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Topic: Partitions of Poland


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  Poland travel guide. Travel to Poland. Poland tourist information
Poland is bordered by the Baltic Sea, Russia, Germany, Belarus, Lithuania, Ukraine, the Slovak Republic, and the Czech Republic.
Poland is rich of natural attraction such as the amber beaches of the Baltic Sea, many lakes and rivers, beautiful mountains and deep forests where you can find rest, relaxation, adventure and diverse tourist attractions.
The rocky crags of the Tatras are in the south of Poland.
poland.europe-cities.com   (635 words)

  
 partitions of Poland - Encyclopedia.com
partitions of Poland The basic causes leading to the three successive partitions (1772, 1793, 1795) that eliminated Poland from the map were the decay and the internal disunity of Poland and the emergence of its neighbors, Russia and Prussia, as leading European powers.
The partition of 1772 gave Pomerelia and Ermeland to Prussia, Latgale and Belarus E of the Dvina and Dnieper rivers to Russia, and Galicia to Austria.
The national uprising under Thaddeus Kosciusko (1794) and the conservative rulers' reaction to the French Revolution led to the final partition of 1795; all of Poland was divided among Russia, Prussia, and Austria.
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1E1-Poland-P.html   (0 words)

  
 Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Partitions of Poland
The partition treaty was ratified by its signatories on September 22, 1772.
The adoption by the Commonwealth of the May Constitution of Poland prompted aggressive actions on the part of its neighbours, wary of the potential renaissance of the Commonwealth.
Russia gained a larger share of Poland and, after crushing an insurrection in 1831, the Congress Kingdom of Poland's autonomy was abolished and Poles faced confiscation of property, deportation, forced military service, and the closure of their own universities.
www.reference.com /browse/wiki/Partitions_of_Poland   (0 words)

  
  Partitions of Poland
Repnin demanded religious freedom for the Protestant and Orthodox Christians, and the resulting reaction among Poland's Roman Catholic leadership, as well as the deep resentment[5] of Russian intervention in the Commonwealth's domestic affairs, led to the War of the Confederation of Bar with Russia from 1768 to 1772.
The partition treaty was ratified by its signatories on September 22, 1772.
Russia gained a larger share of Poland and, after crushing an insurrection in 1831, the Congress Kingdom of Poland's autonomy was abolished and Poles faced confiscation of property, deportation, forced military service, and the closure of their own universities.
www.brainyencyclopedia.com /encyclopedia/p/pa/partitions_of_poland.html   (2312 words)

  
  Poland - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Poland, officially the Republic of Poland (Polish: Polska or Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe, between Germany to the west, the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south, Ukraine and Belarus to the east, and the Baltic Sea, Lithuania, and Russia (in the form of the Kaliningrad Oblast exclave) to the north.
Poland's first historically documented ruler, Mieszko I, was baptized in 966, adopting Catholic Christianity as the country's new official religion, to which the bulk of the population converted in the course of the next century.
Poland has a large agricultural sector of private farms, that could be a leading producer of food in the European Union now that Poland is a member.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Poland   (3650 words)

  
 Partitions of Poland - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Partitions of Poland (Polish: Rozbiór Polski or Rozbiory Polski; Lithuanian: Padalijimas) took place in the 18th century and ended the existence of the sovereign Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
The partition treaty was ratified by its signatories on September 22, 1772.
The adoption by the Commonwealth of the May Constitution of Poland prompted aggressive actions on the part of its neighbours, wary of the potential renaissance of the Commonwealth.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Partitions_of_Poland   (2051 words)

  
 Wikinfo | Poland
The Republic of Poland is a country in Central Europe, bordering Germany to the west, the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south, Ukraine and Belarus to the east, and Lithuania and Russia (via the Kaliningrad Oblast exclave) to its north, as well as the Baltic Sea.
Poland is an ancient nation that was conceived around the middle of the 10th century.
Poland has steadfastly pursued a policy of liberalising the economy and today stands out as one of the most successful and open transition economies, with about 20% unemployment and increasing wealth disparities.
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=Poland   (1068 words)

  
 Poland -   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Republic of Poland (Polish: Rzeczpospolita Polska) is a country located in Central Europe, between Germany to the west, the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south, Ukraine and Belarus to the east, and the Baltic Sea, Lithuania, and Russia (in the form of the Kaliningrad Oblast exclave) to the north.
The citizens of Poland took pride in their ancient freedoms and Sejm parliamentary system, although the szlachta monopolised most of the benefits as most of Poles since the middle of the fourteenth century were serfs.
The process of reforms ceased with the partitions of Poland between Russia, Prussia, and Austria in 1772, 1793 and 1795 which ultimately dissolved the country.
psychcentral.com /psypsych/Poland   (3348 words)

  
 557lec3&4Decline&PartitionsofPoland
The First Partition, carried out in 1772, was the result of 3 factors: (a) the territorial ambitions of Frederick II and Catherine II; (b) The Austrian Empress Maria Theresa's (ruled 1740-80) decision to seize part of Poland to balance the expansion of Russia and Prussia; and (c)Polish military weakness.
The Third Partition of Poland was carried out in 1795, though the final treaty was signed by the three partitioning powers, Russia, Austria and Prussia in St.
Therefore, he was quietly buried in his family church in eastern Poland.
web.ku.edu /~eceurope/hist557/lect3-4.htm   (7441 words)

  
 Paritions of Poland
Unfortunately for Poland and her king, even before Frederick the Great won over Catherine II for his partition project, he reached a full agreement with her in a matter which was to completely distort the whole reform movement.
Along with the first partition of Poland and what seemed to be permanent Russian control of the rest of that country, the peace of 1774 contributed so much to Catherine’s prestige that five years later she could act as mediator in the Austro-Prussian rivalry in German affairs.
It is true that during most of the breathing space granted to Poland between the first and the second partition, her diplomacy had continued to be rather passive, and that the king’s attempts to obtain for his country the possibility of participating in the solution of the Eastern question were a total failure.
victorian.fortunecity.com /wooton/34/halecki/15.htm   (5206 words)

  
 History of POLAND   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Her troops are in Poland to ensure the election, in 1794, of Stanislaw II.
The effect of the three partitions on the citizens of Poland is that some 23% are now under Prussian rule, 32% are in the Austrian empire, and 45% are subject to the tsar.
The third partition, in 1796, occurs on the eve of the Napoleonic era.
www.historyworld.net /wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?groupid=1000&HistoryID=ab01   (1163 words)

  
 557lec3&4Decline&PartitionsofPoland   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The First Partition, carried out in 1772, was the result of 3 factors: (a) the territorial ambitions of Frederick II and Catherine II; (b) The Austrian Empress Maria Theresa's (ruled 1740-80) decision to seize part of Poland to balance the expansion of Russia and Prussia; and (c)Polish military weakness.
For Catherine II, the decisive factor against allowing a weak Poland to continue to exist with all her territories under Russian oversight was the state of the Russian imperial treasury, which had been emptied by the Russo-Turkish war.
The Third Partition of Poland was carried out in 1795, though the final treaty was signed by the three partitioning powers, Russia, Austria and Prussia in St.
raven.cc.ku.edu /~eceurope/hist557/lect3-4.htm   (7441 words)

  
 Poland : PL
Poland : PL The Republic of Poland is a country in Central Europe, bordering Germany to the west, the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south, Ukraine and Belarus to the east, and Lithuania and Russia (via the Kaliningrad Oblast exclave) to its north, as well as the Baltic Sea.
Poland has steadfastly pursued a policy of liberalising the economy and today stands out as one of the most successful and open transition economies.
In contrast, Poland's large agricultural sector remains handicapped by structural problems, surplus labour, inefficient small farms, and lack of investment.
www.findword.org /pl/pl.html   (1275 words)

  
 WHKMLA : History of Poland - Partitions, 1771-1795
In the TREATY OF ETERNAL PEACE signed between Poland and Russia in 1689, Poland promised not to oppress the GREEK-ORTHODOX population living in it's Belorussian and Ukrainian provinces; this statute permitted the Russian Czar to interfere in Polish affairs whenever it seemed him suitable.
In the 1780es, Poland saw the rise of a reformist movement (see separate chapter), which was regarded by the partitioning powers with scepticism.
Poland's parliament had to concede the cession of these territories and to cancel it's reformist constitution.
www.zum.de /whkmla/region/eceurope/partitions.html   (713 words)

  
 Polish History: chapter/book-length sites
A history of Poland illustrated with historical paintings: five webpages and 26 sections.
A history of Poland, primarily in the realm of diplomatic and military actions, in seven sections.
In outline form the site seeks to answer the question: "What was Poland in 1918?" The result is a longer answer than: "A state without clearly defined borders which hadn't existed for 123 years.
info-poland.buffalo.edu /web/history/overview/link.shtml   (625 words)

  
 Poland - The Three Partitions, 1764-95
Confounding expectations that he would be an obedient servant of his mistress, Stanislaw August encouraged the modernization of his realm's ramshackle political system and achieved a temporary moratorium on use of the individual veto in the Sejm (1764-66).
Arguing that Poland had fallen prey to the radical Jacobinism then at high tide in France, Russia and Prussia abrogated the Constitution of May 3, carried out a second partition of Poland in 1793, and placed the remainder of the country under occupation by Russian troops.
Thus, Poland's neighbors reduced the commonwealth to a rump state and plainly signaled their designs to abolish it altogether at their convenience.
countrystudies.us /poland/11.htm   (1006 words)

  
 Decline and Partition   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Century had left Poland ruined; her population had decreased by a third and the victory at Vienna was the Commonwealth's last military success.
It soon became obvious to Poland's neighbours that the veto could be used to their own political ends and they soon clubbed together to "defend Polish freedoms".
Poland became a battlefield and the Polish throne the prize.
www.kasprzyk.demon.co.uk /www/Decline.html   (1173 words)

  
 Neue Rheinische Zeitung No. 70 August 1848
Up to 1772 Poland as a whole was not particularly well known for her high standard of education and science, and the same applies to Austrian and Russian Poland since then; of the Prussian part we shall speak later.
After the third partition of Poland the estates of the Polish starosten [starosten — formerly a nobleman in Poland who held a fief of the Crown] and those of the Catholic clergy were confiscated by Frederick William II in favour of the state.
Poland must have at least the dimensions of 1772, she must comprise not only the territories but also the estuaries of her big rivers and at least a large seaboard on the Baltic.
www.marxists.org /archive/marx/works/1848/08/09.htm   (15348 words)

  
 GoPoland! Web Travel Guide to Poland
In the mid-17th century, Poland was invaded and pillaged by Sweden.
The first partition of Poland took place in 1772 when Russia realized it would be easier to cede land to Austria and Prussia than fight for it.
But the neighboring powers were not satisfied with their initial land grabs, so in 1793 and 1795 they finished what they started and Poland as a political and geographic entity ceased to exist.
www.gopoland.com /history/h3.shtml   (0 words)

  
 Warsaw - The capital city of Poland :: Way To Poland
It is a city in eastern Poland on Mazowsze that since the year 1596 is capital of Poland.
After three partitions of Poland, finally in the year 1918 Warsaw became the capital of reborn Polish Nation.
Rearrangement of the capital that gained special momentum during the presidency of Stefan Starzyński, was interrupted by outbreak of the II world war and German occupation.
www.waytopoland.com /x.php/1,150/Warsaw.html   (0 words)

  
 partitions of Poland — FactMonster.com
The basic causes leading to the three successive partitions (1772, 1793, 1795) that eliminated Poland from the map were the decay and the internal disunity of Poland and the emergence of its neighbors, Russia and Prussia, as leading European powers.
Stanislaus II of Poland was unable to resist his three neighbors.
led to the final partition of 1795; all of Poland was divided among Russia, Prussia, and Austria.
www.factmonster.com /ce6/history/A0839493.html   (0 words)

  
 In the Aftermath of the Partitions   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The aim of the Deputation was to organise an uprising in Poland, organising a Polish military force in Walachia.
Returning to Poland in 1813 he was designated by the Tsar to reorganise the Polish army, appointed general of the cavalry in 1815, and senator palatine of the Kingdom of Poland.
In the Prussian occupied zone the aim was to totally destroy the Polish language and culture; from 1872 German became compulsory in all schools and it was a crime to be caught speaking in Polish.
www.kasprzyk.demon.co.uk /www/Aftermath.html   (6708 words)

  
 Poland - History   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The history of Poland began around Xth century when a few tribes of western Slavs joined together.
Christianity came to Poland from the South in 966.
A few years later in the year 1000 during the congress in Gniezno (first capital of Poland) an independent Polish Church organisation was set up.
www.whizbridge.com /poland_history.php   (134 words)

  
 The Province of Posen (Poznan)
This region was the historical center of origin of the Polish Nation in the 10th century and has always been one of the richest and most developed provinces of Poland.
During longer historical periods (but NOT between 1815 and 1938) Poznan was the administrative center for the Eastern Greater Poland (with towns such as Kalisz and Konin), too.
Therefore, I have included a short genealogical introduction to this region as well, although it did not belong to the Prussian 'Provinz Posen' but rather to the Kalisz Gubernya of the Kingdom of Poland governed by Russia.
www.polishroots.org /genpoland/pos.htm   (0 words)

  
 Kingdom of Poland
was established according to resolutions of the Congress in Vienna (1815) and thus it was often referred to as "Congress Poland".
The territory of Congress Poland included areas which during the Partitions of Poland were initially annexed by Prussia and Austria but then, due to the result of the Napoleonic Wars, were taken over by Russia.
Those included mostly the historical region of Masovia, northern parts of Little Poland (most of which then belonged to Galicia), eastern fragments of Greater Poland (whose other parts constituted the Prussian Province of Posen), and certain regions of historical Lithuania.
www.polishroots.org /genpoland/kpol.htm   (0 words)

  
 Krakow, Poland by europe-cities - Krakow travel guide
On the contrary: it is just Cracow which claim the rights to be the cultural centre of Poland in terms of education, science and national heritage.
But the Cracow's true Golden Age was the rule of the last Jagiellonian kings: Sigismundus the Old and his son Sigismundus Augustus in the years 1506-72.
During the times of partitions of Poland, the town went under the administration of Austro-Hungarian Empire.
www.europe-cities.com /krakow.aspx   (0 words)

  
 Belarus the Partitions of Poland
Belorussia remained a part of Poland until Russia, Prussia, and Austria carried out the three partitions of Poland in 1772, 1793, and 1795.
After the last partition, the entire territory of Belorussia found itself part of the Russian Empire, with the exception of a small piece of land in the west, which was held by Prussia.
The imposition of the Russian language, the Orthodox religion, heavy taxes, and military service lasting twenty-five years made the past under Polish rule seem better than the present under the tsars.
www.country-studies.com /belarus/the-partitions-of-poland.html   (0 words)

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