   (1630 words)

  
 American Civil Liberties Union : Letter to the Organization of American States on Military Detentions and Tribunals
More generally, the Commission stresses in its Request that "no person under the authority and control of a state, regardless or his or her circumstances, is devoid of legal protection for his or her fundamental and non-derogable human rights." Request at 3.
Rather, the exclusion of American citizens from the scope of the military commissions casts doubt on whether such commissions are really needed at all.
Indeed, the United States government's decision in the case of John Walker Lindh, a US citizen accused of terrorism offenses for his association with Al Qaeda and the Taliban, amply demonstrates that criminal courts remain a viable option for terrorism cases.
www.aclu.org /natsec/emergpowers/12501leg20020606.html   (2464 words)

  
 Organization of American States
Organization of American States (OAS), regional alliance comprising the autonomous nations of the Americas.
The organization is an outgrowth of the International Union of American Republics, founded in 1890 at the First International Conference of American States, held in Washington, D.C. Purposes
The amendments were designed to further economic development and integration among the nations of the hemisphere; to promote and defend representative democracy; to help overcome poverty; and to render more effective the provision of technical cooperation.
members.aol.com /kwiersma/oas.html   (458 words)

  
 organization of american states
The OAS is an intergovernmental organization and all members are official government delegations from nation-states, in this case, all member states are located in the Western Hemisphere.
The American Treaty On Pacific Settlement of Disputes and the American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man were also approved in Bogota.
The Cuban State cannot be excluded since there are no provisions in the Charter that address the expulsion of a member state.
www.towson.edu /polsci/ppp/sp97/oas/OAS.HTM   (1169 words)

  
 Organization of American States
Organization of American States (OAS), international organization, created Apr. 30, 1948, at Bogotá;, Colombia, by agreement of Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, the United States, Uruguay, and Venezuela.
In 1962, Cuba was formally expelled from the organization on charges of subversion.
The American Library Association is one of the most determinedly Left organizations in the United States.(Brief Article)
www.infoplease.com /ce6/history/A0836843.html   (493 words)

  
 Organization of American States
The Organization of American States is the third world response to U.S. intervention.
The Charter of the OAS, signed at Bogota in 1948, formally commits the U.S. and all the American states to the principle of non-intervention.
The OAS had the potential of being a major force but the United States has violated the precepts of the organization so many times that it just doesn't have any teeth left.
latter-rain.com /ltrain/oas.htm   (134 words)

  
 Organization of American Historians
The Organization of American Historians promotes excellence in the scholarship, teaching, and presentation of American history, and encourages wide discussion of historical questions and equitable treatment of all practitioners of history.
The work of the organization is supported primarily through the contributions of its membership.
Thanks to the generous support of the Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History, the Organization of American Historians is pleased to announce another year of travel fellowships for precollegiate history teachers to attend the 2006 OAH Annual Meeting in Washington, D.C., April 19 to April 22.
www.oah.org   (792 words)

  
 LLRX -- Revised Guide to International Trade Law Sources on the Internet
Organization of American States Trade Unit also provides the text of the agreement, protocols, and other related documents.
The ISO is a non-governmental organization established in 1947 to promote the development of standardization and related activities in the world with a view to facilitating the international exchange of goods and services, and to developing cooperation in the spheres of intellectual, scientific, technological and economic activity.
This organization is the core legal body of the UN charged with harmonization and unification of international trade law.
www.llrx.com /features/trade3.htm   (4223 words)

  
 Background Notes: Organization of American States 3/98
That conference also approved the American Treaty on Pacific Settlement (Pact of Bogota) and the American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man. The OAS Charter proclaims it to be a regional agency within the UN system.
As a multilateral organization, OAS observers are often able to establish closer relationships with and gain greater access to political and electoral institutions than other observer groups.
The OAS has also organized and sponsored conferences on confidence and security building measures, designed to strengthen military-to-military relations, decrease historic rivalries and tensions, and create an environment allowing democratic governments to maintain and modernize defense forces without triggering suspicions from their neighbors or leading to an arms race.
www.umsl.edu /services/govdocs/backgroundnotes/101.htm   (6851 words)

  
 The Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press
The state Supreme Court dismissed a petition against two judges who criticized police and prosecutors in correspondence leaked to a newspaper and in a subsequent letter to the editor.
The state Supreme Court expanded liability for media using hidden cameras in a medical office, despite reducing a multi-million privacy award in the case of a doctor who lost his job over a hidden camera report.
A coalition of media organizations led by The Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press this week urged the U.S. Supreme Court to review a controversial whistleblower case with national security implications in which the public and press were barred from an appellate hearing with no explanation or opportunity to argue for access.
www.rcfp.org   (4355 words)

  
 BBC NEWS | Americas | Country profiles | Profile: Organization of American States
The Organization of American States, or OAS, aims to foster democracy, security, human rights and economic integration among its members.
OAS heads of state and government meet at the high-profile Summit of the Americas, a periodic gathering held to address the challenges facing Western Hemisphere nations.
The ideal of inter-American cooperation is dogged by rifts between some Latin American countries and the US over economic policy and trade.
news.bbc.co.uk /2/hi/americas/country_profiles/4441597.stm   (547 words)

  
 The U.S. and the Organization of American States
The U.S. Mission to the Organization of American States (OAS) is headed by Ambassador John F. Maisto, who has served as Permanent Representative to the OAS since July 31, 2003.
The charter of the OAS states that its basic objectives are to:
As a member of the OAS, the United States is committed to strengthening and working with the organization.
www.state.gov /p/wha/rt/oas   (286 words)

  
 American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC)
The American Legislative Exchange Council is dedicated to developing public policies based on the Jeffersonian principles of free markets, limited government, federalism, and individual liberty.
ALEC State Legislators shared their knowledge and experience with each other, as well as heard from national leaders, renowned policy experts and business executives who share their commitment to common sense, conservative policies.
More than 2,000 state legislators business leaders, and public policy experts are gathered in Grapevine, Texas to participate in an “exchange of ideas” about how to improve public policy and further our common goals of a limited government that promotes free markets and individual liberties.
www.alec.org   (823 words)

  
 Private International Law
The database is organized into four general areas: Trade and Business Transactions Law; Family Law; International Judicial Assistance; and the law governing Wills, Trusts, and Estates.
This section lists multilateral conventions for which the United States has deposited an instrument of ratification, and which are currently in force for the United States.
This section lists multilateral conventions that the United States has not yet ratified, but which are currently under consideration with respect to eventual ratification and passage of domestic implementing legislation.
www.state.gov /s/l/c3452.htm   (375 words)

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