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Topic: Party of the Brazilian Democratic Movement


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In the News (Thu 20 Jun 19)

  
  Brazilian Democratic Movement - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Brazilian Democratic Movement (MDB) was a centrist political party in Brazil that existed from 1965 to 1979.
It was formed in 1965, when the military government that overthrew President João Goulart abolished all existing political parties and replaced them with its own party, the National Renewal Alliance Party (ARENA), and the MDB as the official party of the opposition.
In 1979, in an attempt to split-up the opposition, the military government abolished the two-party system, and the MDB became the Party of the Brazilian Democratic Movement"(PMDB).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Brazilian_Democratic_Movement   (202 words)

  
 MSN Encarta - Brazil
Parties either represented regional or sectional interests or served as vehicles for individual political leaders.
The military regime dissolved the existing parties in 1965 and created a two-party structure consisting of the government-sponsored party, the National Renovating Alliance, and an opposition, the Brazilian Democratic Movement.
The major parties to emerge were the Brazilian Social Democratic Party and the Democratic Workers’ Party on the center-left; the centrist Brazilian Democratic Movement Party; the Liberal Front Party and the Brazilian Labor Party on the center-right; and the right-wing Progressive Party.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761554342_9/Brazil.html   (756 words)

  
 Brazil - Brazilian Social Democracy Party   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
A center-left group of the PMDB (Brazilian Democratic Movement Party) organized the Brazilian Social Democracy Party (Partido da Social Democracia Brasileira--PSDB) in June 1988.
They had become discontented with the rainbow party, with the PMDB's participation in the conservative Big Center during the National Constituent Assembly, and especially with the politics of President Sarney.
The new Progressive Party had thirty-seven deputies in 1993, and by 1994 had grown to forty-five, the fifth largest delegation in the Chamber of Deputies.
www.country-data.com /cgi-bin/query/r-1770.html   (369 words)

  
 Inter Press Service News Agency   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Brazilian President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva's shift towards the centre of the political spectrum over the past two years and his "pragmatism" have cost him allies on the left, although he remains relatively popular thanks largely to the unexpectedly strong economic growth of around five percent for 2004.
The temporary authorisation of sales of genetically modified soy beans that were widely planted despite a ban on transgenic crops, the decision to maintain Brazil's nuclear energy programme, and the failure to curb deforestation in the Amazon jungle were among the developments that have led to a sense of deception among environmentalists, for example.
The activist complained that agrarian reform efforts are not moving ahead as they should, and that the 200,000 landless families living in camps around the country while they wait to be settled on a plot of land have little hope for a solution to their desperate situation in the near future.
www.ipsnews.net /africa/print.asp?idnews=26936   (1206 words)

  
 Portal da Cidadania   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Party of the Brazilian Democratic Movement (PMDB): With its roots in the former MDB, the PMDB is the largest party in Brazil, with over a million registered members.
The party, which played an important role in the democratization of the country after the military regime, adopted a centrist ideology in the ‘90’s.
The PSDB is a centrist party that backs liberal initiatives, such as the privatizations, and leftist initiatives, such as State participation in education and health.
internacional.radiobras.gov.br /ingles/politicalforces_2004.php   (334 words)

  
 Brazil - BRAZZIL - Who's Afraid of the Big Bad Left? Few Brazilians - Elections in Brazil - Brazilian Politics - ...
Among the other big-league parties, the group that did the best was the rightwing PFL (Partido da Frente Liberal—Liberal Front Party), which was able to get 30 percent more votes than in 1996, going from 10 million to 12.9 million in the first round.
Representative José Dirceu, the party's president, as well as House representatives, deputados federais José Genoíno and Aloísio Mercadante, the party's main leaders, were talking in unison in order to contain the enthusiasm of the troops and not let the success go to their heads.
The party is also in good shape to hang on to the important southern state capital of Porto Alegre, and a PT candidate is the second round odds-on favorite to win the crown jewel: São Paulo.
www.brazil-brasil.com /cvrnov00.htm   (6415 words)

  
 Background Notes Archive - Western Hemisphere   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Brazilian agriculture is highly diversified, and the country is largely self-sufficient in food.
Federal deputies and senators who belong to the parties comprising the government coalition do not always vote with the government, a consequence of weak party discipline and lack of ideological coherence both among and within coalition parties.
Brazilian Government programs to establish reservations and to provide other forms of assistance have existed for years but are controversial and often ineffective.
dosfan.lib.uic.edu /erc/bgnotes/wha/brazil9707.html   (4105 words)

  
 Brazil Brazilian Democratic Movement Party - Flags, Maps, Economy, History, Climate, Natural Resources, Current Issues, ...
The Progressive Renewal Party (Partido Progressista Renovador--PPR) was organized by the fusion of the PDS (Democratic Social Party) and the Christian Democratic Party (Partido Democrático Cristão--PDC) in April 1993.
Like the PTB (Brazilian Labor Party) in the early 1960s, the MDB was on the verge of becoming a mass political party when Congress dissolved it in 1979.
The party was less successful in the congressional and gubernatorial elections in 1988 and 1990, but made a slight comeback in the 1992 municipal elections.
www.photius.com /countries/brazil/government/brazil_government_brazilian_democratic~6961.html   (511 words)

  
 Party of the Brazilian Democratic Movement - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Party of the Brazilian Democratic Movement (Portuguese: Partido do Movimento Democrático Brasileiro, PMDB) is the successor of the Brazilian Democratic Movement and an centrist, more or less liberal, party in Brazil that surprisingly has its roots in the Marxist MR-8 guerilla movement.
At the last legislative elections, 6 October 2002, the party won 74 out of 513 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and 19 out of 81 seats in the Senate.
 This political party- and liberalism-related article is a stub.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Party_of_the_Brazilian_Democratic_Movement   (164 words)

  
 Brazilian Trade Unions   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Brazilian labor organization from the time of the Vargas dictatorship (beginning in 1930) until the democratic reforms of the 1980s was dominated by state-controlled syndicalist confederations on the Italian fascist model, with a confederation for each segment of labor.
The CGT is allied with the center-left Party of the Brazilian Democratic Movement (PMDB) and is a member of various international "free" or "liberal" (i.e., non-socialist) labor organizations such as the CIDSL and ORIT.
Its flag is white with the party initials emblazoned in red letters across a yellow map of Brazil on a green globe, with the full name and affiliations of the CGT across the bottom of the flag in fl.
www.crwflags.com /fotw/flags/br_union.html   (263 words)

  
 Brazil   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The main aim of the victorious revolutionary movement headed by Getúlio Vargas was the reform of an electoral and political system which, in the absence of strong national parties, had led to the practice of electing presidents supported by the governors of the leading states of São Paulo and Minas Gerais.
Federal deputies and senators who belong to parties comprising the government coalition do not always vote with the government, a consequence of weak internal party discipline, and lack of consequence of weak internal party discipline, and lack of ideological coherence both among and within coalition parties.
Brazilian labor law defines an employee as the person who renders services on a regular basis to, and under the direction of, an employer in return for a wage.
www.onlinelearning.net /instructors/smurr/LatAm/sam/brazil.html   (15997 words)

  
 Brazil - The Political Party System
Undaunted, Brizola immediately organized the PDT (Democratic Labor Party) and, in 1982, was elected governor of Rio de Janeiro, with twenty-three deputies versus Ivette Vargas's thirteen (see table 19, Appendix).
In 1985 Congress passed legislation easing the requirements for organizing new parties; thus, the ANC (National Constituent Assembly) seated eleven parties in 1987, nineteen in 1991, and eighteen in 1995.
The party system suffered considerable fragmentation during the late 1980s and early 1990s, especially because of an exodus from the largest parties--PMDB and PFL (Liberal Front Party)--after 1988, similar to the factionalization in the 1950s and early 1960s.
countrystudies.us /brazil/90.htm   (740 words)

  
 Brazilian Democratic Movement, Party of the --  Encyclopædia Britannica   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The Party of the Brazilian Democratic Movement (PMDB) was founded in 1980 by members of the Brazilian Democratic Movement, which had been created in the mid-1960s as the official opposition to the military government but had dissolved in 1979.
The vice-president of Brazil, Itamar Franco, became acting president on Oct. 2, 1992, and was sworn in as president on Dec. 29, 1992, as the impeachment trial of former president Fernando Collor de Mello began.
In 1980, the Democratic Party was a house that was divided among the Kennedy and Carter camps.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9389400   (769 words)

  
 Ruling Brazilian Party Defeated in Congress - Prensa Latina
Brasilia, Feb 15 (Prensa Latina) The ruling PT (Workers´ Party) Tuesday lost the election for the presidency of the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies, an unprecedented event for a force with parliamentarian majority.
There were only a few doubts as to whether he would win in the first or second round, given the fact that the party with the majority of seats -like in the case of the PT- has traditionally won the presidency.
Senate elections, however, had no surprises and Renan Calheiros, from the Brazilian Democratic Movement Party -with the majority of seats- was elected as president.
www.plenglish.com /article.asp?ID={FF95AFE1-79A4-4A34-BE4C-CC6A7B8B42E7}&language=EN   (203 words)

  
 Party of the Brazilian Democratic Movement   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
In a newly promulgated Visual Identity Manual, a new flag consisting of a white field with the logo, which is the initials of the party in fl italic sans-serif type, a red flame issuing from the top of the M, and green and yellow swashes below the letters.
I seem to recall that this party was a sort of "umbrella" of the left-wing opposition during the Brazilian dictatorship, which could explain the choice of colors of the old flag and the change.
The PMDB (Party of the Brazilian Democratic Movement) is one of the largest parties of Brazil, on the left side of the socialist area.
www.crwflags.com /fotw/flags/br}pmdb.html   (248 words)

  
 AEI - Events
That had two standard effects: the first was to create a recession that happened in the middle of last year; the second was to bring down the rate of inflation to something in the single-digits.
The letter to the Brazilian people issued by President Lula expresses a vision that is coherent with the policy choices made thereafter.
The party realized that if it were to have a future it would need a policy that worked with the markets.
www.aei.org /events/filter.social,eventID.728/summary.asp   (2191 words)

  
 Brazil (12/05)
Six major groups make up the Brazilian population: the Portuguese, who colonized Brazil in the 16th century; Africans brought to Brazil as slaves; various other European, Middle Eastern, and Asian immigrant groups who have settled in Brazil since the mid-19th century; and indigenous peoples of Tupi and Guarani language stock.
Party loyalty is weak, and deputies and senators who belong to the parties comprising the government coalition do not always vote with the government.
The largest financial firms are Brazilian (and the two largest banks are government-owned), but U.S. and other foreign firms have an important share of the market.
www.state.gov /r/pa/ei/bgn/35640.htm   (4442 words)

  
 [No title]
On 6 October 2002, Brazilians went to the polls to elect a new President together with all the 513 members of the House of Deputies, two-thirds of the 81 members of the Senate and the state governors.
The Liberal Front Party (PFL) won 98 seats in the House of Deputies and 14 of the 54 at stake in the Senate.
The Brazilian Social Democratic Party (PSDB) won 94 and 8, respectively while the Brazilian Democratic Movement Party (PMDB) won 87 and 9, respectively.
www.ipu.org /parline-e/reports/2043_E.htm   (510 words)

  
 Brazil Street Children Murders
Sadly, the world at large is witness to the failure of the Brazilian judicial system and law-enforcement agencies to uphold national laws designed to protect the human rights of children and adolescents.
Eager to consolidate the process of democratization and to avoid social chaos, community agents, neighborhood associations, the church, minority groups, unions, and non-governmental organizations have raised children's issues as national priorities in the political agenda.
Yours is a special opportunity; we sincerely hope that today's children, and their children, come to recognize and remember your administration ad the one that truly recognized the value of every child, defending the right of every child and adolescent to citizenship, and to life.
pangaea.org /street_children/latin/icri.htm   (1692 words)

  
 A short history of Brazil
Under influence of the victory of democratic countries in World War II, the army replaces the dictatorship by a democracy in 1945.
Vargas is re-elected in 1950 as the candidate of the Partido Trabalhista Brasileiro (Brazilian Labour Party, PTB).
In 1994 the PMDB becomes the largest party in parliament again, as it did in 1990, but Fernando Henrique Cardoso of the Partido da Social Democracia Brasileira (Party of the Brazilian Social Democracy, PSDB) becomes president with the support of the PMDB.
www.electionworld.org /history/brazil.htm   (967 words)

  
 MercoPress - Falklands-Malvinas & South Atlantic News
The PMDB, which has a plurality in the Senate, the second-biggest bloc in the lower house and is the party controlling the largest number of municipal governments, was one of the main allies of Fernando Henrique Cardoso during his 1994-2002 presidential mandate.
Members of Congress belonging to Lula's Workers Party, known as the PT, that the invitation to the PMDB to support the administration is aimed at ensuring the passage of structural reforms the president is proposing to the legislature.
Schmidt observed that another risk of this "rapprochement" with the PMDB that began in November is the possible desertion of PT members to a new socialist party proposed by several disgruntled leftists who insist that the PT and Lula have abandoned the socialist principles they once espoused.
www.falkland-malvinas.com /Detalle.asp?NUM=2575   (1079 words)

  
 Brazil - BRAZZIL - President Fernando Henrique Cardoso: the 100-day checkup - May 1995
The country is enjoying record exports ($3.8 billion in March alone), the harvest (78 million tons) has never been so abundant, and in March the Revenue Service collected $7.2 billion in taxes, the biggest in the last ten years.
To Nícias Ribeiro (Pará's PMDB — Party of the Brazilian Democratic Movement), for example, he promised to pave not only the 400 km.
Political council - The idea to dialogue with all parties has shrunk to contacts only with Cardoso's own PSDB (Party of the Brazilian Social Democracy), in addition to the PFL (Party of the Liberal Front) and the PMDB (Party of the Brazilian Democratic Movement).
www.brazil-brasil.com /pages/p16may95.htm   (2824 words)

  
 Brazilian Social Democratic Party --  Encyclopædia Britannica   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The current political party system began to emerge in the 1940s under President Getúlio Dorneles Vargas, who established the Social Democratic Party and the Brazilian Labour Party to buffer his weakening administration.
A number of other parties were organized and entered elections through the 1950s and early '60s, but few of them gained much influence.
(born 1949), Brazilian statesman, born in Rio de Janeiro; studied economics at University of Alagoas; worked as journalist before becoming president of father's media enterprises 1978; mayor of Maceio (1979–82) and governor of impoverished state of Alagoas (1987–89) as member of right-wing Social Democratic party; while governor, launched investigation of elite civil...
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9389398   (689 words)

  
 Brazil’s soiled hero, by Ignacio Ramonet
It is alleged that Lula’s close associates, especially José Dirceu, his “civil chief of staff” (which is equivalent to a prime minister), organised a vast system of kickbacks to secure the votes of deputies from parties allied with the PT (2).
They were the corrupters rather than the corrupted, acting for the greater good of their party as they saw it.
So it has been forced to seek the neutrality or support of large conservative parties: the Brazilian Social Democratic party, the Party of the Brazilian Democratic Movement and the Liberal Front party.
mondediplo.com /2005/10/01brazil   (693 words)

  
 BRAZIL: IMMINENT FISCAL ADJUSTMENT ON THE CARDS
In fact, his parliamentary base, formed up to now by the conservative Party of the Liberal Alliance (PFL) and Brazilian Social Democrat Party (PSDB), has been joined by the centre-right Party of the Brazilian Democratic Movement (PMDB) and Brazilian Progress Party (PPB).
And as if fiscal adjustment were not enough, the government is also hoping for Congress approval on welfare reforms before the end of the year - the social security system is responsible for the lion's share of the fiscal defict - and rationalisation of the tax system.
And while the nation waits for adjustment, recession is already banging on the doors of the Brazilian economy.
www.sunsonline.org /trade/process/followup/1998/10090498.htm   (579 words)

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