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Topic: Ottoman Greece


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  Greece   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Bounded on land by Bulgaria, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, and Albania to the north, to the east by Turkey and the waters of the Aegean Sea and to the west and south by the Ionian and Mediterranean Seas.
It was this Greece of city-states that established colonies along the Mediterranean, resisted Persian invasions and whose culture would be the basis of Hellenistic civilisation that followed the empire of Alexander the Great (king of Macedonia).
During the 19th and early 20th centuries Greece sought to encompass the Greek-speaking population of the Ottoman Empire, slowly growing in territory and population until it reached its present size in 1947.
www.wikisearch.net /en/wikipedia/g/gr/greece.html   (1232 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Greece was part of the Ottoman Empire from around 1428 until 1822 when Greece began its struggle for independence which it gained in 1829/1832.
Greece was a Kingdom until 1924, a republic from 1924 until 1935, a kingdom from 1935 until 1973 (thought here was a military coup in 1967) when it once again became a republic.
Greece suffered hyperinflation under German occupation, and a new Drachma (GRN) was introduced on November 11, 1944 with 1 New Drachma equal to 50 Billion Old Drachmai.
www.globalfindata.com /gh/130.html   (689 words)

  
 WHKMLA : Historical Dictionary, Greece, by Period
In 1897, Greece and the Ottoman Empire fought a brief war on the northern boder of Thessaly; the war had been caused by a insurrection on Crete, supported by the Greek government.
Greece had to give up her claims on Eastern Thrace and the Smyrna region, which were recognized as territory of the Republic of Turkey.
Treaty signd by the victorious allies and the Ottoman Empire in 1920; the Ottoman Empire ceded Eastern Thrace and the Smyrna region to Greece.
www.zum.de /whkmla/histdic/balkans/hdgreeceper.html   (2176 words)

  
 History of Modern Greece - Enpsychlopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
By the 1890s Greece was virtually bankrupt, and poverty in the rural areas and the islands was eased only by large-scale emigration to the United States.
Greece was proclaimed a republic on March 25, 1924.
Greece's ethnic homogeneity was enhanced by the postwar expulsion of 120,000 Bulgarians from Thrace and 25,000 Albanians from Epirus.
www.grohol.com /psypsych/History_of_Modern_Greece   (3826 words)

  
 MATTER OF IMMIGRANT OTTOMAN GREEKS - FORSNET   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Ottoman Greeks were trying to relocate the immigrants together with their priests, teachers and security officers (21).
An Ottoman Greek Immigrants Organization was founded in cooperation with the Pontus Association led by Eftimios Zilos, the Metropolitan of Samsun, and the Cordos Committee in the Black Sea Region (27).
Becoming aware of the Greek and Ottoman Greek activities in Izmir and its environs, the Ottoman Government decided to restrict the journeys of Ottoman Greeks in the region to the aim of preventing Ottoman Greek migrations to the Islands and Greece.
www.turk-yunan.gen.tr /english/emergence/matter.html   (2135 words)

  
 Dergi   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The Ottoman failure to take Vienna was the high-water mark of the empire, which by the beginning of the 19th century, was in serious decline.
By the middle of the 19th century, the Ottomans had to concede extraterritorial rights, including postal operations, to the great powers as well as to some powers that were not so great.
Ottoman currency fluctuations often meant that speculators could buy British stamps from the Ottoman Offices and sell them in Britain at a profit, so Britain began to surcharge British stamps for its offices in the Ottoman Empire in paras and piasters.
www.tandemir.8m.com /custom4.html   (3418 words)

  
 NL21_2: The Vlachs of Greece   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Under the Byzantine and Ottoman empires there were obviously large numbers of Vlachs living in what is now Greece, Albania, Bulgaria, Romania and what was once Yugoslavia, but there would have been no point in distinguishing different groups, especially since many Vlachs either as merchants or transhumant shepherds moved from one country to another.
The country between Kastoria and Prespa on the borders of Yugoslavia, Albania and Greece is today still inhabited by a mixture of Greeks, Albanians, Slavs, and Vlachs with none of the different ethnic groups being confined to their respective borders any more than the abundant fair oak trees are.
Greece has a long tradition of fearing an enemy invasion from the North, whether the enemy be Turk, Slav, German, or Communist.
www.farsarotul.org /nl21_2.htm   (4918 words)

  
 Greece (02/05)
During the centuries of Ottoman domination, the Greek Orthodox Church preserved the Greek language and cultural identity and was an important rallying point in the struggle for independence.
Greece was adamantly opposed to the use of "Macedonia" by the government in Skopje, claiming that the term is intrinsically Greek and should not be used by a foreign country.
Greece and Turkey have unresolved disagreements regarding the Aegean, the treatment of the Orthodox Church and Greek minority in Istanbul, and the Muslim (primarily ethnic Turkish) minority in western Thrace.
www.state.gov /r/pa/ei/bgn/3395.htm   (4006 words)

  
 A Short History of the Jews of Greece:Ancient Times to the 1940's
Jewish presence in Greece dates at least to the mention by Strabo in approximately 85 B.C.E. that Jews could be found in all the cities of the eastern Mediterranean (VII 7 4).
Ottoman policy toward minorities was based on Islamic law, which recognized both Jews and Christians as a separate millet (nation) with religious and, to an extraordinary extent, legal autonomy within their own communities.
This immigration was welcomed by the Ottomans because of the economic stimulation it brought.
www.greecetravel.com /jewishhistory/ancient.html   (2015 words)

  
 Mavi Boncuk: 20/06/04   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Crete was administered by the Ottoman Empire from the conquest of Kandiye to the revolution in Mora.
Aydın was one of the counties densely populated by Ottoman Greeks.
The Ottoman Greek percentage in relation to the general number of the population of the county of Aydın is 15.87.
maviboncuk.blogspot.com /2004_06_20_maviboncuk_archive.html   (17160 words)

  
 Art History Greece - History of Art Greece - Art History Greece in Ottoman Empire - Ottoman Art History
Greece is a country that is at once European, Balkan, and Mediterranean and has a unique history.
Moreover, for many people Ottoman rule in Greek History, and the maintenance of the integrity of the Orthodox faith, was preferable to accepting the pretensions of the papacy, the price Western Christendom had sought to exact in return for military assistance to ward off the Turkish threat.
Greece now, formally at least, became a sovereign state, and the Greeks were thus the first of the subject peoples of the Ottoman Empire to gain full independence.
www.easterncorner.com /Greece.htm   (1819 words)

  
 Mr. Dowling's Ottoman Empire Page
The Ottoman Empire lasted until the early 20th century, a span of almost six hundred years.
The Ottoman Turks allowed Christians, Jews, and people of other faiths to practice their beliefs in peace.
The weakened Ottoman Empire was often compared to a “sick man.” European colonial leaders had recently seized most of Africa and were eager to exert their influence in the Middle East.
www.mrdowling.com /608-ottoman.html   (415 words)

  
 Greek War of Independence   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The Greek War of Independence was fought from the Greeks' declaration of independence from the Ottoman Empire on March 25 (now Greek Independence Day) 1821 until the modern state of Greece was granted independence by the Treaty of Constantinople in July 1832.
The Ottoman Empire had ruled all of Greece, with the exception of the Ionian islands since its conquest of the Byzantine Empire over the course of the 14th and 15th centuries (see: History of Ottoman Greece).
Greece was viewed as the cradle of western civilization, and it was especially lauded by the spirit of romanticism that was current at the time.
www.mywiseowl.com /articles/Greek_War_of_Independence   (664 words)

  
 Page 4/Key Dates of Greece
King George accepts principle of the dedilomeni, the obligation of the sovereign to call upon the party leader with the "declared" support of a majority in Parliament to form a government.
Thessaly and the Arta region of Epires ceded to Greece by Ottoman Empire.
Greece, Serbia, Bulgaria and Montenegro combine to attack the Ottoman Empire.
www.geocities.com /globaldp6ayala/Page4.html   (693 words)

  
 Bissonnette on Costume: 2-Geographic Search: Greece
L ined with fur in Turkish style worn in Greece in the 18th century.
After the liberation of Greece in the first quarter of the 19th century, all male costumes in the Peloponnese took the form of the foustanela.
The costume worn in the towns of the Peloponnese was adopted as a model for the offical court dress of Amalia, the consort of Otto I, the first King of Greece.
dept.kent.edu /museum/costume/bonc/2geographicsearch/Greece/greece.html   (1158 words)

  
 CIA - The World Factbook -- Greece   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
In World War II, Greece was first invaded by Italy (1940) and subsequently occupied by Germany (1941-44); fighting endured in a protracted civil war between royalist supporters of the king and communist rebels.
Greece joined the European Community or EC in 1981 (which became the EU in 1992); it became the 12th member of the euro zone in 2001.
Greece has a capitalist economy with the public sector accounting for about 40% of GDP and with per capita GDP 70% of the leading euro-zone economies.
www.cia.gov /cia/publications/factbook/geos/gr.html   (1323 words)

  
 Greece
Territorial Disputes: Greece and Turkey have resumed discussions to resolve their complex maritime, air, territorial, and boundary disputes in the Aegean Sea; Cyprus question with Turkey; dispute with The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia over its name.
National Liberation (PEEA) in liberated areas of Greece.
A government was established by PEEA in the free areas of Greece in 10 Mar 1944.
www.worldstatesmen.org /Greece.html   (4258 words)

  
 BalkanCrises, 1912-Jun.1914
Dec.03 > Ottoman armistice with the Balkan states - not adhered to by Greece
May.25 > Greece and the Ottoman Empire agree to a population exchange of Turks in Macedonia and Greeks in Smyrna and Thrace - the Turks immediately launch persecutions against the Greeks
Jun.13 > Greece annexes Chios and Lesbos (Mytilene) - ~ the threat of war between Greece and the Turks is averted by Ottoman conciliation and pressure from the powers
cnparm.home.texas.net /Wars/BalkanCrises/BalkanCrises02.htm   (3881 words)

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