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Topic: Persian music

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In the News (Sat 17 Nov 18)

  Persian music - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Moosiqi Asil or Persian music is the traditional and indigenous music of Persia and Persian-speaking countries: musiqi, the science and art of music, and moosiqi, the sound and performance of music (Sakata 1983).
Parsi (Persian) is a language that was spoken at court along with Pahlavi, the official language of the Sassanid Empire (224-642A.D.) and consists of most of the same words and the same grammar as Pahlavi.
Instruments used in Persian classical music include the bowed spike-fiddle kamancheh, the goblet drum tombak, the end-blown flute ney, the frame drum daf, the long-necked lutes tar, setar, tambur, dotar, and the dulcimer santur.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Persian_music   (1375 words)

 Classical Persian Music
Before examining the music of the area, I think it is important to first of all be aware of some of the previous political events which have befallen this, one of the worlds' more 'historically colourful' (for want of a better turn of phrase) nations.
From the final Pahlavi dynasty (1925 - 1979) music was restored to a position of esteem as part of a general period of westernisation of Iran (as it came to be known).
Unfortunately since the Islamic Revolution of 1979, music in Iran is the subject of severe suppression, & the fate of this culture for the time being is largely in the hands of a few expatriate musicians in Europe & North America, & people like myself of western descent who have their own interests in it.
www.star-one.org.uk /music/permus1.htm   (2030 words)

 Santur.Com - The Art of Persian Music - Technical Info
In Persian music there are a number of specialized terms which are necessary to the understanding of the art of improvisation.
Information of the practice of traditional Persian music is limited because it was not recorded by any means, and the art was handed down from one generation to another by rote and oral teaching (in Persian it is described as "chest to chest").
The traditional music of today can be traced back to the middle of the nineteenth century owing to the contributions of the head of a family of musicians whose grandsons are still performing today.
www.santur.com /papers.html   (2343 words)

 Beyond the Veil: Persian Traditional Music
The music of Iran has changed considerably in the past 25 years, which incidentally is the period of the Islamic Revolution and the establishment of theocracy in Iran.
While the music and culture of the old Persian empire deeply influenced and enriched the life of the Arab countries, musicians themselves were faced with condescension from Islamic society and often persecution from the government.
Musical practices did not have any continuity during long periods of time and one of the most socially comfortable and accepted forms of music was singing the verses of the Quran (Koran) without any instrumental accompaniment.
www.internews.org /visavis/BTVPagesInews/Persian_trad_music.html   (1596 words)

 Persian Music History
The artistic gift of the Persian people has produced a staggering literary heritage, an exquisite tradition of decorative arts and handicrafts, a superb legacy in architecture, and a refined musical culture whose influence is evidence as far away as Spain and Japan.
Persian musicians and musicologists overwhelmingly dominated the musical life of the Eastern Moslem Empire.
A discussion of Persian music must necessarily include the new hybrid of mixed Persian-Western music which is functioning as a popular-commercial music.
www.persianartmusic.com /history_english.html   (1255 words)

 Persian Traditional Music   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
The classical music is the most Internationally recognized body of repertoire spanning from centuries of Persian musical tradition.
Here in Vancouver, my home town Persian music is very strong thanks to the Persian community and other people who share the fascination, allows many concerts of great classical and regional musicians to come to give performances and concerts in my home town.
Persian classical music, is improvised and is vocally taught [in the traditional sense].
www.museumofworldmusic.com /Ptm.html   (3243 words)

 Poetry and Music
The Persian belief in the ability of the arts, and music in particular, to effect the soul is seen in ancient myths pertaining to the creation of the world and humankind.
Music, poetry, and the related forms of poetic expression, illumination and calligraphy are in themselves and in their aims, a means of catching a glimpse of this perfection.
The analogue of this style in music is the artist's treatment of the gushe in which he/she merely surrounds the music with optional figures that help to add to its meaning.
www.duke.edu /~azomorod/poetry.html   (784 words)

 Persian Music, Iranian Music at Best Iran Travel.com
It is possible that there was not a lot of difference between Babylonian-Assyrian music and Iran at that time and the Persian names of tabire (drum) and karranay (trumpet) may be derived from names of the Akkadian tabbalu and qarnu.
We also know that specific modes of music were used at certain hours of the day, week, and month, each for a particular purpose as a part of governmental procedure.
In the 10th century, Persian musicians became favorite at Arab court and the Persian lute was a favored instrument.
www.bestirantravel.com /culture/music.html   (718 words)

 Master of Persian Classical Music: Mohammad Reza Shajarian
Noted for expanding the boundaries of Persian classical music and increasing its popularity around the globe, the Iranian group embraces the music's rich and ancient heritage as well as its deeply spiritual and meditative qualities, which are linked through poetry to Sufism.
Iranians often explain the profound spirituality of their music and poetry as a response to this landscape as well as to the country's turbulent history, marked by successive invasions from the ancient Greeks onwards.
The beauty of the country's refined and intensely personal music lies in the intricate nuances of the freely flowing solo melody lines, which are often compared with the elaborate designed found on Persian carpets and miniature paintings.
www.parstimes.com /events/shajarian.html   (1410 words)

 Pahlavi Era - Persian Music   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
ersian music is undoubtedly of very ancient origin, and there is limited knowledge of the instruments used as far back as the Achaemenian period, thanks to references by the Greek historians and archaeological evidence.
While early Islam disapproved of music, it was such a strong force that it survived in private unscathed.
Persian music is essentially personal, intimate and spontaneous, and although tradition is important there is none of the formality of Western classical music.
www.sedona.net /pahlavi/music.html   (359 words)

 Persian Musicians
Among which, it seems "The History of Persian Music" [Sargozasht-e Musighi-e Iran] by Rouhollah Khaleghi — published in 1954 — and “Outlook on the Music of Persia" [Cheshmandaaz-e Musighi-e Iran] by Sassan Sepanta — published in 1990 — have been major reference points and are among the sources on this subjects.
The interesting point, however, is that the prohibition of broadcasting images of musical instruments, and the player of the instrument, only applies to Persians residing in Persia (Iran).
In circumstances in which music is still not, in my opinion, officially recognized, any talk of why the history and knowledge of music is not published in written form is rather premature and even comical.
www.parstimes.com /persianmusicians.html   (1225 words)

 Jafarzod   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Persian music is the outgrowth of an oral tradition.
The notes that he proposed for Persian music, however, were not accurate, because Persian music lacks the harmonic quality of European music.
For Iranian music to thrive at an international level, therefore, it is imperative to not only devise a theory for it but to facilitate its documentation and instruction as well.
www.iles.umn.edu /faculty/bashiri/Borbad/Jafarzod.html   (1557 words)

 Music Of Iran - Persian Music
Derived from the Persian words kaman, 'bow' or 'arc', and cheh, 'little' is an ancient spiked fiddle which is ancestor to most modern European and Asian bowed instruments.
The tanbur has always been considered a sacred instrument associated with the Kurdish Sufi music of Western Iran and it is believed that its repertoire is based on ancient Persian music.
The ghaychak is a bowed fiddle of the Persian folk music played mostly in the south of Iran.
www.iranmusic.tv /instruments   (1786 words)

 Traditional Persian Art Music
In the mid-nineteenth-century, Persian court musicians such as Mirza Abdollah and his brother Aqa Hoseyn Qoli, both setâr and târ players, began to teach a body of traditional music to their pupils, which was organized into suites known as dastgâhs and âvâzes.
One of the reasons for its predominance is that Dr. Nurali Borumand, who taught music at the Faculty of Fine Arts at Tehran University in the 1970s, had learned this radif and taught it to his students, many of whom are among the most impressive and influential performers of this musical tradition in Iran today.
This volume, therefore, is a book of musical notation of the Persian classical music repertory, the radif, as handed down by the nineteenth-century master of the setâr and târ, Mirza Abdollah, to his students and children, along with a concise explanation of his music.
www.mazdapub.com /Traditional-Music.htm   (475 words)

 World Music Central - Classical Persian Music
The history of Persian music in the twentieth century has seen the development of strategies for survival in the face of Western music, and these strategies often involved borrowing from those elements in which Western music is strong.
For example, Western notation has been adapted to Persian music and while it has done its share to change the character of Persian music, it has also increased the degree to which Iranian music students are willing to learn their tradition.
Persian musicians recognize this, for in speaking of their music they never fail to relate it to the great lyrical tradition of Persian literature and to Sufism, the mystical movement of Islam whose special home is Iran.
www.worldmusiccentral.org /article.php?story=20030414200427528   (1166 words)

 Iran - music - persian music - radif   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
The classical music of Iran is based on the Radif, which is a collection of old melodies that have been handed down by the masters to the students through the generations.
The preservation of these melodies greatly depended on each successive generations' memory and mastery, since the interpretive origin of this music was expressed only through the oral tradition.
The rhythm is greatly influenced by the rhythm and meter of the Persian poetry.
www.dejkam.com /music/iran_traditional/about   (301 words)

 TarSchool.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
The Tarschool is a cultural institution whose main mission is to promote and preserve Persian classical music through musical education and performance.
This musical education includes the study of various Persian instruments, such as Tar, Setar, Ud, Tombak, Daf, Kamancheh and Santoor.
Musical performances include concerts of the Neydavood Ensemble and the group performance of the Tarschool students.
www.tarschool.com   (165 words)

 Iran - Crystalinks
The term Persia is the name used for this country by European countries since the Persian Empire of the Achaemenids in the 6th century BC.
By the 20th century Iranians were longing for a change and thus followed the Persian Constitutional Revolution of 1905/1911.
In 1953 Iran's prime minister Mohammed Mossadeq, who had been elected to parliament in 1923 and again in 1944 and who had been prime minister since 1951, was removed from power in a complex plot orchestrated by British and US intelligence agencies ("Operation Ajax").
www.crystalinks.com /iran.html   (504 words)

"For Persian music to be booked into this country's most famous concert halls is a sign that (the Masters of Persian Music) have really moved people," says Isabel Soffer, associate director of the World Music Institute in New York, who organized the tour and produces the group's albums.
Those who first hear traditional Persian music are struck by its almost mystical and meditative qualities, its similarity to Indian music (in terms of modal scales), the length of songs (they can easily last 20 minutes) and -- if there's singing -- the trilling that can remind a listener of yodeling.
In Iran, he says, the Masters of Persian Music are seen as a bridge between generations.
sfgate.com /cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2005/02/27/PKG1HBENKS1.DTL&type=music   (953 words)

 Untitled Document
There are various rhythmic compositions in Persian art music, sung by vocalists and played by instrumentalists, including percussionists, usually tonbak players.
The repertory of Persian art music together with traditional order of classification is called radif.
The job of the avazkhan was to sing the non-rhythmic compositions of vocal radif, while the tasnifkhan was to sing the rhythmic compositions of Persian art music, i.e.
www.rhythmweb.com /persia/forms.htm   (807 words)

 Persian Classical Music
The music is mainly monophonic, with each instrument in an ensemble following one melodic scheme.
There are three instrumental forms and one vocal form in Persian music.
Iranian classical music is usually performed by small ensembles of variable size.
www.duke.edu /~azomorod/persian2.html   (695 words)

 Traditional Iranian Dastgâh Music [MESA Bulletin, July 1994]
TRADITIONAL IRANIAN dastgâh music, as fostered in the courts and the homes of the aristocracy, draws from many sources, including regional music styles, religious genres of melody and chant and popular songs that have been reworked by master musicians and their students.
The ascending portion of the dastgâh gradually increases emotional tension, which is released approximately two-thirds of the way through a performance at the climax (auj) and then resolved as the dastgâh returns to the original pitch level and mode of the initial melody.
Instruments associated with the performance of classical music include the târ (double-bellied, long-necked lute), santûr (hammered dulcimer), nay (end-blown cane flute), kamânchih (spiked fiddle), tumbak (goblet-shaped drum), sitâr (long-necked lute, usually played solo) and, to a lesser extent, dâyirih (frame drum) and `ûd (lute).
w3fp.arizona.edu /mesassoc/Bulletin/caton.htm   (1219 words)

 PERSIAN AND AZERBAIJANI MUSIC   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Nassehpoor Ensemble was established in April of 1996 to promote Persian and Azerbaijani traditional music all over the world.
Though there is a long way to reach the goal, but its members together or independently have done their best tirelessly to introduce Persian and Azerbaijani music.
The focus of Nassehpoor Ensemble is on Persian art music, but Azerbaijani music is so close to Persian music that some consider Persian and Azerbaijani music, the two branches of the main stem.
nasehpour.tripod.com   (147 words)

 The DoveSong Foundation, Inc. -- The Classical Music of Persia (Iran)
He studied Persian vocal music under the training of Abol-Hassan Eghbaal (one of the greatest masters of Persian vocal music) and Aaref Ghazvini (social activist and one of the greatest tasnif composers in Iran).
This was her first acquaintance with the Persian vocal music of the Rozekhaani genre.
Through this, she became more acquainted with Persian music and she was invited in a wedding ceremony where the great master of tar, Mortezaa Neydaavud was invited too.
www.dovesong.com /mp3/mp3_persia.asp   (864 words)

 Iran Heritage
Persian musical scholars in the early Islamic period.
music of certain regions, are rare in the classical
Persian music has not evolved a systematic harmonic
www.iran-heritage.org /interestgroups/musicintroduction.htm   (641 words)

 Lian Records
Combining a unique musical vision with dauntless dedication to experimentation, they create a synthesis of mystical world music composed of traditional and folk melodies and instruments.
Lian's music flows effortlessly between a diverse range of styles and traditions, while fearlessly forging a path and sound that is all their own.
After much collaboration, the musicians have acquired the requisite knowledge of Persian music, and each adds their own distinctive rhythmic sounds to compositions, creating an exciting mix of melodies that go beyond the stylistic boundaries.
www.lianrecords.com /pgs/about_ens.html   (260 words)

 Open Directory - Regional: Middle East: Iran: Arts and Entertainment: Music   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Arash Dejkam's Iranian Traditional Music Page - Includes descriptions, sounds and photos of classical instruments of Iran and also the history of Radif, the foundation of Iranian traditional music.
Kamkars Music Group - A kurdish family of seven brothers and one sister from Sanandaj.
Ritual and Religious Music in Iran - Mohammad Reza Darvish discusses the music of Muslims, Christians, Jews and Zoroastrians in Iran.
dmoz.org /Regional/Middle_East/Iran/Arts_and_Entertainment/Music   (450 words)

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