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Topic: Pahlavi dynasty

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In the News (Sun 23 Jun 19)

  Pahlavi Dynasty Biography | ema_04_package.xml
The reign of the Pahlavi dynasty (1925–1979) was a crucial and transitional period in Iranian history that began with Reza Shah Pahlavi (1878–1944) and ended with his son, Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi (1919–1980).
Many of the sweeping changes introduced by the Pahlavis were unacceptable to the population, particularly to the religious community, and after the fall of the dynasty a conservative backlash erased most of the Pahlavi achievements.
Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, known as "the Shah," was forced to permit the foreign troops to use Iranian territory as needed during World War II while the Shah worked to gain support from his people, including the disaffected clerics who had disliked his father's secular policies.
www.bookrags.com /biography/pahlavi-dynasty-ema-04   (1487 words)

 Pahlavi Dynasty
After centuries of misrule by its former rulers and the ravages of the war waged by foreign belligerents on its soil from 1914 to 1919, Iran in 1921 was prostrate, ruined, and on the verge of disintegration.
In 1925 the Majles deposed the absentee monarch, and a constituent assembly elected Reza Khan as shah, vesting sovereignty in the new Pahlavi dynasty.
Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi (1919-80) was born in Tehran on October 26, 1919, the eldest son of Reza Shah.
persepolis.free.fr /iran/history/pahlavi.html   (3307 words)

 Pahlavi - Introduction
Arsacid Pahlavi was the official language of the Arsacid dynasty of Parthia, which ruled from 250 B.C. to 226 A.D.; it did not die out with the dynasty.
The Sasanian or Southwest Pahlavi was the official language of the Sasanian dynasty, which ruled from 226 A.D. until the Mohammedan conquest in 652.
The best texts, then available, of all the known Pahlavi rock-inscriptions had just been collected by Thomas, mostly from the recent copies made by Flandin and Coste; and the bilingual inscription of Shahpuhar I, in a cave at Haji-Abad near Persepolis, was selected by Haug as the most complete and legible of the longer inscription.
www.farvardyn.com /pahlavi.php   (2751 words)

 Pahlavi dynasty - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Pahlavi dynasty(سلسله پهلوی) of Iran began with the crowning of Reza Shah Pahlavi in 1925 and ended with the Iranian Revolution of 1979, and the subsequent collapse of the ancient tradition of Iranian monarchy.
In 1921 Reza Khan (later Reza Pahlavi), an officer in Iran's only military force (Persian Cossack Brigade) used his troops to support a coup against the government of Qajar dynasty.
In 1935 Reza Pahlavi, issued a decree asking foreign delegates to use the term Iran in formal correspondence in accordance with the fact that "Persia" was a term used by Western peoples for the country called "Iran" in Persian.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Pahlavi_dynasty   (1595 words)

 TCS Daily - The Future of Iranian Nationalism
Iranian nationalism was powerfully influenced by the Pahlavi dynasty -- the last dynasty to rule Iran prior to the advent of the Islamic Revolution.
"Pahlavi" is the name of one of the ancient (and pre-Islamic) Persian languages, and it is a play on the word pahlevan, or "champion." A pahlevan is a wrestling champion, and the wrestling houses, or zurkhaneh were originally developed in Persia as a response to the Arab invasion that brought about Islamic rule there.
The Pahlavi dynasty thus was set irrevocably down the road towards infusing the country with a form of secular nationalism, a path that would eventually bring it into conflict with the country's clerical class.
www.tcsdaily.com /article.aspx?id=070303C   (2201 words)

The Qajar dynasty was ousted and Reza Khan proclaimed as Shahanshah by the Persian Majlis in 1925.
Vala Gohari: the style borne by the daughters of a Princess of the Pahlavi dynasty, translated as Princess with the style of Her Highness.
Donald N. Wilber, Reza Pahlavi: The Resurrection and Reconstruction of Iran.
www.4dw.net /royalark/Persia/pahlavi.htm   (594 words)

 Pahlavi dynasty   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
The Pahlavi dynasty was the ruling dynasty of Iran from 1925 to 1979, from which two Shahs were drawn.
In 1921 Reza Khan (later Reza Shah Pahlavi), an officer in Iran's only military force (Cossack Brigade) used his troops to support a coup against the government of Qajar dynasty.
The Pahlavi Dynasty was succeeded by an Islamic government under Ayatollah Khomeini in 1979 and the Shah fled the country, dying a short while later in Egypt.
pahlavi-dynasty.iqnaut.net   (1251 words)

 All Empires History Forum: Royal Jewels   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
This beautiful Tiara was actually commissioned during the reign of the Qajar Dynasty (1779-1925 A.D.) Princess Fatemeh of the Pahlavi Dynasty, one of the sisters of the last Shah of Iran, favored to wear the tiara on several occasions.
In recorded documents dating back to the Acheamenid dynasty some 2500 years ago, it describes the size of the Persian jewels and treasury to be of such a volume that it took several thousand horses to move the treasures from one city to another.
Known as the "Persian Prince Valiant", this youngest son of Fath Ali Shah, Crown Prince of Persia and governor of Azarbaijan Province of Iran, was a brave and heroic warrior.
www.allempires.com /Forum/forum_posts.asp?TID=9162   (1995 words)

Pahlavi says he is in touch with U.S. officials, although no one in the Bush administration will confirm that.
Pahlavi says he is preparing cassettes and pamphlets for distribution in remote areas.
Despite such ruthlessness, Pahlavi believes the regime is vulnerable to non-violent resistance, pointing to the defection in recent years of prominent clerics.
www.iran-press-service.com /articles_2002/Aug_2002/reza_pahlavi_poluparity_26802.htm   (732 words)

 A New Dynasty in 1916?
Additionally, I am calling the hypothetical new dynasty discussed here simply "The New Dynasty." In an earlier draft, I had cleverly called it "The Xin Dynasty," on the grounds that "Xin" means "new." Further research reminded me that the usurper Wang Mang had established a regime with the same pronunciation 2000 years ago.
There, the new Pahlavi Dynasty of Persia (which it taught the world to call "Iran") attempted a program of national modernization comparable to, but milder than, the reconstruction of Turkey undertaken by Kemal Ataturk and his successors.
As the history of the Pahlavi regime in Iran illustrates, the effect of modernization in an authoritarian context can often be to manufacture an opposition that would not otherwise have existed.
pages.prodigy.net /aesir/xin.htm   (2930 words)

 Related Articles on Kurdish Language
Although this may be considered the beginning of an official language policy reflecting the position of Persian nationalists it was not until the coming to power of the Pahlavi dynasty that the central government was in a position to implement the constitutional stipulation effectively.
The Pahlavi dynasty was established by Reza Khan who came to power through a coup d'etat in 1921, and declared himself the King of Persia (1925-41).
In spite of the obvious de-ethnisation policy, the last Pahlavi monarch applied his "safety valve" approach to the Kurds whenever the government was weak or threatened.
www.kurdishacademy.org /english/articles/articles-002.html   (2010 words)

The Sassanid dynasty collapsed in 1750s A.D. by the invasion of Afghans and the country were in chaos for a few years.
During this period, the Kiani crown was still minted on the coins with the name of Reza shah Pahlavi for the Pahlavi crown was under construction.
Due to the World War II and inflation, the new coin series of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi were minted in smaller size and the 10 Rials coins were released for the first time.
irancollection.alborzi.com /coins.html   (1591 words)

 THE IRANIAN: Opinion, Pahlavi monarchy, Haj Mirza Khan
The saddest part of the Pahlavi "Dynasty" is the pressures put on crown princes.
The truth about Pahlavis is that Reza Khan, a capable and patriotic Iranian, overthrew the ineffective constitutional monarchy of the bankrupt Qajar Dynasty in favor of an Ataturk style progressive secularism.
Laws and the constitution mean nothing to the Pahlavis, until they have to point to it and ask for their position back.
www.iranian.com /Opinion/2001/November/Shotor   (1795 words)

 Historical Setting
The Islamic revolution in 1979 brought a sudden end to the rule of the Pahlavi dynasty, which for fifty years had been identified with the attempt to modernize and Westernize Iran.
The rise of Reza Shah Pahlavi, who as Reza Khan seized power in 1921 and established a new dynasty in 1925, reflected the failure of the constitutional experiment.
As a result, Britain and the Soviet Union simultaneously invaded Iran on August 26, 1941, the Soviets from the northwest and the British across the Iraqi frontier from the west and at the head of the Persian Gulf in the south.
www.parstimes.com /history/historicalsetting.html   (20953 words)

at Tehran, 1977, H.I.H. Princess (Shahdokht) Shohreh Pahlavi, née Dowlati.
3) H.I.H. Princess (Shahdokht) Ashraf ul-Mulk [H.I.H. Princess Ashraf Pahlavi].
4) H.I.H. Princess (Shahdokht) Fatemeh Khanum [H.I.H. Princess Fatemeh Pahlavi].
www.4dw.net /royalark/Persia/pahlavi2.htm   (2345 words)

 Reza Pahlavi and Referendum
and as usual their agents throw the dirty swear words, while Reza Pahlavi sits nice and pretty in TV interviews, with "humility" and talks of not having political ambitions, and repeats that he is very democratic, and will follow people's vote, when people choose between monarchy and republic in a referendum.
Reza Pahlavi likes to force a vote on Iranian people for the power of his family, and this is why he is not calling the end of Pahlavi Dynasty.
Reza Pahlavi is so much interested in democracy, the first step is to announce the end of Pahlavi dictatorship, and not to revive its symbols like Sha'boon Bimokh.
www.ghandchi.com /338-RezaPahlaviRefEng.htm   (573 words)

 History of Iran: Pahlavi Dynasty
n 1921 Reza Khan (later Reza Shah Pahlavi), an officer in Iran's only military force (Cossack Brigade) used his troops to support a coup against the government of Qajar Dynasty.
In 1925 a specially convened assembly deposed Ahmad Shah, the last ruler of the Qajar dynasty, and named Reza Khan, who earlier had adopted the surname Pahlavi, as the new shah.
Pahlavi Dynasty was succeeded by an Islamic government under Ayatollah Khomeini.
www.iranchamber.com /history/pahlavi/pahlavi.php   (1129 words)

For those less familiar with the history of Iran, it is instructive to know that the clergy were a most integral part of the ruling classes all the way until 1920s, when the founder of the Pahlavi Dynasty, Reza Shah, summarily stripped the mullahs of almost all their social institutions of power.
So, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi had to watch his father sent to exile, and was himself installed as the king.
So, for the most part, the second King of the Pahlavi ‘dynasty’ set his priorities in line with the Cold War-dictated aims and goals of his enablers in the West, and participated wholeheartedly in pursuing the leftists and making them into public enemy number one.
www.covertactionquarterly.org /iranianclasswars.html   (2854 words)

 [No title]
His Imperial Majesty Mohamed Reza Shah Pahlevi was born on the 26th October 1919, the son of the future Shah of Iran, Reza Shah Pahlavi, then a leading officer in the Qajar imperial army.
Two years later, his father led a military coup and installed dictatorship, being elected hereditary monarch in 1925, what meant the end of the Qajar Dynasty and the installation of the new Pahlavi Dynasty.
After seven years of marriage, Queen Soraya had been incapable of delivering an heir to the dynasty but there was great surprise when on the 14th March 1958 it was announced that the Shah would divorce Soraya, who would become Her Imperial Highness Princess Soraya.
www.angelfire.com /empire/imperialiran/shah.html   (1207 words)

 World Almanac for Kids
He was regarded as a saint by the Iranians and proclaimed himself shah, marking the founding of the Safavid dynasty (1502–1736) and the establishment of the Shiite doctrine as the official Iranian religion.
His death in 1747 was followed by a period of relative peace and prosperity during the Zand dynasty, which ended in 1794, when Agha Muhammad Khan (1742–97), a cruel ruler, proclaimed himself shah and founded the Qajar dynasty (1794–1925).
On Oct. 5, 1961, the shah created the Pahlavi Dynasty Trust with a donation equal in value to $133 million, the bulk of his remaining fortune; the income from the trust was to be used for social and educational purposes.
www.worldalmanacforkids.com /explore/nations/iran.html   (6755 words)

 Orders & Medals - IRAN COLLECTION
By the coup D'etat of Reza Shah Pahlavi on February 22nd, 1921 the overthrown of Qajar dynasty was set into progress.
Four years later, in 1925, Ahmad Shah Qajar, the last king of Qajar dynasty fled to Paris and a few months later Reza Shah founded the Pahlavi dynasty that directed Iran to a more developed country.
After the world war II, in the reign of shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, many other military and civil orders came into existence from which the orders of Haftpeikar and Aryamehr are the most famous and magnificent examples.
irancollection.alborzi.com /orders.html   (765 words)

 Royalty.nu - The Last Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi & the Pahlavi Family
Chronicles the events leading to the fall of the last reigning monarch of the Peacock Thorne, Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, detailing the excesses of his court and the shah's abdiction, exile, and death.
The Turban for the Crown: The Islamic Revolution in Iran by Said Amir Arjomand is a history of the revolution that overthrew the shah.
Dynamics of the Iranian Revolution: The Pahlavis' Triumph and Tragedy by Jahangir Amuzegar.
www.royalty.nu /MiddleEast/Iran/Pahlavi.html   (760 words)

 Coins of Qajar dynasty
Qajar dynasty is actually one of the most famous dynasties in the history of Iran.
This dynasty was founded by Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar in 1796 and after him, six other kings came to throne.
This period can be called as the transitional period toward modernization in Iran which came into cessation by the foundation of the Pahlavi dynasty by Reza Shah Pahlavi in 1925.
irancollection.alborzi.com /Qajarcoin/index.htm   (273 words)

 Mohammad Reza Pahlavi - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
He was the second monarch of the Pahlavi dynasty and the last Iranian sovereign.
Born in the Sadabad Palace complex in northern Tehran to Reza Pahlavi and his second wife, Tadj ol-Molouk, Mohammad Reza was the eldest son of the first Shah of the Pahlavi dynasty.
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, crowning Farah Pahlavi as Empress of Iran.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Mohammad_Reza_Pahlavi_of_Iran   (2818 words)

 Untitled Document
THE PRINCE Gholam-Reza Pahlavi, son of Reza Shah the Great, founder of the Pahlavi dynasty, and brother of of the last Shah of Iran was a privaledged witness of his reign of thirty seven years.
PDV--You are both the son of Reza Shah the Great founder of the Pahlavi Dynasty and by your mother are related to the ancient Qajar dynasty deposited in 1935 in favor of your father.
Le Prince Gholam-Reza Pahlavi, frère du Shah d'Iran, a décidé de rompre ce silence et de dire quel a été l'Iran au XXe siècle, marqué par la dynastie à laquelle il appartient.
www.rozanehmagazine.com /NoveDec05/aprinceGPahlavi.html   (3042 words)

 Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi Biography | Encyclopedia of World Biography
Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi (1919-1980) was king of Iran and second in the Pahlavi dynasty.
In the fall of 1941 Mohammad Reza's father was forced to abdicate the throne by the British and Russian forces who had occupied the country after a short struggle.
What made this coronation a unique one in the annals of Persian history was that his third wife, Farah, was crowned as empress, the first since the coming of Islam in the 7th century.
www.bookrags.com /biography/mohammad-reza-shah-pahlavi   (717 words)

 The Qajars (Kadjars) and the Pahlavis   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
From this marriage was born Gholam Reza Pahlavi, Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi's younger half brother.
Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi did not continue the tradition of marrying into the Qajar (Kadjar) family, he instead chose first the sister of King Faroukh of Egypt and then Soraya Esfandiary and Farah Diba, respectively, both from prominent non-Qajar Iranian families.
Thus the Qajars (Kadjars) and the Pahlavis too are connected, though their connections, by the nature of the circumstances under which they occured, were not as warm as those of the Qajars (Kadjars) and the Ottomans, with whom the Qajars (Kadjars) had longer lasting blood ties and friendlier relations.
www.qajarpages.org /qajpahlavis.html   (398 words)

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