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Topic: Peter Checkland


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In the News (Tue 23 Jul 19)

  
  Soft Systems Methodology: Its Origins and Use in Librarianship
Peter Checkland acknowledges his affinity with the work on the philosophy of social science done by theorists such as the philosopher Wilhelm Dilthey and the sociologist Peter Winch, but most of all the influence of Vickers and von Bertalanffy.
Checkland has claimed that cybernetics and mainstream systems analysis should be considered special cases of systems thought, useful where there is already agreement about what is to be done.
Peter Nielsen's 1990 Lancaster dissertation addressed the choice of methodologies appropriate to different situations, and concentrated upon SSM, which he viewed as a species of action research, in a "dynamic and situational approach" to individual and project-level problems.
valinor.ca /ssm3.html   (7122 words)

  
  NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Peter Checkland
Checkland is the founding father of soft systems methodology, and this book, along with his Systems Thinking, Systems Practice (1981) established both the field and his continuing reputation.
Peter Checkland acknowledges his affinity with the work on the philosophy of social science done by theorists such as the philosopher Wilhelm Dilthey and the sociologist Peter Winch, but most of all the influence of Vickers and von Bertalanffy.
In classical SSM, (Checkland, 1981), as well as in the "developed form" of the methodology outlined recently (Checkland and Scholes, 1990), this CATWOE schema is used to construct "root definitions" of organizations, which identify all the principal participants and describe both the outcomes of activities and the belief-systems under which participants operate.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Peter-Checkland   (438 words)

  
 Amazon.ca: Soft Systems Methodology in Action: Books: Peter Checkland
Now-Peter Checkland has looked back over the three decades of SSM development, brought the account of it up to date, and reflected on the whole evolutionary process which has produced a mature SSM.
Thirty years ago Peter Checkland set out to test whether the Systems Engineering (SE) approach, highly successful in technical problems, could be used by managers coping with the unfolding complexities of organizational life.
Now Peter Checkland has looked back over the three decades of SSM development, brought the account of it up to date, and reflected on the whole evolutionary process which has produced a mature SSM.
www.amazon.ca /Systems-Methodology-Action-Peter-Checkland/dp/product-description/0471986054   (503 words)

  
 Reviews of 'Systems Thinking, Systems Practice: Includes a 30-Year Retrospective'
Checkland's book was the first to introduce the differentiation between 'soft' and 'hard' systems analysis.
That is, the hard systems approach attracted the most attention and it quickly succumbed to the very trap it sought to escape starting with its use of rigidly-defined symbols right up to the detailed diddling with mathematical models that, similar to earlier approaches, did not model reality at all due to assumptions and oversimplification.
Checkland is much more interested in the soft approach and he consistently laments the fact that systems methodology is not being taught even though it holds so much promise to solving many of our pressing problems.
www.usingenglish.com /amazon/us/reviews/0471986062.html   (913 words)

  
 Soft Systems Methodology
Checkland suggested that in the illustration of the methodology as a whole, it is usually appropriate to comparison of stage 5 a general one, asking what features of the conceptual models are especially different from present reality and why.
Checkland indicated that the changes must be systemically desirable as result of the insight gained from selection of root definitions and conceptual model building, and they must also be culturally feasible given the characteristics of the situation, the people in it, their shared experiences and their prejudices.
Checkland found out from one of his case studies that it is important to move quickly and lightly through all the methodological stages, several times if necessary, in order to engineer a bridgeable gap between 'what is' and 'what might be'.
sern.ucalgary.ca /courses/seng/613/F97/grp4/ssmfinal.html   (5503 words)

  
 [No title]
Soft System Methodology SSM was first developed by Peter Checkland and his associates at Lancaster University in England (Checkland, 1981).
Checkland described that SSM represents a paradigm shift — from optimization to learning, from prescription to insight, and from reductionism to holism (Checkland and Scholes, 1990), 1990, p.
(Checkland, 1999, p.82) In his book “Soft Systems Methodology in Action”, Checkland and Scholes introduced the term ‘Holon’ which refers to the idea of ‘whole’ and can be used to understand or create real-world systems.
www.aitp.org /isedj/isecon/2005/3152/ISECON.2005.Huynh.txt   (2805 words)

  
 ORG701P2   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Peter Checkland has developed a 'soft systems methodology' (SSM) that contrasts to the 'hard systems methodologies' (HSM) inherent in the terms operations research, systems analysis, and cybernetics.
Checkland comments that STS "is closer to soft systems methodology than are hard systems engineering [methods]...[however, the] core paradigm is thus one of learning rather than optimization..
Checkland’s target audience appears to be analysts and consultants, practitioners of the organizational analysis trade.
www.stkhi.com /falwork/org701p2.htm   (1659 words)

  
 ISWorld: Wiki Environment : Checkland_Review   (Site not responding. Last check: )
In the 1950’s Peter Checkland was a “Casbred” Scholar at St John's College, Oxford where he obtained a first class honors degree in Chemistry before joining ICI fibers.
When a group of researchers at Lancaster University (among them Checkland) tried to implement the methodology of systems engineering and its techniques to engineer real world systems and to help them achieve their objectives they realized that the management situations they encountered were always too complex for straightforward application of the methodology.
Checkland expressed very clearly the need for SSM to be implemented as part of an ongoing change initiative to improve situations in the real world.
isworld.student.cwru.edu /tiki/tiki-index.php?page=Checkland_Review   (2373 words)

  
 Checkland - Katherine Checkland (Medicine - University of Manchester)
Checkland - Katherine Checkland (Medicine - University of Manchester)
Articles by »Sarah Jane Checkland« Results 1 to 5 of 5.
David Checkland joined the Department of Philosophy at Ryerson in 1993 after Edited by James Wong and David Checkland.
xn--vuq66jl8j.com /zgnr/checkland.html   (451 words)

  
 Book Review: Peter Checkland - Soft Systems Methodology in Action
Checkland is the founding father of soft systems methodology, and this book, along with his Systems Thinking, Systems Practice (1981) established both the field and his continuing reputation.
Checkland's work is extensive, and a research community has grown up around it.
Checkland ought to be part of the education of every systems engineer, and one day he probably will be.
i.f.alexander.users.btopenworld.com /reviews/checkland.htm   (620 words)

  
 LUGANO SUMMER SCHOOL of SYSTEMS DESIGN
Peter Checkland was born in 1930 in England and graduated in chemistry at Oxford in the 1950s.
Checkland became the leader of an action research program that led to the establishment of Soft Systems Methodology as an alternative approach to tackling the ill-structured problems that managers face; an approach that also established the now well-recognized distinction between “hard” and “soft” systems thinking.
Peter Checkland’s work has been recognized in a number of awards: he holds honorary doctorates from City University (London), the Open University (Milton Keynes, UK), and Erasmus University (Rotterdam, The Netherlands); a Most Distinguished and Outstanding Award from the British Computer Society; and the Gold Medal of the UK Systems Society.
www.lss.lu.unisi.ch /faculty.htm   (3251 words)

  
 Peter Checkland - survivalistbooks.com Product Guide   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Despite the fact that Checkland has in large moved away from the ideas and the model of this book - to me it represents the original vision of SSM (soft systems methodology) more so than...
As Checkland also insistently points out, SSM is not about solving problems, it is a about addressing a problematical situation and, through the M(for...
Checkland's own research on soft system methodology doesn't exactly shine here.
www.survivalistbooks.com /cgi-bin/sbc.pl?authorsearch=Peter%20Checkland&mode=books   (204 words)

  
 Peter Checkland   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Peter Checkland was a Casbred Scholar at St John's College, Oxford where he obtained a first class honours degree in Chemistry before joining ICI.
As a manager in ICI for 15 years he worked in the early years of growth of the man- made fibre industry, being mainly concerned with innovation in that field.
Peter Checkland has published many papers and books describing the action research on SSM: especially 'Systems Thinking, Systems Practice'(Wiley 1981) and with Scholes 'Soft Systems Methodology in Action' (Wiley 1990).
www.sfc.keio.ac.jp /~masanao/Mosaic_data/P_Checkland.html   (153 words)

  
 Soft Systems Methodology (Soft Systems Methodologie) (Checkland)
Maar het is van cruciaal belang dat dit gebeurt zonder te veronderstellen dat het onderwerp van onderzoek zelf een eenvoudig systeem is. SSM is daarom een nuttige manier om complexe situaties en overeenkomstige chaotische vragen te benaderen.
Tegen die tijd was Checkland stevig verschanst in het Universitaire leven en hij had de industrie verlaten om een carrière als professor en onderzoeker in softwaretechnologie na te streven.
Niettemin is het toepassen van een systemische aanpak in een niet-systemische situatie waardevol.
www.12manage.com /methods_checkland_soft_systems_methodology_nl.html   (747 words)

  
 Checkland - Peter
Peter is widely regarded as the most influential systems thinker in the UK.
Peter Peter was born in 1930 in England and graduated in became the leader of an action research program that led to the
Peter was a Casbred Scholar at St John's College, Oxford where he obtained a first class honours degree in Chemistry before joining ICI.
dirline.info /?q=checkland   (451 words)

  
 Amazon.com: "Peter Checkland": Key Phrase page
See all pages with references to "Peter Checkland".
Peter Checkland began his career as a manager of research and development for 15 years at a large British industrial corporation.
This has prompted systems scientist Peter Checkland to talk about a problematic situation, rather than a problem per se.
www.amazon.com /phrase/Peter-Checkland   (425 words)

  
 Professor Peter Checkland
Checkland PB and Winter MC, 2006, 'Process and content: two ways of using SSM', Journal of the Operational Research Society, vol 57(12), pp 1435-1441
Checkland PB and Poulter J, 2006, Learning for Action: A Short Definitive Account of Soft Systems Methodology and its Use, for Practitioners, Teachers and Students, John Wiley and Sons Ltd, Chichester, ISBN: 0-470-02554-9
Checkland PB and Holwell SE, 2004, ''Classic OR' and 'Soft OR' - an asymmetric complementarity', in Systems Modelling: Theory and Practice, (eds) Pidd M, John Wiley and Sons Ltd, Chichester, ISBN: 0-470-86731-0
www.lums.lancs.ac.uk /profiles/peter-checkland   (424 words)

  
 CPSR - Browse by Authors
Vanden Besselaar, Peter; Clement, Andrew; Jarvinen, Pertti (Editor).
McClure, Charles R. and Hernon, Peter Public Access to Government Information: Issues, Trends, and Strategies (Information Management Policy and Services) (1988)
Leydesdorft, Loet (Editor), Van Den Besselaar, Peter (Editor), and Allen, Peter.
www.cpsr.org /store/bookstore/author.html   (6094 words)

  
 Amazon.co.uk: Soft Systems Methodology in Action: Books: Peter Checkland   (Site not responding. Last check: )
by Peter Checkland (Author) "in real-world organizations outside the university.
Its Use Practitioners, Teachers and Students by Peter Checkland
In it, Peter Checkland desrines the rise of systems thinking, and argues the case for the soft systems approach.
www.amazon.co.uk /Systems-Methodology-Action-Peter-Checkland/dp/0471986054   (851 words)

  
 Information, Systems and Information Systems
Science-based Peter technology helps by to Peter shape Systems our and lives, and Systems no technology is more powerful 1965; in this 2006; respect Checkland than 1990; that 1969; associated with information.
Based 1983; on Information real-world Systems experiences in Checkland both 1969; the private and Peter public sectors, by this 1965; book from 1959; Peter Checkland and Sue Holwell tackles Systems the Peter subject afresh.
Checkland Information, 1996; Systems 2004; and Information Systems provides a 1982; practice-based Information approach 1976; to 1957; the thinking needed to 1962; underpin provision by of information support 1969; in 1975; organizations.
www.bunchesofspecials.com /specials.php?322425   (457 words)

  
 Soft Systems Methodology and Dooyeweerd
Peter Checkland's message, that human activity systems are different and need a soft systems methodology, is a classic milestone work.
Moreover, while Checkland is at pains to point out that he does not deal with 'the whole', but with 'wholes' ('systems'), Dooyeweerd is able to deal with both.
Checkland's four different types of system does in fact mirror Dooyeweerd's aspects though, as there are fifteen of the latter, this is with some degree of amalgamation.
www.isi.salford.ac.uk /dooy/ext/sst/comparison.html   (1255 words)

  
 [No title]
Checkland stated that SSM represents a paradigm shift — from optimization to learning, from prescription to insight, and from reductionism to holism (Checkland and Scholes, 1990, p.
In the book “Soft Systems Methodology in Action”, Checkland and Scholes introduced the term ‘Holon’ which refers to the idea of ‘whole’ and can be used to understand or create real-world systems.
This detailed diagram is somewhat similar to a data flow diagram in that it shows some activities to be dependent on the others and some inputs to be needed for the generation of certain outputs.
isedj.org /4/107/Huynh.j.txt   (2766 words)

  
 Systems Thinking, Systems Practice: Includes a 30-Year Retrospective
Despite the fact that Checkland has in large moved away from the ideas and the model of this book - to me it represents the original vision of SSM (soft systems methodology) more so than his later books.
Checkland's book was the first to introduce the differentiation between 'soft' and 'hard' systems analysis.
Checkland's focus, soft systems, never was given a chance given our preoccupation with reductionism.
www.xmlwriter.net /books/viewbook/Systems_Thinking,_Systems_Practice:_Includes_a_30_Year_Retrospective-0471986062.html   (1317 words)

  
 Systems Thinking, Systems Practice by Peter Checkland
Thirty years ago Peter Checkland set out to test whether the Systems Engineering (SE) approach, highly successful in technical problems, could be used by managers coping with the unfolding complexities of organizational life.
This work established the now accepted distinction between hard systems thinking, in which parts of the world are taken to be systems which can be engineered, and soft systems thinking in which the focus is on making sure the process of inquiry into real-world complexity is itself a system for learning.
Now Peter Checkland has looked back over the three decades of SSM development, brought the account of it up to date, and reflected on the whole evolutionary process which has produced a mature SSM.
www.tonsofspecials.com /sales.php?724705   (699 words)

  
 Middlepart Farm ~ Classical Equitation article
To help his students plan, implement, reflect upon and report their work he produced a model to ensure that they addressed what he considered to be the different components of research.
Checkland suggested that this simple model could be a useful way of representing the constituent parts of a process of learning (a ‘learning system’).
The final part of the Checkland model, ‘A’ (area of application) can be related to the rider/horse partnership.
www.middlepart.com /CE_article.htm   (1750 words)

  
 THE KEY RESEARCH ISSUES OF THE WRITINGS OF ENID MUMFORD
Peter Checkland graduated from St. John’s College, Oxford, with a first class honours degree in chemistry.
Checkland is now a member of the research team of Lancaster University and has researched the feasibility of whether established engineering theory is suited to all systems possibilities or not.
Like many modern writers, Checkland also believes that approaches such as a technical only or a social only view on systems is not representative of reality and that systems should be viewed in their entirety and that all elements involved should be looked at in equal detail (Checkland, 1993).
emhain.wit.ie /~pwall/key_research_issues_of_the_writi.htm   (2548 words)

  
 GBN: Information, Systems and Information Systems
From the theory provided by systems thinking pioneer Peter Checkland and his coauthor Sue Holwell, a good story shines through that can almost say it all.
For example (and this is from Checkland's earlier work), within the familiar sequence of data, information, and knowledge, the authors insert capta (from the Latin capere, to take), the data to which we want to pay attention en route to developing information.
These distinctions are an important part of the narrative as the authors address the ways in which information is created and the meaning conveyed (as per the amusing rock-climbing example quoted).
www.gbn.com /BookClubSelectionDisplayServlet.srv?si=125   (834 words)

  
 Peter Checkland - Definition, explanation
British academic Peter Checkland is the developer of soft-systems methodology (SSM) in the field of systems thinking.
Peter Checkland was Professor of Systems at the University of Lancaster, prior to this he worked in industry for 15 Years.
He is the author of two books on the Soft Systems Methodology.
www.calsky.com /lexikon/en/txt/p/pe/peter_checkland.php   (126 words)

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