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Topic: The Organization of Behavior

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In the News (Sat 15 Dec 18)

  Sociable machines - The behavior system
Kismet's behavior system is configured to emulate those key action patterns observed in an infant's initial repertoire that allow him/her to interact socially with the caregiver.
Because the infant's initial responses are often described in ethological terms, the architecture of the behavior system adopts several key concepts from ethology regarding the organization of behavior (esp. Lorenz and Tinbergen).
behavior is to flee from the offending stimulus.
www.ai.mit.edu /projects/sociable/behavior.html   (1473 words)

 Leadership - Organizational Behavior
Organizational Behavior is the study and application of knowledge about how people, individuals, and groups act in organizations.
This in turn drives the organizational culture which is composed of the formal organization, informal organization, and the social environment.
Organization Development (OD) is the systematic application of behavioral science knowledge at various levels, such as group, inter-group, organization, etc., to bring about planned change.
www.nwlink.com /~donclark/leader/leadob.html   (1320 words)

 Organizational studies - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Organizational studies is the study of individual and group dynamics in an organizational setting, as well as the nature of the organizations themselves.
Organization behavior is becoming more important in the global economy as people with diverse backgrounds and cultural values have to work together effectively and efficiently.
Organizational behavior is used in the United States, while organizational behaviour is preferred in Canada and various places such as English academic circles.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Organizational_studies   (742 words)

 John Paul Scott Founder's Award
Paul's early research included a 1942 study of social behavior in inbred house mice, studies of leadership and dominance in goats, and a study of social behavior and organization in sheep.
Scott organized two key conferences at Bar Harbor, one on "Genetics and Social Behavior" in 1946 and the other on "The Effects of Early Experience on Mental Health" in 1951; they were pivotal in coalescing developing interest in animal behavior in North America into a coherent sub-discipline.
Rather, he was a quiet builder of organizations and structures that advanced the field of animal behavior and a solid researcher and sytematizer whose social conscience drove much of his research effort.
www.animalbehavior.org /ABS/Stars/Founders/aboutfounders.html   (1496 words)

 Compare Prices on Organizational Behavior: An Experiential Approach at YaPrice - Books & Magazines Reviews   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Consistently, through `experiential approaches' as described in "Organizational Behavior", adults learn more useful lessons from their experiences, learn what their lessons mean, learn how to generalize their learning for other applicable situations, AND apply more of their learning when they are back on the job.
Organizational Behavior: an Experiential Approach makes clear that much of the text will be devoted to things like "Learning Style Inventories," "Thematic Apperception Tests," "Past Experience Inventories", "Active Listening Exercises," Case Studies, Role Plays, and the like.
For those readers who want a more conventional approach to the subject of organizational behavior, Stephen Robbins has written a variety of OB books that are comprehensive, readable, and even entertaining.
www.yaprice.com /compare/prod-p571314.html   (607 words)

 Management and Organization Behavior
This book presents an argument that it is time for organizations to create conditions that are healthier for everyone and to integrate into their fundamental values.
Included are chapters on the history of organizational change, foundations of organizations and change, nature of change, models for understanding organization change, and leading organization change.
Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection covers topics such as emotional and behavioral characteristics, psychiatry and psychology, mental processes, anthropology, and observational and experimental methods.
library.weber.edu /cm/business/ManagementandOrganizationBehavior.cfm   (1140 words)

 International Organization Behavior Post-September 11, 2001
Above all, anthropology [or organizational behavior or management] of America must be anthropology of the center because, whether we like it or not, America is, if not "the" center of cultural life on the globe in this second half of the twentieth century, at least one of the two or three most powerful centers.
The dominance of American corporations throughout the world as well as the accumulation of American social science findings in psychology, social psychology, sociology, anthropology, and political science and their application to management and organizational behavior theories, is pervasive throughout the world.
Some problematic issues are the organization behavior and social science view of human progress, the role of the individual as agent, the nature of authority relations, the nature of organization change, and the structure of social inequality.
www.prenhall.com /divisions/bp/app/francesco/html/feb02.html   (1130 words)

 SOM 680: Organization Behavior and Theory
The focus will be on concepts and processes in the field of organizational behavior that prescribe various approaches for managers and organizations to effectively achieve their goals and objectives.
The overall objective of the course is to increase the students understanding of and ability to apply contemporary organizational behavior knowledge in work situations.
Then the student is to apply the new insights and knowledge gained from these sources to develop and implement a plan to positively impact his/her own or someone else's (with the other's consent and involvement) behavior a desirable way.
intra.som.umass.edu /manz/som680.htm   (650 words)

 Hiring a Behavior Analyst
The situation with Behavior Analysis is no different than many other areas - and often worse because the consumer does not usually have the skills to distinguish the well-trained professional from one that is merely seizing on an opportunity to expand their practice.
The requirement for behavior analysts is not as stringent as either of these training regimens at only a year or so, but does ensure that the person has actually done some work in the field under direct supervision prior to offering their services independently.
The Association for Behavior Analysis International is the premier professional organization for those adhering to the functional approach to behavior change.
www.behavior-consultant.com /discuss-hireBA.htm   (1561 words)

 Leadership - Organizational Behavior
It is based upon the theory that organizations generally operate out of one of four modes - Autocratic, Custodial, Supportive, or Collegial.
If there is only a small difference between three or four scores, then this indicates that you have no clear perception of the way your organization behaves, or the organization's behavior is highly variable.
The organization depends on economic recourses to meet the security needs of its employees which leads to dependence upon the organization.
www.nwlink.com /~donclark/leader/obsurvey.html   (777 words)

 Amazon.com: Organizational Behavior: Books: John B. Miner   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The institutional culture of organizational behavior is discussed and a vision for the future of the field is stated.
Here the early history and the evidence from the theories are brought together in an effort to assess the identity of organizational behavior and where it might be headed.
Organizational Behavior with Microsoft — Learn how people, with the right tools, solve business challenges.
www.amazon.com /Organizational-Behavior-John-B-Miner/dp/0195122143   (996 words)

 eBay - organization behavior, Behavior in Organizations, Textbooks, Education items on eBay.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Human Behavior In Organizations by Michael L. Menefe...
Behavior in Organizations by Greenberg Baron 8th Ed.
Organization Behavior by David A. Kolb, Irwin M. Rub...
search-desc.ebay.com /search/search.dll?query=organization+behavior&...   (243 words)

 GeoParent | Home and Living | Organization: Household Behavior Modification
With this idea, you make changes in certain behaviors that you do at home to make improvements in areas that are bothering you.
Behavior modifications: Sort through mail right after it is retrieved, throwing away what needs to be thrown away, putting bills in bill box and coupons in coupon binder.
Behavior modifications: Since the living room is the first room visitors see, I'll be sure to tidy it first when cleaning house.
geoparent.com /home/organization/homebehavior.htm   (780 words)

 CISAB | REU Summer Program
Dr. Demas studies the neuroendocrine and immune mechanisms underlying behavior, including the role of the nervous system and the hormone leptin in mediating immune responses, the effects of sickness on food-related behavior, and the neuroendocrine bases of aggression in Siberian hamsters.
Dr. Ketterson studies the physiological underpinnings of evolutionary trade-offs in reproductive behavior and migration in birds.
Dr. Timberlake studies animal behavior and learning theory, including the ethological analysis of learning; circadian and ultradian rhythms; time horizons and regulatory processes in operant responding and ingestion.
www.indiana.edu /~animal/REU/REUFaculty.html   (628 words)

 UCSB Autism Research and Training Center BMSO Manuals
The Pivotal Response Treatment manual addresses the subject of pivotal behaviors, such as motivation, which are behaviors that are central to a wide area of behaviors, such that positive changes in the pivotal behavior produce widespread positive effects on many other behaviors, including often times disruptive behavior.
Instructs reader on how to perform a functional analysis, that is, how to recognize the function of the behavior that an individual is displaying, and how to use that information to modify the behavior to one that is appropriate and no longer disruptive.
The Behavior Management Student Organization consists of students in the Counseling/ Clinical/ School psychology program and the Educational Psychology program who are affiliated with the Koegel Autism Research Center.
education.ucsb.edu /autism/behaviormanuals.html   (911 words)

 Organizational Behavior and Theory   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Emphasis is on integrating theory and concepts from the behavioral and social sciences as a basis for understanding human behavior within organizations.
Factors which influence the structure, design, operation, and performance of individuals in complex organizations will be explored.
Rousseau, D.M. Organizational behavior in the new organizational era.
www.txdirect.net /users/dmangels/orgbeh.htm   (1477 words)

 Behavioral Neurobiology: The Cellular Organization of Natural Behavior - Sinauer Associates, Inc.
The pedagogical premise of the book is that general insights into the neuronal organization of behavior can be gained by examining neural solutions that have evolved in animals to solve problems encountered in their particular environmental niches.
Behavioral Neurobiology does not presume a strong biological background, and is therefore suitable for a general undergraduate audience.
Thomas J. Carew is Bren Professor and Chair of the Department of Neurobiology and Behavior at the University of California, Irvine.
www.sinauer.com /detail.php?id=0922   (654 words)

 healing the generations - therapy for infants, children and adults
The organization of behavior, learning and performance is a natural outcome of the process, as is the ability to adapt to incoming sensations.
The ability to organize behavior under a variety of challenges soon carries over to daily performance.
The knowledge base, relationship and selection of activities provides the comfort, safety, and confidence necessary for the child to be able to accept the challenges that promote development of organized behavior and skill.
www.healingthegenerations.com /sensoryintegration.htm   (873 words)

 Serial Organization of Behavior
The spontaneous temporal organization of sequences will be used as a criterion for defining output chunks, as contrasted with input chunks, the type of chunk originally proposed by Miller (1956).
Earlier, Lashley (1951) noted the importance of hierarchically organized motor programs in his analysis of the inability of linear models to account for the speed with which skilled sequences were executed.
Instead of asking about the origins of serially organized behavior, cognitive scientists (mainly theoretical linguists and investigators of artificial intelligence) take for granted the availability of ordered sets, recursive strings and other formal primitives in their theories of seriation.
www.pigeon.psy.tufts.edu /avc/terrace/default.htm   (8347 words)

 Human Behavior Laboratory
The Human Behavior Laboratory is dedicated to theoretical and methodological development concerning the spatio-temporal organization of human behavior and interactions.
The focus is on the development and testing of mathematical pattern types for the description and analysis of behavior as a complex process that takes place in real-time and space.
The focus is mainly on human behavior but behavior of other animals is also considered because of the important perspective it often provides on the human case.
www.hi.is /~msm/behavior.html   (141 words)

 Basic organization of operant behavior - Wolf & Heisenberg (1991)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Little is known about the basic functional organization of operant conditioning despite its popularity among the students of Cognitive Psychology.
An organism is said to behave operantly if it is modifying its behavior in response to the comparison between its own behavioral output and its experience.
In contrast to classical conditioning, where the organism experiences (and eventually memorizes) contingencies in its environment, an operantly behaving organism is constantly exploring the consequences of its own actions.
www.brembs.net /opactiv   (296 words)

 Donald Olding Hebb - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
During the course of the work there, Hebb wrote The Organization of Behavior: A Neuropsychological Theory, his ground-breaking book which set forth the theory that the only way to explain behaviour was in terms of brain function.
A combination of his years of work in brain surgery mixed with his study of human behavior, it finally brought together the two realms of human perception that for a long time could not be connected properly.
And, while the understanding of the anatomy of the brain did not advance much since the development of the older theories on the operation of the brain, he was still able to piece together a theory that got a lot of the important functions of the brain right.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Donald_Olding_Hebb   (2361 words)

 Amazon.com: The Organization of Behavior: A Neuropsychological Theory: Books: D.O. Hebb   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
This new edition rectifies a long-standing problem for behavioral neuroscientists--the inability to obtain one of the most cited publications in the field.
The Organization of Behavior played a significant part in stimulating the investigation of the neural foundations of behavior and continues to be inspiring because it provides a general framework for relating behavior to synaptic organization through the dynamics of neural networks.
These forceful ideas of 1949 are now applied in engineering, robotics, and computer science, as well as neurophysiology, neuroscience, and psychology--a tribute to Hebb's foresight in developing a foundational neuropsychological theory of the organization of behavior.
www.amazon.com /Organization-Behavior-Neuropsychological-Theory/dp/0805843000   (924 words)

 Historical Background of Organizational Behavior
There are some writings from antiquity that suggest that systematic approaches to management and organization did evolve and were transmitted to others.
While many people think of bureaucracy in negative terms, this model in its pure form was a dramatic improvement over the previous model of organization which was a feudal model based on fixed status and position by birth, not merit and unquestioned authority.
These studies added much to our knowledtge of human behavior in organizations and created pressure for management to change the traditional ways of managing human resources.
web.cba.neu.edu /~ewertheim/introd/history.htm   (2161 words)

 Organizational Behavior Resources
Essentially, it embodies organizational processes that seek synergistic combination of data and information processing capacity of information technologies, and the creative and innovative capacity of human beings." (@BRINT)
American Psychological Association The largest scientific and professional organization representing psychology in the United States and the world's largest association of psychologists.
Organizational Development Institute The Organization Development Institute is a non-profit educational association organized in 1968 to promote an understanding of O.D. Society for Human Resource Management This society is the leading voice of human resource professsion, representing the interests of more than 100,000 professional and student members from around the world.
www.cps.usfca.edu /ob/resources   (734 words)

 Measuring Behavior 2002: Tutorial - SEE: a software-supported Strategy for the Exploration of Exploration   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
SEE analysis provides a large number of behavioral measures (endpoints) that were shown to be discriminative between mouse strains and replicable across laboratories.
Endpoints are based on natural behavior patterns that are defined algorithmically without the need for a human observer, and, consequently, without subjective bias.
This is a Mathematica-based software package that allows the visualization of the data, the construction of hypotheses concerning the organization of behavior, and the development of new behavioral endpoints.
www.noldus.com /events/mb2002/program/tut_lipkind.html   (455 words)

 Pet Behavior Solutions - Dog and Cat behavioral training
Dogality - Lists adoptable pets, behavior and training tips, some of our interviews tips and training suggestions are available here, photos and more.
Arizona Adopt A Greyhound - This is the largest greyhound adoption organization in Arizona with 60 or more greyhounds available at most anytime.
R.E.S.C.U.E. - This is a great organization with lots of adoptable dogs and cats, all featured on their web page.
www.petbehaviorsolutions.com /pages/links.htm   (535 words)

 Organization Behavior ORGB 300
Through study and application, this course introduces you to the concepts and principles of organization behavior.
Identify and define principles and theories of individual behavior (e.g., motivation, power, leadership, interpersonal communication).
Differentiate organizational structures, corporate cultures and strategies, as well as their influence on individual and group behavior.
www.pages.drexel.edu /~linnehf/300/index.htm   (897 words)

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