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Topic: Pashtun


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In the News (Sun 26 May 19)

  
 Info and facts on 'Pashtun'   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
The Pashtuns are characterized by their indigenous code (religion) of honor and culture, Pashtunwali (additional info and facts about Pashtunwali).
Pashtun culture is ancient and much of it is yet to be recorded in contemporary times.
Folktales involving reverence for Pashtun mothers and matriarchs are common and are passed down from parent to child, as most Pashtun heritage, through a rich oral tradition (additional info and facts about oral tradition).
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/p/pa/pashtun.htm   (993 words)

  
 Pashtun   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
The Pashtun (also Pushtun Pakhtun or ethnic Afghan ; in referring to the period of British Raj or earlier sometimes Pathan) are an ethnic/religious group of people primarily in Afghanistan Pakistan and India who follow Pashtunwali.
Ethnic Pashtuns correctly understood as ethnic are the predominant ethnic group of Afghanistan the region of Pakistan known to the as "Pashtoonistan" or the North West Frontier (NWFP).
Folktales involving reverence for Pashtun and matriarchs are common and are passed from parent to child as most Pashtun through a rich oral tradition.
www.freeglossary.com /Pashtun   (420 words)

  
 Pashtun Encyclopedia, Definition, History, Biography   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
There are also various groups which claim Pashtun descent and are largely found amongst other groups in Afghanistan and South Asia and generally do not speak Pashto and are often considered either overlapping groups or are simply assigned to the ethno-linguistic group that fits their geographic location and their mother tongue.
In the 20th century, Pashtun troops enlisted in the British Indian army and fought in World War II and became an important component of the Frontier Scouts and the Pakistan army as well as the modern Afghan military and were active in the opposition against the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.
More recently the Pashtuns became known for being the primary ethnic group that comprised the Taliban, whose ideological basis began in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan during the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan, and their activity was centered around the city of Peshawar and at the Madarassa-e-Haqqania in Akora, Khattak.
www.localcolors.com /encyclopedia/Pashtun   (3458 words)

  
 Encyclopedia: Pashtun
The Pashtuns (also Pushtun, Pakhtun, ethnic Afghan, or Pathan) are an ethno-linguistic group mainly of eastern Iranian stock living primarily in eastern and southern Afghanistan, and the North West Frontier Province, Federally Administered Tribal Areas and Baluchistan provinces of Pakistan.
The Pashtuns (also Pushtun, Pakhtun, ethnic Afghan, or Pathan) are an ethno-linguistic group of eastern Iranian stock, living primarily in eastern and southern Afghanistan, the NWFP Province and Baluchistan with large colonies found in Karachi, Islamabad and Lahore in Pakistan.
More recently the Pashtuns are known for being the primary ethnic group that comprised the Taliban, whose ideological basis began in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan, centered around the city of Peshawar and at the in, Khattak.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Pashtun   (835 words)

  
 Stanley Kurtz on war & ROTC on National Review Online
Although the Pashtun are powerfully constrained by kinship and custom, in an important sense, a Pashtun boy is raised in a state of nature — forced to learn toughness, and self-reliance in a world self-consciously understood as violent, deceitful, and cruel.
Pashtun men emerge from their childhood hardened to the strains of their harsh physical environment and "prepared for a life of struggle, betrayal, and cruelty." Lindholm quotes a popular proverb: "The eye of the dove is lovely my son, but the sky is made for the hawk.
The Pashtun call war their "hobby," their pleasure, and their "play." They are eager to demonstrate their bravery through acts of violence and valor, and are convinced that if they can just get the soft Americans to engage with them on the ground, they will rip them up and make them run.
www.nationalreview.com /contributors/kurtz110501.shtml   (1672 words)

  
 CENTRAL ASIA - CAUCASUS ANALYST
The most obvious factor is the political: the Pashtuns are by far the largest ethnic group in Afghanistan, yet have been sidelined in the interim government.
Though no reliable demographic figures are available, the Pashtuns compose between 40 and 62 percent of Afghanistan's population (the latter figure is from a detailed study done by the WAK foundation), whereas the second largest group, the Tajiks, form from 15 to 25 percent.
Given the Pashtun code of hospitality and the strong ideological and ethnic affinity between tribes in areas such as North Waziristan and the Taliban, this has created a climate where fleeing Taliban have been welcomed as guests.
www.cacianalyst.org /view_article.php?articleid=1188   (1212 words)

  
 The New Yorker: Fact   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
Durand wrestled with the difficulties of marshalling the unconquerable and disorderly Pashtun on an orderly imperial map.
Pashtun family members, she writes, are engaged in a permanent and often violent struggle for power in which only two human types are recognized—the weak and the strong.
The political leadership of the Pashtun has been systematically undermined by the likes of Zia and General Gul, the I.S.I.'s veteran holy warrior, by the refugee camps and the madrasahs, by the maulanas in the mosques, and by Pakistan's calculated effort to strip the Pashtun of their political identity.
www.newyorker.com /fact/content?011203fa_FACT1   (8195 words)

  
 Encyclopedia article on Pashtun [EncycloZine]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
The Pashtuns (also Pushtun, Pakhtun, or ethnic Afghan; in referring to the period of the British Raj or earlier, sometimes Pathan) are an ethnic/religious group of people, living primarily in Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India who follow Pashtunwali, their indigenous religion.
Hence the term 'Yusef Zai' in Pashto translates to the 'sons of Joseph'; the Yusefzai are the largest tribe of the Pashtuns.
More recently the Pashtuns are known for being the primary ethnic group that comprised the Taliban, whose ideological basis began in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan, centered around the city of Peshawar and at the Madarassa-e-Haqqania in Akora, Khattak.
encyclozine.com /Pashtun   (2778 words)

  
 Pushtu language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Pashto is spoken by ca 45% of Afghanistan's population as a mother tongue, according to the CIA, but this figure requires corroboration from a census that has not taken place in Afghanistan in decades.
It is spoken by a large part of Afghanistan population who are of the Pashtun tribe, as well as by ethnic Pashtuns who live on the other side of the disputed Durand Line in present-day Pakistan.
Pashto became one of the official languages of Afghanistan as late as 1936.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Pashto_language   (924 words)

  
 Pashtuns of Afghanistan
In Afghanistan, Pashtuns have traditionally resided in a large semi-circular area following the Afghan border form north of the Darya-e-Morgab east and southward to just north of the 35' latitude.
Enclaves of Pashtuns live scattered among other ethnic groups in much of the rest of the country, especially in the northern regions and in the western interior due to the resettlement policies of
By the mid-1990s many of the refugees returned restoring the Pashtuns to their status of the largest ethnic group in Afghanistan constituting about 45% of the population.
www.afghan-network.net /Ethnic-Groups/pashtuns.html   (573 words)

  
 Middle East Open Encyclopedia: Pashtun   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
The Pashtuns are typically characterized by their language, their pre-Islamic indigenous code of honor and culture Pashtunwali, and adherence to Islam.
Due to their geographic location, they have often been in close contact with the Persians, while religiously most Pashtuns, according to archaeological evidence, were most likely Buddhist with small minorities of Zoroastrians, pagans, Hindus, and Jews prior to the coming of Arab Muslim invaders in the 8th century CE.
Generally, this most common view holds that Pashtuns are defined within the parameters of having mainly eastern Iranian ethnic origins, sharing a common language, culture and history, living in relatively close geographic proximity to each other, and acknowledging each other as kinsmen.
www.baghdadmuseum.org /ref/index.php?title=Pashtun   (3403 words)

  
 Why tribal rules won't let Afghanistan turn over bin Laden -- Afghan and Pakistani tribe lives by its own set of rules
Pashtun men celebrate the birth of a brand-new warrior by firing their rifles into the sky, and the lead falls back to the powdery earth like drops of hard rain.
The Pashtun, who are the dominant tribe in Pakistan's Northwest Frontier Province and make up about half the entire population of Afghanistan, have done this since they first robbed British dead of their muskets two centuries ago.
The Pashtun do not consider those groups as their equals, and they do not recognize Pashtun members of the alliance, or even the fact that they are there.
k4a4.com /wtc-why-tribal-rules-wont-turnover-bin-laden.htm   (1770 words)

  
 ChannelCincinnati.com - News - Pashtun Tribe Captures Jalalabad
A Pashtun army captured the major eastern city of Jalalabad on Wednesday, The Associated Press reported, leaving Kandahar as the only major Afghan city in the Taliban's control.
Pashtuns, which make up the ethnic majority in Afghanistan and oppose the Uzbek- and Tajik-comprised Northern Alliance, are the backbone of the Taliban.
The south is the Pashtun heartland in Afghanistan.
www.channelcincinnati.com /news/1081343/detail.html   (483 words)

  
 Pashtun --¬† Britannica Concise Encyclopedia¬†- The online encyclopedia you can trust!
The Pashtun, who number about 7.5 million in Afghanistan and 14 million in Pakistan, constitute the majority of the population of Afghanistan.
Their origins are unclear: Pashtun tradition asserts that they are descended from Afghana, grandson of King Saul of Israel, but most scholars believe that they arose from an intermingling of ancient Aryans from the north or west with subsequent invaders.
Muslims from Arabia first appeared in the country in the 8th century, but the foundation of their rule was laid much later by Muhammad Ghuri, who established his power at Delhi in 1192.
www.britannica.com /ebc/article-9374656?tocId=9374656&query=Israel&ct=   (678 words)

  
 Layne Redmond--The Peacemaker of the Pashtun Past   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
Most of the Taliban were Pashtun as is the new interim leader of Afghanistan, Hamid Karzai, to whom Mullah Muhammad Omar, the Taliban leader, has ceded power.
The Pashtuns number upwards of 20 million, and their squat stony villages straddle the Durand Line that nominally demarcates Pakistan from Afghanistan, where Pashtuns form the largest ethnic group.
British officers were so impressed by Pashtun valor that in 1847 they created a Pashtun force, the Corps of Guides its emblem was crossed sabers over the slogan "Rough and Ready" that was soon celebrated in the Indian Army.
www.layneredmond.com /sharbat3.htm   (857 words)

  
 0522JACINTO - The Boston Globe - Boston.com - Ideas - News
With a fl veil secured tightly below her chin, the 41-year-old woman with a pleasantly cherubic face is extolling the glories of Pashtun culture while a phalanx of severe, elaborately turbaned elders on the stage stare out at the audience.
At a time when Pashtun culture is associated abroad with the Taliban, terrorism, and jihad, a quiet cultural renaissance is slowly taking root in the still troubled southeastern provinces of Afghanistan.
If the image of fierce Pashtun men composing love poems may seem incongruous, the idea of a Pashtun woman writing about war, exile, love, and sex in verse is extraordinary.
www.boston.com /news/globe/ideas/articles/2005/05/22/the_tale_of_the_pashtun_poetess   (534 words)

  
 Anti-Karzai Pashtun Resistance In The Making - Report
Pashtuns from the north, where they are a minority, are fleeing to the Pashtun heartland of the south with tales of pillaging and violence at the hands of Gen. Rashid Dostum's Uzbek militia, which also has skirmished with a Tajik group.
Resentment has been expressed by the Pashtun tribal chieftains over the issue that fighters from the north have joined American forces fighting al-Qaeda remnants in the south, which is mainly an area dominated by Pashtuns.
Yet Pashtuns are the majority in Afghanistan and now the feeling is getting stronger among Pashtuns that Taliban and not Karzai represents them.
www.rense.com /general38/karaz.htm   (994 words)

  
 Anti-Pashtun Violence in northern Afghanistan: Recent Testimonies (Human Rights Watch, March 6, 2002)
H., a sixteen year old ethnic Pashtun woman from the Pashtun village of Bargah-e Afghani, located in the Chimtal district of Balkh province, witnessed the beating and killing of her seventy-year-old father, Safter Bay, and her twenty-six-year-old brother, Amir Khan, by armed men of the Hazara ethnicity in early December 2001.
N., a thirty year old Pashtun woman who lives in Balkh city, was gang-raped together with her fourteen year old daughter by a group of soldiers of the ethnic Hazara Hizb-i-Wahdat party, who also looted her home in late December 2001.
A.S., a forty-six-year-old ethnic Pashtun from a Pashtun village in the Shoor Darya region of Faryab province, was severely beaten and robbed by armed members of the ethnic Uzbek party, Junbish-i-Milli-yi Islami after the fall of the Taliban.
www.hrw.org /press/2002/03/pashtuntestimony.htm   (2346 words)

  
 EurasiaNet Eurasia Insight - Afghanistan's Ethnic Pashtuns Seek Larger Political Role
Pashtuns, Afghanistan’s largest ethnic group, have a disproportionately low level of representation in the country’s governing bodies.
Shinwari is among many Pashtun leaders who are frustrated by the expansion of "warlordism" in Afghanistan’s provinces.
Moderate Pashtun leaders complain about a lingering international perception that all Pashtuns were Taliban supporters prior to the anti-terrorism campaign in late 2001.
www.eurasianet.org /departments/insight/articles/eav091503a.shtml   (783 words)

  
 Pashtuns
He says: "My opinion is that the formation of the union of largely East-Iranian tribes which became the initial ethnic stratum of the Pashtun ethnogenesis dates from the middle of the first millennium AD and is connected with the dissolution of the Epthalite (White Huns) confederacy.
South of the Hindu Kush, another part of the Epthalite tribes lost their privileged status as the military stronghold of the ruling dynasty and was ousted into the thinly peopled areas of the Sulaiman mountains, areas where there were not enough water supplies and grazing grounds.
The Siah-posh, the Kafirs of the Hindu Kush, called all Pashtuns by a general name of Abdal still at sing of the 19th century.
www.geocities.com /pak_history/pashtuns.html   (2934 words)

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