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Topic: Parliament of Scotland

  Scotland. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
Scotland is separated from England by the Tweed River, the Cheviot Hills, the Liddell River, and Solway Firth.
Scotland’s principal rivers are the Clyde, the Forth, the Dee, the Tay, and the Tweed.
In the reign of William the Lion Scotland became a fief of England by a treaty extorted (1174) from William by Henry II.
www.bartleby.com /65/sc/Scotland.html   (3081 words)

  Parliament of Scotland - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The parliament, which is also referred to as the Estates of Scotland, the Three Estates, the Scots Parliament or the auld Scots Parliament (Eng: old), met until the Acts of Union merged the parliament of Scotland and the Parliament of England, creating the new Parliament of Great Britain in 1707.
In 1431 Parliament granted a tax to James I for a campaign in the Highlands on the condition that it be kept in a locked chest under the keepership of figures deeply out of favour with the King.
Scotland was slow to accept William, who summoned a Convention of the Estates which met on 14 March 1689 in Edinburgh and considered a conciliatory letter from William and a haughty one from James.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Parliament_of_Scotland   (2232 words)

 Parliament of Scotland Information
The parliament, which is also referred to as the Estates of Scotland, the Three Estates, the Scots Parliament or the auld Scots Parliament (Eng: old), met until the Acts of Union merged the parliament of Scotland and the Parliament of England, creating the new Parliament of Great Britain in 1707.
Since the parliament of Scotland was unicameral all members sat in the same chamber, as opposed to the separate English House of Lords and House of Commons.
Scotland was slow to accept William, who summoned a Convention of the Estates which met on 14 March 1689 in Edinburgh and considered a conciliatory letter from William and a haughty one from James.
www.bookrags.com /Estates_of_Scotland   (2316 words)

 Scottish Parliament - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Scottish Parliament (Pàrlamaid na h-Alba in Gaelic, Scots Pairlament in Scots) is the national unicameral legislature of Scotland, in the capital Edinburgh.
At the first meeting of the parliament on 12 May 1999, Winnie Ewing (the Mother of Parliament or "Oldest Qualified Member" as she was described in the Official Report of debates) declared that the "Scottish Parliament which adjourned on 25 March 1707, is hereby reconvened".
Critics of this view argue that the old Parliament of Scotland remains merged in the Parliament of the United Kingdom, because the United Kingdom parliament continues to represent constituencies in Scotland, and Scotland remains subject, ultimately, to a government responsible to the United Kingdom parliament.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Scottish_Parliament   (1828 words)

 Articles - History of Scotland   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
In 1066 the Norman Conquest shook England to its foundations and one of the claimants of the English throne opposing William the Conqueror, Edgar, eventually fled to Scotland.
Scotland advanced markedly in educational terms during the fifteenth century with the founding of the University of St Andrews in 1413, the University of Glasgow in 1450 and the University of Aberdeen in 1494, and with the passing of the Education Act 1496.
Scotland was to have 45 seats in the House of Commons, and a representation in the House of Lords.
www.foreverc.com /articles/History_of_Scotland   (7992 words)

 The Electoral Commission : Your area : Scotland : The Scottish Parliament
The referendum held in Scotland on 11 September 1997 produced a clear majority for the creation of a Scottish Parliament with tax varying powers.
Some of the issues devolved to the Scottish Parliament include, health (including the NHS in Scotland), education, training, local government, economic development and housing. All the issues on which the Scottish Parliament can pass legislation are known as 'devolved matters'.
At devolution, the powers and duties exercised by UK ministers in Scotland, relating to devolved matters, were transferred to the Scottish Ministers. Most of the responsibilities previously held by the Scottish Office have become part of the remit of the Scottish Executive.
www.electoralcommission.org.uk /your-area/scotparliament.cfm   (454 words)

Scotland was an independent kingdom until James VI succeeded to the English Crown in 1603; and it continued constitutionally separate from England until the conclusion of the treaty of union a century later.
The proposal was favourably received in Scotland; but while the eight-year-old queen was on her way from Orkney, and the realm was immediately divided by rival claimants to the throne, John de Baliol and Robert Bruce, both descended from a brother of William the Lion.
Scotland was the last state in Christendom to adhere to the antipope, and only in 1418 declared her allegiance to the rightful pontiff, Martin V.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/13613a.htm   (9453 words)

 House of Lords - Privileges - Second Report
In 1707 the Parliament of Scotland passed the Act of Union with England (APS XI, 406, c 7), and the Parliament of England passed the Act of Union with Scotland (6 Ann, c 11).
It was within the power of the Parliament of Scotland to qualify the legislative authority that it was giving to the new Parliament; it is only contingent that an instrument that creates a new legislature empowers that new legislature to amend the instrument itself.
The intention of the Parliament of Scotland that some matters should not be alterable by the Parliament of Great Britain is reflected in the Minutes of the Proceedings of the Parliament of Scotland.
www.parliament.the-stationery-office.co.uk /pa/ld199899/ldselect/ldprivi/108i/10810.htm   (4010 words)

 SCC Final Document
Scotland has a legal system which is quite different from that of the rest of the UK, yet under the Westminster system it is legislated for by a parliament outwith Scotland and one in which only a small minority of members represent Scottish constituencies.
Scotland's parliament will be represented in UK Ministerial delegations to the Council of Ministers where appropriate, and Scottish Ministers will lead these UK delegations when the areas under discussion are of specific relevance to Scotland.
That means a Parliament in which men and women are fairly represented in numbers broadly proportionate to their shares of the population, and which actively encourages the participation and involvement of all groups, including ethnic minority groups, in its consultative processes.
www.almac.co.uk /business_park/scc/scc-rep.htm   (10387 words)

 Scottish Referendums
Unlike the English Parliament, based on a House of Commons and a House of Lords, the Scottish Parliament was a single-chamber institution.
Parliament House itself had been rebuilt in 1639, at considerable expense to Edinburgh Town Council, and was situated next to St Giles.
The ultimate securing of the treaty in the Scottish Parliament can be attributed more to the weakness and lack of cohesion between the various opposition groups in the House as opposed to the strength of pro-incorporationists, although there were Scottish parliamentarians who were committed in principle to the treaty.
www.bbc.co.uk /politics97/devolution/scotland/briefing/1707.shtml   (1870 words)

 Our work with the Scottish Parliament - British Council - Scotland
Scotland had been governed by the Westminster Parliament in London since 1707, when the Act of Union merged Scotland with England and Wales to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain.
The 1998 Scotland Act established the Scottish Parliament and gave Scotland the power to legislate on a number of issues, which are referred to as devolved matters.
The Scotland Act also specified certain powers that would be reserved to Westminster, such as defence, foreign affairs and national security.
www.britishcouncil.org /scotland-society-governance-in-scotland.htm   (289 words)

 The Children's Parliament   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
The Children's Parliament aims to provide sustainable and meaningful opportunities for children of 14 and under to engage in local, national and international democratic processes.
Children engaging with The Children's Parliament will be better equipped to participate in some of the exciting opportunities for active citizenship that their schools and other agencies and initiatives such as Dialogue Youth, the Scottish Youth Parliament and regional and local Youth Forums provide for young people 14 years and older.
Scotland has grasped the opportunity to be the first country in the world to recognise the importance of providing children under the age of 14 with the experience of truly active citizenship, not just as a curricular activity but as a meaningful, community based experience.
www.childrensparliament.org.uk /a_inbrief.html   (332 words)

 Guide to Scottish Parliament records - The National Archives of Scotland
The Scottish parliament, or 'three estates' of clergy, nobility and burgesses, originated in the mid-thirteenth century though it is first mentioned in 1293.
Between 1707 and 1999, Scotland was governed solely by the British Parliament at Westminster, but in a referendum on 11 September 1997, a majority of the Scottish people voted for a devolved Scottish Parliament with tax-varying powers.
The Scottish Parliament is still developing as an institution and the types of records it produces are evolving to reflect this.
www.nas.gov.uk /guides/scottishParliament.asp   (1208 words)

 Free Church of Scotland | Scotland's Rainbow Parliament
Ms Kane’s crime was to be sworn into the new parliament dressed in an ‘off the shoulder top’ and faded blue jeans.
Of course it was a gesture, in the same way that the slogan on her raised hand (along the lines of my pledge is to the Scottish people) was a gesture.
No – Ms Kane and her colleagues are a welcome addition to our new rainbow parliament (and a definite improvement on some of ‘Blair’s Babes’ – the suited, talentless, party ‘yes’ women and men so beloved of New Labour).
www.freechurch.org /issues/2003/may03.htm   (1545 words)

 Act of Union, 1707
And that the heritable rights of Admiralty and Vice-Admiralites in Scotland be reserved to the respective proprietors as rights of property, subject nevertheless as to the manner of exercising such heritable rights to such regulations and alterations as shall be thought proper to be made by the Parliament of Great Britain.
And that all other courts now in being within the kingdom of Scotland do remain, but subject to alterations by the Parliament of Great Britain; and that all inferior courts within the said limits do remain subordinate as they are now to the supreme courts of justice within the same in all time coming.
As by the said act passed in Scotland for settling the manner of electing the sixteen peers and forty-five members to represent Scotland in the Parliament of Great Britain may appear, be it therefore further enacted.
www.jacobite.ca /documents/1707union.htm   (844 words)

 BBC News | The Scottish Parliament | Milestones in Scotland's history
His reign is one of the most important in Scotland's history, extending Scottish borders to the River Tees, including all of Northumberland.
Scotland's Coronation Stone - the "Stone of Destiny" - is taken by Edward I to Westminster Abbey.
Scotland is formally united with England to form Great Britain.
news.bbc.co.uk /1/hi/events/scotland_99/the_scottish_parliament/306837.stm   (889 words)

 Akerbeltz.org - Scotland's Languages in Scotland's Parliament
In this regard the Government’s proposals for Scotland differ sharply from those announced for Wales, where the new Welsh Assembly is to operate as a fully bilingual entity, and the pre-referendum White Paper was careful to specify that Welsh and English would be treated on “a basis of equality” in the Assembly (Welsh Office 1997).
Yet language policy in Scotland tends to be influenced by a European language policy framework and political strategy developed by larger states, particularly Germany and France, whose attitudes toward multiculturalism and the assimilation of minorities reflect a population distribution entirely different from Scotland’s, with an accompanying intensity and/or hostility.
The Parliament should certainly endeavour to consult with ethnic minority groups and other immigrant language groups in an attempt to develop meaningful, open policies that have the support of these communities and that satisfy their needs and aspirations.
www.akerbeltz.org /rannsachadh/langinparliament.htm   (4614 words)

 The Scottish Parliament Project: Digitising the Acts of the Scottish Parliament, 1235 - 1707
The Scottish Parliament Project [SPP], based at the University of St Andrews, was established in 1997 with funding from the Scottish Office.
Its objective is to create a new digital edition of the acts of the Scottish Parliament, between its earliest known proceedings in 1235 and the Union of 1707.
Five years after we began work, the vast majority of the acts have been transcribed, proof-read against the original manuscripts, edited according to modern practices, and a parallel translation created, and the SPP is aiming to complete its work at the end of 2005.
www.st-andrews.ac.uk /~scotparl   (246 words)

 Scotland: A Brief History
Presented by Peter N. Williams, Ph.D. On Thursday, December 18, 1997, Scottish Secretary Donald Dewar launched one of the most far-reaching changes to the British constitution by presenting a Bill to implement Scotland's first parliament in 300 years.
The Scottish Parliament is expected to be fully operational by the year 2000, and the Bill itself should receive the Royal Assent during the second half of 1998 in time for elections to be held in the first half of the following year.
Thus, a powerful body of Scottish representatives would get together in a Parliament of their own for the first time since the Union with England and the abolition of the Scottish Parliament in 1707.
www.britannia.com /celtic/scotland/history_scotland.html   (238 words)

 Electoral Reform Society   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
One of the key decisions to be taken concerning the new parliament was the way in which it should be elected.
Scotland is divided into eight electoral regions, based on the old European electoral constituencies.
In the Scottish Parliament all the major parties will be represented in roughly the same proportion as their share of the vote.
www.electoral-reform.org.uk /publications/leaflets/scotparl.htm   (726 words)

 Sources of English Constitutional History: Chapter 121
And that there be a court of exchequer in Scotland after the union for deciding questions concerning the revenues of customs and excises, there having the same power and authority in such cases as the court of exchequer has in England....
That, by virtue of this treaty, of the peers of Scotland at the time of the union sixteen shall be the number to sit and vote in the house of lords, and forty-five the number of the representatives of Scotland in the house of commons of the parliament of Great Britain....
of the peers of Scotland at the time of the union sixteen shall be the number to sit and vote in the house of lords, and forty-five the number of the representatives of Scotland in the house of commons of the parliament of Great Britain, and that the said sixteen peers and forty-five members...
www.constitution.org /sech/sech_121.htm   (1705 words)

 International Worker No. 239: Blair's "business friendly parliament" for Scotland
The launch of the campaign for a Scottish parliament was restricted to the comments of famous media celebrities and film stars whose banal statements were intended to sway public opinion.
Scotland Forward published a list of 16 major companies who have announced increased investment in Scotland since May 1, largely made up of electronic and computer companies from America and the Asian Pacific.
This is their preparation for taking seats in a Scottish parliament in order to tie the working class to this new mechanism of the capitalist state.
www.socialequality.org.uk /iw/239/11a239.htm   (1628 words)

 Mid Scotland and Fife (Scottish Parliament electoral region) Information
Mid Scotland and Fife is one of the eight electoral regions of the Scottish Parliament which were created in 1999.
Nine of the parliament's 73 first past the post constituencies are sub-divisions of the region and it elects seven of the 56 additional-member Members of the Scottish Parliament (MSPs).
Johnston resigned from the Parliament on August 10, 2001.
www.bookrags.com /wiki/Mid_Scotland_and_Fife_(Scottish_Parliament_electoral_region)   (498 words)

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