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Topic: Otto of Bavaria

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  Otto of Greece
Otto of Wittelsbach, Prince of Bavaria and King of Greece (Salzburg, June 1, 1815 - Bamberg, July 26, 1867) was made the first modern king of Greece in 1832 under the Convention of London, whereby Greece became a new independent kingdom under the protection of the United Kingdom, France and Russia.
Although King Otto tried to function as an absolute monarch, as Thomas Gallant writes, he "was neither ruthless enough to be feared, nor compassionate enough to be loved, nor competent enough to be respected." 2 By 1843 public dissatisfaction with him had reached crisis proportions and there were demands for a constitution.
King Otto of Greece adopted the native Greek garment the Foustanella which eventually became the official dress of King Otto's court..
www.mlahanas.de /Greece/History/Portraits/OttoOfGreece.html   (996 words)

  Otto I - LoveToKnow 1911
Otto soon showed his intention of breaking with the policy of his father, who had been content with a nominal superiority over the duchies; in 937 he punished Eberhard, duke of Franconia, for an alleged infringement of the royal authority; and in 938 deposed Eberhard, who had recently become duke of Bavaria.
Otto gained a victory near Xanten, which was followed by the surrender of the fortresses held by his brother's adherents in Saxony, but the rebels, joined by Eberhard of Franconia and Archbishop Frederick of Mainz continued the struggle, and Giselbert of Lorraine transferred his allegiance to Louis IV., king of France.
Otto failed to take Mainz and Augsburg; but an attempt on the part of Conrad and Ludolf to gain support from the Magyars, who had seized the opportunity to invade Bavaria, alienated many of their supporters.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /Otto_I   (1813 words)

 Wittelsbach - LoveToKnow 1911
Otto was descended from Luitpold, duke of Bavaria and margrave of Carinthia, who was killed in 907 fighting the Hungarians.
Otto died at Pfullendorf in 1183, and was succeeded in the duchy by his son, Louis I.
Louis' son, Otto the Illustrious (1206-1253), undertook the government of the Palatinate in 1228, and became duke of Bavaria in 1231.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /Wittelsbach   (1292 words)

Otto was born in Salzburg, Austria, and educated in Munich.
Otto became increasingly unpopular with the Greeks because of his German ministers, heavy taxes, his religion (he was a Roman Catholic), the intervention of his German wife in government affairs, and his delay in granting a constitution.
Otto’s prestige fell rapidly as the British and French blockaded the port of Piraiévs, and Greece became involved in the Crimean War (1854–56).
www.history.com /encyclopedia.do?vendorId=FWNE.fw..ot038700.a#FWNE.fw..ot038700.a   (367 words)

 Otto I, the Great - Ökumenisches Heiligenlexikon   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Otto was manifestly endeavouring to restore their ancient official character to the duchies.
Otto's son Ludolph was the spirit of the new uprising.
Otto chose Magdeburg, for which he had a special attachment, as the local centre of this new civilization, and raised it to an archbishopric.
www.heiligenlexikon.de /CatholicEncyclopedia/Otto_der_Grosse.html?print   (2104 words)

 Otto III
It was of the greatest consequence that in Bruno the papal throne contained a man who encouraged the ideas of the reform party for purification and spiritualization within the Church, and a consequent exaltation of the papacy.
In 1000 Otto made a pilgrimage to the tomb of his friend Adelbert at Gnesen, where he erected an archbishopric destined to promote the emancipation of the Eastern Slavonians.
Otto, lingering in Rome, found himself, with the pope, obliged to abandon the city.
www.catholicity.com /encyclopedia/o/otto_iii.html   (814 words)

 King Otto - Phantis
King Otto of Greece adopted the native Greek garment the Fustanella which eventually became the official dress of King Otto's court.
Otto of Wittelsbach, Prince of Bavaria and King of Greece (Salzburg, June 1, 1815 - Bamberg, July 26, 1867) was made the first modern king of Greece in 1832 under the Convention of London, whereby Greece became a new independent kingdom under the protection of the United Kingdom, France and Russia.
Initially Otto refused to grant a constitution, but was forced to do so after a military coup, which occurred as soon as German troops were withdrawn from the kingdom, in 1843.
wiki.phantis.com /index.php?title=King_Otto&printable=yes   (591 words)

 CalendarHome.com - - Calendar Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
The attempts of Otto to conciliate Greek sentiment by efforts to enlarge the frontiers of his kingdom, for example, by the suggested acquisition of Crete in 1841, failed in their objective and only succeeded in embroiling him with the Great Powers.
Otto pursued policies, such as balancing power among all the parties and sharing offices among the parties, ostensibly to reduce the power of the parties while trying to bring a pro-Otto party into being.
Otto found himself confronted by a number of intractable ecclesiastical issues: monasticism, autocephaly, the king as head of the church and toleration of other churches.
encyclopedia.calendarhome.com /cgi-bin/encyclopedia.pl?p=Otto_of_Greece   (1747 words)

 Otto II
In Bavaria (with Otto's approval) the duchess dowager Judith acted as regent for her son Henry.
Upon coming of age he was given the Duchy of Bavaria in fee by Otto II, who, at the same time, invested Ludolph's son Otto with Swabia on the death of Duke Burchard, ignoring the latter's widow, Hedwig, a daughter of Judith.
Otto crossed the Alps and freed the papacy.
www.catholicity.com /encyclopedia/o/otto_ii.html   (805 words)

 Otto I, Holy Roman emperor. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
The rebellions of Otto’s brother, Henry, and of Duke Eberhard of Franconia were ended by the battle of Andernach (939) and Henry’s submission (941).
Pope John XII appealed to Otto, who entered Rome and was crowned emperor early in 962, reviving the imperial title of the Carolingians and legitimizing the German kings’ claim to the Middle Kingdom; Otto thus linked the destinies of Italy and Germany.
Otto’s campaign (966–72) to gain control over S Italy was unsuccessful, but a minor diplomatic triumph was scored in 972 when Emperor John I of Byzantium gave a Greek princess in marriage to Otto’s son and successor, Otto II.
www.bartleby.com /65/ot/Otto1-HRE.html   (499 words)

 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: The Kingdom of Bavaria
Bavaria from the south are the Iller, a stream rich in fish, the Lech, the Isar, and the Inn; from the north its tributaries are the Wörnitz, the Altmühl, the Regen, and the Vils.
Bavaria varies according to the province in question; the races that now live peacefully together under the rule of the Wittelsbach dynasty were once constantly engaged in bloody feuds.
Bavaria no longer had native-born rulers but Saxons, Franconians, and members of the Welf family who ruled as vassals of the king with the title of duke.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/02353c.htm   (3882 words)

 Otto I   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Otto I, surnamed the Great, Holy Roman emperor, eldest son of King Henry I the Fowler by his second wife Matilda, said to be a descendant of the Saxon hero Widukind, was born on the 23rd of November 912.
Otto marched against them, and in a battle fought on the Lechfeld on the 10th of August 955 the king's troops gained a brilliant victory which completely freed Germany from these invaders; while in the same year Otto also defeated the Slavs who had been ravaging the Saxon frontier.
Nicephorus refused to admit the validity of Otto's title, and the bishop was roughly repulsed; but the succeeding emperor, John I Tzimisces, was more reasonable, and Theophano, daughter of the emperor Romanus II, was married to the younger Otto in 972.
www.nndb.com /people/921/000092645   (1787 words)

 Otto the Great: 912-973
Otto I or the Great is considered by many historians to be the founder of the Holy Roman Empire.
Otto I faced the continuous raids and sieges of the dukes, the Ducal Rebellions, which were led by his brother Henry of Bavaria.
Otto was crowned Roman Emperor in 962 by Pope John XII, the same office Charlemagne held in 800.
www.thenagain.info /WebChron/WestEurope/OttoGreat.html   (433 words)

 S Y N T H E S I S - The Achievements of Otto the Great
Otto’s new role as King of Germany was put to the test twice within the first three years of his reign, and the Bavarian (938) and Franconian (939) rebellions - led by Arnulf and Everard respectively - forced Otto to react swiftly.
Otto the Great “did not consider that a learned career was incompatible with governmental responsibility”[9], and it is possible to compare the constitutional tenets of his reign with those of the Shi’ite mullahs in modern-day Iran.
Otto then agreed to sign the original pact on the condition that a Pope could not be consecrated until he had given his oath of loyalty to the Emperor himself.
www.rosenoire.org /articles/hist5.php   (2712 words)

 boys clothing: European royalty--Bavaria
Bavaria in 1180 was transferred by imperial grant to Otto Count of Wittelsbach.
Nephews Ludwig and Otto reigned as king, although Prince Luitpold acted as regent (1886-1913) during the reign of Otto I. This was of some concern to Chancellor Bismark as Bavaria was part of the German Empire.
Bavaria while Ludwig II wasstill king was swept up in the War against France and the unification of German under the Crown of Prussia.
histclo.com /royal/gers/royal-bavaria.htm   (2652 words)

 Otto II
Otto II, Holy Roman Emperor, was the son of the emperor Otto the Great, by his second wife Adelaide.
Having crushed an attempt made by Henry to regain Bavaria, Otto was suddenly attacked by Lothair, king of France, who held Aix in his possession for a few days; but when the emperor retaliated by invading France he met with little resistance.
Otto, who is sometimes called the "Red", was a man of small stature, by nature brave and impulsive, and by training an accomplished knight.
www.nndb.com /people/298/000103986   (511 words)

 Otto of Freising Summary
Otto of Freising was the son of Margrave Leopold III of Austria (later St. Leopold) and of Agnes, the daughter of Henry IV.
This diocese, and indeed the whole of Bavaria, was then disturbed by the feud between the Welfs and the Hohenstaufen, and the church was in a deplorable condition; but a great improvement was brought about by the new bishop in both ecclesiastical and secular matters.
He enjoyed the favour of Conrad's successor, Frederick I; was probably instrumental in settling the dispute over the duchy of Bavaria in 1156; was present at the famous diet at Besançon in 1157, and, still retaining the dress of a Cistercian monk, died at Morimond on 22 September 1158.
www.bookrags.com /Otto_of_Freising   (1343 words)

 New Catholic Dictionary: Otto II   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
New Catholic Dictionary: Otto II Otto II Roman emperor and German king; born 955; died at Rome, Italy on 7 December 983.
Son of Otto the Great, he was frail in body but intrepid and arbitrary in spirit.
Otto next entered Italy and saved the papacy from the oppression of the Roman faction headed by Crescentius; he then captured Tarentum, but his defeat near Capo Colonne cost him Apulia and Calabria, and ruined the imperial prestige in Lower Italy.
www.catholic-forum.com /saints/ncd06208.htm   (159 words)

Otto to realize that his great object of preventing the participation of power with the duchies was not attainable by force or through the prestige of his kingly rank.
Otto in 936, was an influential centre of culture.
Otto was consequently obliged to make this campaign; and the much discussed question of the motive dictating the imperial policy is resolved.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/11354a.htm   (1756 words)

 The King of Hearts: Ludwig II of Bavaria
On New Year’s day 1867 all Bavaria was delighted to hear the announcement of the King’s engagement to Princess Sophie, a native Duchess and sister to the Empress of Austria.
If true, there could have been several reasons: a) In Ludwig’s mind Otto could provide an heir, b) he was upset with the whole political situation, c) he could devote the rest of his life to the building of the Royal castles as well as collaborating with Wagner on the creation of future operas.
Otto was moved to Fuerstenried where he and Ludwig had spent many happy childhood days.
members.tripod.com /~Nevermore/ludwig.html   (3883 words)

 Inside the Vatican - Monthly Catholic Magazine
Otto was not yet ten years old when his father died there in 1922.
Otto himself shows how that ideal is as relevant to a democratic age as it was in the days of monarchy.
Otto von Habsburg is a political leader whose identity as a Catholic is as unmistakable as his identity as a European.
www.insidethevatican.com /articles/otto-von-habsburg.htm   (2814 words)

 Otto I the Great   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Otto I the Great (November 23, 912 - May 7, 973), son of Henry I the Fowler, king of the Germans, and Matilda of Ringelheim, was Duke of Saxony, King of Germany and arguably the first Holy Roman Emperor.
Henry fled to France, and Otto responded by supporting Hugh the Great in his campaign against the French crown, but in 941 Otto and Henry were reconciled through the efforts of their mother, and the next year, Otto withdrew from France after Louis recognized his authority over Lorraine.
Otto unsuccessfully campaigned in southern Italy on several occasions from 966-972, although in 972, the Byzantine emperor John I Tzimisces recognized Otto's imperial title and agreed to a marriage between Otto's son and heir Otto II and his niece Theophano.
home.comcast.net /~desilva22/otto_i_the_great.htm   (958 words)

 Otto of Greece information - Search.com
Otto of Wittelsbach, Prince of Bavaria and King of Greece (Salzburg, June 1, 1815 - Bamberg, July 26, 1867) was made the first modern king of Greece in 1832 under the Convention of London, whereby Greece became a new independent kingdom under the protection of the Great Powers (Great Britain, France and the Russian Empire).
He was born in Salzburg, Austria, as second son of King Ludwig I of Bavaria and Therese of Saxe-Altenburg (1792-1854).
Through his ancestor the Bavarian Duke John II Wittelsbach, Otto was a descendant of the Greek Imperial dynasties of Comnenus and Lascaris.
www.search.com /reference/Otto_of_Greece   (1130 words)

 otto - Search Results - ninemsn Encarta
Otto, Rudolf (1869-1937), German philosopher and theologian, who, in his Das Heilige (1917; The Idea of the Holy, 1923), attempted to define “the...
Otto III (980-1002), Holy Roman emperor (996-1002), king of Germany (983-1002), son of Otto II, born in Kessel, Germany.
Otto I (of Greece), full name Otto Friedrich Ludwig (1815-1867), king of Greece (1832-1862), the second son of Louis I, king of Bavaria.
au.encarta.msn.com /otto.html   (89 words)

 Decorations of the Kingdom of Bavaria
In 1180, the Holy Roman Emperor Friedrich II bestowed the Duchy of Bavaria on Otto von Wittelsbach.
Bavaria was elevated to a kingdom and Elector Maximilian IV Joseph was proclaimed King of Bavaria as Maximilian I. The Bavarian Army joined Napoleon in his disastrous invasion of Russia and thousands of Bavarian soldiers died in the march on and retreat from Moscow.
The Alpenkorps was raised in Bavaria in May 1915 under the command of Generalleutnant Konrad Krafft von Dellmensingen, formerly Crown Prince Rupprecht's chief of staff in the 6th Army.
home.att.net /~david.danner/militaria/bavaria.htm   (1938 words)

The conflict with the ducal House of Bavaria gave a dangerous aspect to affairs.
The Eastmark was separated from Bavaria and given in fee to Luitpold of Babenberg, who laid the foundation of the future renown of his family.
Otto crossed the Alps and freed the papacy.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/11355a.htm   (714 words)

 Bavarian Royal Family
Ludwig was engaged to Duchess Sophie in Bavaria.
Otto ruled under the Regency of his uncle Prince Luitpold of Bavaria.
Maria Anna of Bavaria (and Duchess in Bavaria)
www.btinternet.com /~allan_raymond/Bavarian_Royal_Family.htm   (1872 words)

 HELLENIC PARLIAMENT - Parliament History - Institutions throughout the Monarchy
It was ratified by the representatives of the Nation on March 4th 1844, and on the 18th of the same month Otto took an oath to respect the Constitution of the country.
The Constitution of 1844 ratified the Constitutional Monarchy and it reflected a compromise between the ambitions of the political parties and the powers of the king.
Otto exercised a personal policy through the appointment of "royal" governments, that is minority governments which were not supported by Parliament.
www.hri.org /MPA/voulh/eng/istoria/1832.html   (883 words)

 Otto IV - Search Results - MSN Encarta   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Otto IV, called Otto of Brunswick (1175?-1218), Holy Roman emperor (1198-1215), the son of Henry the Lion, duke of Saxony and of Bavaria, and the...
In 1876 German engineer Nikolaus August Otto built a four-stroke gas engine, the most direct ancestor to today’s automobile engines.
Otto, Nikolaus August (1832-1891), German inventor, who devised the Otto cycle engine—the first effective four-stroke internal-combustion engine.
encarta.msn.com /Otto_IV.html   (155 words)

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