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Topic: Peruvian-Constitution

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In the News (Tue 20 Aug 19)

 Pambazuka News : Issue 181
Concerns over a constitutional crisis in Burundi abated on Monday when six Tutsi-dominated parties dropped their long-standing opposition to the country's current interim constitution.
The interim constitution has been in effect since 20 October when the country's transitional, two-chamber parliament voted for it to stay in force for six months.
The draft constitution was drawn by the Constitution of Kenya Review Commission, after collecting views from Kenyans on what they wanted in the document. /index.php?issue=181   (18285 words)

 Commanding Heights : Peru Overview on PBS
A new constituent assembly, elected in 1978, drafts a new constitution, adopted in 1979.
1992: Facing mounting opposition, President Fujimori suspends the Constitution, allies himself with the army, and cracks down on the Shining Path.
He quells labor and student militancy, suppresses opposition, and amends the constitution to allow him to run unopposed for reelection. /wgbh/commandingheights/lo/countries/pe/pe_overview.html   (1222 words)

 Garcia v. Peru, Case 11.006, Report No. 1/95, Inter-Am.C.H.R., OEA/Ser.L/V/II.88 rev.1 Doc. 9 at 71 (1995).
Peruvian law provides a special procedure for investigating and judging crimes of which the officials referred to in article 183 of the Constitution, including the President and members of both chambers of the Senate, are accused.
The Peruvian Constitution, like the constitutions of other democratic states, provides that the role of the armed forces is to guarantee the independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Republic; they therefore have no authority to arrest civilians.
As the petitioners, and the Commission in its report, have pointed out, the justices of the Peruvian Supreme Court, of the Tribunal of Constitutional Guarantees and of the Judiciary Council were removed from their posts by several decrees issued by the Executive Power. /humanrts/cases/1-95-peru.htm   (1222 words)

 ILD: Major Policy Reforms: Picking up after Fujimori's 1992 Coup
The Democratic Constituent Congress was elected, met, drafted a new Constitution —incorporating the ILD proposals— and then passed the Constitution of 1993.
The new Constitution would have to be approved by referendum, and during the drafting period citizens would be able to petition the Assembly with suggestions for constitutional provisions.
Uruguayan Minister of Foreign Affairs, Héctor Gross Espiell, was the OAS representative evaluating the Peruvian crisis. /eng/history33.htm   (1008 words)

 Annual Report 1992-1993 - Chapter V
As emergency legislation, these anti-terrorist laws are based on a clause in the constitution concerning the state of siege and have their immediate rationale in Decree 1038 of 1984, which suspended the constitutional order and proclaimed a nationwide state of siege.
As pertains to economic, social and cultural rights, the Brazilian Constitution embodies the right to a dignified existence; the right to protection of health, education, employment, guaranteed wage, right to rest and holidays, remunerated rest for expecting mothers, the right to strike, protection against unemployment, and the right to social security.
The Special Legislative Commission made it Transitory Article 8 of the new Constitution. /annualrep/92eng/chap.5.htm   (6359 words)

"The political struggle demands creating a class Party," says point III of the Act of Constitution of the PCP.
Thus, the problem of the Indian is that of the majority ignored by the policies of the Peruvian State, of the republic generally, for more than 150 years; it is the problem of acting outside the interest of four fifths of the population.
In contributing to the building of our Party, Mariátegui gave it the ideological-political bases we find in the Act of Constitution, the Party Program. /peru-pcp/docs_en/retake.htm   (6359 words) - Peru - Constitutional Development Peruvian Information Resource
Constitutional guarantees could be suspended during a state of emergency, defined as the disruption of peace or the domestic order, a catastrophe, or grave circumstances affecting the life of the nation.
The 1933 constitution was, at least in theory, operative until 1980, although civilian government was interrupted from 1933 to 1939, 1948 to 1956, and 1968 to 1980.
In subsequent constitutions, there was a varying emphasis on executive versus legislative power, and gradual, progressive improvements, such as the subordination of the military to civilian rule, direct popular elections, and the granting of the right to association. /country-guide-study/peru/peru109.html   (1178 words)

The Constitution stipulates that the President can be elected to a term of 5 years, and that he or she may be reelected for one additional successive term.
The Constitutional Tribunal remains unable to rule on the constitutionality of legislation and government actions for lack of a quorum, since the 1997 impeachment and conviction of three justices who voted against the application of a law that allowed President Fujimori to run for a third term in office.
The Constitution requires a written judicial warrant for an arrest unless the perpetrator of a crime is caught in the act. /g/drl/rls/hrrpt/1999/398.htm   (20099 words)

 Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori, his rise and downfall / g c i 275
May 29: Congress removed three constitutional court judges who had questioned Fujimori's right to run for a third term in office.
A Peruvian border post in the Amazon region is fired at by an Ecuadorian army unit.
August 23: A law allowing Fujimori to interpret the constitution in a way that would make it possible for him to run for a third consecutive term in office is adopted. /peru/fujimori.shtml   (1758 words)

 Teleley: Primer Portal Legal del Perú
Constitutional juridical rights are granted to all, but only a small, limited segment of the population actually enjoy these rights.
In the last two cases: moral or physical incapacity (as opposed to dismissal), the Constitution does not require investigation or judicial sentence and also permits the legitimate interpretation of the declaration of vacancy by a simple majority of the congressmen present during the session.
Under the Constitution, it is the President and not the Chancellor, who is in charge of exterior politics. /teleley/3040f.htm   (3341 words)

 Sendero File - Urban Offensive July 1992 / g c i 275
The Democratic Constituent Congress is to draft a new constitution as well as to have the power to legislate and monitor the Executive and the Judiciary.
Fujimori's continual changing of the schedule for a return to full constitution rule since he dissolved Congress on April 5 has made political parties and other governments wary of his plans.
Peruvian human rights organizations and the independent press have reports that some inmates were killed after they had surrendered. /peru/sf1.shtml   (3689 words)

Congress President Valentin Paniagua was selected according to Peru’s constitution to head an interim government after President Alberto Fujimori fled the country and resigned in November 2000 in the wake of a bribery scandal and political turmoil resulting from his tainted re-election to a third term in June 2000.
Peruvians of European descent make up about 15% of the population; there also are smaller numbers of persons of African, Japanese, and Chinese descent.
In the past decade, Peruvians of Asian heritage have made significant advancements in business and political fields; a past president, several past cabinet members, and several members of the Peruvian congress are of Japanese or Chinese descent. /peru.htm   (3689 words)

 Drug Policy Alliance: The War on Cocaine in Peru
On April 5, 1992 Alberto Fujimori - with the full backing of the Peruvian armed forces -closed the Peruvian Congress and judiciary and suspended those elements of the constitution perceived as hampering executive efforts to implement authoritarian measures.
The concerns of U.S. Congress members will continue until there are clearer signals on the part of the Peruvian government that its counterinsurgency policies will be tied to respect for human rights and that it will confront corruption within the institutions of the state.
The Peruvian government's priorities are clear: It is more important for the Peruvian government to defeat the Shining Path than it is to win the battle against the drug traffickers. /library/tlcwola2.cfm   (3689 words)

CARE in Huaraz: The Atlanta Journal and Constitution reports that a group of CARE Corps Teens from Georgia was surprised by Peruvian hospitality in Humacchuco near Huaraz.
Peruvian Complains in the Philippines: The Philippines' Freeman runs a whole article on Ana Maria Espinoza, a Peruvian delegate to the international meeting of veterinarians in Cebu who "complained to Philippine Airlines about her luggage having been pilfered" at the Mactan Cebu International Airport.
Peruvians Abusing Peruvians: New York's Newsday continues with their investigation on the 69 Peruvians who were caught up in a human smuggling ring in Long Island. /2004_07_04_peruvia_archive.html   (7005 words) - Fujimori's power tenuous as Peruvian Congress prepares vote - November 15, 2000
Peruvian workers demonstrating against President Alberto Fujimori clash with police on Wednesday outside of government palace in Lima, Peru
Paniagua, a political moderate, said Wednesday that if he takes over leadership of the 120-seat legislature, there would be no rush to force Fujimori from office on grounds of "moral incapacity" -- as permitted by the constitution.
If the opposition gains control of Congress, it will be the first time since 1992 that Fujimori does not dominate the body. /2000/WORLD/americas/11/15/peru.ap/index.html   (7005 words) - Peru Congress indicts Fujimori - February 23, 2001
Under the Peruvian Constitution, the president must obtain permission from Congress to leave the country, and must return within a pre-determined period of time.
LIMA, Peru -- The Peruvian Congress voted early Friday to indict former President Alberto Fujimori, charging him with abandonment of office and nonfullfillment of duties.
Congress declared Fujimori unfit for office when he went to Japan. /2001/WORLD/americas/02/23/peru.fujimori   (7005 words)

 BBC News AMERICAS Peru congress sacks Fujimori
Under Peru's constitution, congress speaker Valentin Paniagua, a moderate 64-year-old constitutional lawyer, is now next in line to become head of state.
The opposition-backed speaker of congress, Valentin Paniagua, is now almost certain to take over as interim president on Wednesday, until elections scheduled for next April.
Peru's congress has sacked President Alberto Fujimori, declaring him "morally unfit" to govern following his resignation over the weekend. /hi/english/world/americas/newsid_1033000/1033433.stm   (7005 words)

 Peruvian Criminal Justice Links
The official web site of the Peruvian Congress contains the constitution and an excellent listing of Peruvian laws, searchable by number or alphabetically by subject.
An excellent general index to the Peruvian internet, maintained by Red Cientifica Peruana, the internet network of Peru.
Although there is no data here relating directly to criminal justice issues, some researchers may be interested in the selection of population, education, housing, and similar statistics which are available here. /ORIC/peru.html   (7005 words)

 Peru: Constitution Amended to Recognize All Faiths
Following a march through downtown Lima of hundreds of people and 11 faith group leaders, who delivered 40,000 letters to congressional leaders, the Peruvian congress approved an amendment to the national constitution that recognizes all faiths.
The Peruvian constitution does state that it is independent and autonomous from the Catholic Church.
The Adventist Church in Peru has been very active in promoting religious liberty through the Peru Religious Liberty Association, which was organized at the Second International Congress on Religious Liberty held in Lima in November 2001. /news/data/2003/02/1048633773/index.html.en   (7005 words)

 An Artistic Year Ahead (
MARCH 20-JUNE 12 -- " TOULOUSE-LAUTREC AND MONTMARTRE" -- Bohemian life at the turn of the 20th century in the Montmartre district of Paris is the focus of a show March 20-June 12 at the National Gallery of Art, East Building, Fourth Street and Constitution Avenue NW.
MARCH 13-AUG. 14 -- " JAN DE BRAY AND THE CLASSICAL TRADITION " -- Works from the later half of the 17th century by an important Dutch portrait painter are spotlighted March 13-Aug. 14 at the National Gallery of Art, East Building, Fourth Street and Constitution Avenue NW.
APRIL 12-APRIL 2006 -- " WHATEVER HAPPENED TO POLIO?" -- The National Museum of American History, 14th Street and Constitution Avenue NW, commemorates the 50th anniversary of the polio vaccine with an exhibition tracking the history of the disease and its eradication in the United States. /wp-dyn/articles/A23782-2005Jan20.html   (7005 words)

 Talk:Peru - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Peruvian constitution recognizes Quechua as an official language, so official publications and documents could be written, at least in theory, in both languages
It is my understanding that Quechua and much less Aymara are only spoken by a minority of Peruvians (this depending on the region of the country).
Denigrating Ecuador and Ecuadorians, Chile and Chilenians, Colombia and Colombia. /wiki/Talk:Peru   (7005 words)

 1999 Venezuelan Constitution - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The new constitution is an interesting hybrid of jurisprudential and political norms drawn from sources as wide as Simón Bolívar's writings on constitutionality and popular sovereignty, José Martí, the Peruvian Marxist José Carlos Mariátegui, Stalin and Evgeny Pashukanis.
The 1999 Constitution of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela was drafted by a National Constituent Assembly convened by President Hugo Chávez shortly after his first election victory in December 1998.
The Venezuelan people approved the proposed constitution in a referendum on 15 December 1999 and it came into effect the following 20 December, replacing the older 1961 Constitution. /wiki/1999_Venezuela_Constitution   (7005 words)

 Peru-Bolivian Confederacy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
General Agustin Gamarra, with an army of nearly 5000 Peruvian soldiers, marched towards Bolivia with two orders: force the Colombian Army to withdraw and the creation of a new constitution for that country.
During the War, and with the Peruvian Army holding off the Colombian offensive, Gamarra deposed Peruvian President Jose de La Mar and titled himself as new President.
Their plan for a Federation or at least a Confederation was accepted, but they disagreed in other issues. /wiki/Peru-Bolivian_Confederacy   (7005 words)

 CBC News Indepth: Chile
It's a name that suits: Chile is a remarkably long country that stretches from the southernmost tip of South America, and follows the Pacific coast northward to the Peruvian border more than 4,000 kilometres away.
Officially established as a republic with the signing of a constitution in 1833, Chile derives its name from chilli - a word used by its original inhabitants, the Mapuche, to describe where the land ends.
Pinochet assumed the leadership and ruled Chile with an iron fist for 17 years. /news/background/chile   (388 words)

 AllRefer Countries - World: Political Parties & Leaders of Countries Worldwide
Peruvian Aprista Party or PAP [Alan GARCIA]; Independent Moralizing Front or FIM [Fernando OLIVERA Vega]; National Unity (Unidad Nacional) or UN [Lourdes FLORES Nano]; Peru Posible or PP [Luis SOLARI]; Popular Action or AP [Javier DIAZ Orihuela]; Solucion Popular [Carlos BOLANA]; Somos Peru or SP [Alberto ANDRADE]; Union for Peru or UPP [Roger GUERRA Garcia]
note: the Action for Change party was banned in January 2002; parties legalized by constitution ratified 12 July 1991, however, politics continue to be tribally based
Citizens' Will Party or CWP (also called Civil Will Party or Civil Courage Party) [Sanjaasurengyn OYUN]; Democratic Party or DP [D. DORLIGJAN]; Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party or MPRP [Nambaryn ENKHBAYAR]; Mongolian New Socialist Democratic Party or MNSDP [B. ERDENEBAT]; Mongolian Republican Party or MRP [B. note: the MPRP is the ruling party /world/facts/political-parties1.html   (388 words)

 Ulises Humala - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
He also considers the current 1993 constitution, produced in the "Democratic Constitutional Congress" after Alberto Fujimori's self-coup and during the Peruvian Constitutional Crisis of 1992, to be illegal.
Ulises Humala Tasso is a professor at the Universidad Nacional de Ingeniería and a Peruvian politician who is running for president in the 2006 election on the Avanza País ticket.
One of his other brothers, Antauro Humala, is currently in prison for leading a failed military coup d'état. /wiki/Ulises_Humala   (148 words)

 Peruvian Constitutional Crisis of 1992 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Peruvian Constitutional Crisis of 1992 was a series of events that took place after President Alberto Fujimori dissolved Congress.
He dissolved Congress and called for elections of a new congress that was later named the "Democratic Constitutional Congress" (Congreso Constituyente Democrático); Fujimori received a majority in this new congress, which later drafted the 1993 Constitution.
The Peruvians saw drugs as primarily a U.S. problem and the least of their concerns, given the economic crisis, Shining Path guerrillas, and an outbreak of cholera, which further isolated Peru because of a resulting ban on food imports. /wiki/Peruvian_Constitutional_Crisis_of_1992   (1002 words)

 Let Us Retake Mariategui and Reconstitute his Party
The founder of the Communist Party, from the viewpoint of the working class and in function of the revolutionary transformation of our Peruvian society, set specific political lines for work in trade and industrial unions, among workers, feminist, youth, teachers and intellectual groups, and other working fronts.
Mariátegui's Thought, the political expression of the Peruvian working class, was forged and developed amidst the class struggle and not outside it; thus, to understand it well, it must necessarily be linked to the struggles internationally and in our country.
In contributing to the building of our Party, Mariátegui gave it the ideological-political bases we find in the Act of Constitution, the Party Program. /pcp_doc/pcp_1075.htm   (1002 words)

 South America: Philadelphia Rare Books
The earliest Peruvian constitution was promulgated in 1822 and adopted in 1823, but it was a Franco-Spanish influenced document and Peru was not yet free of Spain, independence not being achieved until the Battle of Ayacucho in December, 1824.
The report observes: "The present treaty is, letter for letter, the same as that concluded in 1837 in Lima by the Proctor of the Peruvian-Bolivian Confederation, and the same, also, bearing the date of 30 May 1838 that the Extraordinary Bolivian Congress (meeting in Cochabamba) approved" (our translation).
The 18th century saw a rebirth of the Mexican and the Peruvian silver industry as new technologies and techniques were introduced. /interest/amsouth.shtml   (1002 words)

 The Warring Factions /Caught in the Crossfire / g c i 275
The 1979 Peruvian constitution allows the Executive to declare a state of emergency for 60 days, renewable thereafter.
Although the Peruvian army has a reputation for being one of the most progressive and social heterogeneous in Latin America, it does not have a clear political vocation, aside from a fascist faction within the Navy.
In 1980, the Communist Party of Peru (PCP), known to the rest of the world as Sendero Luminoso (Shining Path), gave a violent tug on the frayed fabric of impoverished Ayacucho and the snag was felt throughout the woof and warp of Peru. /crossfire/section2.shtml   (1002 words)

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