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Topic: Personality

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In the News (Fri 14 Jun 19)

  Personality psychology - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Personality psychology is a branch of psychology which studies personality and individual different processes - that which makes us into a person.
One criticism of trait models of personality as a whole is that they lead professionals in clinical psychology and laypeople alike to accept classifications, or worse offer advice, based on superficial analysis of one's profile.
Personality psychology is often closely associated with social psychology.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Personality   (1702 words)

 Personality disorder - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Personality disorders are seen by the American Psychiatric Association as an enduring pattern of inner experience and behavior that deviates markedly from the expectations of the culture of the individual who exhibits it.
Personality disorders are represented on Axis II of the diagnostic manual of the American Psychiatric Association, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM, or DSM-IV as it is currently in its fourth edition).
Persons under 18 years old who fit the criteria of a personality disorder are usually not diagnosed with such a disorder, although they may be diagnosed with a related disorder.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Personality_disorder   (1380 words)

 personality - HighBeam Encyclopedia
PERSONALITY [personality] in psychology, the patterns of behavior, thought, and emotion unique to an individual, and the ways they interact to help or hinder the adjustment of a person to other people and situations.
Raymond Cattell used a group of obvious, surface personality traits to derive a small group of source traits, which he argued were central to personality.
The effect of personality traits on architectural aesthetics' evaluation: familiar and non-familiar environments as evaluated by architectural and non-architectural students.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/p/persnlty.asp   (660 words)

 Personality Disorders
Anger and Personality Disorders ~ The striking similarity between anger and personality disorders is the deterioration of the faculty of empathy.
Avoidant Personality Disorder in Children and Youth ~ Children who meet criteria for APD are often described as being extremely shy, inhibited in new situations, and fearful of disapproval and social rejection.
Personality disorders are not illnesses in a strict sense as they do not disrupt emotional, intellectual, or perceptual functioning.
www.focusas.com /PersonalityDisorders.html   (1942 words)

 OBNotes.htm Organizational Behavior Notes by Wilf Ratzburg: PERSONALITY & ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR
The word personality comes from the Latin root persona, meaning "mask." According to this root, personality is the impression we make on others; the mask we present to the world.
For purposes of our study, we'll define personality as "a unique set of traits and characteristics, relatively stable over time." Clearly, personality is unique insofar as each of us has our own personality, different from any other person's.
A combative person is more likely than a peace-loving person to find an environment in which arguments are likely to take place.
www.geocities.com /Athens/Forum/1650/htmlpersonality.html   (1113 words)

To its permanence is due the abiding unity of the whole personality in spite of the constant disintegration and rebuilding of the body.
According to James, personality is a thing of the moment, consisting in the thought of the moment: "The passing thought is itself the thinker".
The alleged cases of simultaneous double personality, manifested usually by speech in the case of one and writing in the case of the other, present special difficulty, in that there is question not of loss of memory of an action performed, but of want of consciousness of the action during its actual performance.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/11727b.htm   (2641 words)

 The Personality Project
Personality psychology addresses the questions of shared human nature, dimensions of individual differences and unique patterns of individuals.
Research in personality ranges from analyses of genetic codes and studies of biological systems to the study of sexual, social, ethnic, and cultural bases of thought, feelings, and behavior.
The personality project is meant to be a cooperative endeavor for and by all of us interested in the study of personality.
www.personality-project.org /personality.html   (450 words)

 Lutsky, Personality Syllabus
Although this may limit what we may come to know about personality in a scientific way--a choice that we must not fail to acknowledge--it may offer a firmer foundation for our understandings in those domains that we are able to explore.
These considerations suggest that the study of personality psychology may not only challenge our knowledge of personality but also our comfort with the means of knowing personality upon which we typically depend.
My claim is that personality psychology is a manifestation of a critical approach to knowing; it is not the ultimate embodiment of that approach.
www.acad.carleton.edu /curricular/PSYC/classes/psych252_Lutsky   (2414 words)

 Personality - AssessmentPsychology.com
In psychology, personality is a description of consistent emotional, thought, and behavior patterns in a person.
The main purpose of a personality model is thus to define the dimensions of personality.
Correlations of personality scores should resemble a simplex form where opposing types have low correlation and close types have a high correlation.
www.assessmentpsychology.com /personality.htm   (834 words)

 National Mental Health Association Fact Sheet: Personality Disorders   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Although they feel that their behavior patterns are “normal” or “right,” people with personality disorders tend to have a narrow view of the world and find it difficult to participate in social activities.
Personality disorders are usually recognizable by adolescence or earlier, continue throughout adulthood, and become less obvious throughout middle age.
People with avoidant personality disorder may have no close relationships outside of their family circle, although they would like to, and are upset at their inability to relate well to others.
www.nmha.org /infoctr/factsheets/91.cfm   (1287 words)

 Personality Disorders
Personality is a complex combination of traits and characteristics that determines our expectations, self-perceptions, values and attitudes, and predicts our reactions to people, problems and stress.
Consequently, the millions of possible combinations of personality traits, in varying degrees, accounts for the unique individuality we all possess, but the relatively small number of different personality traits also explains why there are so many similarities between groups of people.
A personality disorder refers to a pattern of thoughts, feelings and behavior, consistently exhibited by an individual over a long period of time, that is maladaptive because it creates psychological distress and life coping problems, rather than assisting with life adjustment and problem solving.
www.psychologyinfo.com /problems/personality.html   (903 words)

 The Personality Project -- Recommended Readings - Overview
The field of personality has changed a great deal in the past 20 years and the textbooks in the field have finally caught up with the changes.
Its two major sections discuss the fundamental issues of personality, tracing the origins of the field in modern research, and examining the topics studied by contemporary psychologists.
The origins of personality in heredity, the structure of the brain, gender, and childhood are probed.
www.personality-project.org /perproj/readings-overviews.html   (2434 words)

 Psychological Science : Chapter 15: Home   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
It is now evident that personality is strongly rooted in neurophysiology, and roughly half the variance in personality traits is accounted for by genetic influences.
Sigmund Freud proposed that the personality is basically fixed by the age of 5.
A meta-analysis of 150 studies on personality change indicated that there is a possibility for change in childhood, but personality becomes very stable by middle age.
www.wwnorton.com /psychsci/ch15_overview.htm   (940 words)

 NBC 4 - Health Encyclopedia - Bulimia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Bulimia is an illness defined by food binges, or recurrent episodes of significant overeating, that are accompanied by a sense of loss of control.
The affected person is usually aware that her eating pattern is abnormal and may experience fear or guilt associated with the binge-purge episodes.
The exact cause of bulimia is unknown, but factors thought to contribute to its development are family problems, perfectionist personality, and an overemphasis on physical appearance.
www.nbc4.tv /encyclopedia/6859973/detail.html   (703 words)

 Open Directory - Science: Social Sciences: Psychology: Personality   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The Peer Nomination Project - Explores the discrepancies between self-report and informant measures in the assessment of personality and personality disorders.
Personality Theories - E-text designed for courses in personality theories, addressing psychoanalytic, behavioristic, and humanistic schools of thought, by Dr. C.
Personality theory on Horney's Role of Narcissism - Novel approach to personality testing by A.M. Benis, M.D., based on the "genetic" traits of narcissism, perfectionism and aggression.
dmoz.org /Science/Social_Sciences/Psychology/Personality   (632 words)

 MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Antisocial personality disorder
Personality disorders are chronic behavioral and relationship patterns that interfere with a person's life over many years.
The cause of antisocial personality disorder is unknown, but genetic factors and child abuse are believed to contribute to the development of this condition.
Antisocial personality disorder is considered one of the most difficult of all personality disorders to treat.
www.nlm.nih.gov /medlineplus/ency/article/000921.htm   (465 words)

 Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD) / Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) / Ego States / Personality Disorders / ...
It refers to a person who gives the appearance of being cooperative and yet whose continual procrastination and dawdling are really an unconscious manipulation reflecting hostility.
Personality disorders have their essential basis in defending ego satisfaction and protecting it from interpersonal threat, so you will benefit much to learn, as the psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan taught, that “I” is an illusion.
As long as the main personality turns away from perversion and self-indulgence (the very things which define satanism in the first place) and, like a shepherd protecting the flock, learns to embrace true love and forgiveness as the core of life for all the alters, then there is nothing to despair.
www.guidetopsychology.com /mpd.htm   (4357 words)

 Personality Theories: Introduction
Perhaps it is just pride, but personality psychologists like to think of their field as a sort of umbrella for all the rest of psychology.
His mother was a strong personality and 20 years younger than his father, and she was particularly attached to her "Siggie." Freud was a genius (we can't all make that claim!).
Where this person goes wrong is using the point "the Bible is the word of God" to support the contention that "you have to believe in God," since the non-believer is hardly going to be impressed with the one if he doesn't believe in the other!
www.ship.edu /~cgboeree/persintro.html   (4392 words)

 Psychology: Personality Research
The University of Minnesota has played a vital role in advancing personality research for the last 60 years beginning with professors Hathaway, McKinley, Meehl, and Lindzey.
David Watson (the first president of the newly formed Association for Research in Personality); as well, Minnesota trained personality psychologists (e.g., Steve Gangestad, Jeff Simpson, Neils Waller) who have served as editors of the premier scientific journals in the discipline.
Personality research focuses on personality theory and measurement, the identification of basic personality dimensions, the delineation of personality processes, their behavioral correlates, and genetic and environmental antecedents.
www.psych.umn.edu /areas/personality/index.htm   (194 words)

 Mental Help Net - Personality Disorders   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Personality disorders are pervasive chronic psychological disorders, which can greatly affect a person's life.
Personality disorders exists on a continuum so they can be mild to more severe in terms of how pervasive and to what extent a person exhibits the features of a particular personality disorder.
While most people can live pretty normal lives with mild personality disorders (or more simply, personality traits), during times of increased stress or external pressures (work, family, a new relationship, etc.), the symptoms of the personality disorder will gain strength and begin to seriously interfere with their emotional and psychological functioning.
mentalhelp.net /poc/center_index.php?id=8   (296 words)

This pattern is fixed and affects many personal and social situations.
If the personality disorder is the only diagnosis or the main reason the patient has come for evaluation, "(Principal Diagnosis)" should be appended to the Axis II diagnosis.
Beginning by early adult life, a need to be taken care of leads to clinging, submissive behavior and fears of separation that are present in a variety of situations and shown by at least 5 of:
www.geocities.com /morrison94/personality.htm   (1616 words)

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