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Topic: Organizational theory

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In the News (Sat 17 Aug 19)

 Organizational Theory
Organizational theory (OT) is the study of organizations for the benefit of identifying common themes for the purpose of solving problems, maximizing efficiency and productivity, and meeting he needs of stakeholders.
Since organizations pervade the field of public health: from free clinics to refugee crisis support teams to research institutions, an understanding of organizations and how they work, helps public health professionals to be more effective participants in and leaders of organizations.
Organizations should be sure to support their team members in meeting new roles by giving time for transition, or offering training and support.
www.cwru.edu /med/epidbio/mphp439/Organizational_Theory.htm   (4550 words)

 Organizational Theory
The text's approach is pluralist, reflecting the diverse nature of organizational theory as a field of study influenced by thinkers from a variety of academic disciplines.
Organizations are not merely physical, they are also social and technological systems: they are multi-dimensional, with aspects which are unmeasurable.
Organizations are changing in line with new technical possibilities, yet organizations cannot be viewed simply as communications networks - the human dimension cannot be forgotten.
www.hrmguide.co.uk /history/organization_theory.htm   (809 words)

 Organizational Theory
The primary criticism of Weber's theory of bureaucracy is the overwhelming acceptance of authority as its central tenet.
Systems theory blends many different theories into one common functional system where all of the activities of the organization are grouped into processes such as inputs, homeostasis, parameters, processing, outputs and feedback.
Organizational systems can be analyzed in terms of their subsystems such as operations, production, finance, marketing, personnel etc. These organizational subsystems are further analyzed in terms of their interactional processing with their internal subsystems and external systems.
iris.nyit.edu /~shartman/mba0120/chapter2.htm   (6488 words)

He argues quite convincingly that these "textbook" theories which focus primarily on authority as the central indispensable means of managerial control, are the result of "...armchair speculation rather than empirical research." It is his belief that traditional attempts to control behavior in an organizational setting are pursued in a manor that directly violates human nature.
The foundation of Theory Y is constructed from assumptions of human nature that recognizes that the expenditure of physical and mental effort in the workplace is as natural to people as play or rest.
It is this equilibrium between the achievement of organizational purpose and satisfaction of individual motives that propels the organizations chances of survival.
www.csustan.edu /ppa/llg/padm5400/bibpage.htm   (1935 words)

 Organizational studies -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Organizational studies is the study of individual and group dynamics in an (A group of people who work together) organization setting, as well as the nature of the organizations themselves.
As such, organizational behavior (and its cousin, (Any of several branches of psychology that seek to apply psychological principles to practical problems of education or industry or marketing etc.) Industrial psychology) have at times been accused of being the scientific tool of the powerful.
After the First World War, the focus of organizational studies shifted to analysis of how human factors and psychology affected organizations, a transformation propelled by the discovery of the (Click link for more info and facts about Hawthorne Effect) Hawthorne Effect.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/o/or/organizational_studies.htm   (685 words)

 Organizational Theory
Organizations in this box tend to be highly decentralized and use informal means of coordination and control.
Organizations whose structures are not fitted to the environment (which includes other organizations, communities, customers, governments, etc.) will not perform well and will fail.
Stakeholders have interests in what the organization does, and may or may not have the power to influence the organization to protect their interests.
www.analytictech.com /mb021/orgtheory.htm   (1524 words)

 Organizational Information Theory
Dr. Weicks graduate level teaching focuses on the social psychology of organizing, micro foundations of organization studies, the craft of scholarship, and his executive education teaching focuses on the management of uncertainty through sensemaking and improvisation.
Weick states, "Organizations and their environments change so rapidly that it is unrealistic to show what they are like now, because that's not the way they are going to be later" (1969, p.1).
"Organizations receive information from multiple sources; They must decode the information and determine whether it is comprehensible, which person or department is most qualified to deal with the information, and whether multiple departments require this information to accomplish their tasks.
www.colostate.edu /Depts/Speech/rccs/theory43.htm   (1164 words)

 Organizational Communication: Theory and Behavior - Allyn & Bacon / Longman Catalog
This contributed volume explores topics such as chaos theory, gender, diversity, conflict, culture, ethics, technology, consulting and creativity and is designed to present students with both theoretical and practical information about how people communicate within organizations.
This new, contributed volume of organizational scholarship is separated into four sections, Part I (Communication as Process) serves as a foundation for the text, providing a definition and a description of the different types and levels of communication.
Perspectives on organizational communication are offered, as well as discussions of formal and informal communication networks, nonverbal communication, and the role of ethics in organizational communication.
www.ablongman.com /catalog/academic/product/0,4096,0205174434,00.html   (238 words)

 The Center on Institutions and Governance - Encyclopedia of Governance
On one hand, the public sector in many states has shifted toward markets and networks, as opposed to bureaucratic hierarchies: governance thus refers to the ways in which patterns of rule operate in and through groups within the voluntary and private sector.
The changes in the state are those associated with, firstly, the transfer of powers, rights, and functions to organizations within civil society, and, secondly, the rise of new types of regional and international linkages and problems.
The conceptual focus would be on the ways in which these changes in the state are explored in political science, public administration, political economy, and sociological or organizational theory.
igov.berkeley.edu /projects/encyclopedia.html   (409 words)

 chris argyris, double-loop learning and organizational learning @ the encyclopedia of informal education
A theory of action is first a theory: ‘its most general properties are properties that all theories share, and the most general criteria that apply to it – such as generality, centrality and simplicity - are criteria applied to all theories’ (Argyris and Schön 1974: 4).
The underlying theory, supported by years of empirical research, is that the reasoning processes employed by individuals in organizations inhibit the exchange of relevant information in ways that make double-loop learning difficult – and all but impossible in situations in which much is at stake.
Organizational theory-in-use, continually constructed through individual inquiry, is encoded in private images and in public maps.
www.infed.org /thinkers/argyris.htm   (4841 words)

 Chris Argyris, Bibliography of Works
Two conceptions of causality: The case of organizational theory and behavior.
Bridging economics and psychology: The case of the economic theory of the firm.
Organization of a bank: A study of the nature of organization and the fusion process.
www.actionscience.com /argbib.htm   (873 words)

 Organizational studies - Encyclopedia.WorldSearch   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
The field is highly influential in the business world with practitioners like Peter Drucker and Peter Senge turning the academic research into business practices.
An excellent overview of the field, including readings and outlines of major theories, can be found here.
Frederick Herzberg, Victor Vroom, David McClelland, Organizational commitment, Organizational Development, Persuasion and attitude change, List of human resource management topics, team, compensation, motivation, Theory X and theory Y, Abraham Maslow, Formal organization, MdDonaldization
encyclopedia.worldsearch.com /organizational_studies.htm   (535 words)

 [No title]
Alvesson and Deetz (1996) for example call for an association of postmodern and critical theory; Alvesson and Willmott's (1997) and Mills and Simmons (1995) texts are a cross of poststructuralism, postmodern, and critical theory; Hatch's text (1997) is a cross of postmodern and social construction.
Postmodern Organization Theory is a disputed and controversial terrain
Chaos theory grounds a postmodern science that is unpredictable, hence unknowable to the degree of precision demanded by modern science...
cbae.nmsu.edu /~dboje/postmoderntheory.html   (2567 words)

 MOR 602: PhD Seminar, Organizational Theory
The goal of this course is to familiarize students with a broad range of theoretical perspectives in contemporary organizational theory.
W.S. Hesterly, J. Liebeskind, and T.R. Zenger, “Organizational economics: An impending revolution in organization theory?” AMR 15, 3, 1990: 402-420.
Mone, McKinley and Barker III (1998), "Organizational Decline and Innovation: A Contingency Framework," AMR, 23: 115-132.
www-rcf.usc.edu /~padler/602AdlerSpring2001.htm   (7333 words)

 Historical Background of Organizational Behavior
There are some writings from antiquity that suggest that systematic approaches to management and organization did evolve and were transmitted to others.
While many people think of bureaucracy in negative terms, this model in its pure form was a dramatic improvement over the previous model of organization which was a feudal model based on fixed status and position by birth, not merit and unquestioned authority.
The results of the research led researchers to feel that they were dealing with socio-psychological factors that were not explained by classic theory which stressed the formal organization and formal leadership.
web.cba.neu.edu /~ewertheim/introd/history.htm   (2161 words)

 Amazon.com: Organizational Theory, Design, and Change, Fourth Edition: Books: Gareth R. Jones   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
It addresses the many issues and problems that are involved in managing the process of organizational change and transformation, providing direct and clear managerial implications.
Topics covered in this comprehensive book are the organization and its environment; organizational design; organizational change; and finally, interesting case studies that illustrate the concepts presented.
Organization Change: Theory and Practice (Foundations for Organizational Science) by W.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0131403710?v=glance   (905 words)

 IT544 ORGANIZATIONAL THEORY   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
IT is in the process of changing the old, hierarchical one-to-many,.
IT 544 inspects the impact of information technology on the human and on the human organizations including business, national, and inertnational structures.
Through research, discussions, and presentations the class will identify and attempt to predict the trends and forces which will the lives of individuals and organizations.
www4.desales.edu /~msis/IT544/it544.html   (123 words)

 Amazon.ca: Books: Organizational Theory, Design, and Change   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
An in-depth look at organizational culture from the origins of culture to its relationship with organizational effectiveness.
Detailed coverage of the stakeholder approach to organizations and the implications of this approach for organizational effectiveness.
Discussion of recent literature on interorganizational linkage mechanisms, and an account of the role of resource dependence theory and transaction cost theory in explaining why organizations choose different types of linkage mechanisms.
www.amazon.ca /exec/obidos/ASIN/0131403710   (366 words)

 Organizational learning: A review of some literatures   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Organizational learning is comprised of both behavioral and cognitive processes.
Resistant organizations with the capacity to learn, however, possess two equilibria, mutual cooperation and mutual noncooperation; these utility functions must intersect, and so the outcome is a function of the percentage of organizational actors cooperating.
Therefore, to move the organization from resistance to learning, a “critical mass” of cooperating organizational actors must be obtained.
www.tonypolito.com /wri_orgl.doc   (4263 words)

 Organizational Behavior and Theory   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Emphasis is on integrating theory and concepts from the behavioral and social sciences as a basis for understanding human behavior within organizations.
Factors which influence the structure, design, operation, and performance of individuals in complex organizations will be explored.
Rousseau, D.M. Organizational behavior in the new organizational era.
www.txdirect.net /users/dmangels/orgbeh.htm   (1477 words)

 Systems Thinking & Organizational Learning Primer | Writings   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
In 7 chapters this article describes a practice theory for Organizational Learning that can integrates learning and action to achieve superior results.
A description of Organizational Learning in 1000 words or less in terms that any employee could understand.
Again, this is a model that was developed jointly with clients, as a way for us to explain to ourselves what we were doing.
www.systemsprimer.com /writings.htm   (227 words)

 EDLD 701 Organizational Theory Summer 2002
The goal of this course is to make the comprehension of organizations and organizational phenomena less mysterious.
It is designed to introduce the doctoral student to classical and contemporary organizational theories, specifically as they pertain to the study of leadership.
By the completion of the course, each student should be able to articulate a viable theoretical approach to the analysis of organizations which is applicable to a wide variety of situations.
guweb2.gonzaga.edu /doctoral/ls701u02.html   (1081 words)

 Organizational Theory: Text and Cases (3rd Edition)
I teach an undergraduate class in "Organizations and Technology" at the University of Phoenix (Southern California campuses) and we use the Garth R. Jones book as our textbook.
I have found the book to be so comprehensive and well-organized that I am able to link the organization and content of my lectures directly to the textbook.
Jones' text on organizational theory provides the casual reader with a good review of the main currents of thought on that subject.
www.literacyconnections.com /0_0130183784.html   (319 words)

 Term Papers 2000, Term papers, 051111
Consumers pay their taxes and make other payments electronically; governments receive these taxes and distribute refunds also electronically; and enterprises put these modern technological tools to move payments and other funds.
With these benefits, organizations are better able to use their financial and human resource on more important or critical objectives and activities than on processes that need to be automated."
According to a 1999 study, approximately 30 percent of U.S. employees suspected that ethical violations had occurred in their organizations in the two years prior to the survey.
termpapers2000.com /lib/essay?A=type1&...+and+Organizational+Theory   (3872 words)

 JSTOR: Administrative Science Quarterly
is a peer-reviewed, interdisciplinary journal publishing theoretical and empirical work that advances the study of organizational behavior and theory.
publishes articles that contribute to organization theory from a number of disciplines, including organizational behavior and theory, sociology, psychology and social psychology, strategic management, economics, public administration, and industrial relations.
Special issues have explored qualitative methods, organizational culture, the utilization of organizational research, the distribution of rewards in organizations, and critical perspectives on organizational control.
www.jstor.org /journals/00018392.html   (164 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Redding, C. Stumbling toward identity: The emergence of organizational communication as a field of study.
Putnam, L. Paradigms for organizational communication research: An overview and synthesis.
Morand, D. Dominance, deference, and egalitarianism in organizational interaction: A sociolinguistic analysis of power and politeness.
www.utexas.edu /courses/speclass/courses/micro   (2337 words)

Topics should be productively related to complex systems and information theory.
Intelligent design theory or the Darwinian theory of evolution: a poor choice.
biological complexity, organizational complexity, etc.) and the ontological status of purpose, especially from the vantage point of various information- and design-theoretic models.
www.iscid.org /boards/ubb-forum-f-6.html   (230 words)

 ORGANIZATIONAL THEORY   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Definition: The belief that organizations are systems of interdependent activities linking shifting coalitions of participants; the systems are embedded in-dependent on continuing exchanges with and constituted by-the environment in which they operate.
Daniel Katz and Robert Kahn, The Social Psychology of Organizations.
Walter Buckely, Sociology and the Modern Systems Theory.
www.csustan.edu /ppa/llg/padm5400/optheory.htm   (69 words)

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