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Topic: Paranthropus


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In the News (Thu 18 Apr 19)

  
  Varied diet of early hominid casts doubt on extinction theory, says Colorado U study
The new study shows that Paranthropus robustus, once thought to be a "chewing machine" specializing in tough, low-quality vegetation, instead had a diverse diet ranging from fruits and nuts to sedges, grasses, seeds and perhaps even animals, said CU-Boulder anthropology Assistant Professor Matt Sponheimer.
Paranthropus was part of a line of close human relatives known as australopithecines that includes the famous Ethiopian fossil Lucy that lived over 3 million years ago.
Paranthropus stood about four feet tall and probably weighed less than 100 pounds, and its pelvis and leg structure indicate it was bipedal.
www.eurekalert.org /pub_releases/2006-11/uoca-vdo110606.php   (756 words)

  
  Paranthropus - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The robust australopithecines, members of the extinct hominin genus Paranthropus, were bipedal hominins that probably descended from the gracile australopithecine hominins (Australopithecus).
All species of Paranthropus were bipedal, and many lived during a time when species of the genus Homo (which were possibly descended from Australopithecus or more likely from Kenyanthropus), were prevalent.
Paranthropus is thought to have lived in wooded areas rather than the grasslands of the Australopithecus.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Paranthropus   (709 words)

  
 Australopithecine - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Australopithecus is sometimes referred to as the gracile (slender) australopithecines.
They appeared earlier in the fossil record and gave rise to Paranthropus, which are often called the robust australopithecines.
This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Australopithecine   (123 words)

  
 Paranthropus boisei - Biocrawler   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-11)
Paranthropus boisei (originally called Zinjanthropus boisei and then Australopithecus boisei until recently) was an early hominid that lived in East Africa, from around 2 until about 1 million years ago during the Pleistocene era.
It is thought that these species dealt with the change to a more savannah-like environment that was taking place by specializing on a diet of low quality plant foods.
Research into the hand bones of Paranthropus robustus, a species thought to be very much like Paranthropus boisei, has shown that anatomically they are able to perform a so-called precision grip.
www.biocrawler.com /encyclopedia/Paranthropus_boisei   (392 words)

  
 The Loom: Why The Cousins Are Gone   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-11)
Paranthropus, which existed from about 2.5 to 1.5 million years ago, was among the first hominids to be discovered by paleoanthropologists.
On one branch was Paranthropus, a five-foot tall creature with molars as thick as your thumb and buttressed jaws.
Paranthropus and Homo, paleoanthropologists generally agreed, were classic examples, respectively, of specialists and generalists.
loom.corante.com /archives/001014.html   (1397 words)

  
 A catalogue of hominid species
Paranthropus aethiopicus is dated to between 2.5 to 2.3 m.y.a.
Paranthropus boisei is dated to between 2 and 1.2 m.y.a.
Paranthropus robustus is dated to between 1.9 and 1.3 m.y.a.
www.cartage.org.lb /en/themes/Sciences/Paleontology/Paleozoology/FossilHominids/Humankind/Humankind.htm   (1187 words)

  
 CONSTRAINTS ON BRAIN SIZE: THE RADIATOR HYPOTHESIS
All scorable skulls of robust australopithecines (Paranthropus) show traces of an unusual enlarged sinus at the lower backends of their skulls that routed venous blood from their heads, called the occipital/marginal (O/M) sinus.
Paranthropus was a vegetarian who had no need to engage in hunting of game during the heat of the day and therefore no need of a cranial radiator that would kick-in during intense exercise.
During the early development of the network of radiator veins, thermal constraints that had previously kept brain size in check were released by the emergence of selective brain cooling in hominins that were living in niches associated with exposure to intense solar radiation.
www.anthro.fsu.edu /people/faculty/falk/radpapweb.htm   (3259 words)

  
 Chapter 15, Extinct Humans
Gnawed fossils of Paranthropus were found in the lairs of saber toothed tigers indicating Parathropus was a herbivore.
Paranthropus outlasted Australopithecus and was contemporary with Homo Erectus as well.
A possible factor is that Paranthropus may have been obliged to stick with certain preferred plants and trees which were limited to Africa.
www.seanet.com /~realistic/chpt15.html   (5388 words)

  
 Cryptomundo.com » Bigfoot: Gigantopithecus or Paranthropus?
Paranthropus is a fossil hominid genus initially assigned by Robert Broom to a robust form of australopithecine found at Kromdraai and Swartkrans in South Africa.
Paranthropus was thought to be a “giant” in the initial days of its discovery, but I have never heard it estimated at 5.5 to 7.5 feet tall.
Paranthropus is estimated at around 4 to 4.5 feet tall (due to sexual dimorphism) in modern publications.
www.cryptomundo.com /cryptozoo-news/giganto-or-paranthropus   (6785 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-11)
It is also possible that neither Paranthropus boisei nor Homo habilis made tools, and that the artefacts are relics of a species which has left no corporeal remains.
Paranthropus boisei had a small brain, but a powerful skull, with a crest on the top of the head to anchor large jaw muscles.
Paranthropus boisei would have too occupied with obtaining enough food to have need of brains to think of anything beyond its immediate needs.
www.nature.com /news/1999/990506/pf/990506-9_pf.html   (1859 words)

  
 Geological Society - News - Remains of South African veggie burgher found
The skulls (one more or less complete and female, the other a male lower jaw) were found at Drimolen, South Africa, in cave deposits, are of australopithecine apes that lived in the Drimolen area (Sterkfontein, 200km NE of Johannesburg) between 1.5 and 2Ma ago.
Paranthropus was not a direct ancestor of humans - rather a "kissing cousin".
The find of a male and female together (though there is no evidence that they were related, knew each other, or even lived at the same time) led the discoverers to name them Orpheus and Eurydice after the Greek myth of the lovers separated in the Underworld.
www.geolsoc.org.uk /template.cfm?name=Eurydice   (319 words)

  
 afrol News - Early hominids eradicated African competitor
Paranthropus stood about 1.20 metres tall and probably weighed less than 50 kilograms, and its pelvis and leg structure indicate it was bipedal.
The new study however shows that Paranthropus - often thought to be a "chewing machine" specialising in tough, low-quality vegetation - instead had a diverse diet ranging from fruits and nuts to sedges, grasses, seeds and perhaps even animals, said Mr Sponheimer.
While the Paranthropus is not thought to have used any tools, the early Homos did not only have an ample diet, but also knew how to control fire and to make tools.
www.afrol.com /articles/22554   (870 words)

  
 Paranthropus
The paranthropus are distinguishable from the gracile by their large molars and premolars.
The possession of such large teeth is supposed to have aided in powerful chewing to help digest tough plant materials.
Paranthropus is believed to have made use of stone and bone tools.
hoopermuseum.earthsci.carleton.ca /emily/sixth.html   (420 words)

  
 parant   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-11)
Paranthropus was a flat-faced ape-man with a very low forehead and powerful jaws with low-cusped cheek, teeth for crushing and grinding food that probably included berries, fruits, roots and bulbs.
It was succeeded in East Africa by Paranthropus boisei, which lived in Tanzania and Kenya from 3 to 1 million years ago.
Paranthropus fossils are very common at Swartkrans because the species was heavily preyed upon by big cats.
www.sterkfontein-caves.co.za /parant.htm   (192 words)

  
 - Human Evolution -
Paranthropus Paranthtropus are a group of hominids that existed at the same time as the Australopithecines and some species of the Homo genus.
It is believed that the Paranthropus species evolved on their own and had no part in the evolution of the Homo genus.
Paranthropus aethiopicus (the fl skull) This species existed from 2.8 - 2.2 million years ago.
www.humboldt.edu /~mrc1   (1649 words)

  
 DaytonDailyNews: Dayton, Ohio, news and information
The research focuses on Paranthropus robustis, a genus of small, upright-walking hominids that once coexisted with the early Homo genus in Africa but died out about 1 million years ago.
Paranthropus did have big, grinding teeth reminiscent of herbivores such as sheep or horses.
The researchers even uncovered hints that Paranthropus dined on grass-eating animals, although Sponheimer stressed that the animal could be anything from large mammals to grass-munching termites (which chimpanzees eat today).
www.daytondailynews.com /health/content/shared-auto/healthnews/rsrc/535990.html   (982 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-11)
The afarensis compared to its predecessors survived for a fairly long time, and it is believed that afarensis gave birth to Australopithecines africanus and garhi and the genus of Paranthropus.
It is thought that it descended from the Australopithecus afarensis and gave birth to the Paranthropus boisei.
Another distinct feature of the robustus and the other Paranthropus is their prominent sagittal crest (a bony ridge that runs a long the length and in the middle of the top of the skull)}{\fs24\super \chftn {\footnote \pard\plain \nowidctlpar\adjustright \fs20\kerning28 {\fs24\super\kerning0 \chftn }{\kerning0 }{\ul\kerning0 Archeology Info.
www.priweb.org /ed/ICTHOL/ICTHOL05papers/53.doc   (1681 words)

  
 NotesForWeek1HillsonTextpp1-67
The dental arch in the upper is 'omega' shaped; in the lower it is V-shaped.
The skulls of Paranthropus have prominent sagittal and nuchal crests associated with maximizing attachment areas for masticatory musculature.
The incisor teeth are similar to africanus; however, the cheek teeth of Paranthropus are much larger than the anteriors.
www.uic.edu /classes/osci/osci590/1_01Week1Notes.htm   (936 words)

  
 Human Ancestors Hall: Paranthropus boisei
Paranthropus boisei had a skull highly specialized for heavy chewing.
The original specimen of this species, the "type specimen," is the OH 5 skull found in 1959 by Mary Leakey at Olduvai Gorge in Tanzania.
There was some earlier debate in the paleoanthropological community as to the number of early human species in southern Africa between 3 and 1 million years ago.
www.mnh.si.edu /anthro/humanorigins/ha/bos.html   (638 words)

  
 LinkVoyager: Paranthropus   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-11)
Use of the genus "Paranthropus" is controversial and its use here is not meant as a theoretical position.
Australopithecus aethiopicus –; The discovery of KNM-WT 17000 (the "Black Skull") in 1986 proved to be an important part of the australopithecine puzzle.
The shape and the size of the molar convinced Broom that this was a different species than A. africanus....
www.linkvoyager.com /cgi-bin/serve.fcgi/paleoanthropology/paranthropus   (258 words)

  
 Paranthropus robustus
Paranthropus robustus was originally discovered in Southern Africa in 1938.
The development of robustus, namely in cranial features, seemed to be aimed in the direction of a "heavy-chewing complex." Because of the definitive traits that are associated with this robust line of early hominids, Robert Broom placed P.
Paranthropus robustus is generally dated to between 2.6 and 1 million years.
www.msu.edu /~heslipst/contents/ANP440/robustus.htm   (198 words)

  
 EXN.ca | Discovery
Keyser is confident, however, that Paranthropus was also a dexterous tool-maker and user, based on some of the recent excavations.
The team recovered the fossils from caves at the Drimolen site, an area littered with ancient cave systems, and adjacent to the famous Sterkfontein caves that were declared a world heritage site by UNESCO because of its hominid richness.
But a baby is a very chewy thing, if a leopard or something caught a human baby it would eat it up on the spot." Keyser feels that because so many teeth and bone tools have been found, these hominids probably lived in the caves and shed their teeth there.
www.exn.ca /Stories/2000/04/27/55.asp   (779 words)

  
 The Genus Paranthropus   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-11)
Paranthropus boisei was first discovered by Mary Leaky in 1959, and was first termed Zinjanthropus boisei or Zinj.
The oldest Paranthropus boisei was found at Omo, Ethiopia and dates to approximately 2.3 million years ago, while the youngest was found at Olduvai Gorge, and dates to approximately 1.2 million years ago.
Because of a lack of archaelogical evidence, there is very little known about Paranthropus aethiopicus.
www.columbia.edu /~rk2143/web/paranth/paranth.html   (520 words)

  
 Welcome to South Africa
Kromdraai is known for the first discovery of Paranthropus robustus, a more robust line of hominid that existed between 2-1 m.
Broom recognised that the hominids from Kromdraai were different from the Sterkfontein specimens and consequently named them Paranthropus robustus.
They noted that Paranthropus robustus was more heavily built than Australopithecus afrlcanus, It had a large flat, dish-shaped face and very large speciallised molars and premolars used for grinding tough fibrous or gritty food.
www.southafrica.net /index.cfm?SitePageID=282   (268 words)

  
 Bigfoot Field Researchers' Resources Homepage
He proposed the name *Paranthropus eldurrelli* to be specifically used for the Pacific Northwest Bigfoot.
Nevertheless, because of the standard rules of zoological nomenclature, by the mere fact that Krantz has formally published on this and assigned Bigfoot/Sasquatch some possible names, if they turn out to be any of the various genus or species he covered, they have to be given one of those names.
Hall writes that the answers are becoming clearer in some realms, namely that of the "Bigfoot/Sasquatch" perhaps being *Paranthropus*, the larger ones termed "True Giants" seeming to be a form of *Gigantopithecus*, and one variety of yeti apparently being related to the *Dryopithecus*.
www.bfro.net /REF/scinafaq.htm   (998 words)

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