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Topic: Patent medicine

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  Patent medicine - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Patent medicine is the term given to various medical compounds sold under a variety of names and labels, though they were for the most part actually trademarked medicines, not patented.
The phrase patent medicine comes from the early days of the marketing of medical elixirs, when those who found favour with royalty were issued letters patent authorising the use of the royal endorsement in advertising.
Few if any of the nostrums were actually patented; chemical patents came into use in the USA in 1925, and in any case attempting to monopolize a drug, medical device, or medical procedure was considered unethical by the standards upheld during the era of patent medicine.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Patent_medicine   (2414 words)

 patent medicine. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
Patent, or proprietary, medicines are advertised to the public by trade name, purport to be effective against minor disorders and symptoms, and are packaged with directions for use.
Antiseptics, analgesics, some sedatives, laxatives, and antacids, cold and cough medicines, and various skin preparations are included in the group.
Sale of proprietary medicines is regulated by the Food and Drug Administration, which evaluates preparations as to their safety and effectiveness.
www.bartleby.com /65/pa/patentme.html   (143 words)

 From Quackery to Bacteriology, Document 3C
Patent medicine use in the United States dates back to the early days of the Republic, when drugs imported from Europe were sold by postmasters, goldsmiths, grocers, and tailors.
Patent medicine was the perfect product to advertise in penny papers since its sensational claims buttressed the sensational bent of the stories appearing within the papers.
Patent medicine manufacturers were the first companies to seek national audiences for their product, and daily newspapers and national weeklies were one way to get their message across.
www.cl.utoledo.edu /canaday/quackery/quack3c.html   (943 words)

 TAP: Vol 12, Iss. 2. Patent Medicine. Dean Baker.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The patent system is a trade-off: Consumers pay a monopoly price on a drug for 17 years to provide incentives for firms to undertake research that yields large profits.
When the patent system for prescription drugs is challenged, or when price controls or liberalized importation rules are proposed, we're warned about the perils of stifling innovation and tampering with the market.
Under the patent system, by contrast, there is increasing pressure on our best researchers to devote their skills to figuring out how to help rich people look young forever or have tall children.
www.prospect.org /print/V12/2/baker-d.html   (1740 words)

Patent medicines have had a long and ignominious history in the U. S., reaching their zenith in the late 19th century.
There was nothing to stop patent medicines makers from claiming anything and putting anything in their products, clearly seen in the famous morphine- and alcohol-laced soothing syrups for teething and colicky babies.
By the 1890s, patent medicine manufacturers used so-called "red clauses" in the their advertising contracts with newspapers and magazines.
www.fda.gov /cder/about/history/Gallery/galleryintro.htm   (649 words)

 Patent, Homeopathic Medicine
The medicines are working at the cellular level to only stimulate the body to develop its own defense and healing mechanism.
Conventional medicine utilizes the Law of Similars in such common treatments as allergens for allergy patients, in such drugs as ritalin for hyperactive children, and in vaccines.
But, whereas conventional medicine uses high doses of these treatments - often to the level of overkill and the production of side effects - homeopathy uses highly diluted and safe concentrations that are neither toxic nor produce side effects.
www.biomedcomm.com /store/media_dec1996.html   (1061 words)

 MSN Encarta - Patent Medicine
Patent Medicine or Proprietary Medicine, medicinal compound sold without prescription for the cure of disease or relief of symptoms.
Before the passage of the Pure Food and Drug Acts, the makers of patent medicines were not required to prove their products' safety and effectiveness.
The kinds of products that were known as patent medicines are now called over-the-counter or nonprescription drugs, and are regulated by the Food and Drug Administration.
encarta.msn.com /encnet/refpages/RefArticle.aspx?refid=761586115   (126 words)

 Glossary   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Should the newspapers, the magazines and the medical journals refuse their pages to this class of advertisement, the patent medicine business in five years would be as scandalously historic as the South Sea Bubble, and the nation would be the richer not only in lives and money, but in drunkards and drug-fiends saved.
A man with an inside knowledge of the patent medicine business made some investigations into this phase of the matter, and he declares that such procurement of testimonials became so established as to have the force of a system, only two of the Chicago papers being free from it.
The Patent Office issues to them trade-mark registration(generally speaking the convenient term "patent medicine" is a misnomer, as very few are patented) without inquiry into the nature of the article thus safeguarded against imitation.
www.mtn.org /quack/ephemera/oct7-01.htm   (2967 words)

 Patent Medicine History
The American Medical Association picked up the cause and began a campaign against the patent medicine business and what they felt had been miscalled "medical freedom." This campaign was begun a few years before Adams’ articles in Collier’s appeared partly to disassociate themselves from the seemingly unethical practices of the patent medicine industry.
The attack on the patent medicine industry was also taken up by the United States Post Office Department through the agency of the mail fraud order.
Although legal action was slow, hampered by the continued efforts of the Association, most of the patent medicine companies were either forced out of business or required to modify their extravagant claims.
www.bottlebooks.com /medicinf.htm   (1304 words)

 30. Cleaning Up the Patent-Medicine and Other Evils. Bok, Edward William. 1921. The Americanization of Edward ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
He showed that the most confidential letters written by women with private ailments were opened by young clerks of both sexes, laughed at and gossiped over, and that afterward their names and addresses, which they had been told were held in the strictest confidence, were sold to other lines of business for five cents each.
He exposed the testimonials to patent medicines from senators and congressmen then so widely published, showed how they were obtained by a journalist in Washington who made a business of it.
To-day the pages of every newspaper and periodical of recognized standing are closed to the advertisements of patent medicines; the Drug Act regulates the ingredients, and post office officials scan the literature sent through the United States mails.
www.bartleby.com /197/30.html   (2455 words)

 Inside the Apothecary, Nature's Remedies, and Patent Medicine   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Some of these medicinal plants were brought to America from Europe, but most often, they were grown by the apothecary, himself, or gathered from the country-side.
Not only were herbs used for medicine, but plants, roots, and bark were also beneficial for seasoning food and dyeing cloth, as well.
In the early part of the century, patent medicines were sold by hucksters and peddlers, but by the 1860s, more than 1500 different remedies were competing for advertising space in magazines and news-
www.geocities.com /victorianlace16/apothecary1.html   (858 words)

 Why We Should Not Use the Term 'Patent Medicines.' Acupuncture Today, October 2004
In other words, "patent medicines" refer to 19th century "snake oil," and the use of this term plays directly into the hands of those who would denigrate our medicine as quackery.
Patent medicines have had a long and ignominious history in the U.S., reaching their zenith in the late 19th century.
Ready-made Chinese medicines includes all those Chinese medicines which are available in ready-made form, such as pills, capsules, tablets, powdered extracts, tinctures, medicated oils, and plasters, whether made in Asia or in the West.
www.acupuncturetoday.com /archives2004/oct/10flaws.html   (1496 words)

 Legislating creativity--feds plan patent reform | CNET News.com
Other odd patents include a tree-branch-shaped chew toy for a dog (No. 6,360,693), a bird feeder for "religious meditation" (No. 6,837,185) and "method of exercising a cat" using a laser beam that the feline chases (No. 5,443,036).
The legal standard that was applied awards patents to the person who invented a concept first, and it has long been a unique feature of the U.S. patent system.
Technology companies fighting expensive patent cases are hoping the bill will reduce litigation, while open-source advocates say it will do nothing to hinder the rising tide of software patents being issued.
news.com.com /Legislating+...+patent+reform/2009-1008_3-5860582.html   (1395 words)

 The Toadstool Millionaires: Contents
This book, originally published in 1961, chronicles the rise of the patent medicine trade from its beginnings in colonial America until passage of the first federal food and drug law.
The Pattern of Patent Medicine Appeals: An analysis of the psychology of patent medicine advertising
Half a Century Later: Sobering continuities in the realm of patent medicines.
www.quackwatch.org /13Hx/TM/00.html   (248 words)

 Transcript - Patent Medicine
And in the 1600's and 1700's occasionally manufacturers of medications could petition the king or queen to provide them with a patent, some sort of protection of their products so they could market it and sell it without somebody copying it and duplicating it.
Narrator: Patent medicine companies weren't confined to the larger cities on the east coast.
And once they start aligning with physicians they also start to talk about how quackery's bad and patent medicines are bad and self treatment by individuals trying to determine what they need to take is a bad idea.
ktwu.washburn.edu /journeys/scripts/2002/1509a.html   (1125 words)

 Lydia Pinkham's Compound (1) at the Museum of Menstruation and Women's Health
Patent medicine, which was seldom if ever patented, usually means American "medicines" in bottles that doctors and others produced, mainly in the 19th century, and which sometimes have a bad reputation: they often didn't do what they were advertised to do, such as cure cancer or banish tumors.
Her product was a medicine for "all those painful Complaints and Weaknesses so common to our best female population." Even though Mrs.
Part of the donation of SarahAnne Hazelwood to this museum, much of it patent medicine and old medical equipment, was a very interesting biography and study of Mrs.
www.mum.org /MrsPink1.htm   (623 words)

 1997.043.012 Patent medicine   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The outer surface of the lid is covered purple wefts and red supplementary wefts.
On the top of the lid is a red label, which has names of the medicine and the brand.
The name of the medicine is Liu Shen Pills, pills of six ingredients with magical effects (Calculus Bovis, Margarita, Borneol, Camphora, Venenum Bufonis, Realgar, Moschus), used as an antiphlogistic for acute tonsillitis, sore throat, boils, intestinal abscess, deep-rooted boil, acute mastitis, intramammary abscess, etc..
www.wingluke.org /CHC/exhibit2/e20742a.htm   (246 words)

 Forbes.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Should the Patent Office decide in OpenTV's favor, Amazon could be forced to either pay licensing fees for one-click shopping or abandon it altogether.
By law, patent holders have the right to apply to make additional claims within two years of the date the original patent was issued, and OpenTV made it just under the wire, since that two-year period expired Oct. 6, 2000.
The Patent Office may or may not approve OpenTV's additional claim, depending on the evidence submitted.
www.forbes.com /ecommerce/2000/10/13/1013amazon.html   (861 words)

 Living Well Naturally - Chinese Patent Medicines   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Chinese historians attribute the discovery of herbal medicine to a legendary emperor, Sheng Nong (3494 B.C.) who is said to have introduced agriculture to his people and to have become fascinated and intrigued by the apparent medicinal properties of various plants.
Chinese Patent Medicines is a form of Traditional Chinese Medicine and are prepared with standard herbal formulas.
This book explains over 175 patent medicines, their ingredients, functions and clinical applications, historical sources and dates and even sample pictures of the boxes.
www.thebook.com /livewell/oriental.htm   (265 words)

 patent medicine on Encyclopedia.com
U.S. Patent allowance awarded to new alternative medicine new technology; includes cost-efficient AIDS medicines.
Digirad is Awarded Four New Patents Covering Solid-State Radiation Detectors and Gamma Cameras for Nuclear Medicine.
Hamilton Thorne Biosciences and Mount Sinai School of Medicine Announce New Nucleic Acid Amplification Patent.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/p1/patentme.asp   (330 words)

 CD Baby: ATOMIC LOVE MEDICINE: Patent Pending
Atomic Love Medicine blend rock, pop, intellectual lyricism and imagery and Native American themes.
With strong roots in his heritage Village Smith, singer/songwriter for ALM delves into several political themes and subject matter all the while producing some catchy pop rock.
This is an interactive CD with a video and some commentary from Village and the rest of the band.
www.cdbaby.com /atomiclove2   (131 words)

Lydia E. Pinkham is probably the most famous purveyor of patent medicines of all-time.
Lydia E. Pinkham had no formal medical training, however, she realized men doctors did not understand the intimate maladies of women and were constantly prescribing medicines that did more harm than good.
Among family and close friends, Kirk Cannon is affectionately known as the "Jolly Green Giant."  However, if you examine the multitude of great books he has penned, he is more akin to the Energizer Bunny; "He keeps going, and going!"  As with all great authors he improves with age.
www.mittymax.com /Archive/0095-QueenOfPatentMedicine.htm   (4189 words)

 Cardui patent medicine at the Museum of Menstruation and Women's Health
was a 38-proof patent medicine made from the late 19th century through the twentieth by the Chattanooga Medicine Company, of Chattanooga, Tennessee (U.S.A.).
And like most patent medicines, it promised to cure a huge range of ailments, many incurable even today.
In the 1960s, when I was at Johns Hopkins, I remember the pharmacist of a drug store next to the campus telling me that elderly neighborhood ladies were the main purchasers of such medicine, its being an acceptable way to consume alcohol.
www.mum.org /cardui1.htm   (228 words)

 AllRefer.com - patent medicine (Pharmacology) - Encyclopedia
You are here : AllRefer.com > Reference > Encyclopedia > Pharmacology > patent medicine
patent medicine, packaged drugs that can be obtained without prescription; the term was formerly used to describe quack remedies sold by peddlers.
More articles from AllRefer Reference on patent medicine
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/P/patentme.html   (192 words)

 Vastly Important Notes: Patent Medicine
Apparently IBM has patented a method of paying programmers to work on open source software.
Maybe they intend to offer free licenses to this patent to all open source software workers as a way of protecting the community.
Legal scholars and fans of recursion may note that many currently litigious companies may claim “prior art” on your patent since they’ve been suing people for years before you filed your application.
plibin.typepad.com /vastly/2004/01/patent_advice_w.html   (395 words)

 MSN Encarta - Search View - Patent Medicine   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
MSN Encarta - Search View - Patent Medicine
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encarta.msn.com /text_761586115__1/Patent_Medicine.html   (195 words)

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