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Topic: Oxyrhynchus Gospels


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In the News (Mon 22 Apr 19)

  
  Oxyrhynchus Gospels - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Oxyrhynchus Gospels are two fragmentary manuscripts ( British Library accession numbers 840 and 1224), which throw light on early non-canonical Gospel traditions of Christianity for scholars, but which are ignored by most Christians due to their being extremely fragmentary.
Oxyrhynchus 840, found in 1905, is a single small vellum parchment leaf with 45 lines of text written on both sides in a tiny neat hand that dates it to the 4th century.
As an independent gospel, it belongs, insofar as its fragmentary state allows us to see, not with discourse gospels involving the risen Jesus (e.g., the Secret Book of James and the Gospel of Mary), but with sayings gospels involving the earthly Jesus (e.g., Q document and the Gospel of Thomas).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Oxyrhynchus_1224   (557 words)

  
 Oxyrhynchus - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Oxyrhynchus is about 160 km south-southwest of Cairo, and lies west of the main course of the Nile, on the Bahr Yussef (Canal of Joseph), a branch of the Nile that terminates in Lake Moeris and the Fayum oasis.
The Oxyrhynchus Papyri, therefore, contained a complete record of the life of the town, and of the civilizations and empires of which the town was a part.
Other Oxyrhynchus texts preserve parts of the Apocalypse of Baruch (chapters 12–14; 4th or 5th century; number 403), the Gospel according to the Hebrews (3rd century AD; number 655), The Shepherd of Hermas (3rd or 4th century; number 404), and a work of Irenaeus, (3rd century; number 405).
ohlovely.net /proxy/nph-proxy.pl/010110A/http/en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oxyrhynchus   (2216 words)

  
 IBSS - The Bible - Other Gospels
The gospel is best explained in I Corinthians 15:3-4 "For what I received I passed on to you as of first importance: that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures, that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day according to the scriptures" (NIV).
Fragments of this gospel in the original Greek version were found in the Oxyrhynchus, Egypt at the beginning of the 20th century.
Oxyrhynchus Papyri 1, 654 and 655, were identified as parts of The Gospel of Thomas only after the discovery of the Nag Hammadi Library.
www.bibleandscience.com /bible/othergospels.htm   (1528 words)

  
 Oxyrhynchus - free-definition   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Oxyrhynchus is about 160km south-south-west of Cairo, and lies west of the main course of the Nile, on the Bahr Yusuf (Canal of Joseph), a branch of the Nile that terminates in Lake Moeris and the Fayum oasis.
The Oxyrhynchus papyri thus contained a complete record of the life of the town, and of the civilisations of which the town was a part.
In 1966 the Oxyrhynchus excavations and the publication of the papyri was formally adopted as a Major Research Project of the British Academy, jointly managed by Oxford University and University College London and headed by Peter Parsons.
www.free-definition.com /Oxyrhynchus.html   (2101 words)

  
 Evidence That the Gospels Are Authentic
The received text of the Gospels is based on a large number of manuscripts in the original language, Greek, together with a large number of ancient versions in other languages.
We can be sure, as we read the Gospels, that we have what the authors wrote rather than a text filled with late corruptions, reflecting the thinking and fancy of men who lived long after the time of Jesus.
Gospel citations and parallels appear even in the earliest noncanonical Christian writings, in those dating from the late first or early second century.
www.themoorings.org /apologetics/Gospels/relia1.html   (3158 words)

  
 Gospel of Peter: Additional Information
When the Gospel of Peter was first published, many scholars quickly regarded it as a rearrangement and loose paraphrase of the canonical gospels.
Other scholars, however, have argued that the Gospel of Peter was written independently of the canonical gospels by Jewish Christians in the first quarter of the second century.
They claim that there is no evidence that the text borrowed from the New Testament gospels and that the manner in which the Hebrew Bible is quoted suggests an early stage in Christian interpretation of it.
www.gospels.net /additional/peteradditional.html   (452 words)

  
 The Development of the Canon of the New Testament - Gospel of Thomas
It is doubtful whether this gospel was originally composed in Aramaic and then translated into Greek, although many of the sayings, like the oldest sayings of the canonical gospels, were certainly first circulated in Aramaic, the language of Jesus.
Some are known to occur also in non-canonical gospels, especially the Gospel of the Hebrews and the Gospel of the Egyptians.
One of the parables unique to this gospel, logion 97 (Empty Jar), was judged to probably be an authentic saying of Jesus by the Jesus Seminar, [FSB] p.
www.ntcanon.org /Gospel_of_Thomas.shtml   (637 words)

  
 The Gospel of Thomas.
However, some scholars have attempted to use Thomas as 'evidence' to support the theory that both it and the gospels are adapted from an earlier 'Gospel of Sayings' that is alleged to have contained the 'true' sayings of Jesus.
Rather, it is reasonable to conclude that occurrences of the same saying in two or more of the gospels, but not Thomas, merely casts further doubt on the otherwise unsupported theory that they drew from a single source document.
Note that this is not to say that, amongst the other documents to which Luke alludes, a document similar to Q or the Gospel of Sayings could not have existed and been used as a source: it might have.
www.users.zetnet.co.uk /kking/thomas.html   (1450 words)

  
 Articles - Jesus   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Some critics speculate that the Synoptic Gospels (Mark, Luke, and Matthew) used an existing Q document, and possibly an L document and M-Source, along with the Oral tradition, and that the Gospel of John used a Signs Gospel.
However, many interpretations of the Synoptic Gospels suggest only one year; and to achieve consistency with the Gospel of John, one theory suggests that the last Gospel describes a timeline which depicts a ministry time period of approximately one year.
For example, taking a clue from the Gospel of John that the unnamed apostle was the "disciple whom Jesus loved", and reclined on Jesus' chest during the Last Supper, Christopher Marlowe [1], and James I of England held that Jesus and this unnamed apostle (taken traditionally to be John the Evangelist) were lovers.
www.beadscenter.com /articles/Jesus   (5893 words)

  
 Text And Manuscripts Of The New Testament (International Standard Bible Encyclopedia) :: Bible Tools
Dictation was largely followed by Paul, the names of at least four of his secretaries, Tertius, Sosthenes, Timothy, and Sylvanus, being given, while the master himself, as in many of the Egyptian papyri, appended his own signature, sometimes with a sentence or two at the end.
The theory of Tischendorf that Codex Sinaiticus and Codex Vaticanus were in part prepared by the same hand and that they were both among the 50 manuscripts made under the direction of Eusebius at Caesarea in 331 for use in the emperor Constantine's new capital, is not now generally accepted.
It is a complete codex of the Gospels, in a slightly sloping but very ancient hand, written upon good vellum, in one column of 30 lines to the page, and 6 X 9 in.
bibletools.org /index.cfm/fuseaction/Def.show/RTD/ISBE/ID/8698   (5670 words)

  
 Open Directory - Society: Religion and Spirituality: Christianity: Church History: Early Christian Writings: Apocryphal ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Gospel of the Ebionites - Introduction by Geoff Trowbridge.
Gospel of the Hebrews - Introduction by Geoff Trowbridge.
Gospel of the Nazoreans - Introduction by Geoff Trowbridge.
dmoz.org /Society/Religion_and_Spirituality/Christianity/Church_History/Early_Christian_Writings/Apocryphal_Gospels   (555 words)

  
 Oxyrhynchus 840 Gospel   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
100-150 C.E. The Oxyrhynchus 840 papyrus is a single leaf from a fourth-century miniature codex, likely to have been worn around the neck as an amulet.
It is of course difficult to date the original time of composition, but a few keys help to make an educated estimation.
Jesus's title as "Savior" is found nowhere in the canonical gospels except John 4:42, though it is frequently used in later, particularly Gnostic, literature; yet the nature of the teachings suggest that Judaism was still a threat.
www.maplenet.net /~trowbridge/oxy840.htm   (222 words)

  
 Gospel of Thomas   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Orginally written in Greek: The Coptic Gospel of Thomas was translated from the Greek.
In the Gospel of Thomas we see a tendency of the redactor to deliberately make clear traditions into 'hidden' or 'secret' sayings--in keeping with his theology stated at the beginning of his work." 3.
The synoptic gospels are Matthew, Mark, and Luke.
members.aol.com /ibss3/gospels.html   (1298 words)

  
 The Oxyrhynchus 840 Gospel
Readers of the canonical Gospels are familiar with Jesus's repeated insistence that in the religious sphere it is inward purification, not external washing, that is important (cf.
Sellew notes that the Oxyrhynchus 840 Gospel is "similar to the New Testament gospels in its style and tone," particularly similar to Matthew 15 and Mark 7, which record disputes over purity issues.
The document is different from the canonical gospels in the consistent use of the term "Savior" to identify Jesus, which is found only once in Luke and once in John.
www.earlychristianwritings.com /oxyrhynchus840.html   (750 words)

  
 The Gospel of Matthias
The Gospel of Matthias was, at one time, almost as popular as the Gospel of Thomas.
The last of Clement's quotes does not appear in any known gospel, although the language is reminiscent of Jesus's: "that which you do to the least of your brethren, so do you it to me" and "do unto others as you would have done unto you".
I would conclude that the fragment is a Gospel fragment, and that this Gospel is dependent on the prior Gospels of John and Matthew at least.
pages.sbcglobal.net /zimriel/matthias.html   (2920 words)

  
 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Gnosticism
I, in Luc.), is identical with the Gospel of the Ebionites, and is also called the "Gospel according to Matthew", because in it Christ refers to St. Matthew in the second person, and the author speaks of the other Apostles and himself as "we".
A "Gospel of Philip" and a "Gospel of Thomas".
The Gospel of Thomas must have been of considerable length (1300 lines); part of it, in an expurgated recension, is possibly extant in the once popular, but vulgar and foolish, "Stories of the Infancy of Our Lord by Thomas, an Israelite philosopher", of which two Greek, as Latin, a Syriac, and a Slavonic version exist.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/06592a.htm   (10658 words)

  
 Sandwich of Attestation   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The general hand style, as described in pOxy 654 of Oxyrhynchus IV, is a common hand style used from the 2nd century to the 4th; the editors naturally secondarily preferred to date the mss as early as possible, secondarily preferred to be reasonable, but primarily preferred to be correct.
The Gospel of Thomas is also mentioned by many later patristic writers (Eusebius, etc), is stated by the Pistis Sophia as one of the main gnostic gospels (with gPhilip and gMathias) and was used by the later Thomasine apocrypha, perhaps also the Abgar letter, and by the Manichees.
Note that though the Gospel of Thomas might be proved to be written / compiled at the turn of the 2nd/3rd century, the main method of proof of this is to show that many of the logions derive from works that are older.
members.aol.com /dagoi/Att.html   (1602 words)

  
 The Oxyrhynchus 1224 Gospel
Oxyrhynchus 1224 consists of two small fragments from the late third or early fourth century.
The text does not seem to be dependent on the New Testament gospels since none of their redactional elements are discernable in its few verses.
As an independent gospel, it belongs, insofar as its fragmentary state allows us to see, not with discourse gospels involving the risen Jesus (e.g., the Secret Book of James and the Gospel of Mary), but with sayings gospels involving the earthly Jesus (e.g., Q and the Gospel of Thomas).
www.earlychristianwritings.com /oxyrhynchus1224.html   (273 words)

  
 Language Log: A new form of the Urim and Thummim?
POxy ("Oxyrhynchus Online") tells us the place where the papyri were found was a "county town" whose residents "called it Oxyrhynchus, or Oxyrhynchon polis, ‘City of the Sharp-nosed Fish’".
However, the previously-read parts of the Oxyrhynchus collection are mostly in the form of scattered fragments, not whole works.
It was clear from the beginning that the technique of multispectral imaging is not at all new, that many Oxyrhynchus fragments have already been decoded over the years, and that the likely outcome would be a stream of new fragments rather than a flood of new texts.
itre.cis.upenn.edu /~myl/languagelog/archives/002074.html   (1160 words)

  
 Gospel of Thomas: Additional Information
Fierce scholarly debate has surrounded the Gospel of Thomas since a complete Coptic translation of it was unearthed in the middle of the twentieth century.
It is an example of one of the earliest types of Christian writings (the sayings list) and may have been written before the gospels of the New Testament, much like the conjectured sayings source Q used by Matthew and Luke.
Fitzmeyer, Joseph A. "The Oxyrhynchus Logoi of Jesus and the Coptic Gospel According to Thomas." Pages 355-433 in Essays on the Semitic Background of the New Testament.
www.gospels.net /additional/thomasadditional.html   (484 words)

  
 Gospel of Mary
Three fragments of the Gospel of Mary are known today: two third-century fragments (P. Rylands 463 and P.
Oxyrhynchus 3525) and the longest and most important fragment, a fifth-century Coptic version (Berolinensis Gnosticus 8052,1) first published in 1955.
Gospel of Mary" The Oxyrhynchus Papyri, 50 (London: Egypt Exploration Society, 1983) 12-14.
www.bts.edu /trobisch/Presentations/MatthewAndMary.htm   (185 words)

  
 POxy Oxyrhynchus Online   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Now, in a breakthrough described as the classical equivalent of finding the holy grail, Oxford University scientists have employed infra-red technology to open up the hoard, known as the Oxyrhynchus Papyri, and with it the prospect that hundreds of ancient Greek comedies, tragedies and epic poems will soon be revealed.
They even believe they are likely to find lost Christian gospels, the originals of which were written around the time of the earliest books of the New Testament.
The papyrus fragments were discovered in historic dumps outside the Graeco-Egyptian town of Oxyrhynchus ('city of the sharp-nosed fish') in central Egypt at the end of the 19th century.
www.papyrology.ox.ac.uk /news/independent.html   (1185 words)

  
 The Gospel of Thomas Collection -- The Gnostic Society Library
Redemption and Redeemer in the Gospel of Thomas The Gospel of Thomas is one of the most important Gnostic texts discovered at Nag Hammadi.
The Gospel of Thomas (General Discussion) Located at Yahoo groups, "this is a discussion list for those interested in exploring the meanings of the 114 sayings attributed to Jesus in the Gospel of Thomas.
The Gospel of Thomas and the Hermeneutics of Vision by Dr. Lance Owens.
www.gnosis.org /naghamm/nhl_thomas.htm   (2474 words)

  
 The Schøyen Collection --1.2 The Greek New Testament and the Septuagint   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
MS in Greek on papyrus, Oxyrhynchus?, Egypt, ca.
A notable feature of this MS is the small size, as most Greek Gospels are great quartos.
MS in Greek on vellum, possibly Thessaloniki or Mount Athos, Greece, ca.
www.nb.no /baser/schoyen/4/4.1/412.html   (1642 words)

  
 H.B.Swete, ‘The Oxyrhynchus Fragment’   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
This was perhaps in the last years of the fourth century, but the history of Oxyrhynchus as a Christian city goes further back; a bishop of Oxyrhynchus signed the Seleucian Creed of 359, and other bishops preceded him in the see.
There is no clear evidence of dependence on any of our present Gospels, even where the sayings approach to St. Matthew or St. Luke, if we expect, except, perhaps, the first saying, which agrees verbally with the St. Luke of the R.T. Nevertheless, the Greek has, I think, the true ring of the evangelical style.
I venture to hope that the Oxyrhynchus ‘sayings’ when they have been fully deciphered and interpreted, may be found to supply help in both these directions.
www.meetingpoint.org /~swete/art14.html   (4400 words)

  
 intro.html   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The author of the Gospel of Thomas is recorded as Thomas the Apostle, one of the Twelve.
The Gospel of Philip — as can be inferred from its entries 51, 82, 84, 98, 101, 137 and 139— was composed at least in part after 70 AD by Philip called the Evangelist ( not the Apostle), who appears in the Book of Acts at 6:1-6, 8:4-40 and 21:8-14.
Nicholas Perrin, ‘The Gospel of Thomas: Witness to the Historical Jesus?’ (paper, Annual Meetings of the Society of Biblical Literature, 2002): The Gospel of Thomas was not originally written in Greek;...
www.metalog.org /files/intro.html   (5426 words)

  
 Keyword   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Some theologians believe that the Gospels were written long after Christ's passion and therefore are more reflective of the community than they are of the actual events.
Gospels' truth uncovered The gospels used revolutionary printing techniques Researchers have found a possible link between the Lindisfarne gospels and another celebrated early British text, proving they may have been written at the same time in the same region.
The complex and lavishly decorated gospels are widely recognised as the pinnacle of Anglo Saxon cultural achievement.
www.freerepublic.com /focus/keyword?k=gospels   (2378 words)

  
 Sacred Scrolls of the Essene Church
The Gospel of Philip— as can be inferred from its entries 51, 82, 84, 98, 101, 137 and 139— was composed both before and after 70 AD by Philip called the Evangelist(!), who appears in the Book of Acts at 6:1-6, 8:4-40 and 21:8-14.
Notably, however, the Gospels of Thomas, Philip, and Truth were evidently not known to any of those traditions at the time of their attempts at establishing a NT canon, never being so much as mentioned in their protracted deliberations— and hence were never even under consideration for inclusion in their respective listings.
According to scholars, the 114 quotations in the Gospel of Thomas are as valuable as Matthew, Mark, Luke and John for gaining understanding of the man Christians worship as Messiah.
essenes.net /thomasintro.html   (4458 words)

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