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Topic: Pesticide poisoning

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  PANNA: PAN Online Pesticide Poisoning Diagnostic Tool
In the U.S., 90,000 pesticide exposure incidents were reported in 2001 through the Toxic Exposure Surveillance System, a voluntary reporting system of poison control centers.(4) Of these, 52% involved children under six years old.
For all of these reasons, the new on-line pesticide poisoning diagnostic tool developed by PAN North America is an important resource.
Pesticide poisonings among agricultural workers in Bolivia, Impact of Pesticide Use on Health in Developing Countries, Proceedings of a Symposium Held in Ottawa, ON, Canada, September 17-20, 1990, International Development Research Centre, Ottawa, ON, Canada, 1993: 76-84; Wesseling C, et al.
www.panna.org /resources/gpc/gpc_200312.13.3.06.dv.html   (908 words)

  Pesticide poisoning - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Pesticide poisonings, where chemicals intended to control a pest affect non-target organisms such as humans, wildlife, or bees.
A major exception to the above rule of thumb, was likely the worst single case of pesticide poisoning that ever has occurred, which came as a result of an industrial accident at a Union Carbide pesticide manufacturing plant in Bhopal, India.
Pesticides designed to kill pests are usually toxic to other creatures as well, including the applicator, people working in the field, and non-target organisms such as birds, wild and domestic animals and bees (our primary pollinators).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Pesticide_poisoning   (840 words)

 1997 New York State Pesticide Poisoning Registry   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
Pesticides are used by these commercial applicators, individuals working in conjunction with them, farmers, agricultural workers, as well as many residents of the state in and around their homes.
The categories are defined by symptoms related to the implicated pesticide, laboratory confirmation of cholinesterase depression for organophosphates and carbamates, a time relationship between exposure and onset of the symptoms consistent with the pesticide’s known toxicity, exclusion of confounding medical conditions and verification or an account of the exposure.
The types of pesticides responsible for the occupational exposures are outlined in Table 9.
www.health.state.ny.us /nysdoh/environ/pest/pesticid.htm   (2723 words)

 Children face higher risks from pesticide poisoning
Pesticide poisoning is a serious health problem that disproportionately affects infants and children, the UN report, called "Child Pesticide Poisoning: Information for Advocacy and Action", said.
The symptoms resulting from acute poisoning may range from fatigue, dizziness, nausea and vomiting, to respiratory and neurological effects that may be life-threatening.
Pesticides used in the field or in the household are often stored improperly in or around farmers' homes where family members can easily access them.
www.fao.org /newsroom/en/news/2004/51018   (906 words)

 PESTICIDE POISONING DURING AN 18-MONTH PERIOD (1995-1997) IN TEHRAN, IRAN   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
Moderate poisoning is that accompanied by pronounced or prolonged signs or symptoms and severe poisoning is defined as that in which severe or life-threatening signs and symptoms occur.
A total of 700 pesticide poisoning cases referred to either Loghman-Hakim Hospital or reported to the TDPIC concerning the period between April 1, 1995 to September 21, 1997 were identified.
As indicated in the present study, self-poisoning by pesticides in the age range of 20-30 years old is most common, with a higher frequency in women, and a preponderance of married to unmarried women.
www.sums.ac.ir /~ijms/9934/abdollahi9934.html   (1829 words)

 Encyclopedia: Pesticide poisoning
Prior to using any pesticide, even the garden dust one buys at the discount store, carefully read the label.
Knowing what it says may keep you or someone else from injury or death.
Pesticides can enter the body from inhalation, ingestion, or eye or skin contact.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Pesticide-poisoning   (859 words)

 FAQs - Signs & Symptoms of Pesticide Poisoning
A pesticide with a lower LD is more toxic than a pesticide with a higher number because it takes less of the pesticide to kill half of the test animals.
The toxicity of fumigant pesticides is described in terms of the concentration of the pesticide in the air, LC (lethal concentration, 50 percent).
All pesticides in a given chemical group generally affect the human body in the same way; however, severity of the effects vary depending on the formulation, concentration, toxicity and route of exposure of the pesticide.
www.headlice.org /faq/treatments/signs-symptoms.htm   (4573 words)

 ipedia.com: Pesticide Article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
A pesticide is a chemical used to control, to repel, to attract or to kill pestss, for example, insects, weeds, birds, mammals, fish, or microbes, that are considered a nuisance.
Some pesticides are considered too hazardous for sale to the general public, and these are designated restricted pesticides.
Pesticides are also a factor in pollinator decline, which is a food supply issue.
www.ipedia.com /pesticide.html   (619 words)

 Recognition and Management of Acute Pesticide Poisoning - April 15, 2002 - American Family Physician
Poisoning events involving pesticides account for about 4 percent of all poisonings and result in approximately 15 deaths per year, or 0.02 percent of all pesticide poisoning events reported.
The patient is brought in with a container of pesticide, the pesticide residue is still in the patient's mouth, and the patient has symptoms that are characteristic of the labeled pesticide.
The exposure may be uncertain, the pesticide found with the patient may or may not be the ingested poison, and the patient may exhibit no symptoms or symptoms uncharacteristic of the presumed exposure.
www.aafp.org /afp/20020415/1599.html   (2655 words)

 NRDC: Our Children At Risk - Childhood Pesticide Poisoning
During the seven-year period from 1983 to 1990, pesticide exposure was responsible for a total of 4 percent of the total calls to Poison Control Centers but for 12 percent of the total fatalities in those years.
In 1993, 54 percent of pesticide poisoning cases in children under six were the result of exposure to insecticides.
A review of 37 hospitalized pesticide poisonings among infants and children in Texas revealed that 73 percent of the poisonings were due to ingestion of improperly stored liquid insecticide.
www.nrdc.org /health/kids/ocar/chap5c.asp   (365 words)

 Protecting Honeybees from Pesticide Poisoning
Certain methods of applying pesticides, such as aerial applications or the use of dust formulations, present a high degree of risk to honeybees and nontarget organisms.
Honeybees may fly directly into the pesticide or the chemical may drift onto flowering weeds that are adjacent to the target crop.
Some pesticides are labeled "highly toxic to honeybees." If possible, select a pesticide that is less toxic to honeybees and use sprays instead of dust formulations.
www.wvu.edu /~agexten/ipm/insects/pollinat/honeybee/pestic.htm   (534 words)

 -- Press releases October 2004 - Children face higher risks from pesticide poisoning - United Nations Environment ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
Pesticide poisoning is a serious health problem that disproportionately affects infants and children, the UN report, called "Child Pesticide Poisoning: Information for Advocacy and Action", said.
The symptoms resulting from acute poisoning may range from fatigue, dizziness, nausea and vomiting, to respiratory and neurological effects that may be life-threatening.
Pesticides used in the field or in the household are often stored improperly in or around farmers' homes where family members can easily access them.
www.unep.org /Documents.Multilingual/Default.asp?DocumentID=408&ArticleID=4608&l=en   (937 words)

 G1915 Pesticide Poisoning Symptoms and First Aid, MU Extension
The purpose of this guide is to describe the health hazards of pesticides currently in use and to present consensus recommendations for management of poisonings and injuries caused by them.
Poison Control Centers are best able to collect data on pesticide exposures that occur in residential settings; occupational exposures are not as well covered.
Apart from systemic poisonings, fungicides as a class are probably responsible for a disproportionate number of irritant injuries to the sinuses and skin.
muextension.missouri.edu /xplor/agguides/agengin/g01915.htm   (3430 words)

 PAN Pesticides Database: Pesticide Poisoning
It can help identify a pesticide or class of pesticides that may be responsible for a pesticide-related illness.
Search for pesticides potentially responsible for a poisoning by observed symptoms, crop, pesticide type, and/or geographic area.
Signs/symptoms/diagnoses are weighted by their specificity to a particular pesticide.
www.pesticideinfo.org /Search_Poisoning.jsp   (479 words)

 Pesticide Use and Abuse in Irrigated Areas   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
Pesticides are used widely to control insects, weeds and fungi, that might otherwise destroy a large part of the world's food crops.
The majority of these poisonings occur in developing countries where less protection against exposure is applied, knowledge of health risks and safe use is limited and harmful pesticides are easily accessible.
In Sri Lanka, pesticide poisoning is often identified by farmers and health workers as the primary health concern in irrigated areas.
www.iwmi.cgiar.org /health/pesticide/index.htm   (848 words)

 PANNA: It's Time for Global Monitoring of Acute Pesticide Poisoning
Yet while acute pesticide poisoning affects as many as 39 million people around the world, there is no current global mechanism to track poisonings or diseases closely related to pesticide use.
While both acute and chronic pesticide poisonings seriously impact victims' health and livelihood, acute cases are easier to identify, document, and quantify as arguments to curb the use of hazardous pesticides.
On a global scale, the ongoing lack of data documenting the extent of acute pesticide poisoning on a global scale is a recipe for continued failure to address this serious problem.
www.panna.org /resources/panups/panup_20060131.dv.html   (1173 words)

 Lead & Pesticide Poisoning Annual Report 2000 - Pesticide Poisoning - AZ Dept. of Health Svcs   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
The staff maintain the statewide pesticide poisoning registry and address health concerns by providing consultations and informational literature on pesticides and their potential effect on human health.
Program staff investigate all suspected pesticide poisoning cases and determine if the reported adverse health effects are related to pesticide exposure.
The organophosphate pesticides accounted for 60% of the exposure application events and were the most commonly used pesticides.
www.azdhs.gov /phs/oeh/invsurv/lead/2000annualpest.htm   (307 words)

 Pesticide Poisoning What to Do SCAP Brochure
Dermal exposure occurs when a pesticide is spilled or splashed onto the body or when a person is exposed to drift from a pesticide application.
This is the most toxic route of exposure and it accounts for most of the pesticide poisonings in children.
Although this route may be less important toxicologically, it is a significant route for irritation caused by exposure to pesticides and for allergic reactions.
www.musc.edu /oem/pestpois.html   (585 words)

 EPA: Pesticides - In Case of Pesticide Poisonings
See EPA's Recognition and Management of Pesticide Poisonings for information on the health hazards of pesticides currently in use, and current consensus recommendations for management of poisonings and injuries caused by them.
Some symptoms of pesticide poisoning can be mistaken for symptoms of other illnesses, such as the flu.
When pesticide handlers become ill from working with organophosphate or carbamate insecticides in warm and hot environments, it is sometimes hard to tell whether the person is suffering from heat exhaustion or pesticide poisoning.
www.epa.gov /pesticides/safety/incaseof.htm   (217 words)

 TLPJ - Press - Farmworker Pesticide Poisoning Suit Settles
The farmworker plaintiffs in Guzman were poisoned by Phosdrin, an extraordinarily toxic pesticide containing the chemical mevinphos, when they mixed, loaded, and applied it to control aphids in apple orchards in Mattawa, Washington, in the summer of 1993.
The pesticide is so toxic that ten drops of the concentrate on the skin can kill a 150-pound person.
Moreover, after farmworkers in Washington were poisoned and the Guzman case was filed, Amvac blamed the farmworkers’ injuries on the farmworkers, their employers, and Washington state for not having stronger regulations.
www.tlpj.org /pr/phosdrin.htm   (849 words)

 Children Are Facing High Risks From Pesticide Poisoning
Study Finds Children Are Exposed To Pesticides (April 25, 2000) -- A University of Washington study suggests that pesticides are finding their way into the bodies of pre-school children in agricultural communities at a higher level than previously...
Pesticide poisoning is a serious health problem that disproportionately affects infants and children, the UN report, called "Child Pesticide Poisoning: Information for Advocacy and Action" and issued this week in Geneva, said.
Although developing countries use 25% of the world’s production of pesticides, they experience 99% of the deaths due to pesticide poisoning,” the report said.
www.sciencedaily.com /releases/2004/10/041005073016.htm   (1137 words)

 [No title]
There are times we can control our environment and not use any poisons and then there are times that are out of our control and we must know the legal and reasonable rights that we may have.
If there is drift, or you suspect drift, of the pesticide onto you or your property, call the state agency and EPA to file a pesticide misuse complaint.
You should file a pesticide complaint with the state agency and ask them whether you need to take any other steps if you think you might be seeking to recover damages in court.
www.geocities.com /stoppesticides   (2145 words)

 EPA: Pesticides - Recognition and Management of Pesticide Poisonings
The fifth edition of Recognition and Management of Pesticide Poisonings is edited by Dr. Routt Reigart and Dr. James Roberts, and is published by EPA's Office of Pesticide Programs.
Toxicology, signs and symptoms of poisoning, and treatment are covered in 19 chapters on major types of pesticides.
Feedback: We'd like to hear from you: comments on the handbook, useful sections, ideas for improving it, updates and corrections, new information on pesticide poisoning.
www.epa.gov /pesticides/safety/healthcare/handbook/handbook.htm   (151 words)

 Oximes for acute organophosphate pesticide poisoning
This record should be cited as: Buckley NA, Eddleston M, Szinicz L. Oximes for acute organophosphate pesticide poisoning.
Acute organophosphorus pesticide poisoning causes tens of thousands of deaths each year across the developing world.
Current evidence is insufficient to indicate whether oximes are harmful or beneficial in the management of acute organophosphorus pesticide poisoning.
www.cochrane.org /reviews/en/ab005085.html   (556 words)

 What to Do if You Suspect Pesticide Poisoning
It is recommended that you have a cholinesterase inhibitor pesticide test or alkylphosphates test done beforehand to record baseline levels of pesticide in your system.
If you suspect the exposure was to an organophosphate type of pesticide, (the majority of pesticides used at present), a urine sample is required.
Testing for the carbamate class of pesticides is forwarded to another lab for analysis.
www.citlink.net /~bhima/whattodopest.htm   (1301 words)

It is imperative that physicians fully understand the severity of pesticide health hazards and be prepared to recognize and manage this possible health problem in home pesticide users, pesticide applicators and handlers, chemical manufacturing, formulating, and supply workers, farm and ranch workers, foresters, public health workers, and employees of nurseries, greenhouses, and agribusinesses.
A guidance manual is beneficial for health care professionals who have little experience in recognizing the signs and symptoms or in the treatment of pesticide poisonings, which often mimic other illnesses.
A ready, quick reference, with current information on the symptomatology of pesticide exposure and the immediate management and treatment of the patient as well as a listing of the primary pesticides used on crops grown in Texas, for physicians and other health care personnel is important.
www.thebestcontrol.com /physicians_guide/howto.htm   (1240 words)

 Treatment of Pesticide Poisoning
This booklet is a quick guide for emergency treatment for cases of acute pesticides poisoning meant for use by qualified medical practitioners, doctors and physicians.
In all cases of reported pesticides poisoning, efforts should be made to obtain the original container to verify the intoxicants.
In case of acute poisoning, samples of mesis, gastric lavage or skin washings should be taken for chemical analysis.
peemac.sdnpk.org /papa/qrindex1.html   (198 words)

 MedlinePlus: Pesticides
Though you may think of pesticides as insect killers, they include chemicals to control weeds, rodents, mildew, germs and more.
Pesticides can protect your health by killing germs, animals or plants that could hurt you.
Article: Decline in pesticide poisonings in the United States from 1995...
www.nlm.nih.gov /medlineplus/pesticides.html   (437 words)

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