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Topic: Otto Wichterle

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In the News (Mon 22 Jul 19)

  Otto Wichterle - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Otto Wichterle (27 October 1913 in Prostějov, Czech Republic – 18 August 1998) was a Czech chemist and inventor, best known for his invention of modern contact lenses.
Wichterle was imprisoned by the Gestapo in 1942 but was released after a few months.
In 1970, Wichterle was expelled again from his position in the institute, this time for signing the "Two Thousand Words" — a manifesto asking for the continuation of the democratization process begun in 1968 during the Prague Spring.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Otto_Wichterle   (547 words)

 Otto Wichterle - Encyclopedia Glossary Meaning Explanation Otto Wichterle   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Otto Wichterle (27 October, 1913 in Prostějov, Czech Republic - 18 August, 1998) was a Czech chemist and inventor, best known for his invention of modern contact lenses.
Wichterle was captured by the gestapo in 1942 but they released him after a few months.
In 1970, Wichterle was expelled again from his position in the institute, this time for signing the "2000 words" - a manifesto asking for the continuation of the democratization process begun in 1968 during the Prague spring.
www.encyclopedia-glossary.com /en/Otto-Wichterle.html   (590 words)

 Otto Wichterle   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Professor Otto Wichterle, the inventor of the modern contact lens, was born in Prostějov, Northern Moravia.
Wichterle returned to the Institute of Chemical Technology Engineering in 1945 to complete his second doctorate in organic chemistry, and began to lecture on general and inorganic chemistry.
In 1990, soon after the 1989 political changes in Eastern Europe, Professor Wichterle, member of numerous international societies and the holder of many international awards and honorary doctorates at foreign university, was elected chairman of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, and he held this post until the split of the country in 1993.
www.vscht.cz /historie/otto_wichterle_a.htm   (583 words)

 Wichterle Wikipedia: Otto Wichterlewikipedia Free Encyclopedia's Article On 'otto Wichterle' Otto Wichterl
Otto Wichterle was one of the founders of the modern.
Otto Wichterle was born 27th October 1913 in Prostjov Moravia.
Wagner Z., Wichterle I. : Application of the predictive UNIFAC model to the pentan-3-one Teodorescu M., Wichterle I. : Evaluation of the carbonyl/chlorine interaction parameters in.
www.99hosted.com /names17584.html   (401 words)

 Contact lens inventor Otto Wichterle was born 90 years ago - 04-11-2003 - Radio Prague
Otto Wichterle was born on the 27th of October 1913 in the Moravian town of Prost"jov to the family of a co-owner of a successful farm-machinery plant.
Otto Wichterle was able to continue in his scientific work, however, by joining the research institute at the Bata works in Zlin, where he also taught those who could not study after the German occupants closed all Czech institutes of higher education.
After the fall of communism, Otto Wichterle was appointed President of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences at the age of 76.
www.radio.cz /en/article/47455   (730 words)

Wichterle, a Czech chemist who died Aug. 18 at age 84, was not a villain but a hero.
Rather, Wichterle seemed driven by the love of his work and the desire to prove his critics wrong—the purest of motives, and the most self-centered.
The contact lenses with which Wichterle blessed the world are testimony to the power of play—the things we do for their own sake, for the joy, challenge and satisfaction they bring.
www.dynamist.com /articles-speeches/forbes/play.html   (571 words)

 The Discovery of the Contact Lens
It took until 1952 when Otto Wichterle, a teacher and researcher from the University of Chemical Technology in Czechoslovakia, was experimenting with plastic-type substances and gels.
Wichterle was attempting to create a cross-linking hydrophilic gel that would be suitable for use in eye implants.
Successful in his study, Wichterle created a "hydrogel" that was permeable to oxygen and tear fluid and that could be made in thin, cross-linking sheets.
www.quasar.ualberta.ca /edse456/apt/vignettes/contactlens.htm   (514 words)

 Monument to Otto Wichterle   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Monument to Otto Wichterle, founder of the Institute
Professor Otto Wichterle, founder of the Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry AS CR, was one of the most significant Czech chemists.
The local authority of city district Prague 6 therefore decided to establish the monument to Otto Wichterle in front of the building of his institute.
www.imc.cas.cz /en/imc/budov/pomnik.html   (99 words)

 Radio Prague: Commentary
Otto Wichterle, one of the leading Czech scientists of the 20th century and father of the soft contact lens, died on Tuesday at the age of 84.
Otto Wichterle was unquestionably one of the world's foremost authorities on macromolecular chemistry in medicine, but it was the scientist's discovery of the polymer Hema that is his lasting legacy.
In 1990, Otto Wicherle was appointed Head of the Czechoslovak Academy of Science, and upon the split of the country three years later, was made the honorary head of the Czech Academy.
archiv.radio.cz /english/cur-affrs/19-8-98.html   (724 words)

 <!window title>   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Otto Wichterle, a Czech chemist who specialized in plastics, developed the soft contact lens in his kitchen, using the motor from an old phonograph and an Erector set.
Wichterle remained unrecompensed, despite the fact that more than 100 million people worldwide wear soft contacts.
Luckily, Wichterle seems to have been the sort of scientist for whom the discovery is satisfaction enough.
www.goodbyemag.com /jun98/innovators.html   (834 words)

 [No title]
Renowned scientist died One of the most prominent and world-renowned Czech scientists, and former president of the Czech Academy of Science, Otto Wichterle, died on Tuesday.
Wichterle gained fame as the inventor of the contact lens.
Inflation estimated at about 9% Economic experts expect this year's inflation rate to reach between the 9 and 10 percent mark and the so-called net inflation to be around 5 percent.
archiv.radio.cz /news/EN/1998/19.08.html   (797 words)

 News: The Prague Post Online
Professor Otto Wichterle, who hardly saw the fruits of his hugely successful invention -- the soft contact lens --; died at his summer cottage in Strazisko, south Moravia, on Aug. 18.
During the Prague Spring reform period of 1968, the professor was one of the originators of the "2,000 Words" manifesto.
In the subsequent crackdown, which sought to repress the intellectual community, Wichterle's research was severely curtailed.
www.praguepost.cz /news82698g.html   (507 words)

 Wichterle, Otto --  Encyclopædia Britannica
American football player Otto Graham was nicknamed Automatic Otto for his consistently outstanding play as quarterback for the Cleveland Browns.
The last surviving member of the 19th-century Austro-German school of conducting was Otto Klemperer.
The 19th-century German novelist, playwright, and critic Otto Ludwig is best known for his realistic stories, which contributed to the development of the German short narrative form known as the novelle.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9124124   (558 words)

 The tree of knowledge: a tribute to Otto Wichterle /1913 -1998/ - 02-11-2005 - Radio Prague
But few of them know that the man who invented them was professor Otto Wichterle, an outstanding Czech chemist who had many notable achievements to his name, and died in 1998.
Jaroslava Moserova, a leading plastic surgeon, is one of many who remember Otto Wichterle as a respected colleague and a trusted friend.
Jaroslava Moserova says that Otto Wichterle managed to achieve a great deal even swimming against the tide of the communist regime.
www.radio.cz /en/article/72289   (877 words)

 Encyclopedia: Otto Wichterle   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
October 27 is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 65 days remaining.
A soft contact lens A contact lens (also known as a contact) is a corrective or cosmetic lens placed on the cornea of the eye.
Click for other authoritative sources for this topic (summarised at Factbites.com).
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Otto-Wichterle   (1421 words)

 Prague Czechs that are known to Americans - Czech Republic
Otto Wichterle - Inventor of modern day contact lens.....Christmas 1961 he used a children’s construction set to assemble the first prototype of a centrifugal casting device driven by a bicycle dynamo which was connected to a bell transformer.
Unfortunately the "system that was" sold the patent for Otto Wichterle's contact lens.
Otto Jelinek- former Canadian Senator, Minister of Finance and now CE director of Deloitte and Touche
www.expats.cz /prague/showthread.php?p=56788   (400 words)

 By Seth Stevenson
While companies once mined scents from natural sources such as "the anuses of a mongoose-like African animal called a civet," they now use computers and chemical synthesis to create new scents: After sampling odors and digitizing their chemical makeup, scent-creators change various elements to derive a new smell.
The obituary mourns the death, at 84, of Otto Wichterle, inventor of the soft contact lens.
The Czech Wichterle, at one time a political prisoner of the Nazis, discovered a polymer that lets the lens remain moist while in contact with the eye.
www.slate.com /id/1245   (917 words)

 Chemical Genealogy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
In fact, Sedlacek got his Ph.D. (C.Sc.) before he started working with Wichterle.
At the time when I started my graduate studies, Wichterle became the director of the newly founded Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry and Sedlacek was one of his leading coworkers.
Thus my graduate studies were under the direct supervision of Sedlacek, while Wichterle was the head of the whole Institute." (E-mail communication, Dec. 1998)
www.lib.utexas.edu /chem/genealogy/gen-munk.html   (246 words)

After much thought and research, the two main scientists are Leonardo da Vinci and Otto Wichterle.
Without his description of this glass contact, people today would be wearing glasses and Otto Wichterle would never have the opportunity to improve the comfort of contacts.
In 1950 Otto Wichterle designed a contact lens that would fit to the shape of the eye.
istf.ucf.edu /istfprojects02/jh.valleychristian.net/scifair/bluecrew/compon2.html   (1328 words)

 Contact lens -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Contacts can come in a number of varieties, including hard and soft (extended-wear and disposable, respectively).
The most commonly used contact lenses today, however, are of the soft variety, invented in 1961 by the (A native of inhabitant of the Czech Republic) Czech chemist (additional info and facts about Otto Wichterle) Otto Wichterle (1913–1998).
Contact lenses (both soft and hard) are made of various types of (A naturally occurring or synthetic compound consisting of large molecules made up of a linked series of repeated simple monomers) polymers, usually containing some variant of silicone (A colloidal gel in which water is the dispersion medium) hydrogel.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/c/co/contact_lens.htm   (681 words)

 International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The subject of this year’s meeting was especially pertinent to the organizing Institute, because its founder, Prof.
Otto Wichterle, the inventor of soft contact lenses, was a pioneer in the field of medical applications of polymers.
The present microsymposium was held in honor of the 60th birthday of Prof.
sunsite.wits.ac.za /iupac/symposia/reports/2000/170700_polymers.html   (432 words)

 Otto Wichterle   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
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There he lead the technical preparation of plastics, namely polyamide and caprolacram.
There is an asteroid,number 3899, named after prof.
www.sciencedaily.com /encyclopedia/otto_wichterle   (586 words)

 Cosmopolitan University: Dr. Sydney Bush , Optometry
Patents offered on novel method of manufacture by plastics memory of varifocal spectacle lenses.
Otto Wichterle, (Prague) inventor of the soft contact lens, mentioned the possible application of this property of certain plastics materials to spectacle lenses although he did not appear to be aware of an application to varifocal lenses).
He employed the principle in the generation of aspheric curvatures for improved hard contact lenses.
www.cosmoedu.net /DrBush.html   (627 words)

In 1963 and 1964, Dr. Otto Wichterle, polymer chemist at the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences developed a hydrophilic plastic compound (hydroxyethylmethacrylate (HEMA)
A child's erector set was used to develop a spin-casting technique for shaping HEMA into contact lenses.
Obtained some of Wichterle's samples and technical information.
www.umsl.edu /~optebenn/CL1history.html   (624 words)

 Documentary Internet
The most important and final step on the path towards this invention was taken by the Czechoslovakian chemist Otto Wichterle.
This final step had its own dramatic story, because very few people had faith in Wichterle.
From the moment the lenses first came into the world, there began a battle, the likes of which had never been seen before, to determine who would make millions from them.
web.docuinter.net /?w=homepage&c=show&lang=eng&article[id]=4852   (678 words)

 History Of Contact Lenses   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
George Butterfield, an Oregon optometrist, designs a corneal lens, the inner surface of which follows the eyes’ shape instead of sitting flat.
Otto Wichterle and Drahoslav Lim experiment with contact lenses made of a soft water-absorbing plastic developed by them.
The soft lens became available for commercial distribution in the United States.
www.eyecareindia.com /history_cl.htm   (360 words)

 BioVision   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Biomimetic implants replicate important properties of living tissues and thus provide excellent biocompatibility and clinical functionality.
Biovision products continue in the long tradition initiated at the Czech Academy of Sciences by Professor Otto Wichterle with the world's first biomimetic polymers, and the first soft contact lens that was marketed by Bausch & Lomb since 1971.
The Wichterle IOL (WIOL) series of intraocular implants for both phakic and aphakic eye is the first Biovision product to reach the market.
www.biovision.cz   (141 words)

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