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Topic: Peter Kropotkin

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  Peter Kropotkin: bio and encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Peter (or Pyotr) Kropotkin was born in Moscow (A city of central European Russia; formerly capital of both the Soviet Union and Soviet Russia; since 1991 the capital of the Russian Federation).
In 1902 Kropotkin published the book Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution, which provided an additional means for animal and human survival, beyond Darwin's 'Survival of the Fittest' (see Murray Bookchin (additional info and facts about Murray Bookchin) and social ecology (additional info and facts about social ecology)).
Prince Kropotkin's authority as a writer on Russia is universally acknowledged, and he has contributed largely to the Encyclopædia Britannica (additional info and facts about Encyclopædia Britannica), including an entry on anarchism in the 1910 edition (see external links, below).
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/p/pe/peter_kropotkin.htm   (1763 words)

 Peter Kropotkin - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Prince Peter Alexeevich Kropotkin (In Russian Пётр Алексе́евич Кропо́ткин) (December 9, 1842 - February 8, 1921) was one of Russia's foremost anarchists and one of the first advocates of what he called "anarchist communism": the model of society he advocated for most of his life was that of a communalist society free from central government.
Peter (or Pyotr) Kropotkin was born in Moscow.
Kropotkin had never wished for a military career, but, as he did not have the means to enter St.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Peter_Kropotkin   (1722 words)

 Peter Kropotkin's Anarchist Communism - Jon Bekken   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Kropotkin argued that, based upon the technology of his day, people would need put in no more than five hours a day of labour (for 25 years or so of their lives) in order to satisfy their needs for food, clothing, housing, wine, transportation and related necessities.
Kropotkin was prepared to concede that it might well be the case that a person who did only one thing, over and over again, might indeed become quite proficient at it.
Kropotkin found the notion that workers should be confined to a single repetitious activity a "horrible principle, so noxious to society, so brutalising to the individual..." The Social Revolution must abolish the separation between manual and brain work, give workers control of their workplaces, abolish wage labour.
www.zabalaza.net /texts/txt_pks_ac_jb.htm   (1864 words)

 Encyclopedia: Peter Kropotkin   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Fields, Factories and Workshops is a landmark anarchist text by Peter Kropotkin, and arguably one of the most influential and positive statements of the anarchist political position.
Kropotkin had never wished for a military career, but, as he had not the means to enter the St Petersburg University, he elected to join a Siberia n Cossack regiment in the recently annexed Amur district, where there were prospects of administrative work.
Prince Kropotkin's authority as a writer on Russia is universally acknowledged, and he has contributed largely to the Encyclop dia Britannica, including an entry on anarchism in the 1910 edition (see external links, below).
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Peter-Kropotkin   (656 words)

 The Conquest of Bread - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In this work, Kropotkin points out what he considers to be the fallacies of the economic systems of feudalism and capitalism, and how he believes they create poverty and scarcity while promoting privilege.
Kropotkin begins, in the part I of this chapter, by stating that humanity is rich, "surpassing the dreams of the fairy tales of the Thousand and One Nights".
Kropotkin then tells us that these riches are being, and have been, appropriated by a small class of owners who "force [people] to produce, not the necessities of life, but whatever offers the greatest profits to the monopolists." "In this," he says, "is the essence of all Socialism." Part III concludes that
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/The_Conquest_of_Bread   (555 words)

 LÖPA Berlin - Biography of Peter Kropotkin (1842-1921)
Peter Alexander Kropoktin was born as Pyotr Alekseyevich Kropotkin on December 21th (December 9.
Kropotkin died in 1921 in Dmitrov, a village near Moscow.
Kropotkin's vision was that all members of a cooperative society would work from 20 to 40 for about 4 to 5 hours a day in a profession they prefer.
www.geocities.com /CapitolHill/Lobby/8522/krop_eng.html   (862 words)

 PETER ALEXEIVICH, PRINCE KROPOTKIN - LoveToKnow Article on PETER ALEXEIVICH, PRINCE KROPOTKIN   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
(1881) Kropotkin was expelled from Switzerland by the Swiss government, and after a short stay at Thonon (Savoy) went to London, where he remained for nearly a year,returning to Thonon towards the end of 1882.
Shortly afterwards he was arrested by the French government, and, after a trial at Lyons, sentenced by a police-court magistrate (under a special law passed on the fall of the Commune) to five years imprisonment, on the ground that he had belonged to the International Workingmens Association (1 883).
Prince Kropotkins authority as a writer on Russia is universally acknowledged, and he has contributed largely to the Encyclopaedia.
38.1911encyclopedia.org /K/KR/KROPOTKIN_PETER_ALEXEIVICH_PRINCE.htm   (739 words)

 Peter Kropotkin   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Peter Alekseevich Kropotkin was born in Moscow, Russia, on 12th December, 1842.
Kropotkin argued that it was cooperation rather than struggle that accounted for the evolution of man and human intelligence.
Kropotkin was critical of the Bolshevik government and described its members as "state socialists".
www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk /USAkropotkin.htm   (752 words)

 Peter Alekseevich Kropotkin Biography / Biography of Peter Alekseevich Kropotkin Biography
Peter Kropotkin was born in Moscow on Dec. 12, 1842, to an ancient and noble Russian family.
However, Kropotkin was aware of the gulf between the educated elite and the impoverished masses, and he decided to enter the Russian revolutionary movement.
In 1881 Kropotkin was expelled from Switzerland and settled in France.
www.bookrags.com /biography-peter-alekseevich-kropotkin   (809 words)

 DARIO PADOVAN - Social Morals and Ethics of Nature
In Kropotkin’s view, the progress achieved in the fields of the natural, social and historical sciences and, also, in technology had, for the first time, placed humanity in the position of being able to go beyond the realms of necessity and scarcity and enter a period of well-being, justice and freedom.
The way in which Kropotkin outlined the idea of a private Ethic which contained no elements of coercion or imposition is surprising, and distances him from his contemporaries who saw rules and state legislation as the way in which personal interests could be protected and the moral relationship between I and the Other codified.
Kropotkin argued that thanks to the establishment of social relations marked by the principles of equality and justice, individuals would learn to understand and evaluate the repercussions of their actions on the whole society, starting from avoiding causing any harm to others even when it meant that he/she would have to restrict their own needs.
www.democracynature.org /dn/vol5/padovan_morals.htm   (6939 words)

 My Disillusionment in Russia: Chapter XXVI
Kropotkin, in whose home in the past had gathered from every land all that was best in thought and ideas, was now forced to lead the life of a recluse.
Comrades of Kropotkin decided that the Anarchist organizations should have exclusive charge of the funeral, and a Peter Kropotkin Funeral Commission was formed In Moscow, consisting of representatives of the various Anarchist groups.
On the morning of the funeral the Kropotkin Funeral Commission decided to inform the assembled people of the breach of faith on the part of the authorities and demonstratively to withdraw from the Temple all the wreaths presented by official Communist bodies.
sunsite.berkeley.edu /Goldman/Writings/Russia/chapter26.html   (1938 words)

 Memoirs of a Revolutionist by Peter Kropotkin   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Peter Alexeivich Kropotkin (1842-1921) was born into the highest rank of the Russian aristocracy.
Kropotkin was a remarkable writer in the Russian tradition, and this work stands as a non-fictional counterpart of the novels in which Turgenev and other great Russian writers portray the development of social conscience among the youth in autocratic society.
Having renounced his title, Kropotkin pursued his work as a scientist and won international acclaim as a geographer as well as a radical.
www.bookcounter.com /big/0-921689-19-5   (282 words)

 Roots of the Catholic Worker Movement: Peter Kropotkin inspired Peter Maurin and Dorothy Day
Peter Kropotkin was born on December 21, 1842, in Moscow.
Kropotkin saw urbanization (the process by which millions of people were being jammed into tiny tenements, amid filth, pollution, and noise, going through their lives without any contact with nature or growing things) as totally unnecessary.
Kropotkin's voluntary associations, by performing all the worthwhile tasks of the state, were supposed to make the state superfluous and obsolete.
www.cjd.org /paper/roots/rkropotk.html   (3711 words)

 Additional Reading (from Peter Alekseyevich Kropotkin) --  Encyclopædia Britannica
It became a town in 1921 and until 1962 was the centre of the Kavkazsky rayon (sector) of the kray.
Although he could have had a distinguished career as a geographer and zoologist, Peter Kropotkin turned away from other work to pursue the life of a revolutionary.
As prime minister of New Zealand from 1940 to 1949, Peter Fraser steered his country through the crisis of World War II and helped lay the foundations for the United Nations organization in the years 1945 to 1948.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-3984?tocId=3984   (819 words)

 Kropotkin, Self-Valorization and the Crisis of Marxism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Kropotkin deepened the research necessary to root his politics in the concrete trends of the present in the later 1880s and 1890s.
Kropotkin's researches into the actual working of society both revealed to him, and then came to be guided by, a general principle which he treated most systematically in his writings on mutual aid.
What Kropotkin did then, and what it would still behoove us to do today, was to seek out and understand the desires and self-activity of the people, and then to articulate them in ways which contribute both to their circulation and to their empowerment.
www.eco.utexas.edu /Homepages/Faculty/Cleaver/kropotkin.html   (6365 words)

 Peter Alekseyevich Kropotkin --  Encyclopædia Britannica
Peter became the most prominent of the 12 disciples.
English opera singer Peter Pears was a tenor of outstanding skill and subtlety.
Although British actor Peter O'Toole began his career in theater, it was his portrayal of T.E. Lawrence in the motion picture Lawrence of Arabia, released in 1962, that brought him international acclaim.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9046283   (692 words)

 Works of Peter Kropotkin   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Kropotkin did not consider such ventures were likely to be successful or useful in achieving wider revolutionary goals.
Also, many commentaries about Kropotkin still misrepresent him as having had a vision of society consisting of unfederated and independent village-like settlements and of advocating small communal experiments as a means of achieving an anarchist society.
The following speech and two 'open' letters, which have not been in print for a century, clearly show, that although not emotionally opposed to such ventures, he was highly sceptical about their chances of success and generally believed them to be a drain upon the energies of the anarchist movement.
www.marxists.org /reference/archive/kropotkin-peter/1893/advice.htm   (1614 words)

 ipedia.com: Peter Kropotkin Article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Prince Peter Alexeievich Kropotkin was one of Russia 's foremost anarchistss and one of the first advocates of what he called " anarchist communism ": the model of society he advocated for most of his...
Prince Peter Alexeievich Kropotkin (Пётр Алексе́евич Кропо́ткин) (December 9, 1842 - February 8, 1921) was one of Russia's foremost anarchistss and one of the first advocates of what he called "anarchist communism": the model of society he advocated for most of his life was that of a communist society free from central government.
He quit the army in 1867 and returned to St Petersburg, where he entered the university, becoming at the same time secretary to the physical geography section of the Russian Geographical Society.
www.ipedia.com /peter_kropotkin.html   (1640 words)

 MySpot   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Kropotkin, Pyotr Alekseyevich, Prince: (1842-1921), Russian geographer, who was one of the foremost theorists of the anarchist movement.
Kropotkin is often dismissed as utopian and of having too much faith in mankind, these are the very traits that I admire.
Street Librarian--While not about Kropotkin explicitly, lots of info that he would have agreed with.
www.myspot.org /kropotkin   (556 words)

 John Malkovich + Peter Kropotkin
It was also on this date, December 9, 1842, that Russian geographer Peter (Pyotr) Alexeyevich Kropotkin was born in Moscow into a noble family.
At age 22 Kropotkin was awarded the Gold Medal of the Royal Geographical Society for his explorations, and his star was on the rise in the Tsarist service until, in 1872, he joined the Socialist movement.
Prince Kropotkin was a pacifist and an Agnostic in the mold of Leo Tolstoy.
www.ronaldbrucemeyer.com /rants/1209a-almanac.htm   (614 words)

 The Wage System by Peter Kropotkin
Specifically, it speaks of the Collectivists, and their arguments that a man ought to be paid according to his deeds.
In this pamphlet, there are numerous places where Kropotkin argues against the idea of a scale of wages.
There is one argument advanced by Kropotkin that I wish to respond to.
www.punkerslut.com /critiques/kropotkin/wagesystem.html   (3991 words)

 Peter Kropotkin - Wikiquote
All things for all men, since all men have need of them, since all men worked to produce them in the measure of their strength, and since it is not possible to evaluate everyone's part in the production of the world's wealth...
Prince Peter Alexeievich Kropotkin (Пётр Алексе́евич Кропо́ткин) (9 December 1842 - 8 February 1921) Russian political philosopher, anarchist.
A lecture prepared for March 1896 which Kropotkin was prevented from delivering.
en.wikiquote.org /wiki/Peter_Kropotkin   (4863 words)

 Science Fiction Book Reviews
n the timeline we inhabit, the famous anarchist philosopher Peter Kropotkin (born 1842) died in 1921.
Anchee will rejuvenate Peter Kropotkin to the state of a healthy 30-year-old if Peter will agree to be transplanted to Richmond, Va., in the year 1999.
Thus Kropotkin is initially content with a dishwashing job and visits to a library, a nightclub and other commonplace venues.
www.scifi.com /sfw/issue248/books2.html   (899 words)

 Amazon.com: Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution: Books   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Kropotkin then proceeds to move through the different stages of human society and describes the mutual aid a compassion fetures therein.
Kropotkin stresses that cooperation is the main factor in evolution, not competing forces that Darwin and his contemporaries thought.
Kropotkin gives a number of examples of inter and intra-species working together to survive and thus evolve.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0875580246?v=glance   (1287 words)

 Peter Kropotkin / Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution
Peter Kropotkin / Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution
If we take now the teachings which can be borrowed from the analysis of modern society, in connection with the body of evidence relative to the importance of mutual aid in the evolution of the animal world and of mankind, we may sum up our inquiry as follows.
In its wide extension, even at the present time, we also see the best guarantee of a still loftier evolution of our race.
www.cooperativeindividualism.org /kropotkin_mutualaid.html   (1045 words)

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