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Topic: Parliamentary system


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In the News (Sun 19 Nov 17)

  
  Parliament of Australia: Education - Parliament An Overview
Under this system, powers are distributed between a national government (the Commonwealth) and the six States (three Territories - the Australian Capital Territory, the Northern Territory, and Norfolk Island have self-government arrangements).
The Prime Minister is appointed by the Governor-General, who by convention under the Constitution, must appoint the parliamentary leader of the party, or coalition of parties, which has a majority of seats in the House of Representatives.
The functions of the High Court are to interpret and apply the law of Australia; to decide cases of special federal significance including challenges to the constitutional validity of laws; and to hear appeals, by special leave, from Federal, State and Territory courts.
www.aph.gov.au /parl.htm   (805 words)

  
  Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Parliamentary system
A parliamentary system, also known as parliamentarianism (and parliamentarism in U.S. English), is distinguished by the executive branch of government being dependent on the direct or indirect support of the parliament, often expressed through a vote of confidence.
Parliamentary systems usually have a clear differentiation between the head of government and the head of state, with the head of government being the prime minister or premier, and the head of state often being an appointed figurehead or hereditary monarch with only minor or ceremonial powers.
However, in a parliamentary system the prime minister is elected by the legislature, often under the strong influence of the party leadership.
www.reference.com /browse/wiki/Parliamentary_system   (1742 words)

  
  Parliamentary system - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A parliamentary system, also known as parliamentarianism (and parliamentarism in U.S. English), is distinguished by the executive branch of government being dependent on the direct or indirect support of the parliament, often expressed through a vote of confidence.
Parliamentary systems usually have a clear differentiation between the head of government and the head of state, with the head of government being the prime minister or premier, and the head of state often being an appointed figurehead with only minor or ceremonial powers.
In most parliamentary systems, the head of state is primarily a ceremonial position, often a monarch or president, retaining duties that aren't intended to be politically divisive (though in practice often can be), such as appointments of civil servants.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Parliamentary_system   (2035 words)

  
 Presidential system Information
A presidential system, or a congressional system, is a system of government of a republic where the executive branch is elected separately from the legislative.
In some presidential systems such as South Korea or the Republic of China (or Taiwan), there is an office of the prime minister or premier, but unlike in semi-presidential or parliamentary systems, the premier is responsible to the president rather than to the legislature.
When parliamentary systems have multiple parties and governments depend on coalitions, as they do with nations that vote by proportional representation, extremist parties can theoretically use the threat of leaving the coalition to flmail the centrist parties who are leading.
www.bookrags.com /wiki/Presidential_system   (3798 words)

  
 Parliament - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Those legislatures called parliaments typically operate under a parliamentary system of government in which the executive is constitutionally answerable to the parliament.
This can be contrasted with a presidential system, on the model of the United States' congressional system, which operate under a stricter separation of powers whereby the executive does not form part of, nor is appointed by, the parliamentary or legislative body.
Parliamentary power in France was suppressed more so than in England as a result of absolutism, and parliaments were eventually overshadowed by the larger Estates General, up until the French Revolution, when the National Assembly became France's unicameral legislature.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Parliamentary_government   (2738 words)

  
 Parliamentary system - TheBestLinks.com - British Empire, Constitution, Convention, First past the post, ...   (Site not responding. Last check: )
A parliamentary system, or parliamentarism, is distinguished by the head of government being dependent on the direct or indirect support of the parliament, often expressed through a vote of confidence.
In most parliamentary systems, the head of state is primarily a ceremonial position, often a monarch or president, retaining duties that aren't politically divisive, such as appointments of civil service.
The Westminster System is a particular type of parliamentary system that developed out of parliamentary democracy as practised at Westminster in London and was promulgated as the dominant form of government throughout the British Empire, many of whose colonies, since gaining their independence, have become Commonwealth countries.
www.thebestlinks.com /Parliamentary_system.html   (645 words)

  
 Summer 98: Presidential Versus Parliamentary
Under parliamentary systems, citizens may be forced to vote for a local candidate whom they dislike in order to support 'their' candidate at the national level.
An executive in a parliamentary system is necessarily enfeebled, and, as Alexander Hamilton wrote in the Federalist No. 70, "A feeble executive implies a feeble execution of the government.
Supporters of the parliamentary system may counter this by arguing that such instability is very rare, especially in two-party systems.
www.dartmouth.edu /~ppq/x98/x98point.html   (697 words)

  
 Parliamentary system
Parliamentary systems usually have a clear differentiation between the head of government and the head of state, with the head of government being the prime minister or premier, and the head of state often being an appointed figurehead with only minor or ceremonial powers.
In most parliamentary systems, the head of state is primarily a ceremonial position, often a monarch or president, retaining duties that aren't politically divisive, such as appointments of civil servants.
Parliamentary systems vary as to the degree to which they have a formal written constitution and the degree to which that constitution describes the day to day working of the government.
articles.gourt.com /en/Parliamentary   (1681 words)

  
 ipedia.com: Parliamentary system Article   (Site not responding. Last check: )
A parliamentary system, or parliamentarism, is distinguished by the head of government being dependent on the direct or indirect support of the parliament, often expressed through a vote of confidence.
In most parliamentary systems, the head of state is primarily a ceremonial position, often a monarch or president, retaining duties that aren't politically divisive, such as appointments of civil service.
The Westminster System is a particular type of parliamentary system that developed out of parliamentary democracy as practised at Westminster in London and was promulgated as the dominant form of government throughout the British Empire, many of whose colonies, since gaining their independence, have become Commonwealth countries.
www.ipedia.com /parliamentary_system.html   (515 words)

  
 Al-Ahram Weekly | Opinion | Ministry of strategic threats
The two- tiered voting system, one for the prime minister and one for members of parliament, broke large parties into medium and small entities that came to reflect identity and sect whereas the political affiliation of voters was reflected in their prime ministerial choice.
Parliamentary democracies occupy the top 20 slots out of 80 based on indicators like sovereignty of the law, efficiency, political stability, anti-corruption efforts, transparency, accountability, and respect for human rights as well as for their treatment of socioeconomic gaps.
Parliamentary democracy is the type of democracy we think of first when we imagine a system that allows people to choose their representatives, and it allows citizen-based organisations a greater degree of influence.
weekly.ahram.org.eg /2006/818/op22.htm   (2033 words)

  
 Political Systems and their impact on Governing Relations: (Presidential, Parliamentary and Hybrid Systems)
In a parliamentary system, Parliament is sovereign and executive authority (exercised by the Prime Minister and Cabinet) is derived from the legislature.
Parliamentary systems in developed countries are characterized by parties that are highly structured and tend toward unified action, bloc voting and distinct party platforms.
Parliamentary systems require that the "executive" and legislative members come to agreement upon issues, lest it force the dissolution of the government.
www.undp.org /governance/docs/Parl-Pub-govern.htm   (5753 words)

  
 The Manila Times Internet Edition | TOP STORIES > Is the parliamentary system really as good as it is touted by ...
Parliamentary system, parliamentary government, parliamentarianism, or parliamentarism, are terms that can be synonymous.
In this sense “parliamentary system” and “parliamentary democracy” mean that we do have a parliament or Congress that makes our laws and to which the ruling, elective executive power is accountable and from whom it gets “supply” or the funds to carry out the work of government.
Against this argument is that out of about 60 countries with parliamentary systems of government like that of the UK 30 are more or less in as bad a shape as the Philippines.
www.manilatimes.net /national/2006/aug/30/yehey/top_stories/20060830top6.html   (922 words)

  
 Summer 98: Presidential Versus Parliamentary
Contrastingly, in a system with separate executive and legislative branches and in one where each member of the legislature is permitted to vote according to his or her own interests, accountability is significantly more blurred.
The difference is that, in a parliamentary system, the set of promises - called the mandate - cannot be broken by the government.
Parliamentary systems, however, are constructed in a manner that permits the elected majority to affect the policy changes wished for by the voting public.
www.dartmouth.edu /~ppq/x98/x98counterpoint.html   (810 words)

  
 The Truths About Parliamentary Reform
In a system based on the British model, the executive branch of government is also a part of the legislative branch, and so they partake in all voting in the House of Commons, as well as being the focus of question period.
A parliamentary system generally creates majority governments, and since there is a fusion of powers and strict party discipline, this makes it very easy for the executive to pass a bill through the House, as it is almost certain that their majority government will vote in favour of it.
In the presidential system, however, it is significantly harder to pass through a law because not all members of the senate and congress will necessarily vote the same as the other members of their political party.
www.geekrants.com /articles/parliamentary.html   (1441 words)

  
 The opposition in a Parliamentary system (BP-47E)
The role of the opposition in a parliamentary federation such as Canada’s is obviously different from that of congressional representatives in a pluralist federation like the United States, where legislators exercise considerably more independence and need not take their cue from the executive branch.
Parliamentary reform rose to the top of the agenda in Canada in the late 1960s, largely as a result of the frustrating experience with successive minority governments and the exceedingly long and acrimonious debate over the adoption of a national flag.
Our electoral system frequently results in sharp regional imbalances in the parties’ caucus representation, in a high electoral casualty rate for caucus dissidents and independents, and in the exclusion of a growing number of minor or so-called "fringe" parties from parliamentary life.
dsp-psd.communication.gc.ca /Collection-R/LoPBdP/BP/bp47-e.htm   (5956 words)

  
 America's Debate > Parliamentary system for US?
Apr 24 2005, 08:43 AM I think the parliamentary system is better- it definately forces parties to be totally responsible for thier behavior while in power- there is definately a case of "you are in power, this is your watch, you do it right, or your out" kind of deal with it.
Apr 25 2005, 03:40 PM The principle advantage of the parliamentary system is the high resolution of its responsiveness to the heterogeneity of the body politic.
The principle advantage of the parliamentary system is the high resolution of its responsiveness to the heterogeneity of the body politic.
www.americasdebate.com /forums/simple/index.php/t9739.html   (5265 words)

  
 Parliamentary system   (Site not responding. Last check: )
A parliamentary system, or parliamentarism, is distinguished by the
In a presidential system, the president is directly chosen by the people, or by a set of electors directly chosen by the people, but in a parliamentary system the prime minister is elected by the party leadership.
An individual legislator in a parliamentary system is usually a creature of his party machine, not an independent spokesman for a district.
www.vetty.com /wpcd/wp/p/Parliamentary_system.htm   (2021 words)

  
 Similarities and Differences Between the U.S. System of Government and Other Forms of Democratic Government in About ...
In parliamentary systems, the head of government is a prime minister selected from the parliament, and is typically the leader of the majority political party or coalition.
One factor contributing to the two-party system in the United States is the single-member district system of electing Representatives.
Differences in the judicial system are not as significant as in the legislative, because the United States legal system is based predominantly on English common law.
usinfo.state.gov /products/pubs/abtamerica/compare.htm   (663 words)

  
 Mapleleafweb.com: Canada’s Parliamentary Government
This system frames the relationship between Canadians and their political leaders, the manner in which laws are passed, and the organization and authority of key government positions and institutions.
The term Parliamentary government, instead, is meant to refer to a structure, or system, of government – one that involves a particular relationship between and among its different branches.
Canada’s particular Parliamentary system is referred to as a “Westminster Model.” This model was first developed by the British and is named after the Palace of Westminster, which houses the British Parliament.
www.mapleleafweb.com /features/parliament/parliamentary-government   (4178 words)

  
 Interest Groups - Political Systems
The two major types of constitutional democracy in the modern world are the presidential system, which is exemplified by the United States, and the parliamentary system which in its classic form can be seen at work in Great Britain.
Germany has a parliamentary system but also contains some features of the American system, such as federalism and the process of judicial review -- the power of the courts to examine the actions of the legislative, executive and administrative branches of government in order to ensure that they are acting in accord with the constitution.
The U.S. presidential system is based on the principle of separation of powers and distinguishes sharply between the legislative and the executive; in the parliamentary system the legislative and executive branches are not so clearly separated from each other.
xroads.virginia.edu /~MA98/pollklas/thesis/systems.html   (561 words)

  
 NOTES for October 26 (Elections)& November 2(Parties)   (Site not responding. Last check: )
If a parliamentary leader looses support after a couple of years, or if new political issues arise that rearrange the political landscape, it is not very complicated for the system to adjust.
While parliamentary systems are based on the principle of unifying power, the prime minister and cabinet are responsible for political and administrative leadership.
For a parliamentary system to work well, power must as much as possible be lodged with the leaders of the parties and no one else.
homepages.wmich.edu /~a1haruty/Democracy.htm   (3195 words)

  
 Features News The Rising Nepal (Daily)
It can be safely said that many of the defects noticed in the working of the parliamentary system are remediable within the framework of the constitution if the major political parties bring their experience and commitment to national progress with a view to devising realistic solutions to the problems faced by the country.
Parliamentary system can be preserved and strengthened in a better way if the political parties come to the term of coalition government if no party gains absolute majority in the election.
In parliamentary system, political parties can reach to a coalition set up before the election to secure an absolute majority that assures the required stability.
www.nepalnews.com.np /contents/englishdaily/trn/2001/jun/jun29/features.htm   (1824 words)

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