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Topic: Ossetian language

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  Ossetic language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ossetic or Ossetian (in Ossetic: Ирон ӕвзаг, Iron ævzag or Иронау, Ironau) is a language spoken in Ossetia, a region on the slopes of the Caucasus mountains on the borders of Russia and Georgia.
Ossetian, together with Kurdish, Tati and Talyshi, is one of the main Iranian languages with a sizeable community of speakers in the Caucasus.
It is descended from Alanic, the language of the Alans, medieval tribes emerging from the earlier Sarmatians.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Ossetic_language   (1525 words)

The Scythian-Iranian theory follows the logic: Ossetians speak the Northern branch of the Iranian language, Ossetians are Alans, Alans are Sarmatian tribe, Sarmatians are akin to Scythians, hence Scythians were Ossetian speaking, hence linguistically the Scythians belonged to the Iranian branch of the Indo-European family of languages.
The third, connected mainly with the name of Vs.Miller, could be called Indo-European or Iranistic, as the Ossetian language during this period of its study served mainly as object of the Indo-European, and in particular the Iranian, inferences and comparisons.
Hardly it is possible to doubt, that though the phonetic resemblance between the Ossetian and some other European languages may be interesting, the fact of the concurrence of the whole system of the Ossetian consonantism with the consonantism of the Caucasian group of languages is incomparably more important and instructive.
wanclik.free.fr /ossetians.htm   (4556 words)

 Ossetian language, alphabet and pronunciation
Ossetian or Ossetic is a member of the Northeastern Iranian branch of Indo-European languages.
Ossetian is an official language in North and South Ossetia.
Ossetian was first written during the 18th century with a version of the Arabic script.
www.omniglot.com /writing/ossetian.htm   (306 words)

 The Georgian - South Ossetian Conflict, chapter 4
According to Georgian sources, the Ossetians began their settlement in Georgia in the 1860s in the estates of Georgian feudal lords (hence one of the Georgian names for South Ossetia is Samachablo, after the feudal Duke Machabeli).
Though Georgian at this time already was the state language of the republic, with some of the minority languages having equal status in minority areas, this was a tightening stressing that Georgian should be used in all public spheres of society.
According to Ossetian sources, 72% of the population of the republic took part in the election, which exceeds the percentage of the Ossetian population.
www.caucasus.dk /chapter4.htm   (6704 words)

 The Georgian - South Ossetian Conflict, chapter 6
The language laws, for example, were not just a question of national pride or symbolism, they would have had severe consequences for the South Ossetians in a material and social sense.
Following this, the South Ossetian national movement referred to the Georgian Republic of 1918-1921 (the last and only time Georgia was independent) to show how the Georgians behaved when they were ‘masters in their own house’ and the South Ossetians faced the Georgians without the protection of the Russians.
However, it were the processes of modernisation of the South Ossetian society in the Soviet period, together with the nation-building process, derived by the Soviet nationality policies, that led to the development of a South Ossetian intellectual ethno-national elite.
www.caucasus.dk /chapter6.htm   (5247 words)

Mullenchoff analyzes from the point of view of Indo-European languages the Scythian and Sarmatian words and comes to a conclusion that Scythians were basically Iranian-lingual, that Iranian-lingual tribes earlier lived far to the north of Iran, and from them descended today’s Ossetians.
It is recognized that language is a determining attribute of an ethnos, therefore the ethnolinguistic problems of continuity or discontinuity in the development of the people first of all are studied based on the language data.
Linguists have determined that an original language union formed in the Middle Volga and Urals area from the Türkic ancestors of the Tatar, Bashkir and Chuvash languages, and from the Finno-Ugrian ancestors of the Mari, Udmurtian and Mordovian languages [Serebrennikov B.A., 1972; Zakiev M.Z., 1987, 176 - 182].
www.hunmagyar.org /turan/tatar/tatar-origin.html   (9947 words)

The next daythe Ossetians woke up and, using the name of the territory, began usingtheir own ethnonim Yasses for Balkars, instead of themselves, as before,and also began to call themselves Ironians, for they did not recall howthey were called earlier.
Al Biruni as a scientist declaresthat the language of Asses and Alans reminds the languages of Khoresmiansand Pechenegs [Klyashtornyi S.G.,1964, 174-175].
And as statedby Al Biruni, the Khoresmian language was close to Pechenegian, which,in turn, as acknowledged by the interpreter of Joseph Flavius, resembledAlanian-Yass language.
www.hunmagyar.org /turan/tatar/alan.html   (6775 words)

 EurasiaNet Eurasia Insight - Caucasus: Ossetian Leaders Hint at Reunification Plans
Addressing reporters on March 22, North Ossetian President Taimuraz Mamsurov said the ultimate goal of all those joint projects is to anticipate any possible Georgian economic sanctions against South Ossetia, which forcibly won de facto independence from Tbilisi in the early 1990s.
Ossetians maintain they all became Russian subjects after the signing of the Kucuk Kaynarca treaty that put an end to the 1768-74 Russo-Turkish war and consecrated Moscow’s advance into the Black Sea region and the Caucasus.
Meanwhile, the North Ossetian president said Ossetia’s reunification was "inevitable." Only the timing and modalities of the process remain unclear, Mamsurov added in remarks to the Interfax-Yug news agency on March 23.
www.eurasianet.org /departments/insight/articles/pp032506.shtml   (1189 words)

 Linguistic Perspectives on Endangered Languages - Abstracts
Ossetian is the official language of the Northern Republic of Ossetia (Russian Federation) and is spoken in Southern Ossetia (Georgia) It is divided in two dialects - Iron, on which the literary standard is based, and Digor, spoken in the district of Mozdok.
Typically, in the language shift situation a dominant language is acquired perfectly, while the minority language is used less and less and is gradually forgotten: its vocabulary decreases, and the speakers have to insert into their speech words and phrases from the dominant language.
Kusunda language is one of the endangered languages in Nepal.
www.ling.helsinki.fi /sky/tapahtumat/el/endabs.htm   (19286 words)

 Minority languages of Russia on the Net - Ossetian language   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
Ossetian (Ossetic) language - one of the Indoeuropean languages (Iranian group).
The total number of the Ossetians on the territory of the former USSR is 598 thousand.
The Ossetian written language exists since the end of the 18th century, short epigraphs remain from earlier times.
www.peoples.org.ru /eng_oset.html   (225 words)

 Ossetian Fonts, Ossetian OCR, Ossetian Reference, Ossetian Software - Mac, Ossetian Software - Windows, Ossetian System,
Ossetian is spoken on the slopes of the Caucasus Mountains, which divide the Russia from the Georgia.
The area in Russia is known as the North Ossetian A.S.S.R. (capital: Vladikavkaz), while the area in the Georgia is called the South Ossetian Autonomous Region (capital: Tskhinvali).
Ossetian speakers number about 500,000, 60 percent of whom live in the North Ossetian Republic, and 15 percent in the South Ossetian Autonomous Region.
www.worldlanguage.com /Languages/Ossetian.htm   (181 words)

 Theses in Linguistics at UND: Hettich 2002   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
Ossetian, a language of the Northeastern group of the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European stock of languages, has not received as much linguistic attention as it deserves.
A few major studies on Ossetian were written in the 19th and 20th centuries, most of them in Russian.
In the chapter on nominal morphology, the variety and nature of case and number suffixes is reanalyzed and they are described as phrasal affixes.
www.und.nodak.edu /dept/linguistics/theses/2002Hettich.htm   (130 words)

The translator of the ‘History of Judean war by Josephus Flavius’ (written in 70 AD) to Old Russian language the ethnonim Alans translates by a word Yass and, without a shadow of doubt, asserts that the ‘language of Yasses is known as born from the Pecheneg kin’ [Meschersky N.A., 1958, 454].
The next day the Ossetians woke up and, using the name of the territory, began using their own ethnonim Yasses for Balkars, instead of themselves, as before, and also began to call themselves Ironians, for they did not recall how they were called earlier.
Al Biruni as a scientist declares that the language of Asses and Alans reminds the languages of Khoresmians and Pechenegs [Klyashtornyi S.G.,1964, 174-175].
www.geocities.com /turklukbilgisi/WHOAREALANS.htm   (7304 words)

 History of Pushto language
Indo-Iranian languages are spoken in a wide area stretching from portions of eastern Turkey and eastern Iraq to western India.
The variation in spelling of the language's name (Pashto, Pukhto, etc.) stems from the different pronunciations in the various dialects of the second consonant in the word; for example, it is a retroflex [sh] in the Kandahari dialect, and a palatal fricative in the Kabuli dialect.
As the language of an Islamic people, Pashto also contains a high number of borrowings from Arabic; among educated speakers, the Arabic plurals of borrowed nouns are frequently maintained.
www.afghan-network.net /Ethnic-Groups/pashtu-history.html   (976 words)

 BBC NEWS | World | Europe | Country profiles | Regions and territories: South Ossetia
The Ossetians are believed to be descended from tribes which migrated into the area from Asia many hundreds of years ago and settled in what is now North Ossetia.
By tradition, the Ossetians have had good relations with Russians and were regarded as loyal citizens, first of the Russian empire and later of the Soviet Union.
Sporadic violence involving Georgian irregular forces and Ossetian fighters continued until the summer of 1992 when agreement on the deployment of Georgian, Ossetian and Russian peacekeepers was reached.
news.bbc.co.uk /1/low/world/europe/country_profiles/3797729.stm   (821 words)

 Ossetia Online Forum: An Ossetian site
Today native Ossetians live in the small regions along the central part of Greater Caucasus Range (Rep. North Ossetia-Alania and South Ossetia, see the Map).
We do not pretend to the status of academic edition.This is just an attempt to give a general idea about Ossetian language, syntax of ossetian names, words and phrases, and their pronunciation.
We do : not pretend to the status of academic : edition.This is just an attempt to give a general : idea about Ossetian language, syntax of ossetian : names, words and phrases, and their : pronunciation.
members3.boardhost.com /Ossetian/msg/30.html   (296 words)

 [No title]
Participation of South Ossetian representatives at the national level in the activities of judicial and constitutional-judicial bodies shall be guaranteed, in compliance with Georgian legislation.
Education in the Ossetian language shall be guaranteed and educational issues and policies are to be dealt with by South Ossetian authorities.
The Government of Georgia guarantees establishment of a simplified border regime for the local population on the South Ossetian portion of the Georgian-Russian border.
www.civil.ge /eng/print.php?id=9426   (850 words)

 Pravda.RU:Vladikavkaz to host Ossetian nation's congress   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
The fifth congress of the Ossetian nation involving about 300 delegates from all republican districts, as well as more than 150 representatives of Ossetian diasporas in Russian regions and in other countries of the world, is to open in Vladikavkaz, the capital of North Ossetia, today, October 25.
Congress delegates are to focus on the development of national culture and traditions, as well as the Ossetian language, also attaching priority to the subsequent normalization of Ossetian-Georgian and Ossetian-Ingush relations, as well as the North Caucasian public-political situation.
The consolidation of official authorities and the people in attaining socio-economic tasks will be discussed, as well.
newsfromrussia.com /main/2003/10/25/50766_.html   (147 words)

 Northern Ossetia Mission of Christian Charity   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
In the 1930s, the famous Ossetian linguist Gappo Baev worked with Christian mission "Light in the East" (Licht im Osten) in Germany and translated New Testament into Ossetian Language.
18 books with the general edition of 250,000 copies were published and translated into Ossetian language alone.
Starting from 1994, it has recorded and distributed more than 10,000 audio tapes with Christian psalms, Gospel messages and the radio play called "Sacrifice." The recording was done in the studio of COMXM in Ossetian, Balkar, Cabardian, Lezgin, Kumyk, Tabasarian, Avar, Adygean and other languages.
globalrecordings.net /article/103   (1756 words)

 Ethnologue report for ISO 639 code: oss
The code oss is classified in ISO 639 as an individual language code.
This code corresponds to the following language in the Ethnologue:
Ethnologue data from Ethnologue: Languages of the World, 14th Edition
www.ethnologue.com /show_iso639.asp?code=oss   (33 words)

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