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Topic: POP Air Pollution Protocol

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In the News (Wed 19 Jun 19)

 United Nations System-Wide EARTHWATCH > Toxic chemicals > POPs
POPs present serious health risks including mimicking reproductive hormones (see Hormone Disrupters) and a suspicion of immune suppression and are thought to assist carcinogenic substances or cause cancer directly.
The pollutants evaporate from soils in warm areas such as the tropics, are transported as vapour around the globe, and condense over cold areas as toxic snow or rain.
POPs present a special challenge to developing countries, which typically lack the capacity to identify and respond to sources of releases of POPs to the air, water and soil.
earthwatch.unep.net /toxicchem/pops.php   (1113 words)

 PowerPedia:Pollution - PESWiki
Air pollution is the release of chemicals and particulates into the atmosphere.
Worldwide air pollution is responsible for large numbers of deaths and cases of respiratory disease.
The case against light pollution is strengthened by a range of studies on health effects, suggesting that excess light may induce loss in visual acuity, hypertension, headaches and increased incidence of carcinoma.
peswiki.com /index.php/PowerPedia:Pollution   (5395 words)

 [] : ECE/463
However, the situation concerning other pollutants, such as nitrogen oxides (NOx), volatile organic compounds and persistent organic pollutants "is not so good", he said, adding that the problem had grown with the emergence of numerous new States in the region; transboundary air pollution now has to be fought by more actors.
Air pollutants, such as sulphur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen oxides (NOx), volatile organic compounds and persistent organic pollutants (POP) not only cause human diseases like pulmonary diseases, cancers and genetic degenerations, but have also often irreversible effects on flora and fauna, rivers and lakes.
The development of air pollution in the region of the ECE (Europe, including the Commonwealth of Independent States and North America) varies considerably.
www.un.org /News/Press/docs/old.errors/0.ece463.html   (1020 words)

 Concern Over Persistent Organic Pollutants
POPs are toxic chemicals, which last for a long time in the environment and travel long distances far from the source of emission or release.
In fact, before it was banned in the United States in 1973, dichloro-diphenyl-trichloroethane or DDT as it is commonly known, was the primary factor associated with the fall in numbers of various bird species.
The reason that POPs have aroused international attention is the realisation that the dangers are not restricted to single nations but is a global problem, which can be solved only when the North and the South get together.
www.geocities.com /dsmutum/pop.html   (864 words)

 Oceanlink | marine sciences education and fun
While the overall impact of pollution on the marine environment is unknown, contaminants introduced by rivers, coastal runoff, ocean dumping and various other activities are beginning to take their toll on the oceans.
Pollution is a big problem that has negative effects on all of the planet's ecosystems, including the oceans.
My difinition of pollution is this: Pollution is the introduction by man, directly or indirectly, of substances or energy into the environment to such a degree that environmental conditions change.
oceanlink.island.net /ask/pollution.html   (9578 words)

 EPA: Pesticides - Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
POPs are a set of chemicals that are toxic, persist in the environment for long periods of time, and biomagnify as they move up through the food chain.
POPs have been linked to adverse effects on human health and animals, such as cancer, damage to the nervous system, reproductive disorders, and disruption of the immune system.
Elements from the LRTAP POPs protocol were used in negotiations for the global POPs Treaty.
www.epa.gov /oppfod01/international/pops.htm   (1300 words)

 Emission Inventory Scope Study
It is recognized that limited data have been used to develop some of the speciation profiles; that some toxic air pollutants are not included in the profiles; and that overall there are a limited number of profiles available for use.
However, the recommended approach of estimating TOG and PM emissions and then using available speciation profiles to estimate individual emissions of toxic air pollutants is currently the most feasible approach for the Great Lakes states and the Province of Ontario in preparing an inventory for highway vehicles.
When emission factors for specific toxic air pollutants are available: Emission factor is multiplied by activity data for each nonroad mobile source subcategory, and for each equipment type within each subcategory.
www.glc.org /air/scope/scope001.htm   (3519 words)

 EHP 108-4, 2000: Focus: Winds of Change: Reducing Transboundary Air Pollutants
Air pollution never respects international boundaries, but in recent months a spate of meetings and agreements has shown international governments to be more willing than ever to try to limit the amount of their air pollution that drifts into other countries.
While many of these are caused by indoor air pollution, the WHO estimates that just eliminating ground-level ozone could save 180,000 lives annually (including 5,000 in the United Sates) and reduce suffering for millions of people with asthma and other respiratory ailments.
Also not included in the Gothenburg Protocol are limits on POPs and heavy metal pollution, but these are addressed separately in the sixth and seventh protocols to the Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution, both of which were adopted in 1998.
www.ehponline.org /docs/2000/108-4/focus.html   (3806 words)

 HOAX: Implementation of Kyoto Accord/Protocol
CO2 content of air has been extremely low for thousands of years, and is still extremely LOW; still only 0.03% to 0.04% of the total mixture of all of the different kinds of gases which make up air at sea level.
The CO2 concentration of the air is already at a correct, LOW level, in a state of dynamic equilibrium with its biotic and abiotic environmental components.
Of course, the carbon that is removed from air when plants use up the CO2 supply in air, has to be replaced, and it is. Some of the carbon in the other "sinks" is converted to CO2 gas, which then diffuses into the air.
plantseatco2.blogspot.com   (6142 words)

 ICCA states as its major objectives for Bonn
ICCA cannot accept any binding language which would suggest a requirement to ‘eliminate’ by-product POPs and would prefer to avoid objectives with respect to byproducts being framed in terms of there being an aim for elimination or ultimate elimination, as there is a risk of misinterpretation even of ‘aspirational’ language.
The UNEP negotiations are focused on 12 POPs of "historical concern.
The UNEP POPs negotiations are expected to conclude in the year 2000, with the Bonn negotiation in March to be followed by a December negotiation in South Africa.
www.ienearth.org /pops_bonn.html   (2394 words)

 EUROPA - Environment - POPs - Persistent Organic Pollutants
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are chemical substances that persist in the environment, bioaccumulate through the food web, and pose a risk of causing adverse effects to human health and the environment.
Persistent Organic Pollutants are transported across international boundaries far from their sources, even to regions where they have never been used or produced.
The Protocol to the regional UNECE Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (CLRTAP) on POPs, opened for signatures in June 1998 and entered into force on 23 October 2003
ec.europa.eu /environment/pops/index_en.htm   (672 words)

 / nuvo.net / indy's alternative voice / news and culture / indianapolis, indiana
Pollution, politics and profits have all fueled a “clean-coal” revolution that is full of dirty secrets.
While both methods are currently in pilot programs, the lack of proof that burying billions of tons of carbon dioxide is, in fact, a safe thing to do has not stopped the coal companies from pushing forward with clean-coal technology, nor has it stopped the federal government from funding clean-coal research and manufacturing.
Although CO2 is a naturally occurring component of the air we breathe, massive volumes of the gas entering the atmosphere from both industrial and natural emissions are concentrating in the upper atmosphere and, most scientists believe, throwing the Earth’s climate out of balance.
www.nuvo.net /articles/pollution,_politics_and_profits1   (3226 words)

 The Greenhouse gas trade.
The intention was to step up the international anti-pollution movement to avoid the consequences of the “grasshopper effect,” whereby pollutants travel from one side of the globe to the other through the air or in the sea.
The Kyoto Protocol to cut carbon emissions in industrialized countries is increasingly understood not as an environmental agreement but perhaps as one of the most significant trade agreements of the century.
It is important to recognize that the Protocol, signed in December 1997, still marks a step forward in the world’s resolve to arrest the problem of human-induced climate change.
www.unesco.org /courier/1998_10/uk/planete/txt2.htm   (1693 words)

 MSC - East / Persistent Organic Pollutants / Work plan
To support the implementation of protocols to the Convention; provide the measurement and modelling tools necessary for further abatement policies; compile and evaluate information on transboundary air pollution and implement the EMEP monitoring strategy adopted in 2004.
To develop a fuller scientific understanding of the hemispheric transport of air pollution and estimate such transport for specific air pollutants.
The Task Force on the Hemispheric Transport of Air Pollution, led by the United States and the European Community, will coordinate activities, including collaboration with other international bodies and networks with related interests within and outside the UNECE region.
www.msceast.org /pops/work_plan.html   (688 words)

 [No title]
The data that the POPs Review Committee considered should also be publicly available, as should a brief summary of their conclusions with respect to each of the criteria.
Incineration of POP pesticides leads to the formation of dioxins and furans, which are, themselves, extremely hazardous POP chemicals.
UNEP is initiating similar efforts to address POPs stockpiles, as part of a Global Environmental Facility (GEF) project entitled "Assessing National Management Needs of Persistent Toxic Substances." The full project, once funded, will undertake several national case studies in developing countries and countries in economic transition.
www.ienearth.org /pops_unep.html   (4757 words)

 Development of Science-based Criteria for Identifying Further POPs, UK, June 1996
Once a POP has been selected, the next step is to decide on the appropriate measures to control the POP: this involves consideration of the socio-economic factors involved in the various control options, e.g.
Instead, expert judgement must be used to determine qualitatively the strength of the case for or against the POP classification of the proposed substance.
UNECE is quite clearly concerned only with long range transboundary air pollution; other risks being considered only when comparing the risk profiles of POPs and their potential alternatives.
www.chem.unep.ch /pops/indxhtms/manwg5.html   (1170 words)

 Canada's National Implementation Plan under the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants
To the west is the Pacific coast (Pacific Maritime ecozone), with a mountainous coastline indented by deep fiords and glacial valleys and bordered by plains along the ocean.
The Protocol on POPs, agreed to and adopted in 1998 pursuant to the 1979 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP), entered into force in October 2003.
Recognition of the inherent right is based on the view that the Aboriginal peoples of Canada have the right to govern themselves in relation to matters that are internal to their communities, integral to their unique cultures, identities, traditions, languages and institutions, and with respect to their land and resources.
www.ec.gc.ca /cleanair-airpur/CAOL/POPS/Stockholm/p1_c2_e.html   (7292 words)

 1. A growing debate
The Kyoto Protocol for reducing greenhouses gases was supposed to have cut U.S. emissions by now.
From data on the relationship between population growth and environmental problems like pollution, deforestation or water deficiencies, he adds, "It's hard to conclculde that population has anything to do with it.
Ocean fish are declining, soils are eroding, cities are swelling, fresh water is fading, and air polltution has reached choking levels in many of the new "megacities," like Shanghai and Sao Paolo.
whyfiles.org /200immigration_pop   (1056 words)

 Halliwell Engineering Associates - Indoor Air Quality   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Although the long term health affects of poor environmental conditions are currently under study, both OSHA and the EPA have prioritized this issue as the number one health concern for occupancy in buildings.
It is a condition that occurs in buildings when the concentrations of pollutants in the indoor air (particles, chemicals or bioaerosols) increase to the point where they can cause physical discomfort, allergic reactions or illness to the occupants.
The quality of our indoor air is now a major health and legal issue for building owners, managers and tenants.
www.heainc.com /iaq-services.htm   (682 words)

 POPs - Persistent organic pollutants   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
The negotiations of the POP Protocol of the UNECE Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (CLRTAP) concluded on 24 June 1998.
In the meantime, 20 of the 36 signatory states have ratified the protocol.
Since the production and use of the POPs listed in the POPs Protocol and the POP Convention have already been banned in Germany, national focus in future will be on identifying new POPs and how to integrate them into the two treaties.
www.umweltbundesamt.de /uba-info-daten-e/daten-e/pops.htm   (390 words)

 NPR : A Christian Perspective on the Kyoto Protocol
A report in Nature magazine suggests that up to 37 percent of God's creatures will be on the road to extinction because of climate change by 2050, their songs of praise to their creator snuffed out forever.
DuPont and BP have made major efforts to reduce their emissions and are saving millions in the process.
Many individuals are also doing their part to reduce their global warming pollution by such activities as driving fuel-efficient vehicles and taking public transportation.
www.npr.org /templates/story/story.php?storyId=4500814   (889 words)

 Persistent Organic Pollutants
Ce Protocole, adopté le 24 juin 1998 à Aarhus, modifie pour la sixième fois la Convention sur la pollution atmosphérique transfrontalière à longue distance.
The 17 new Parties to the Protocol on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) are to celebrate its entry into force this Thursday, 23 October.
The Protocol, signed by 35 countries and the European Union at its adoption in Aarhus, Denmark, in 1998, is the sixth to take effect under the Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE).
www.audace-ass.com /News_database/POP/persistent_organic_pollutants.htm   (854 words)

 Air Pollution Solution
We are working hard to find solutions for you for some of the most difficult environmental air pollutions we have ever seen.
The substances that many of us who have been researching the chemtrail issue suspect are in the air --- ARE IN THE AIR.
These chemicals seem to affect the water in the air and cause a drying effect.
www.herbalhealer.com /air-pollution.html   (1588 words)

 Environmental agreement - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty
Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping Wastes and Other Matter
Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Environmental_agreements   (233 words)

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