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Topic: Papal States


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  Papal States. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
The nucleus of the states consisted of endowments given to the popes from the 4th cent.
The Comtat Venaissin, a papal possession in S France until 1791 (though not a part of the Papal States), was acquired in 1274; in 1309, Avignon became the seat of the popes.
Giuseppe Garibaldi invaded the remaining Papal States twice but was prevented from taking Rome—in 1862 by the intervention of Victor Emmanuel II of Italy, and in 1867 by Napoleon III.
www.bartleby.com /65/pa/PapalSta.html   (883 words)

  
 Papal States - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Papal States (Gli Stati della Chiesa or Stati Pontificii, "States of the Church") was one of the major historical states of Italy before the boot-shaped peninsula was unified under the Piedmontese crown of Savoy (later a republic).
The opportunity to eliminate the last vestige of the Papal States came at the beginning of September 1870, when, in the aftermath of France's disastrous defeat at the Battle of Sedan, the French garrison in Rome was withdrawn to defend France against the Prussians.
The papal 'state' was represented in each(?) province by a governor, either styled papal legate, as in the former principality of Benevento, or papal delegate, as in the former duchy of Pontecorvo ?or otherwise
www.wikipedia.org /wiki/Papal_States   (2274 words)

  
 Papal states   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Papal States A history of the Papal states before the 1848 revolution and how the events of 1848 affected the states.
Papal States: Exiles and Political Prisoners An account of the composition of the political prisoners and exiles who were pardoned in 1846.
Consistory, Papal The origin of the papal consistory is closely connected with the history of the Roman presbytery or body of the Roman clergy.
www.serebella.com /encyclopedia/article-Papal_states.html   (406 words)

  
 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: States of the Church
The strange shape which the States of the Church were destined to assume from the beginning is explained by the fact that these were the districts in which the population of Central Italy had defended itself to the very last against the Lombards.
All these new acquisitions and the States of the Church in their entirety were again placed in the greatest jeopardy when the great struggle between Frederick II and the Curia broke out, With the exception of the city of Rome the emperor had brought the States of the Church into his power.
Under Alexander VI the States of the Church disintegrated into a series of states held by papal relatives of the Borgia family, Cesare Borgia, whom Machiavelli admired, laboured earnestly from his Duchy of Romagna to transform the States of the Church into a Kingdom of Central Italy.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/14257a.htm   (12127 words)

  
 The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition: Papal States @ HighBeam Research   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The nucleus of the states consisted of endowments given to the popes from the 4th cent.
The Comtat Venaissin, a papal possession in S France until 1791 (though not a part of the Papal States), was acquired in 1274; in 1309, Avignon became the seat of the popes.
Giuseppe Garibaldi invaded the remaining Papal States twice but was prevented from taking Rome—in 1862 by the intervention of Victor Emmanuel II of Italy, and in 1867 by Napoleon III.
www.highbeam.com /library/doc0.asp?DOCID=1E1:PapalSta&refid=ip_encyclopedia_hf   (893 words)

  
 Papal States   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Papal States (Gli Stati della Chiesa or Stati Pontificii, "States of the Church") is oneof the historical states of Italy before itsunity under the crown of Savoy and comprised those territories over which the Pope was theruler in a civil as well as a spiritual sense before 1870.
The Papal States were restored in June of 1800, and Pope Pius VII returned, but the French againinvaded in 1808, and this time the remainder of the States of the Church were annexed toFrance, forming the départements of Tibre (renamed Rome in 1870) and Trasimène.
The Papal states took a severe blow in the revolutions of 1848 –; 49, in which Pope Pius IX was temporarilyoverthrown and a Roman Republic declared.
www.therfcc.org /papal-states-12374.html   (1016 words)

  
 Papal States   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Papal States (Gli Stati della Chiesa or Stati Pontificii "States of the Church") is one the historical states of Italy before its under the crown of Savoy and comprised territories over which the Pope was the ruler in a civil well as a spiritual sense before 1870.
The Papal States were restored in of 1800 and Pope Pius VII returned but the French again invaded 1808 and this time the remainder of States of the Church were annexed to forming the départements of Tibre (renamed Rome in 1870) and Trasimène.
The Papal states took a severe blow the revolutions of 1848 – 49 in which Pope Pius IX was temporarily overthrown and a Roman Republic declared.
www.freeglossary.com /Papal_States   (949 words)

  
 Papal States — Infoplease.com
Papal States: Bibliography - Bibliography See L. Duchesne, The Beginnings of the Temporal Sovereignty of the Popes, A.D. Papal States: Accumulation of Land - Accumulation of Land The nucleus of the states consisted of endowments given to the popes from the...
Papal States: Control of the Territories - Control of the Territories Actual control by the papacy of its territories began in the 16th cent.,...
Implications of the papal allocution on feeding tubes.(essay)
www.infoplease.com /ce6/history/A0837526.html   (355 words)

  
 Backgrounds to the Italian Renaissance
By the beginning of the Renaissance, there were five major players in city-state politics: the Papal States (or Romagna) ruled by the Pope, the republics of Firenze (Florence) and Venezia (Venice), the kingdom of Napoli (Naples), and the duchy of Milano (Milan).
At the instigation of Ferdinand of Aragon, King of Sicily and Spain, the League of Venice was formed in 1495 consisting of Spain, Sicily, Venezia, the Papal States, and the Holy Roman Empire.
It isn't entirely an exaggeration to conclude that the growth of the Papal States in the High Renaissance was one of the direct causes of the European Reformation.
www.wsu.edu:8080 /~dee/REN/BACK.HTM   (2870 words)

  
 Papal States
The Papal States (Gli Stati della Chiesa or Stati Pontificii, States of the Church) were those territories over which the Pope was the ruler in a civil as well as a spiritual sense.
Despite endless invasions, intrigues and internal politicking the Papal States survived into the 19th Century (in 1860 the territory covered 41,500 km2).
The Papal states took a severe blow in the revolutions of 1848-49, in which Pope Pius IX was temporarily overthrown and a Roman Republic declared.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/po/Pontiff_States.html   (829 words)

  
 Papal States --  Britannica Concise Encyclopedia - Your gateway to all Britannica has to offer!
Under the warrior pope Julius II (1503–13), the Papal States reached their greatest extent, stretching from Parma and Bologna in the north to the south and east, along the Adriatic coast and through Umbria to the Campagna, south of Rome; much of the expansion was the result of campaigns led by the pope himself.
The prestige of the Papal States was further diminished by the spread of the Reformation from the mid-16th century and the growth of Spanish power on the Italian peninsula in the 17th century.
In 1798 the French seized the rest of the papal territories and proclaimed the Roman Republic; the refusal of Pius VI (1775–99) to recognize the new state led to his arrest and imprisonment.
concise.britannica.com /ebc/article-9058317   (2220 words)

  
 The Israelites in the Papal States   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Happy and free, the Israelites were almost the equals of their fellow-citizens, under the wise and paternal reign of this pope; when at the end of ten years his death, which happened in 1825, carried desolation among his subjects.
The ghetto of Ancona is one of the worst conducted of all the ghettos in the Roman States.
The state of the community of Sinigaglia, which is composed of about six hundred members, and that of the communities of Pesaro and Ferrera, is much better in every respect.
www.jewish-history.com /Occident/volume1/june1843/papal.html   (1958 words)

  
 Pope - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Prior to 1870, the pope's temporal authority extended over a large area of central Italy, the territory of the Papal States that was formally known as the "Patrimony of St Peter".
The use of the sedia gestatoria and of the flabella was discontinued by Pope John Paul II, with the former being replaced by the so-called Popemobile.
The body then lies in state for a number of days before being interred in the crypt of a leading church or cathedral; the popes of the 20th century were all interred in St.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Pope   (4043 words)

  
 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Pope Pius IX
The unyielding attitude of Gregory XVI and his secretary of state, Cardinal Lambruschini, had brought the papal states to the verge of a revolution.
Austrian troops from the papal legations, inaugurated the dissolution of the Papal States.
After defeating the papal army at Castelfidardo on 18 September, and at Ancona on 30 September, he deprived the pope of all his possessions with the exception of Rome and the immediate vicinity.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/12134b.htm   (2404 words)

  
 End of Europe's Middle Ages - Italy's City-States
The situation worsened during the residence of the papal court in Avignon during the Avignonese Captivity (1308-1378) and the attitude of resentment was especially evident in the Papal States of central Italy.
The Papal States stretched across the middle of the Italian peninsula and provided agricultural and taxation support for the papacy.
The conflict between the papal Guelphs and the imperial Ghibellines was to the benefit of many cities and by playing these two factions against one another, civic governments were able to organize and squirm out from under the direct control of either.
www.ucalgary.ca /applied_history/tutor/endmiddle/c-states.html   (1823 words)

  
 Papal Transition: On papal conclave & election of the next pope by Thomas J. Reese, S.J.
When the pope dies, the prefect of the papal household (Bishop James Harvey) informs the camerlengo (chamberlain) who must verify his death in the presence of the papal master of ceremonies, the cleric prelates of the Apostolic Camera and the secretary of the Apostolic Camera, who draws up a death certificate.
Meanwhile the prefect of the papal household tells the dean (Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger) of the college of cardinals, who informs the rest of the college, the ambassadors accredited to the Holy See and the heads of nations.
The prohibition against discussing papal succession while the pope is still alive dates back to Felix IV (526-30), who instructed the clergy and the Roman Senate to elect his archdeacon, Boniface, as his successor.
www.americamagazine.org /papaltransition.cfm   (7796 words)

  
 NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF PAPAL  HONOREES IN THE UNITED STATES - INTRODUCTION   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The crosses of the Papal Orders are visible marks of recognition and mirror the awards made by most states to their citizens and others for public and private services.
The Prefect of the Papal Household combines the functions of the former posts of Master of the Household, the former Heraldic Commission of the Pontifical Court, the Ceremonial offices, the Majordomo and Master of the Chamber.
The highest Papal Order, the Order of Christ, was last awarded in 1987 to the late Frà Angelo de Mojana, 77th Prince and Grand Master of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, to honor him on the 25th anniversary of his election.
www.papalhonorees.org /intro.htm   (2393 words)

  
 Papal Heraldry
The Papal States, as a political entity, now consisting of the City State of the Vatican.
The arms of the Papal States are: Gules, on an ombrellino gules and or, two keys in saltire or and argent.
Coins issued in the Papal states during interregna invariably show the arms of the camerlengo, with the cardinal's hat and the ombrellino.
www.heraldica.org /topics/pope.htm   (2376 words)

  
 Papal States
Papal States Pre-1849 For over a thousand years, the states of the church had been a unique religious enclave.
They legislated, judged, educated, and policed the state in such a way as to ensure that the church would have a steady base from which to operate.
Except for this clerical dominance, the composition of the Papal States was similar to that of its neighbors.
www.ohiou.edu /~Chastain/ip/papalsta.htm   (1226 words)

  
 Papal States Rome 2 1/2 Baiocchi - 1796   (Site not responding. Last check: )
A nice, though worn coin, this illustrates Papal coinage from the period immediately prior to the Roman Republic (1798-1799).
The rest of the coin is plain, even crude in execution and may reflect the unsettled times although many later Papal issues lack aesthetic qualities.
The planchet on this coin is quite thick, at least twice as thick as a modern US quarter so that despite being the size of contemporary British ½ penny tokens it easily weighs twice as much.
www.napoleonicmedals.org /coins/papal96-1.htm   (146 words)

  
 EIPS - The Popes at War and the Fall of the Papal States
The story of the army of the Papal States in the last century, and the conduct of Pius IX in his desperate struggle to retain the temporal power of the papacy and to prevent Italian unification, has a chilling relevance to today.
Most of the territory of the Papal States welcomed the proclamation of the new Kingdom of Italy on March 17, 1861, but Pius IX clung doggedly to Rome and its environs.
Pius promised to liberalise and the French reinstated him on the papal throne whereupon he immediately went back on his assurances, defiantly declaring the noble ideals of the Italian patriots to be the work of the devil.
www.ianpaisley.org /article.asp?ArtKey=papalstates   (1949 words)

  
 Papal Encyclicals Online
Papal Encyclicals Online was named one of the "Best Free Reference Web Sites" on the internet by a special task force set up by the Reference and User Services Association of the American Library Association
In the effort to provide a more complete set of papal documents for public use on this site, should anyone have the text of an encyclical, bull, or similar document in some usable form or that can be found on another website, please send this information to the webmaster at the e-mail address listed above.
If you would like to be automatically notified of site additions or changes, when I add an entry for a papal document, just subscribe to get on the list.
www.papalencyclicals.net   (288 words)

  
 Marche Voyager - History of the Marche
The individual interests of the leading states soon took priority over the common good, and the arrival of Charles VIII from France in 1494, at the invitation of Milan in their quarrel with Naples, marked the dissolution of the League and the opening gambit in the Wars of Italy.
The collapse of the regime with the fall of Napoleon was as rapid as its arrival.
The Papacy, however, proved more intransigent to the onslaught of the Risorgimento and it was only by force that the Marches managed to break free from the Papal States in the same year.
www.le-marche.com /Marche/html/history.htm   (1681 words)

  
 Life and Times of Giuseppe Garibaldi
This "little horn" was the Papal States or Papal Dynasty, the Man of Sin of St. Paul's Epistles and the Antichrist of the Apostle John.
The Great Liberator of the old world was born on the 31 birthday of the United States and just 2 years before the Great Liberator of the New World, Abraham Lincoln in 1809.
Vatican City State must be abolished....It is a dagger aimed at the heart of Italy.
www.reformation.org /garibaldi.html   (2158 words)

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