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Topic: Ottoman Coat of Arms

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  Ottoman Empire - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Ottomans were eventually defeated at the end of the war by the Allies and its territories were annexed.
Ottoman system was a three court system composed from one for the Muslims with the kadi (read judges), one for the non-Muslim (appointed Jews and Christians ruled over their religious areas) and another for the trade (originated after the capitulations).
For centuries, the Ottoman Empire was the refuge of the Jews of Europe.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Ottoman_Empire   (5806 words)

 Ottoman Empire   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The Ottoman Empire was a Turkish state in the Middle East that comprised Anatolia, part of Southwest Asia, North Africa and south-eastern Europe in the 14th to 20th centuries, established by a tribe of Oghuz Turks in western Anatolia.
The Ottoman Empire was among the world's most powerful political entities in the 16th and 17th centuries when the nations of Europe felt threatened by its steady advance through the Balkans.
Ottoman state organisation was based on a hierarchy with the sultan in the top and below him his viziers, other court officials and military commanders.
www.bidprobe.com /en/wikipedia/o/ot/ottoman_empire.html   (830 words)

 Ottoman Empire - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
However, the Ottomans were eventually defeated by the Allies in the Balkans, Thrace, Syria, Palestine and Iraq and its territories were colonized by the victors.
Ottoman state organization was based on a hierarchy with the sultan, who was usually the Caliph at the top and below him his viziers, other court officials, and military commanders.
For centuries, the Ottoman Empire was the refuge of the Jews of Europe, who did not have the freedom of religion in Europe that the citizens of the Ottoman Empire did.
www.hartselle.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Ottoman_Emperor   (1907 words)

 Encyclopedia: Ottomans   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The Ottoman Empire was a multi-ethnic state that existed from Events First emperor of the Ottoman Empire is Osman I (1299-1326) The County of Holland is annexed by the County of Hainaut April 1, 1299 Kings Towne on the River Hull granted city status by Royal Charter of King Edward I of England.
Sultan Murat I Murad I (1319 (or 1326) – 1389; nick-named Hüdavendiğar, the God-like one) was the ruler of the Ottoman Empire from 1359 to 1389.
Mustafa I Mustafa I (1592 – January 20, 1639) was the sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1617 to 1618 and from 1622 to 1623.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Ottomans   (12871 words)

 Ottoman Coat of Arms - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Every sultan of the Ottoman Empire had his own monogram, called the tughra, which served as a Coat of Arms.
A modern Coat of Arms, inspired by European ones such as the British Coat of Arms was created in the 19th century.
Some graphic elements of the coat of arms of the Ottoman Empire such as the central oval and the vertically-oriented crescent and star were re-edited in the current coat of arms of the Republic of Turkey.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Ottoman_Coat_of_Arms   (161 words)

 HUNGARIAN Maps and Shields
The Coat of Arms of Hungary with wreath
The Coat of Arms of Hungary with the territories and angels.
Coats of Arms of the 64 Counties of the Kingdom of Hungary
www.historicaltextarchive.com /hungary/shields.html   (232 words)

 SYMBOLS OF OSIJEK-BARANJA COUNTY   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The County Statute stipulates and blazons the County coat of arms: "The County coat of arms shall assume the form of an oval shield, heart-shaped in base, whose height with regard to its width shall be at a ratio of 3:2.
Within the coat of arms, the tower is a symbol of urbanity (of a fortified town) as well as a symbol of defensive function (fortification).
This patent of arms was issued to the County at the moment of Slavonia's annexation to the territory under the rule of Croatian viceroys (the Banat of Croatia).
www.osjecko-baranjska-zupanija.hr /eng/opcipodaci1.htm   (1495 words)

 Yr Ymerodraeth Ottoman - Wicipedia
Fel hynny, rhoedden nhw'n creu diwylliant Ottoman arbennig.
Ar ôl cipiwyd Caergystennin ym 1453 torwyd yr eglwysi ddim i lawer a dim ond nifer ohonyn trowyd i Mosg (fel, er enghraifft Hagia Sophia).
Bywyd y llys Ottoman roedd fel bywyd y Shahau Persia, ond roedd yna dilanwad Ewropeaidd (yn bennaf Groeg), hefyd.
cy.wikipedia.org /wiki/Yr_Ymerodraeth_Ottoman   (514 words)

 Coat of Arms of Romania
The coat of arms of Greater Romania was replaced in 1947, when the Romanian People’s Republic was proclaimed under pressure from the Soviet occupation troops, with a decorative effigy symbolizing the country’s riches guarded by ears of wheat and a rising sun as a background as well as a red star in the chief.
Traditionally, this eagle appears in the arms of the Arges county, the town of Pitesti and the town of Curtea de Arges.
In the second quarter there is Moldavia’s traditional coat of arms, gules: an auroch head sable with a mullet of or between its horns, a cinquefoil rose on the dexter and a waning crescent on the sinister, both argent.
www.roembus.org /english/romanian_links/stema.htm   (701 words)

 Macedonia on Coats of Arms
In the Korenich-Neorich rolls of arms, Macedonian arms are presented along with those of Croatia, Dalmatia, Bulgaria, Bosnia, the Duchagyni, and Kastrioti; in the 152 coats of arms depicted, the Macedonian coat of arms with the inscription "Macedonia" is included twice.
This is a complex coat of arms, presenting these kings as symbols of the unity of the South Slavs and including the arms of nine Balkan regions: Macedonia, Bosnia, Dalmatia, Croatia, the coastal countries, Slavonia, Bulgaria, Serbia and Rascia.
This coat of arms, with the inscription "Macedoniae" belongs to the heraldry of King Dushan, along with arms of Illyria, Bosnia, Dalmatia, Croatia, Sklavonia, Bulgaria, Serbia and Rascia.
www.mymacedonia.net /links/coats.htm   (1598 words)

The Hungarian "middle coat of arms" consists of the "small coat of arms" in the middle and the additional coat of arms of Dalmatia, Croatia, Sclavonia, Transylvania, and Fiume.
In 1916, the official coat of arms of the kingdom of Hungary became the "middle coat of arms with angels".
The sun and the moon are the symbols of the "szekelys", the original inhabitants of Transylvania, the eagle is the symbol of the Hungarians, and the seven bastion towers are the symbol of the Saxons, the three major ethnic groups of Transylvania in the until the New Era.
www.historicaltextarchive.com /hungary/coats.html   (895 words)

 Encyclopedia: Ottoman Coat of Arms   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments.
The Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom The Royal Arms of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II are her arms of dominion in right of the United Kingdom.
Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Ottoman-Coat-of-Arms   (562 words)

 N2   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The Ottomans rivalled the coat-of-arms formed with rich components of the European monarchies with the mysterious appearance of "tugras"(the seals of the sultans).
The most important characteristic of the Ottoman coats-of-arms made in conjunction with the reforms implemented towards the end of the 18th century was its militaristic appearance.In the coat-of-arms produced during the reign of Abdülhamid II, the idea to reflect the state with all its institutions was foremost in the minds of the artists.
The Ottoman coat-of-arms received remarkable respect from the people and was widely adopted by them, for the Ottoman people saw that their religious and national symbols were prominently displayed on the coat-of-arms.
www.byegm.gov.tr /yayinlarimiz/NEWSPOT/1999/mar/N2.htm   (2495 words)

All the various branches of the art of calligraphy, an art greatly loved and respected by the Ottoman Turks, flourished particularly in the city of Istanbul, the administrative center of the Ottoman State, and it was in Istanbul that the finest and most mature works were produced.
Ottoman Ta'liq differed in several respects from Iranian Ta'liq, and one is immediately struck by the difference in the formation of certain letters as well as in the general appearance of the script as a whole.
In every period the Enderun School in the Ottoman Saray, in which future administrators of the State were trained and educated, had teachers of calligraphy on its staff, and several the Sultans took lessons from these.
www.ottomansouvenir.com /Calligraphy/Calligraphy.htm   (3480 words)

 Encyclopedia: Ottoman   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Main article: Contents // 1 Origins 2 The Kapikulu 3 Conscription 4 Elite Cavalry 5 Introduction of Firearms 6 Naval Forces Origins The first military of the Ottoman Empire was an army that was organized by Osman I from Turkish tribesmen inhabiting western Anatolia in the late 13th century.
Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Osman II...
Colin Imber, The Ottoman Empire, Years: 1297 1298 1299 - 1300 - 1301 1302 1303 Decades: 1270s 1280s 1290s - 1300s - 1310s 1320s 1330s Centuries: 13th century - 14th century - 15th century 1300 state leaders Events Beginning of the Renaissance.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Ottoman   (10728 words)

 Silver   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Murad III (1574-1595) for example is known to have ordered that all the precious stones encrusting articles in the treasury be removed and that the objects themselves be melted down for their gold and silver to be coined into money to pay the army.
Very few of the gold and silver objects of this century have survived however and they contrast sharply with the simple forms and unembellished surfaces that are particularly characteristic of the silver lamps and candlesticks that were bequeathed to tombs during the 17th century.
Repousse roses, the Ottoman coat of arms, architectural compositions, and cast handles and knobs shaped like flowers, birds, and animals were widely used in objects made during this period.
www.sadberkhanimmuzesi.org.tr /english/sanat/gumus.htm   (404 words)

 From the Philosopher   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The details of the Soviet Coat of Arms create a special space that unfolds into the depth and resembles an assemblage, where the different images are consolidated into the whole unity.
Accordingly, the Coat of Arms is one of the fruits.
It is evident that all components of the Coat of Arms are intertwined and interlocked.
atschool.eduweb.co.uk /cite/staff/philosopher/sovietcoat.htm   (1533 words)

In the centre (of the flag) on the yellow stripe is placed the state coat of arms of the Republic of Moldova.
The width of the coat of arms is equal to one-fifth of the length of flag, (and) the relationship between the width and the length of the flag is 1:2."
The eagle is from the old Romanian coat of arms and ultimately from Byzantium; the ox head represents the old province of Bessarabia; the cross is obviously Christian; the sceptre and olive branch are probably for sovereignty and peace; as for the flower and crescent, I have no idea.
flagspot.net /flags/md.html   (2003 words)

 illustrated ottoman empire encyclopedia of habibullah (sultan, topkapi, ottoman, palace, harem, eunuch, history, ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Bayezid rejected the proposal, of course, defending the continued unity of the Ottoman State, and received the support of Gedik Ahmet Paşa, who was in Anatolia at the time to recruit new troops for the Italian invasion and who was very popular among the Janissaries.
The three plumes on the front of the turban and the jeweled cape confirm Cem's sovereignty in this 'coat of arms'...that was probably prepared by a western artist, which explains Cem's longish hair showing beneath his turban.
The subsequent and long-running feud between Francis and Charles [in which Francis was often allied with Süleyman I (The Magnificent)] ultimately favored Charles (allied at one point with the [fickle] King Henry VIII of England), but the cost was too high.
www2.egenet.com.tr /mastersj/encyclopedia-c.html   (4035 words)

 Ottoman Decorations   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Statute ribbons for all of the Ottoman decorations are well documented, but it is not uncommon to find examples where the ribbons have been replaced.
The planchet diameter is 37 mm, and bears the Ottoman military coat of arms on the obverse, with its inscription "Relying on Divine Guidance and Assistance, Abdulhamid Khan, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire".
This decoration is the only Ottoman decoration which not awarded by authority of the Sultan, but rather was authorized by Enver Pasha, the Commander-in-Chief of the Ottoman military.
www.turkishmedals.net /decorations.htm   (1700 words)

The coat of arms was adopted on 21 June 1956, and had the lion on the dexter field on a red background, scales on sinister field on a yellow background and motto below in Arabic:
In 1956, the arms were modified slightly to add the Medal of Independence in place of the National Merit medal.
In 1963 the arms were modified substantially, removing the olive branch, sheaves, medal, lances, banners, changing the background to gold in all sections, reversing the positions of the lion and the balance, and changing the motto to Order - Freedom - Justice.
www.fotw.net /flags/tn.html   (1122 words)

 Ottoman Empire: Flags and coats of arms shown in the Topkapi Museum (Istanbul)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Ottoman Empire: Flags and coats of arms shown in the Topkapi Museum (Istanbul)
The flags shown on the second coat of arms are with a crescent and star whereas those shown on the first one are with a crescent only.
The red sandjak of the Ottoman sultan Selim I represents the Zulfikar sword.
www.crwflags.com /fotw/flags/tr-topk.html   (424 words)

 Serebella Contents Ottoman Coat of Arms---Ottoman Empire   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
It uses material from the Wiktionary page "Arms".
An outer garment covering the upper torso and arms.
It uses material from the Wiktionary page "Coat".
www.serebella.com /encyclopedia/contains-326501-326504-Ottoman_Coat_of_Arms-Ottoman_Empire.html   (181 words)

 Mavi Boncuk: 13/06/04
Feudal cavalryman of the Ottoman Empire whose status resembled that of the medieval European knight.
The cornerstone of Croatian history is the statement, made by Constantine orphyrogenitus in the 10th century, that the Croats, originating from the "White Croats" in the North, arrived in Dalmatia in the reign of emperor Heraclius.
The Ottomans were descended from the mass of nomads who roamed in the area of the Altai Mountains, east of the Eurasian steppes and south of the Yenisei river and Lake Baikal in lands that today are part of Outer Mongolia.
maviboncuk.blogspot.com /2004_06_13_maviboncuk_archive.html   (14868 words)

 The Ottoman Tughra (monogram, coat of arms, etc)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The tughra of the Ottoman sultans in the documents of the Ottoman Empire had the function of signature and seal together.
The tughra was also often used like the European coat of arms or signet on coins and stamps.
In this book the tughras of all Ottoman sultans since Orhan bin Osman (1324-60) are illustrated and analyzed.
www.tughranet.f2s.com /tughraen.htm   (293 words)

 Derry Coat of Arms - A Special Report   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
A coat of arms does not belong to a "family name." It belongs to an individual who is acknowledged as its owner, or who receives a grant for it.
Remember, just because you have found a Coat of Arms with your family surname on it, does not mean it belongs to you, unless you can prove an unbroken male blood line from the original owner of the Arms.
So, if you buy a "Family Coat of Arms" from one of these commercial vendors, be sure you are able to prove an unbroken male blood line from the individual to whom it was first granted or allowed.
www.fullmooncustomcycles.com /derrycoa.html   (3736 words)

 HyeEtch - Armenian Genocide
he Armenian genocide was the first genocide of the 20th century, perpetrated by the Ottoman Turkish government against its defenceless and law-abiding citizens, the Armenians, a Christian minority in a Muslim state.
For more than a quarter of a century, the Armenians in the Ottoman Empire under the leadership of Sultan Abdul Hamid II and later under the rule of the Young Turk regime suffered unspeakable abuse, torture, massacres and persecution.
This resulted in the rape, murder and deportation of more than 1.5 million Armenians from their historic homeland, and the distruction of a 3000-year-old heritage and rich culture.
www.hyeetch.nareg.com.au /genocide   (567 words)

 WHKMLA : History of the Ottoman Empire, ToC
Coat of Arms, from Wappenlexikon, comment in German
Ottoman Empire, Laws of constitutional character, from Verfassungen.de, in German
Jason Goodwin, Lords of the Horizons : A History of the Ottoman Empire, Henry Holt 1999, KMLA Lib.Sign.
www.zum.de /whkmla/region/asmin/xottoman.html   (360 words)

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