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Topic: Parallelism (grammar)

  LEO: Parallelism
Parallel structure is really a matter of balance.
To be parallel, each phrase should follow the pattern of the first one in the series.
A slightly different parallelism involves the common connectors-- either/or, neither/nor, not only/but also.
leo.stcloudstate.edu /grammar/parallelism.html   (489 words)

  Parallelism (rhetoric) Information
Parallelism means to give two or more parts of the sentences a similar form so as to give the whole a definite pattern.
Parallelisms of various sorts are the chief rhetorical device of Biblical poetry in Hebrew.
In a parallel couplet not only must the content, the parts of speech, the mythological and historico- geographical allusions, be all separately matched and balanced, but most of the tones must also be paired reciprocally.
www.bookrags.com /wiki/Parallelism_(rhetoric)   (238 words)

Parallelism has the special distinction of being one of the most basic and most complicated concepts of English grammar.
Because the main chapter only touches on parallelism's underlying structure, this section will attempt a more comprehensive explanation of what parallelism means, how it works, and why it is a necessary and important component of English composition.
Pronoun agreement is another type of agreement similar to the subject-verb agreement discussed in section A. When replacing any noun (Bill, the cheerleader, the chair) with a pronoun (he, she, it), the pronoun must match the form of the missing noun.
www.800score.com /content/guidec4view-fund3.html   (1688 words)

  Grammar Handbook: Parallelism
Parallelism occurs when compound verbs or verbals express an action taking place at the same time or in the same tense.
When such is the case, the verb and/or verbals must be in the same, or parallel, form.
("Sings" and "dances" are parallel forms of the verb.)
www.english.uiuc.edu /cws/wworkshop/writer_resources/grammar_handbook/parallelism.htm   (92 words)

 The grammar of reading.
Grammar is the mathematics of literature and composition.
Grammar is the skeleton upon which we hang the muscles and flesh of lit and comp.
The grammar between Romeo and Juliet is a key to their words of love and eventual tragedy.
www.tnellen.com /cybereng/grammar_of_reading.html   (666 words)

 Parallel Structures
Parallel structure means using the same pattern of words to show that two or more ideas have the same level of importance.
The usual way to join parallel structures is with the use of coordinating conjunctions such as "and" or "or."
Parallel: The teacher said that he was a poor student because he wait
owl.english.purdue.edu /handouts/grammar/g_parallel.html   (465 words)

 Homeschooling — Parallelism - Teaching Grammar to Your Home Schooler
Parallelism is not always an easy concept to pass along to your home schooler.
Unlike similes or metaphors that are easy to identify, parallelism is a concept, and even if your home schooler is an avid reader, the idea may not sink in easily.
Download a few practice sheets for your home schooler to practice creating parallel sentences and then have her do some creative writing on her own and identify the parallel or non-parallel sentences.
www.themorningstaracademy.org /articles/parallelism_-_teaching_grammar_to_your_home_schooler_.html   (713 words)

Parallelism is a rule of English grammar that demands consistency in a sentence's structure.
Parallelism means something very similar to what it means in mathematics.
What parallelism says is that these similar parts of a sentence must "track" one another, in the same way that parallel lines track one another.
www.800score.com /content/guidec4view1V3a.html   (453 words)

 Parallel Structure
A good writer uses parallel structure; that is, he or she puts nouns, verbs, phrases, thoughts, and so on into a similar form.
When such words appear in parallel structure, it is important to include all of the appropriate prepositions, since the first one may not apply to the whole series of items.
When you think of a parallel sentence, think of one where all the parts of the sentence that are similar in function are in balance, where they all use the same grammatical form.
www.bcc.ctc.edu /writinglab/Parallel.html   (428 words)

Parallelism refers to the use of grammatically equal elements in sentences and paragraphs.
For parallel structure, balance nouns with nouns, prepositional phrases with prepositional phrases, participles with participles, infinitives with infinitives, clauses with clauses.
Parallel: Our goals were to collect information, to analyze the facts, and to make appropriate recommendations.
www.grammarmudge.cityslide.com /articles/article/426348/5588.htm   (508 words)

 A Grammar Writer's Cookbook
A Grammar Writer's Cookbook is an introduction to the issues involved in the writing and design of computational grammars, reporting on experiences and analyses within the ParGram parallel grammar development project.
The issue of parallelism brings into focus the need to implement analyses which are crosslinguistically valid and which therefore maximize portability of the grammars' analyses to other languages.
Parallelism also highlights the need for a grammar design that allows grammars to be transparent to one another across different languages.
csli-publications.stanford.edu /site/1575861704.html   (187 words)

 The Writing Center at IUP
For most people, learning grammar is the first step in learning to write.
The idea is that rules of grammar are the foundation for...
Parallelism is a similarity of grammatical form for similar elements of meaning within a sentence or among sentences.
www.wc.iup.edu /resources-grammar.htm   (113 words)

 Grammar systems theory
In a CD grammar system the agents are generative grammars and the global data base is represented by a string, called sentential form.
While CD grammar systems use sequential rewriting (in each derivation step only one grammar is active), parallel communicating grammar systems (PC grammar systems, for short) introduce parallelism into grammar systems theory, thus providing theoretical models for parallel, distributed computation.
Paun and SânteanPaun and Sântean1989]) the components are generative grammars working on their own sentential forms in parallel and communicating with each other by sending their sentential forms by request.
sziami.cs.bme.hu /~csima/phd1/node4.html   (1123 words)

 Materials for Writing Tutors: Addressing Specific Problems: Grammar
By understanding that problems with grammar may reveal problems with thinking and content, the tutor can approach grammar in a way that is more meaningful to the writer, and to that particular paper.
Grammar is not as tough as you think, and what you don't know you can easily find in any of the grammar handbooks on the shelves in RWIT.
What you should know about grammar is that there are two ways of looking at it: prescriptively (which means that grammar rules ought to prescribe our usage) and descriptively (which means that grammar "rules" aren't rules at all, but instead are descriptions of the way we use our language).
www.dartmouth.edu /~writing/materials/tutor/problems/grammar.shtml   (2675 words)

 Dr. Grammar - Frequently Asked Questions
Parallel: She often went to the aquarium 1)to watch the fish, 2)to enjoy the solitude, and 3)to escape from her roommate.
Parallel: Both by the way he dressed and by his attempts at humor, it was clear that he wanted to make a good impression.
Parallel: The mayor noted that it was easier to agree to the new budget than to attempt to veto it.
www.drgrammar.org /faqs   (11486 words)

 Stevens Institute of Technology - Humanities Department Writing Instruction Tutorial
Parallel constructions are important in writing to demonstrate balance and to order like items with like.
Parallelism may become more confusing and complex when used with phrases or clauses rather than just words.
The general rule is that equivalent ideas should all be of the same grammatical kind to stress their equivalence and to strengthen their impact.
www.stevens.edu /wit/grammar/parallelism.shtml   (210 words)

 Week of:
Grammar: Parallelism                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
Grammar: I also don’t know how well I avoid my frequently mistakes on my essay, because I haven’t gotten back feed back.
Grammar: I have lots of misplace words and sentences on my writing.
www2.hawaii.edu /~sugiura/week9and10.htm   (565 words)

The rule of parallelism demands that the seesaw be balanced, that the grammatical constructions on either end of the seesaw be the same.
Parallel Constructions using Punctuation: Semicolons can be used to balance main clauses closely associated with one another.
Parallelism demands consistency in the pronouns and in the verbs of balanced constructions.
www.penandpage.com /EngMenu/grampara.htm   (820 words)

 The Nuts and Bolts of College Writing
Parallelism is one of the most useful and flexible rhetorical techniques.
Problems with faulty parallelism are very common, because many people know (or think they know) what they want to say, and don't scrutinize what they actually write.
One spin is inversion or chiasmus, in which parallel elements are carefully reversed for emphasis.
www.nutsandboltsguide.com /rhetoric.html   (2818 words)

 Parallelism, Grammar Tech, English Department, Pittsburg State University
To be parallel, the items in question should all be the same kinds of words (nouns, adjectives, etc.), the same kinds of phrases (prepositional phrases, verbal phrases, etc.), or the same kinds of clauses (independent, dependent, etc.).
As you can see, to be parallel, the headings do not need the same number of words.
Exercise: Indicate whether the items in compounds and in series are parallel or not parallel.
www.pittstate.edu /engl/gt/sent06.html   (975 words)

 Write to the Bone
In grammar, parallelism is a balance of two or more similar words, phrases, or clauses.
Parallelism may also be known as parallel structure or parallel construction.
Parallel: The dog ran across the yard, jumped over the fence, and sprinted down the alley.
www.writetothebone.org /grammar/rules/parallelism.htm   (166 words)

 Faulty Parallelism: Short, Simple Version
In the following example, the coordinate elements are both adverbial, so in a sense they are parallel, but one is a simple adverb, while the other is an adverbial prepositional phrase.
The sentence is not exactly wrong, but it is clumsy, aand the strict parallelism of the second version is tighter and more effective.
Of course, these examples of faulty parallelism are fairly simple, especially compared to the sort of garbled syntax I encounter in student writing and in the work of other careless writers.
www.grammartips.homestead.com /parallelism1.html   (784 words)

 Minnesota State Community and Technical College Online Writing Lab
Please be aware that current research indicates that traditional approaches to teaching grammar are not the most effective; learning grammar through the context of writing is far more effective, especially when feedback on grammatical features is provided (such as an instructor might do).
It is very important that you be aware that these grammar pages are intended to be used as a reference, not as a course of study.
While you might be able to improve your overall use of grammar by studying these pages, it is more likely to be useful for you to refer to as somebody points out areas of difficulty for you in your writing.
www.minnesota.edu /resources/online_writing_lab/grammar/index.php   (405 words)

 Grammar Help
For quick reference to a particular grammar problem with which you are struggling, click on one of the topics below.
Your goal, then, is to make your writing parallel (to put elements of your sentence into the same grammatical form).
The term parallelism in composition indicates that within a sentence words, phrases, and clauses are in the same grammatical form.
www.elcamino.edu /faculty/bpeppard/grammar.htm   (1432 words)

 College Writing Center: Parallelism (Grammar and Punctuation)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
In like manner, parts of a sentence that have the same thought value or function should balance; they should be in the same grammatical form.
The famous words of Julius Caesar would not have nearly the impact they do had he said, "I came, I was seeing, I wanted to conquer." The coming, the seeing, and the conquering all have the same importance in his statement.
Using the fill-in-the-blank method and visualizing your sentence to remind yourself of those parts which need to be expressed in similar patterns are the best ways to maintain consistent parallelism in your writing.
www.stlcc.cc.mo.us /mc/support/cwc/fpages/Parallelism.html   (817 words)

 Celebrity English » Need-to-know Grammar: Parallelism
The structure of this sentence is not parallel.
There is parallel structure among the three gerund phrases in the sentence.
Take these interactive quizzes to test your ability to identify proper parallel structure in a sentence: 1, 2, 3.
www.celebrityenglish.com /need-to-know-grammar-parallelism   (482 words)

 EEI Communications - Online Training   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
This class, designed for writers and editors, covers the fine points of grammar with a fine-toothed comb.
Grammar for Professionals does not require students to purchase books.
However, EEI has several publications that are excellent resources for proofreaders, including The Great Grammar Challenge and The New York Public Library Writer's Guide to Style and Usage.
www.eeicom.com /onlinetraining/courselisting/200.html   (174 words)

 Faulty Parallellism
Faulty parallelism distracts the reader and disturbs the flow of the writing.
When two elements of a sentence are similar in meaning, you should express them in parallel form.
By using parallel structure, we both clarify the meaning of our writing, and add pleasing symmetry to it.
ace.acadiau.ca /english/grammar/parallel.htm   (332 words)

 English Grammar
This series is designed for users who want to improve their grammar skills in a business setting.
This course provides an overview of the use of business grammar skills and how to use it to punctuate sentence structures.
This course provides an overview of advanced grammar and how to use pronouns, adjectives, adverbs, special punctuation, and modifiers.
www.skills-developer.com /products/Grammar.htm   (200 words)

 Academic Center: Grammar and Punctuation Handouts
You can learn what this troublesome grammar issue is and how to fix it in your writing by reading this handout.
Parallelism: Parallelism is sometimes a difficult concept to get a handle on.
Pronoun/Antecedent Agreement: This grammar problem is arguably the most prevalent in current use, and it’s one that is so common it’s difficult to “hear.” This handout walks you through the most common agreement errors and shows you how to get rid of them.
www.uhv.edu /ac/grammar/main.asp   (920 words)

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